Crazy Horse Memorial turns 60

BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
06/03/2008 07:46 AM

By Carson Walker
Associated Press Writer
CRAZY HORSE, S.D. (AP) — Crazy Horse Memorial, the world’s largest mountain carving, marks the 60th anniversary Tuesday of the first blast on the project that honors American Indians.
The granite sculpture of the Lakota warrior and his horse is the centerpiece. But the site includes a museum, and plans call for a university and medical training center for Indian students.
Ruth Ziolkowski, widow of sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski, who started the project June 3, 1948, won’t predict when it will be done.
“To picture it 60 years from now, I’d like to think we had the first building, at least, for the university so that we’d actually have some students here. I’d like to see the museum enlarged and over at the foot of the mountain where it needs to be. I’d like to see the horse’s head finished and polishing Crazy Horse’s body and doing all of the finish work on it. A lot of Native Americans here working, creating art work, visiting with the public, and a big step toward reconciliation and understanding,” she said.
Ziolkowski took over the project when her husband died in 1982 and shifted the focus to Crazy Horse’s face, which was dedicated 10 years ago at the 50th anniversary and has helped draw more attention to the project.
The invitation to undertake the carving came from Lakota Chief Henry Standing Bear, who was prompted by Gutzon Borglum’s carving of nearby Mount Rushmore to seek a memorial for Indian heroes.
Crazy Horse was a famed Lakota warrior and leader who played a key role in the 1876 defeat of the U.S. Seventh Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana. He died a year later after being stabbed in Nebraska.
“What Mount Rushmore represents to Americans is what Crazy Horse represents to American Indians,” said Robert Cook, a cultural specialist at the memorial and president-elect of the National Indian Education Association.
“Crazy Horse represents the values of American Indian tribes — of bravery, respect generosity, wisdom. So by being on this memorial he represents some of those struggles that he fought for a long time ago, of protecting our land base and our treaties. We’re still in those fights today.”
Seven of the Ziolkowski’s 10 children and several grandchildren work at the memorial, which draws more than a million visitors to the southern Black Hills annually. It brings in millions of dollars every year, mainly through admission fees. The family has held to Korczak’s admonition to refuse government help and instead rely on private enterprise.
The foundation started its first national fund drive in 2006 to raise more than $26 million toward the mountain carving’s completion and expand cultural and educational programs at the memorial. In December, billionaire T. Denny Sanford, a Sioux Falls banker, pledged a $5 million matching grant, the largest ever. And in April, the memorial’s scholarship fund topped $1 million in contributions to native students.
To prepare for the first blast in 1948, Korczak Ziolkowski used hand tools to drill the holes. Now, a team of workers uses high-tech, expensive equipment to create the larger-than-life art work.
Rich Barry, one of the engineers, said that just as the project has evolved over 60 years, so have the challenges.
“Imagine starting back in 1948 going up there with a hand drill and a hammer and starting to blast away on the mountain and finding anybody believing that you’re going to even do it,” he said.
“Now all of a sudden people have really come around. It’s very rare that someone says, ‘Aw, it’s never going to happen.”’
Now the biggest challenges lie in figuring out how to carve the other parts of the sculpture in relation to the face and contending with the natural fractures in the rock _ especially on the outstretched arm, Barry said.
“We will do much like orthopedic surgeons do. We’ll pin blocks together to hold them together to meet the artistic intent,” he said.
Two blasts on the mountain will mark Tuesday’s 60th anniversary. The first will duplicate the initial 10 tons of rock blasted from the carving June 3, 1948, and the second will be larger.
“We’re going to recreate that blast and also do one typical of the size we do now so that you can see the ‘then’ and the ‘now,”’ Ruth Ziolkowski said.

News

BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
06/25/2017 02:00 PM
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BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
06/24/2017 02:00 PM
OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) — State environmental officials say elevated mercury levels in fish have been found in 14 more lakes in Oklahoma than last year. The Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality plans a public meeting for Tuesday to discuss the mercury levels. The agency says a total of 54 lakes have mercury advisories — which is up 14 since the last advisory in 2016. The advisories deal with mercury levels in fish and do not affect drinking water safety or lake recreational activities like swimming or boating. The 14 new lakes added to the advisory are: Arcadia Lake, Birch Reservoir, Boomer Lake, Copan Reservoir, El Reno Lake, Greenleaf Reservoir, Lone Chimney Lake, Lake McMurtry, Lake Murray, Pawnee Lake, Lake Ponca, Lake Raymond Gary, Shell Lake and Waurika Reservoir.
BY STACIE GUTHRIE
Reporter – @cp_sguthrie
06/24/2017 11:00 AM
HOPKINSVILLE, Ky. – While traveling the Trail of Tears’ northern route “Remember the Removal” cyclists visited sites where Cherokees stayed during their forced removal in the winter of 1838-39, with several sites housing graves of Cherokees who died along the trek. The Trail of Tears Commemorative Park in Hopkinsville acted as a camping spot and gravesite during the removal. Alice Murphree, Kentucky Chapter of the Trail of Tears Association president, said the site contains Chief Whitepath and Chief Fly Smith’s graves as well as a grave with unknown remains. She said Whitepath, an assistant conductor with the Elijah Hicks detachment, died about 10 days after arriving at the site. “He come sick coming out of Nashville, and as the trail proceeded he felt sicker and sicker. By the time they got to the spot at Hopkinsville he was so ill that the Elijah Hicks detachment had to leave him here and go on,” she said. Murphree said Smith was “sickly” for most of the journey before dying at the site. “Stephen Foreman (minister serving as assistant conductor of the Old Field detachment) and his wife stayed behind with him and that (Old Field) detachment moved on,” she said. “I guess it was just within a day or two. I don’t know exact dates, but they (chiefs) died within hours of one another. They (Foremans) went to the city and asked if they could bury him in the city. The city would not allow them to be buried there. The Latham family owned all of this property and agreed to let him be buried here.” It is said that Cherokees are buried in Union County, Illinois, at the Camp Ground Church and Cemetery. Sandra Boaz, Illinois Chapter of the TOTA president, said it was determined by ground penetrating radar that there are around 10 ground anomalies the sizes of graves at the site. “After 1834 a man by the name of Mr. Hileman took out a land patent and brought his family here. Sometime in the winter of 1837-38 he had two small preschool-aged children who passed away and he buried them, as family oral history says,” she said. “Then when the Cherokee came through…they had made arrangements for them to camp on this site. As they were stopped here due to the ice flows on the Mississippi River, naturally some of them passed away. So story says that Mr. Hileman had them buried out in the field by his little boys. So that was the basis for getting this site certified as a National Trail of Tears site with the National Park Service.” For more information, visit www.nationaltota.com.
BY STAFF REPORTS
06/23/2017 04:00 PM
TAHELQUAH, Okla. – The American Indian Resource Center has received a $30,000 Native Agriculture and Food Systems Initiative grant from the Colorado-based First Nations Development Institute. According to First Nations, the funding will help build a sustainable food source (fruits/vegetables) for three tribal communities with the aim of increasing consumption of healthy foods. Families will be reintroduced to growing/gathering their own foods while making healthier lifestyle choices. The award was one of 15 program grants to Native American tribes and organizations under First Nations’ Native Agriculture and Food Systems Initiative. According to First Nations, each funded project aims to strengthen local food-system control; increase access to local, healthy and traditional foods; and/or decrease food insecurity and food deserts, all with an emphasis on serving Native American children and families. The release states it is hoped that the projects will noticeably improve a tribe or community’s effort to increase access to healthy and fresh foods for vulnerable children, families and communities. Additionally, the efforts will help increase awareness of and involvement with where the community’s food comes from, and expand knowledge of the linkages between foods, Native cultures and/or contribute to tribal economic growth and the development of entrepreneurially-related food ventures. First Nations serves Native American communities throughout the United States, according to the release. Its states that for more than 36 years, using a three-pronged strategy of educating grassroots practitioners, advocating for systemic change, and capitalizing Indian communities, First Nations has been working to restore Native American control and culturally-compatible stewardship of the assets they own – be they land, human potential, cultural heritage, or natural resources – and to establish new assets for ensuring the long-term vitality of Native American communities. For more information, visit <a href="http://www.firstnations.org" target="_blank">www.firstnations.org</a>.
BY STAFF REPORTS
06/23/2017 12:00 PM
ROLAND, Okla. – A SWAT team sniper with the Cherokee Nation Marshal Service shot and killed a 57-year-old man on June 8 during a standoff in Roland, according to the Sequoyah County Sheriff's Office. According to a sheriff’s office statement on Facebook, the sheriff’s office received a call around 4 p.m. about a possible suicidal man who had barricaded himself inside an area residence. The post states that when county deputies and Oklahoma Highway Patrol troopers arrived at the residence they found 57-year-old Paul Eugene Mashburn. It also states that as deputies approached the residence Mashburn yelled out the window that he had guns and gasoline and would shoot any officers that came near the house. The statement reads that Mashburn was sending texts messages to family members stating he had gasoline and guns, and that he had poured the gasoline on the carpet and would throw a torch on it if officers tried to enter the home. Mashburn was wanted on an outstanding felony warrant for a kidnapping case in Sequoyah County, the post states. It also states because of Mashburn’s threats and his prior criminal history, Sequoyah County Sheriff Larry Lane contacted the CNMS requesting assistance from its SWAT team. The statement reads that county deputies and OHP troopers maintained perimeter security at the residence as well as constant communication with Mashburn until the SWAT team arrived around 7 p.m. According to the post, the SWAT team negotiator communicated with Mashburn for several hours, trying to get him to exit the residence before Mashburn began breaking windows and threatening officers. “Mr. Mashburn then started a fire inside the residence and continued breaking out windows and eventually opened a window on the east side of the house, yelled again and pointed a pistol out the window at officers,” the statement reads. It was then, according to the statement, that a SWAT team sniper fired a shot that killed Mashburn. The Roland Fire Department then extinguished the fire before the home was completely destroyed. According to the statement, Mashburn was a convicted sex offender and had previous criminal history of robbery, domestic violence and sexual battery. He also had an outstanding warrant from Van Buren (Arkansas) Police Department for domestic battery. “I would like to recognize and thank Detective Christian Goode for staying calm and truly trying to end the standoff peacefully, by staying in constant communication with Mr. Mashburn for several hours,” Sheriff Lane stated. “This was a very stressful situation for everyone involved, and unfortunately ended with a man losing his life.” CNMS Capt. Danny Tanner said the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation is investigating the officer-related shooting and would not release the officer’s name.
BY STACIE GUTHRIE
Reporter – @cp_sguthrie
06/23/2017 09:32 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – After approximately three weeks and 950 miles, the 2017 “Remember the Removal” cyclists formed bonds that will last a lifetime. After seeing sites such as New Echota and Red Clay in Georgia, Mantle Rock in Kentucky and other locations where Cherokees traveled the Trail of Tears’ northern route, they ended their journey on June 22 at the Cherokee Nation Courthouse Square. The ride began June 4 in New Echota and took cyclists through Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma. Mentor cyclist and CN citizen Will Chavez, who participated in the first “RTR” ride in 1984, said coming into Tahlequah and seeing familiar sites and family was “emotional.” “It’s really emotional coming in today, seeing all of the familiar streets and roads, knowing finally I was almost home. Went through a lot of unfamiliar territory for three weeks, so it’s good to be home,” the Cherokee Phoenix assistant editor said. In 1984 he was 17. Now at age 50, he saw the journey with “different eyes” and “new perspective.” “It really was something else. I wanted to learn more, and this time I wasn’t a kid, so I really paid attention more and took in more of the sights and the stories that we heard,” he said. As for those Chavez rode with, he said he watched them “grow” and is “proud” of their accomplishment. “I watched them grow during the weeks and especially the days we’ve endured some tough terrain and heat. They didn’t complain. Everybody stayed together and helped each other, and it was just like quiet resolve,” he said. “I’m proud of them because they really showed a lot of grit and determination.” Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians cyclist Chavella Taylor said she considers the cyclists “family.” “I feel like they are my family now, especially with my EBCI riders. I spent more time with them than my own family,” she said. “It probably took us a week to get close with Cherokee Nation, but they’re my family now. There’s nothing I wouldn’t do for them.” Taylor said being separated from her children was tough, but knowing why she took the journey kept her going. “There were times where I just wanted to quit. I just wanted to go home, and I had the ability to go home. I had every means to go home and quit, but I’m on this ride for a reason,” she said. “I just feel like it was something that I had to do, and everyday I got through it. I’m just glad to be home, and I’m glad that my ancestors sacrificed what they did so that I’m able to be here with my kids.” Taylor said she wants to tell her children that Cherokees have a purpose. “Something that I want to take back is to let my kids know that we have a purpose, that we’re still here, that there have been things that have been done to erase everything about us, but we’re still here.” During the return ceremony, EBCI cyclist Renissa McLaughlin reminded the riders that they are from “one blood.” “’Remember the Removal’ riders, I said this to you once before. We came from the same place, Kituwah. We existed together for thousands of years prior to the removal, and although we are miles apart, we are the same people – one blood,” she said. She said for her “RTR” is “everyone who actively contributes either by work or words.” “If not for the compassion of non-Natives, much of our history would have been lost to us. These past three weeks I’ve felt more love coming from complete strangers than I see among our own people, and we need to fix that,” McLaughlin said. “Without all of these compassionate people across the seven states we visited, there would be no trails marked for us to see. They are all out there telling our story when we cannot, and for that we owe them our deepest gratitude.”