In addition to food and hygiene items, the Rowdy’s Resource Room will provide clothes, school supplies and cleaning supplies at no cost.
Student committee members Skye Boyce and Pate Thomas agreed they would like to see Rowdy’s Resource Room expand to benefit more students by bringing more awareness to the campus.
“I would also like for us, in the future, to be able to partner with other community organizations to create bigger drives and to expand our efforts to be able to give back to the community that does so much for Northeastern (State University),” said Thomas.
Accepted donations include food, hygiene items, school supplies, new or gently used clothing and business attire.
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Northeastern State University’s Riverhawk Food Pantry is expanding into the newly named Rowdy’s Resource Room to offer students in need more assistance.
A panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals last year affirmed a lower court's 2013 ruling ordering the state to fix or replace hundreds of culverts — large pipes that allow streams to pass beneath roads but block migrating salmon.
Idaho and Montana joined Washington state in asking the appeals court to reconsider the case. The court declined to do so Friday, but several judges dissented from that decision, saying it should be reconsidered because of its significance.
"This is a win for salmon, treaty rights and everyone who lives here," Lorraine Loomis, chair of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission, said in a statement. The group represents 21 tribes in western Washington that challenged the state over the culverts in 2001, part of decades-long litigation over tribal fishing rights.
"Fixing fish-blocking culverts under state roads will open up hundreds of miles of habitat and result in more salmon," she said.
SEATTLE (AP) — Washington state lost a major legal battle Friday, which could force it spend nearly $2 billion to restore salmon habitat by removing barriers that block fish migration.
NSU recognizes students annually who have brought special recognition to the university or who have made contributions to the school. Wildcat, of Muskogee, was one of three 2017 NSU Hall of Fame inductees recognized at this year’s Hall of Fame Ovation Awards Ceremony.
Dr. Christine Hallman, geography associate professor, nominated Wildcat, whose Miss Cherokee platform is environmental preservation. The Hall of Fame Selection Committee reviewed the nomination before recommending it to NSU President Dr. Steve Turner.
“The nomination was humbling,” Wildcat said. “To be selected to NSU’s Hall of Fame, I never would have expected that. When I went into NSU, I got to know more of my community and I got to know more about my identity, and that really pushed me. My experiences at NSU led me to mentors and advisers and friends to depend on. I learned that we can’t do it all on our own.”
Wildcat double-majored in geography and psychology at Northeastern State and is now enrolled in a master’s degree program there, which she’ll begin in the fall. She plans to work in higher education and hopes to one day obtain a doctorate.
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Northeastern State University recently inducted Miss Cherokee 2016-17 Sky Wildcat into its Hall of Fame for bringing state and national recognition to the university in her role as a tribal ambassador.
Rank-and-file legislators were given few details ahead of votes in House and Senate committees shortly before midnight on the general appropriations bill that did not include a customary summary of the 56-page measure.
"This is a real disservice to the people of Oklahoma to do it this way," said Sen. David Holt, one of five Republicans who voted against the measure in committee. "This is not the way it should work."
The bill emerged late Tuesday after talks broke down between Republican leaders and House Democrats, whose votes would be needed to reach the supermajority threshold required in the constitution to pass the tax increases necessary to fund the measure. Instead, Republicans pushed forward with a $1.50-per-pack fee increase on cigarettes and a new 1.25 percent sales tax on vehicle purchases that would help generate funding to close an $878 million hole in the budget. The cigarette fee passed the Senate on Wednesday, while House members approved the vehicle tax.
The constitution also prohibits lawmakers from considering revenue measures in the final week of the session.
OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) — Republican and Democratic members complained Wednesday that a $6.8 billion spending plan that cuts most state agencies' spending by about 5 percent has not been properly vetted and is likely unconstitutional.
Lynn was admitted into a Nashville hospital on May 4 after suffering a stroke at her home. She was expected to make a full recovery.
Purchased tickets will be honored for the rescheduled show. If guests cannot make the new show date, refunds may be requested by calling 918-384-ROCK or in person at the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa.
The Joint box office is open from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Thursday and 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. on Friday and Saturday. The venue is located off Interstate 44 at exit 240.
For nearly 60 years, Lynn has dominated the country music scene and cemented herself as one of the pillars of American music.
CATOOSA, Okla. – Loretta Lynn’s upcoming concert at The Joint inside the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa has been rescheduled to May 17, 2018.
On May 19, the Cherokee Nation donated $12,000 to the center to help it provide services for Rogers, Mayes and Craig county children.
Holly Webb, the center’s executive director, said the center is “all about the child.”
“What we do here is we work with law enforcement, child welfare and the district attorney’s office, and we provide services to children who have disclosed abuse. So when a disclosure is made through law enforcement or child welfare, the child comes to our center, and our center is very child-friendly,” she said. “It’s all about the child. We want the child to feel as confortable as they possibly can. We have on staff a forensic interviewer who is trained to speak with children in a non-leading court-worthy way. We have a family advocate who is able to work with the family, the non-offending parent, provide crisis intervention educational materials. We also have mental health therapy available to the child, and then we also have two doctors who are able to come to the center as needed for child abuse examinations.”
Webb said the center has rooms for specific tasks. She said the room where children are interviewed is blue, which she said helps to act as a “calming room.”
CLAREMORE, Okla. – With the goal of helping children in their most vulnerable state, the William W. Barnes Children’s Advocacy Center helps make the process more “confortable” for children when they need to disclose abuse, whether it’s physical or sexual.
The daily journal will include updates on the progress of the 22 cyclists from the Cherokee Nation and Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians as they travel from New Echota, Georgia to Tahlequah, Oklahoma, cycling through seven states. The journal will include photos with captions; brief videos of the cyclists on the trail, brief video interviews with cyclists, historians and RTR staff; and some live Facebook feeds.
People who are not Facebook friends of the Cherokee Phoenix may visit its page on Facebook and “like” the page to see updates and search for TheCherokeePhoenix on Instagram to follow the newspaper’s postings on Instagram.
The Cherokee Phoenix will post a daily journal of the 2017 "Remember the Removal” bicycle ride on its Facebook and Instagram pages from May 31 through June 22. The annual ride commemorates the Trail of Tears that occurred from 1838 to 1839.
“If you go around Cherokee Nation, our departments are doing great things,” Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. said. “We’re in a period of unprecedented prosperity and growth in the Cherokee Nation, so naturally our government needs space to grow.”
According to a July 2015 Cherokee Phoenix article, initial cost estimates for the second story addition were around $6 million and were expected to stem from the CN Planning and Development Fund. The Phoenix asked CN officials for updated costs but received no answer as of publication.
The Tribal Complex opened in 1979 and last underwent renovations in 1992. An addition was accepted in 1994 to create a second story on the building’s west end, but funding was not available to do so at the time.
The current renovation brings together the CN Supreme and District courts, the attorney general’s office, several other departments across 40 offices and four conference rooms, a jury room, two court storage file rooms, two waiting areas and a break room.
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The 36,000-square-foot second story expansion of the W.W. Keeler Tribal Complex is scheduled for completion in June after nearly two years of construction, with employees expected to move into the new offices by Labor Day.
This year’s cyclists range in age from 16 to 24. They will join eight cyclists from the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina on a 950-mile ride that begins June 4 in New Echota, Georgia, and concludes June 22 in Tahlequah.
Cyclists follow the Northern Route of the Trail of Tears spanning Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma to retrace the path of their ancestors. Of the estimated 16,000 Cherokees forced to march to Indian Territory in the late 1830s, 4,000 died because of exposure, starvation and disease, giving credence to the name of Trail of Tears.
The 2017 participants are Brian Barlow, Hunter Scott, Ellic Miller and Macie Sullateskee, all of Cherokee County; Trey Pritchett, KenLea Henson and Susie Q. Means-Worley, all of Adair County; Skylar Vann and Gaya Pickup, both of Mayes County; Breanna Anderson, of Tulsa County; Shelby Deal, of Muskogee County; and Raven Girty, of Sequoyah County.
Cherokee Phoenix Assistant Editor Will Chavez, a participant of the original 1984 “Remember the Removal” Bike Ride, was also chosen as the inaugural “mentor rider.”
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation will host a send-off ceremony at 9 a.m., May 30 at One Fire Field west of the Cherokee Nation Tribal Complex for the 14 Cherokees who leave for the 2017 “Remember the Removal” Bike Ride.
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – In May, Cherokee National Treasure Roger Cain visited Cherokee languages classes at Sequoyah High School to teach students how to make booger masks.
“I’ve been bringing a cultural component to the language class. (Language teacher) Chris (Holmes) has been gracious to invite me over to share some knowledge,” Cain said. “We’ve got more stuff planned for next year as well.”
Cain, a CNT for his mask-making skills, said the class came about thanks to the Cherokee National Treasure Mentoring Program, which provides funds for CNTs to teach classes in communities and schools. CNTs are artists recognized by the Cherokee Nation for their artistry and for sharing their knowledge with others to prevent the loss of Cherokee arts.
Thirteen Cherokee Language Class II students made large dance masks, some with exaggerated features such as large noses, while 20 students in Cherokee Language Class I made smaller masks.
“They will actually be able to wear them (large masks), and eventually next year we’ll be able to go into the song and dance of the booger dance as well to not just make the mask but also learn the song and dance that goes with it,” Cain said.
He said the booger dance is just one of many Cherokee dances and is a “clown dance” that was used to teach non-Cherokees “how to act civilized” among Cherokee people.
“That’s what the booger dance is all about,” he said.
He said the main components of the booger masks made by the student are gourds, rawhide, animal hair and paints. Cain said SHS students assembled the masks, as they would have in the 19th century, without the aid of modern glues.
SHS student and CN citizen Trenton Rosson said along with learning the Cherokee language, he got to learn how to make booger masks out of gourds to help preserve Cherokee culture. He said he used a Dremel drill to carve the mask the way he wanted it and then painted designs on the gourd.
Holmes said the mask-making classes “enhance the learning process” for students and allow them to learn Cherokee culture. The work was hands-on for students, he said, and the Cherokee language could be used to describe the work they did on their masks and the colors, shapes and sizes.
“This is a first for Sequoyah High School. This is the first time I’ve ever tried to incorporate this aspect into the classroom working with our National Treasure Roger Cain. Thus far, it has been a pleasant experience,” Holmes said.
Student and CN citizen Cenia Hayes said making the masks is “quite the process,” but it’s been fun. After drilling out the mouth and eyes in her gourd, she painted a “lightning design” on the mask, made the nose red and added buffalo hair to make her mask “stand out.”
“I learned they (masks) were used in dances and were kind of meant to scare people back in the day,” she said. “He (Roger Cain) made the process a lot easier. He’s a really cool guy. He really helped us out a lot and taught us a lot about these masks. It was just great interacting with him and getting to know him.”
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Sequoyah High Schools drama department on May 12-13 held its bi-annual “Are You Not Entertained” variety show at the school’s “The Place Where They Play” gymnasium.
Cherokee Nation citizen and SHS drama teacher Amanda Ray said she switches from Broadway-style plays to variety shows on alternative years for several reasons.
“This year we decided to do a variety show because we have so many students at Sequoyah that come from all different walks of life when it comes to the performing arts. We have musicians. We have dancers, and we have singers. I just wanted to showcase as much talent as we had this year,” she said.
Ray said this year’s 25-act show included a lot of seniors. “I wanted to showcase their talents especially.”
CN citizen, SHS junior and veteran performer Katelyn Morton said participating in variety shows is a great change of pace.
“I’m involved in several numbers, which include singing and dancing,” she said.
Morton said it’s the exposure variety shows allow that can be most beneficial.
“It’s a great opportunity for students who have all different kinds of talent to come and showcase it in front of the whole school,” she said.
SHS student and CN citizen Nicollette Stroud Littlecook said she and her variety show partner Jada Whitecloud decided to do a cultural dance. “We wanted to show our school and the community the cultural side of Sequoyah, and we wanted to perform.”
There were 25 acts in all, including a Donald Trump impersonation with Secret Service agents named Duran Duran, musical renditions of “I Got You Babe” by Ray and fellow teacher Becca Brandt and a performance of the song “I Fall to Pieces” by Principal Jolyn Choate.
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – At the May 15 Tribal Council meeting, Supreme Court Chief Justice John Garrett swore in T. Luke Barteaux as a District Court judge after legislators confirmed his appointment.
Barteaux is completing the late Bart Fite’s term, which expires on Feb. 10, 2018.
Fourteen Tribal Councilors voted to approve the appointment, while Tribal Councilors Shawn Crittenden, Harley Buzzard and Buel Anglen opposed it.
Barteaux, 33, of Bixby, said he considers the appointment the “pinnacle” of his career.
“It’s something that I never thought would happen within this amount of time, but I’m extremely honored to have been appointed by (Principal) Chief (Bill John) Baker and confirmed by the Tribal Council. I look forward to helping protect our Nation through the legal process,” he said.
He said prior to the appointment his only experience as a judge was serving on the Oklahoma Trial Advocacy Institute.
“I’m a faculty member at the Oklahoma Trial Advocacy Institute, which trains attorneys, and I have, basically judging their performances and things like that,” he said. “I’ve been a panel member for judging the mock trial competitions for, I think it’s out of Pryor, the last two years.”
Barteaux said he has been licensed and acting on his own as an attorney since 2012, with his legal career officially starting in 2009.
“My legal career started back in 2009, and I think around 2011 I started basically practicing under the supervision of another attorney here at my current firm (Fry & Elder),” he said.
Barteaux also addressed concerns about discrepancies on his résumé with dates regarding his time acting as an attorney.
“My current position, I believe it said the dates were June of 2011 to current, and underneath it it said attorney or trial attorney, and there was a question regarding whether or not I was an attorney that entire time,” he said. “The reason it had been worded that way, and kind of stepping back, the jobs underneath were done the same way and it was just the main job. I work at Fry & Elder now and those are the dates that I have worked here, and the position underneath it is the main job I’ve had and the current job. So it was more of me trying to fit a resume on one page and someone brought up, I guess, wanting more of a full job history instead of just what the final job or main job while I was there.”
Legislators also unanimously authorized the establishment of a CN conservation district.
Bruce Davis, management resources executive director, brought the resolution to the May 15 Resource Committee meeting after a trip to the United States Department of Agriculture where he and others learned of 47 programs available to the tribe and its citizens that are not being utilized.
“The first thing we’ve got to do before we can apply for these programs are pass this resolution to start our own conservation district, the Cherokee Nation Conservation District, before we can apply for these monies,” he said.
According to the Oklahoma Conservation Commission’s website, a conservation district serves “as the primary local unit of government responsible for the conservation of the renewable natural resources.”
Bryan Shade, CN chief special project analyst, said the resolution would “authorize” Principal Chief Bill John Baker to establish the conservation district that would allow tribal citizens to visit it rather than the state’s conservation district. He added that establishing the district would help the tribe “streamline” certain operations.
“It’s the exact same thing the state of Oklahoma’s doing, but this district will exist in our 14-county area,” Shade said. “By taking on this function, right now the Cherokee Nation has to go through those state offices, get our lands put in the database, in the system, before we can take advantage of these programs. By establishing this conservation district we’ll be able to do this ourselves and help us streamline things.”
In other business, legislators:
• Increased the tribe’s fiscal year 2017 concurrent enrollment fund by $87,000,
• Increased the FY 2017 capital budget by $857,848 to $279 million,
• Reappointed Amber Lynn George to the Cherokee Nation Foundation board,
• Approved Wilfred C. Gernandt III to the Cherokee Nation Comprehensive Care Agency governing board,
• Reappointed Dan Carter as a Cherokee Nation Businesses board member,
• Approved a resolution for Tribal Council to receive a confidential report monthly of all charitable donations and surplus equipment donations from all CN subsidiaries,
• Granted a right-of-way easement on an existing natural gas line to the Oklahoma Natural Gas Company for Cherokee Heights Addition in Pryor, and
• Authorized a sovereign immunity waiver for software agreement between Sequoyah Schools with Municipal Accounting Systems.
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – People tend to spend more time participating in outdoor activities in warmer weather. But it’s important to remember that warmer weather brings ticks and the illnesses they can carry.
Oklahoma ranks among the states with the highest rates of ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia, and May through August are the months when ticks are most active.
Human ehrlichiosis is caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Ehrlichia ewingii and a third Ehrlichia species provisionally called Ehrlichia muris-like.
Ehrlichiae are transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick. The lone star tick is the primary vector of both Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Ehrlichia ewingii in the United States. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, rash and muscle aches. Usually, these symptoms occur within one to two weeks following a tick bite.
Ehrlichiosis is an illness that can be fatal if not treated correctly. The estimated fatality rate is 1.8 percent. Patients who are treated early may recover quickly on outpatient medication, while those who experience a more severe course may require intravenous antibiotics, prolonged hospitalization or intensive care.
The severity may depend on the patient’s immune status. People with compromised immunity caused by immunosuppressive therapies, HIV infection or splenectomy appear to develop a more severe disease and may also have higher fatality rates.
Doxycycline is the first line treatment for adults and children of all ages and should be initiated immediately whenever ehrlichiosis is suspected.
Use of antibiotics other than doxycycline and other tetracyclines is associated with a higher risk of fatal outcome for some rickettsial infections. Doxycycline is most effective at preventing severe complications from developing if it is started early in the course of disease. Therefore, treatment must be based on clinical suspicion alone and should always begin before laboratory results return.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
RMSF is caused by the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsia and is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks. In the United States, these include the American dog tick, Rocky Mountain wood tick and brown dog tick.
Typical symptoms include fever, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting and muscle pain. A rash may also develop, but is often absent in the first few days, and in some patients, never develops. RMSF can be severe or even fatal if not treated in the first few days of symptoms. Doxycycline is the first line treatment for adults and children of all ages, and is most effective if started before the fifth day of symptoms.
The first symptoms of RMSF typically begin two to 14 days after the bite. The disease frequently begins as a sudden onset of fever and headache and most people visit a health care provider during the first few days of symptoms. Because early symptoms may be non-specific, several visits may occur before the diagnosis is made and correct treatment begins. It is a serious illness that can be fatal in the first eight days of symptoms if not treated correctly.
A classic case involves a rash that first appears two to five days after the onset of fever as small, flat, pink, non-itchy spots (macules) on the wrists, forearms, and ankles and spreads to include the trunk and sometimes the palms and soles. Often the rash varies from this description, and people who fail to develop a rash, or develop an atypical rash, are at increased risk of being misdiagnosed.
The red to purple, spotted (petechial) rash is usually not seen until the sixth day or later after onset of symptoms and occurs in 35 percent to 60 percent of patients with the infection. This is a sign of progression to severe disease, and every attempt should be made to begin treatment before petechiae develop.
Doxycycline is the first line treatment for adults and children of all ages and should be initiated immediately whenever RMSF is suspected.
The bacterium that causes tularemia is highly infectious and can enter the human body through the skin, eyes, mouth or lungs. In the United States, ticks that transmit tularemia to humans include the dog tick, the wood tick and the lone star tick. Deer flies have been shown to transmit tularemia in the western United States.
The signs and symptoms of tularemia vary depending on how the bacteria enter the body. Illness ranges from mild to life-threatening. All forms are accompanied by fever, which can be as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Main forms of this disease are:
• Ulceroglandular. This is the most common form of tularemia and usually occurs following a tick or deer fly bite or after handing of an infected animal. A skin ulcer appears at the site where the bacteria entered. The ulcer is accompanied by swelling of regional lymph glands, usually in the armpit or groin.
• Glandular. Similar to ulceroglandular tularemia but without an ulcer. Also generally acquired through the bite of an infected tick or deer fly or from handling sick or dead animals.
• Oculoglandular. This form occurs when the bacteria enter through the eye. This can occur when a person is butchering an infected animal and touches his or her eyes. Symptoms include irritation and inflammation of the eye and swelling of lymph glands in front of the ear.
• Oropharyngeal. This form results from eating or drinking contaminated food or water. Patients with oropharyngeal tularemia may have sore throat, mouth ulcers, tonsillitis and swelling of lymph glands in the neck.
• Pneumonic. This is the most serious form of tularemia. Symptoms include cough, chest pain, and difficulty breathing. This form results from breathing dusts or aerosols containing the organism. It can also occur when other forms of tularemia (e.g. ulceroglandular) are left untreated and the bacteria spread through the bloodstream to the lungs.
• Typhoidal. This form is characterized by any combination of the general symptoms (without the localizing symptoms of other syndromes).
Tularemia is a rare disease, and the symptoms can be mistaken for other, more common, illnesses. It is important to share with your health care provider any likely exposures, such as tick and deer fly bites, or contact with sick or dead animals.
Antibiotics used to treat tularemia include streptomycin, gentamicin, doxycycline and ciprofloxacin. Treatment usually lasts 10 to 21 days depending on the stage of illness and the medication used. Although symptoms may last for weeks, most patients completely recover.
While it is a good idea to take preventive measures against ticks year-round, be extra vigilant in warmer months when ticks are most active.
• Avoid wooded and brushy areas with high grass and leaf litter.
• Walk in the center of trails.
• Use repellent that contains 20 percent or more DEET, picaridin, or IR3535 on exposed skin for protection that lasts several hours.
• Always follow product instructions. Parents should apply this product to their children, avoiding hands, eyes, and mouth.
• Use products that contain permethrin on clothing. Treat clothing and gear, such as boots, pants, socks and tents with products containing 0.5 percent permethrin. It remains protective through several washings. Pre-treated clothing is available and may be protective longer.
• Bathe or shower as soon as possible after coming indoors (preferably within two hours) to wash off and more easily find ticks that are crawling on you.
• Conduct a full-body tick check using a hand-held or full-length mirror to view all parts of your body upon return from tick-infested areas. Parents should check their children for ticks under the arms, in and around the ears, inside the belly button, behind the knees, between the legs, around the waist, and especially in their hair.
• Examine gear and pets. Ticks can ride into the home on clothing and pets, then attach to a person later, so carefully examine pets, coats and day packs.
• Tumble dry clothes in a dryer on high heat for 10 minutes to kill ticks on dry clothing after you come indoors.
• If the clothes are damp, additional time may be needed.
• If the clothes require washing first, hot water is recommended. Cold and medium temperature water will not kill ticks effectively. If the clothes cannot be washed in hot water, tumble dry on low heat for 90 minutes or high heat for 60 minutes. The clothes should be warm and completely dry.
At President Donald Trump’s request, a portrait of former President Andrew Jackson now hangs in the Oval Office. Commentators have cast Trump’s populist appeal and inaugural address as “Jacksonian,” while others have tried to emphasize their differences. One writer lauded Jackson as “the president who, more than any other, secured the future of democracy in America.”
However, these comparisons overlook experiences of marginalized people while defining history in terms of the ideologies of progress and American exceptionalism.
Jackson’s intolerant attitudes and harsh treatment of African-American and Native American peoples have not gone without mention. They are indeed inescapable. As a scholar who has written about Native American history and literature, I am aware of how often the perspectives of Native people are neglected in conventional historical discourse.
The criticisms Trump has directed against Indian casinos in the 1990s, along with his insult of calling Sen. Elizabeth Warren “Pocahontas,” casts his veneration of Jackson in a particularly disturbing light.
Jackson was a staunch supporter of slavery and policies that forcibly removed Indians from their lands. The passage of the 1830 Indian Removal Act was aimed at isolating Native peoples to prevent conflict over territory and allow increased settlement.
The solution, originally conceived by Thomas Jefferson, was to empower the government to evict Native peoples living east of the Mississippi River from their lands. Those subjected to removal would be moved “beyond the white settlements” to distant reservations in the West, known at the time as “Indian Territory.” It was a form of segregation.
In 1832, the Supreme Court struck down Georgia laws aimed at depriving the Cherokee people of their rights and property in Worchester v. Georgia. The court affirmed a degree of Native political sovereignty and annulled state jurisdiction over Native lands. It was the final case of the so-called Marshall trilogy, named for Chief Justice John Marshall – the author of the majority decisions – and established major precedents of federal Indian law.
The immediate effect of the decision was to grant protections to the Cherokee Nation, and by extension to other tribes. It could have prevented forced removals, but Jackson was reportedly indignant at the result. According to the famed journalist Horace Greeley, Jackson was said to have responded, “John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it.”
Whether Jackson spoke those words has been contested by historians ever since. But his strong support for removal policy and subsequent refusal to enforce the court’s decision made his position clear. The response was a stern rebuke of the legitimacy of the Supreme Court, the doctrine of the separation of powers, the rule of law and ultimately the Constitution.
The result was the Trail of Tears, in which Cherokee and other Native peoples of the Southeast were forced at gunpoint to march 1,200 miles to “Indian territory.” Thousands of Cherokee died during the passage, while many who survived the trek lost their homes and most of their property. Ironically, much of the land on which the Cherokee and other removed tribes were settled was opened to homesteading and became Oklahoma some 60 years later.
Yet, the violent manner by which removal was carried out had been ruled illegal and unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the Worchester case.
New assault on native rights?
The new administration is showing similar malice toward the legal status and rights of Native peoples secured in American law. For example, Trump recently lifted President Obama’s injunction halting the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline. The eviction of pipeline opponents from Sacred Stone Camp, led by the Standing Rock Sioux Nation, under threats of arrest has led to renewed uncertainty about Native rights.
Statements by Trump’s advisers and government officials calling for the privatization of Native lands guaranteed by treaties to seize natural resources have only heightened these concerns.
This rhetoric echos policies that oppressed Native people in the past. These include allotment, extending from 1887 to the 1930s, which eliminated communal ownership and led to the taking of millions of acres of Native land. This was followed by termination and relocation of the 1950s, aimed at eliminating the legal status of Native people while sending individuals from reservations to urban areas, further depriving Native peoples of their lands, liberty and culture.
Native treaties are unequivocally assured in Article 6, the Supremacy Clause, of the U.S. Constitution. It states: “all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land…”
Tribal leaders negotiated treaties in good faith to reserve what amounts to a fraction of their original lands, with all attendant rights. Privatizing tribal lands would be a violation of these treaties.
The casual rejection of these covenants heighten the insecurity among Native people evoked by Trump. His esteem for Jackson and their shared attitudes toward their legal rights and status should give us pause. That journalists and historians continue to offer positive views of Jackson’s presidency in light of this legacy underscores how the suffering of Native people continues to be ignored.
SANTA FE, N.M. – Macy Rose recently received a 2017 U.S. Tennis Association Native American Scholar Athlete Leadership Grant. The 13-year-old Cherokee Nation citizen is the No. 17-ranked girl in USTA Southwest Girls 14 and under rankings. She recently won the Lobo Tennis Club Winter Junior Open, the Jerry Cline Junior Open in 2016 and captured the women’s open title at the USTA Southwest Indoor Championships. She is ranked No. 1 in New Mexico and is pursuing a top 20 national ranking.
Originally from Tahlequah, Oklahoma, Macy’s mother, Wahlesah Rose, also a CN citizen, was a tennis player at Northeastern State University and has been a section and national-level volunteer for the USTA for almost 10 years. Macy’s father, Eric Rose, is the owner and director of tennis at Shellaberger Tennis Center in Santa Fe.
“My mom taught me at the Tahlequah High School tennis courts. I would chase the balls around and eventually I started hitting them. I saw her teaching my cousins and other kids and playing, and I couldn’t wait to start hitting,” Macy said. “My parents let me come to tennis on my own. They both loved it. I told them my dream, and they told me how much hard work it is. I didn’t believe them, but now I do. It’s about the work and dedication each day to something, even when you don’t feel like it.”
Along with submitting an essay to the USTA about how the game of tennis has impacted her life and information about her future tennis aspirations, Macy showed that she maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. She is of the Wolf Clan and attended the Cherokee Immersion Charter School until her family moved to Santa Fe when she was 7.
“I’m from Briggs (Oklahoma). I still go home and visit all my family. Each birthday my cousins and friends still sing to me in Cherokee. My mom will yell phrases in Cherokee to me on court and, when she says my Cherokee name, I know she is serious,” Macy said. “It’s in me. It always has been, and it always will be. No matter where I travel to, my home and tribe is always in my heart. My clan is known as the protectors, and I can see that in my family. We are strong women. We enjoy caring for others, and we don’t give up on the tennis court or in life.”
The USTA award Macy earned is a $750 grant for tennis training expenses such as travel, developmental lessons, facility usage, apparel and tennis supplies.
At her mother’s urging, Macy gives tennis lessons to Native children younger than her in Santa Fe as part of Serve It Up Inc., which provides low-cost or free tennis lessons and clinics to Native American youth.
“I enjoy teaching kids because they are so fun and energetic. They are always super happy and willing to have fun,” she said.
Along with taking online classes for school to make time for tennis and traveling, Macy trains four to five hours daily, six days a week.
“I follow the USTA’s player development plan that is a great guideline for my training so that I make sure not to over train and to make sure I don’t put too much stress on my body,” she said. “I never train seven days in a row because I need to rest and do other non-tennis things like shop or bake.”
Her aspirations are to play tennis at Pepperdine or Stanford universities in California.
“I love these schools because of their teams, their coaches and their campuses. I love California because their weather is outstanding year round. I want to major in business,” she said.
Ultimately, her dream is to play tennis professionally, own a bakery because she likes to bake and start a clothing line.
“My parents have always taught me to manage my money and to be responsible for it and to save and earn (money) for things I want,” she said. “I love to bake. Currently, I have my own cupcake business and have modeled for Native fashion designers I love fashion because I can express myself through pieces of cloth.”
After her tennis career is over, she said she would “love to travel and watch younger generations of tennis players come up the ranks.”
“I’m thinking I would love to be a commentator and open an academy giving scholarships to Native American youth to learn the game. Right now, I help teach and would love to still do that,” Macy said. “I love tennis. I love that I have to come up with the big shots, the big points and dig down deep to find what I need. I love that nobody else can do that for me. It’s just me.”