Crazy Horse Memorial turns 60

BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
06/03/2008 07:46 AM

By Carson Walker
Associated Press Writer
CRAZY HORSE, S.D. (AP) — Crazy Horse Memorial, the world’s largest mountain carving, marks the 60th anniversary Tuesday of the first blast on the project that honors American Indians.
The granite sculpture of the Lakota warrior and his horse is the centerpiece. But the site includes a museum, and plans call for a university and medical training center for Indian students.
Ruth Ziolkowski, widow of sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski, who started the project June 3, 1948, won’t predict when it will be done.
“To picture it 60 years from now, I’d like to think we had the first building, at least, for the university so that we’d actually have some students here. I’d like to see the museum enlarged and over at the foot of the mountain where it needs to be. I’d like to see the horse’s head finished and polishing Crazy Horse’s body and doing all of the finish work on it. A lot of Native Americans here working, creating art work, visiting with the public, and a big step toward reconciliation and understanding,” she said.
Ziolkowski took over the project when her husband died in 1982 and shifted the focus to Crazy Horse’s face, which was dedicated 10 years ago at the 50th anniversary and has helped draw more attention to the project.
The invitation to undertake the carving came from Lakota Chief Henry Standing Bear, who was prompted by Gutzon Borglum’s carving of nearby Mount Rushmore to seek a memorial for Indian heroes.
Crazy Horse was a famed Lakota warrior and leader who played a key role in the 1876 defeat of the U.S. Seventh Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana. He died a year later after being stabbed in Nebraska.
“What Mount Rushmore represents to Americans is what Crazy Horse represents to American Indians,” said Robert Cook, a cultural specialist at the memorial and president-elect of the National Indian Education Association.
“Crazy Horse represents the values of American Indian tribes — of bravery, respect generosity, wisdom. So by being on this memorial he represents some of those struggles that he fought for a long time ago, of protecting our land base and our treaties. We’re still in those fights today.”
Seven of the Ziolkowski’s 10 children and several grandchildren work at the memorial, which draws more than a million visitors to the southern Black Hills annually. It brings in millions of dollars every year, mainly through admission fees. The family has held to Korczak’s admonition to refuse government help and instead rely on private enterprise.
The foundation started its first national fund drive in 2006 to raise more than $26 million toward the mountain carving’s completion and expand cultural and educational programs at the memorial. In December, billionaire T. Denny Sanford, a Sioux Falls banker, pledged a $5 million matching grant, the largest ever. And in April, the memorial’s scholarship fund topped $1 million in contributions to native students.
To prepare for the first blast in 1948, Korczak Ziolkowski used hand tools to drill the holes. Now, a team of workers uses high-tech, expensive equipment to create the larger-than-life art work.
Rich Barry, one of the engineers, said that just as the project has evolved over 60 years, so have the challenges.
“Imagine starting back in 1948 going up there with a hand drill and a hammer and starting to blast away on the mountain and finding anybody believing that you’re going to even do it,” he said.
“Now all of a sudden people have really come around. It’s very rare that someone says, ‘Aw, it’s never going to happen.”’
Now the biggest challenges lie in figuring out how to carve the other parts of the sculpture in relation to the face and contending with the natural fractures in the rock _ especially on the outstretched arm, Barry said.
“We will do much like orthopedic surgeons do. We’ll pin blocks together to hold them together to meet the artistic intent,” he said.
Two blasts on the mountain will mark Tuesday’s 60th anniversary. The first will duplicate the initial 10 tons of rock blasted from the carving June 3, 1948, and the second will be larger.
“We’re going to recreate that blast and also do one typical of the size we do now so that you can see the ‘then’ and the ‘now,”’ Ruth Ziolkowski said.

News

BY STAFF REPORTS
05/24/2016 12:30 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – On May 27, Cherokee Nation officials will honor Cherokee warriors who lost their lives while serving in the armed services with a wreath-laying ceremony at the Cherokee Warrior Memorial. The ceremony will take place at 3 p.m. next to the tribe’s Veterans Center and will include the raising of the flags, a performance by the Cherokee National Youth Choir and remarks by Principal Chief Bill John Baker and Deputy Chief S. Joe Crittenden. After the ceremony, there will be a reception at the Veterans Center located at 17675 S. Muskogee Ave. For more information, call 918-772-4166.
BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter – @cp_wchavez
05/24/2016 08:45 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – A 34,000-square-foot expansion that will provide 150 offices and space for two courtrooms at the Tribal Complex is on pace to be completed next spring. The expansion is being built on the complex’s west end as a second story. The W.W. Keeler Complex opened in 1979 and was last renovated in 1992. In 1994, an addition was made to the west side that was meant to have a second story, but funding was not available to add it. Along with the second story, plans include placing a cover on the roof of the rest of the complex for uniformity. The cover would also protect the complex’s roof and heating and cooling system. A more efficient boiler-chiller system will be installed to replace an inefficient air system. A boiler- chiller system uses water instead of air to heat and cool a structure. Compared with air, water is a more space- efficient method of transferring heat and cold around a building, and hot and cold air will be more evenly distributed throughout the building. “Mankiller (the 1994 addition) was designed for a second story. Keeler (the original building) was not, so we’ll go up several feet for more dead airspace, and then we’ll have a pitched roof over the rest of it, which will modernize it and it’s going to take care of all of our roofing problems (leaks),” Principal Chief Bill John Baker said. “This building is over 40 years old. It’s never had a new roof. It’s been patched ever since I can remember. One of the first things I wanted to do was get a new roof on this thing so we could protect our asset.” He said along with protecting assets, the pitched roof would lower utility bills and raise the building’s elevation so it looks more appealing. Baker said he’s been told the second story’s interior would be complete in December and the entire addition should be done in March. “They knew it was going to take a better part of a year to do this project, but when you’re working around programs, serving people each and every day and trying to keep access to all of the programs it just takes a little longer,” he said. A canopy will be built over the complex’s main entry to shelter people. Also, a courtyard will house two elevators to provide second-floor access. Three elevators will be installed to service the second story. Baker said including the tribe’s courts in the addition would save $30 million because a new building for the courts would not have to be constructed. Baker said the two courtrooms and supporting offices take up about half of the second-story expansion. “It gives them the square footage they (court officials) want. It gives them the design they want. It gives them the opportunity to be here on trust land at the complex. It will give better access to our courts by some of our programs. It will bring all three branches of government much closer together physically but still with separation,” he said. The design for the District and Supreme courts allows parties on opposing sides to enter the area from opposite elevators. “The architects and engineers that are experts in courthouses apparently have been able to do everything that they (court officials) were wanting done. So they’ve got two courtrooms. They’ve got waiting rooms for witnesses. They’ve got basically everything they dreamed they needed.” The larger courtroom will have 110 to 120 seats and seating for plaintiffs, defendants and a jury. The smaller courtroom will seat 24. Baker said there would be twice as much space as is available now in the Supreme Court. As for programs or departments that would occupy the rest of the space, Baker said it’s likely Child Support Enforcement and some or all components of Indian Child Welfare would occupy offices next to the courts because they interact with the courts on a regular basis. He said further discussions would be needed to make a final determination. Also, Baker said he anticipates the additional office space would save the CN “hundreds of thousands” of dollars annually because it would not need to rent as much office space in Tahlequah, and funding from office space rented in the complex by programs and departments would stay within the CN. Deputy Chief S. Joe Crittenden said he began working for the tribe as a laborer varnishing the tribe’s motel in the late 1960s and has seen much growth over the years. “There’s been lots of improvement over the years, and right now we’re in the midst of unparalleled growth in the Cherokee Nation. I’m glad I’ve got to hang around and see the good things happening,” he said.
BY LENZY KREHBIEL-BURTON
Special Correspondent
05/23/2016 10:02 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – A Cherokee Nation employee’s constructive discharge lawsuit has raised the question of whether tribal tipsters could be subject to retribution. Citing the tribe’s Public Integrity and Whistleblower Protection Act of 2004, former Wildland Firefighter Coordinator David Comingdeer filed litigation with the tribe’s District Court against the CN, Career Services Executive Director Diane Kelley and three unnamed supervisors in April claiming he was the victim of retaliation after telling employees the tribe was about to lose a grant from the U.S. Forest Service because of non-compliance with the award’s terms. Comingdeer’s job, along with those of several other firefighters, was funded via the federal grant, the lawsuit states. According to the complaint, Comingdeer was suspended without pay twice and barred from the Tribal Complex after notifying tribal officials associated with the grant about the situation, including the Attorney General’s Office, Human Resources and Career Services. He was also subject to disciplinary action after posting about the situation on social media, according to the lawsuit. After the grant was terminated, Comingdeer was transferred to special projects officer, with a job description that makes no mention of firefighting, and placed on administrative leave, the lawsuit states. According to CN Communications, Comingdeer is still employed at the CN but could not provide any other details because of personnel policy and CN law. Speaking in general terms, CN spokeswoman Amanda Clinton said that a CN employee is not allowed in his or her workspace while on administrative leave. However, as tribal citizens entitled to services, they are not barred from the complex or other CN properties unless they have exhibited criminal behavior. In the Nation’s response to the lawsuit, Senior Assistant Attorney General Chrissi Nimmo argued that the law cited by Comingdeer and his attorney, the Public Integrity and Whistleblower Protection Act of 2004, was effectively repealed almost four years ago when the Tribal Council approved a new ethics law in October 2012, thus eliminating the waiver of sovereign immunity that came with it. The CN Ethics Act of 2012, which replaced Title 28 in the CN Code Annotated, makes no mention of the Whistleblower Protection Act or its provisions. Instead, it largely focuses on conflicts of interest and contracting with relatives of elected officials. A wrongful termination lawsuit that also claimed a violation of the Whistleblower Protection Act was filed in District Court in March 2014 – 18 months after the Tribal Council adopted the Ethics Act of 2012. However, no mention is made in any of that case’s filings whether the Whistleblower Protection Act is still in effect. Citing the pending litigation, Tribal Council Speaker Joe Byrd declined to comment on whether the omission was deliberate. Byrd also declined to say whether the legislative body has any plans to consider reinstating any of the Whistleblower Protection Act’s terms to the CN Code Annotated. Rather than comment on the matter, a CN Communications official deferred to the tribe’s response filed on April 26 with the District Court. As of May 16, a hearing on the case had not been scheduled. A motion is pending to have Nimmo disqualified from trying the case, as she was one of the people Comingdeer initially emailed in October 2015 about the impending grant loss.
BY STAFF REPORTS
05/23/2016 09:52 AM
LOS ANGELES – A new online course called Cherokee Community Organizations and Development is being offered this summer through the University of California Los Angeles Extension. The online course will be from June 30 through Sept. 8 and will be in conjunction with the Tribal Learning Community Educational Exchange. It is open to both students and community members, and is available for three unites of transferable college credit through UCLA Extension. According to a class flier, all work will be done online except a bi-weekly video conference on Wednesdays at 5:30 p.m. To register for the class visit <a href="https://www.uclaextension.edu/pages/Course.aspx?reg=266571&qe=true" target="_blank">https://www.uclaextension.edu/pages/Course.aspx?reg=266571&qe=true</a>.
BY STAFF REPORTS
05/20/2016 01:45 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians will host the Keetoowah Cherokee Football and Sports Skills Camp from 8 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. on June 22. The camp will be at the UKB Celebration Grounds on West Willis Road. Boys and girls ages 8-18 are able to register for the free camp. To sign up for the camp, call Sammy Still at 918-431-1818, ext. 156 or email <a href="mailto: sstill@unitedkeetoowahband.org">sstill@unitedkeetoowahband.org</a>.
BY STAFF REPORTS
05/19/2016 05:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Tribal Council on May 16 approved submitting more than 800 acres of tribal land to the Bureau of Indian Affairs to be placed into trust status. The 809.15 acres are located in Adair, Cherokee, Craig, Delaware, Nowata and Washington counties and includes land on which four of the tribe’s health centers are built. Tracts of land being requested for trust status were on the Nation’s priority list to be submitted to the BIA in an effort to help the federal government reach their trust goal in 2016. “Placing land into trust status is an assertion of our tribe’s sovereignty,” Tribal Councilor Joe Byrd said. “Trust status grants our tribe full control of our land and its uses. With more land potentially being placed into trust status, we can pursue more housing for our citizens or create more jobs for our citizens through potential economic opportunities.” The CN already has more than 61,000 acres of land in trust status. The next Tribal Council meeting is scheduled for 6 p.m. on June 13 at the W.W. Keeler Complex.