April is Sexual Assault Awareness Month

BY JAMI MURPHY
Reporter
04/08/2010 07:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – According to the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, 34 percent of all Native American/Alaskan Native women are victims of attempted sexual assault, the highest percentage among any race in the country.

RAINN, the country’s largest anti-sexual assault organization, reported that even though about 80 percent of all assault victims are white, minorities in some cases are more likely to be attacked.

The organization reports that white women make up 17.7 percent, black women make up 18.8 percent, Asian Pacific make up 6.8 percent and women of mixed race make up 24.4 percent of the attempted victims.

While not every case involves women, 3 percent of women have experienced an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime. In 2003, according to RAINN, one in every 10 rape victims was male. That totals more than 2.5 million men in the United States who have been assaulted in some form compared to the 17.7 million women.

MORE INFORMATION

National Sexual Assault Hotline at (800) 656-HOPE
Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health (918) 207-3898
CN W.W. Hastings (918) 458-3170
CN Marshal Service (918) 207-3800


One misconception with many is that rape or sexual assaults happen to victims from unknown criminals when in fact nearly two-thirds of all rapes are committed by someone the victim knows.
Also, about 73 percent of sexual assaults were perpetrated by a non-stranger and 38 percent of rapists are a friend or acquaintance. About 28 percent are an intimate, while 7 percent are a relative.

More than 50 percent of reported sexual assaults happen within a mile radius from the victim’s home. About 40 percent take place at the victim’s home and 20 percent take place at the home of a friend, neighbor or relative.

Many victims of rape seek counseling after the event has taken place. The effect a sexual assault can have on a person has the potential to cause them to have erratic behavior, suffer from depression and hurt themselves.

According to RAINN, victims of sexual assault are three times more likely to suffer from depression, six times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol, 26 times more likely to abuse drugs and four times more likely to contemplate suicide.

In a statement from Cherokee Nation Communications, the “Cherokee Nation has no independent sexual assault program. Those in need of assistance can receive outpatient care at any of the Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health offices.”

In addition, victims can also contact CN W.W. Hastings Hospital. It offers outpatient counseling and the CN Marshal Service has trained victim witness advocates on staff.


Many rape or sexual assault sufferers often do not know whether what happened to them was considered rape or assault. According to RAINN, these questions can help judge whether or not someone has been a victim of this type of crime.
Are the participants old enough to consent? People below the consenting age are considered children and cannot legally agree to have sex.
In most states, the age of consent is 16 or 18. In some states, the age of consent varies according to the age difference between the participants. Because laws are different in every state, it is important to find out the law in your state.
Do both people have the capacity to consent? States also define who has the mental and legal capacity to consent.
Those with diminished capacity – such as people with disabilities, elderly people and people who have been drugged or are unconscious – may not have the legal ability to agree to have sex.
Did both participants agree to take part? Did someone use physical force to make you have sexual contact with him/her? Has someone threatened you to make you have intercourse with them? It doesn’t matter if you think your partner means “yes,” or if you’ve already started having sex — “no” also means “stop.” If you proceed despite your partner’s expressed instruction to stop, you have not only violated basic codes of morality and decency, you may have also committed a crime under the laws of your state.
About the Author
Reporter

Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007.

She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. 

Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. 

She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. 

“My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.”

Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.
jami-murphy@cherokee.org • 918-453-5560
Reporter Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007. She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. “My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.” Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.

Health

BY STAFF REPORTS
04/16/2015 10:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Gadugi Clinic west of the Cherokee Nation Tribal Complex will have the mammogram bus available on May 8. “If you have health insurance and would like to schedule an appointment, please call the clinic,” said Joanna McDaniel, manager of Health Operations at Gadugi Health Center. The American Cancer Society recommends that women over the age of 40 have a mammogram yearly, she added. “The Oklahoma Breast Care Center sends their mobile mammogram unit to our clinic 3-4 times a year to perform mammograms on our patients,” McDaniel said. “OBCC provides this service at no out-of-pocket cost to the patient. If patients are interested, they should call the clinic at 918-207-4911 to answer a few screening questions.” In addition to May 8, the MMU is scheduled to come Aug. 11 and Dec. 9.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/11/2015 04:00 PM
OKLAHOMA CITY – The Oklahoma Health Care Authority and the State Department of Health would be directed by Senate Bill 250 to collaborate on development of goals for reducing the incidence of diabetes in Oklahoma. The measure received overwhelming bipartisan support in both houses of the legislature. The House of Representatives passed the bill, 67-18, on April 2, and the Senate approved it, 39-4, on March 5. The bill was supported by 23 House Democrats, including Reps. Will Fourkiller (Cherokee Nation citizen) of Stilwell, Claudia Griffith of Norman and Mike Shelton of Oklahoma City, all of whom are members of the Appropriations and Budget Subcommittee on Health; Rep. Jeannie McDaniel of Tulsa, a member of the House Committee on Public Health who also co-authored the measure; and House Democratic Leader Scott Inman of Del City. The goals suggested in SB 250 would include improvements in health care services and prevention services, better procedures to control complications, and statistics, including the financial impact of diabetes and the number of Oklahomans afflicted with the disease. According to the State Health Department, more than 329,000 Oklahomans 18 and older were diagnosed with diabetes in 2012; Oklahoma ranked ninth in the nation in 2012 for the percentage of the adult population diagnosed with diabetes; the percent of the adult population being diagnosed with diabetes has been growing at a faster rate in Oklahoma than in the nation; and nearly one in every four senior citizens (65 years and older) in Oklahoma has been diagnosed with diabetes. Also, Oklahoma’s Native Americans have been diagnosed more frequently, and die from diabetes at the highest rate of any other race or ethnic group in this state. Diagnosis rates include American Indians, 16.4 percent; African Americans, 12.3 percent; Caucasians, 11.6 percent; multiracial individuals, 9.5 percent; and Hispanic, 7.6 percent. During the past decade, hospital admissions for diabetes increased 21 percent, and Oklahoma adults reported the sixth-highest percentage of obesity–a key risk factor for diabetes–in the nation in 2012. The national average was 28.1 percent; Oklahoma’s rate was 32.2 percent.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/05/2015 08:00 AM
SALINA, Okla. – A Cherokee Nation doctor is being recognized by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as one of 30 “champions” across the nation for saving lives by lowering the blood pressure of at least 70 percent of his patients. Dr. Brett Gray, a physician at the CN’s A-Mo Health Center in Salina, is a 2014 Million Hearts Hypertension Control Challenge Champion. The Million Hearts initiative was launched by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in 2011 with the intent to prevent one million heart attacks by 2017. It also identified doctors making sweeping change. The CN employs 166 doctors in its eight health centers and W.W. Hastings Hospital. The tribe held a proclamation signing March 30 on National Doctors’ Day at Hastings to thank all CN doctors for their service to CN citizens. “I feel honored to get the award and be recognized for the kind of medicine that we’re trying to practice as a team, to improve lives not only for patients with hypertension, but other health issues as well,” Gray said. “I’m really honored that my name is on the award, but I also want to make sure that the credit goes where it’s due. This has always been a team effort.” Gray and his team of nurses have a patient success rate of 81.2 percent of controlled hypertension, which is when a patient maintains a healthy blood pressure, lowering the chance for cardiovascular complications. “For years the government has measured the quality of our health facilities’ success, and the Cherokee Nation continues to lead the nation in their quality scores,” said Connie Davis, CN Health Services executive director, said. “This recognition of Dr. Gray, who is a leader here at the tribe among his peers, is very deserving and another example of how the Cherokee Nation reaches its high quality scores.” High blood pressure is a leading cause of heart attacks and strokes, and keeping levels regulated has been proven to save lives. Gray is credited with more frequent patient follow-ups and trying to keep patients with a routine team of practioners. “My case manager follows up with people and keeps everything together. Our LPN is well liked by the patients, so she’s always encouraging and educating them. Our clerk keeps our hectic schedules in order. And another nurse at the health center will get our patients in sooner to check on their blood pressure and let us know if we need to make any adjustments. This team approach has gotten us to the level we’re at now,” he said. Gray, of Pryor, started at the CN in 2000 after having a practice. In February, the Oklahoma House of Representatives and Senate recognized him as the “Doctor of the Day” during CN Legislative Day. The Million Hearts initiative is led by the CDC and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. For more information or to make an appointment, call the A-Mo Health Center at 918-434-8500.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
04/01/2015 10:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. (AP) - When the federal government proposed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the main goal of the act was to give a boost to the American economy and to offer financial assistance in areas which are often hit by economic hardship, like education and infrastructure. Organizations and government bodies across the country applied for different grants, contracts and loans. Cherokee County was no exception. Cherokee County’s total recovery funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 was over $90 million, according to data released by ProPublica. The U.S. Department of Education sent the most money into Cherokee County with over $23 million. While the government website dedicated to ARRA states more money in the county went to infrastructure than any other category, many Department of Education grants went to schools to “modernization, renovation or repair of public school facilities.” Many of these grants are considered State Fiscal Stabilization Fund grants, and they come in a wide range of amounts. The Briggs Public School district was awarded one of these grants for $798. Briggs also received another grant within this same fund for $11,847 as part of an allocation of over $105 million. The primary recipient of the allocation was the Executive Office of the State of Oklahoma, which still received over $55 million dollars – but the rest went to school districts across the state including schools in Grove, Jenks, Tulsa, Okmulgee and Elk City. Tahlequah Public Schools received two different grants from this allotment. Local schools, as well as Cherokee Nation, received money for preschool and Head Start programs. Cherokee Nation officials did not comment on any childcare grants the tribe received, but did provide information on the highway planning and infrastructure grants. “The federal stimulus grants helped the Cherokee Nation pave and repair 33 miles of roadway that improved the safety of our citizens and communities as a whole, as well as improved two bridges, one in disrepair in Mayes County and one in Sequoyah County,” a prepared statement said. Cherokee Nation received 36 ARRA grants and contracts, records show. Northeastern Oklahoma Community Health Centers, like many of the businesses and organizations that received funds in Cherokee County, was awarded four grants, but did not accept two of them that related to the Department of Agriculture. NeoHealth Chief Information Officer Mike McGavock said one of the grants, which was for over $500,000, was used to purchase equipment for their offices and EKG machines for their clinics. “It’s been great to have newer technology to treat our patients,” said McGavock. NeoHealth had to send patients with cardio issues to a local hospital before the system had its own EKG machine – which meant patients had to pay for another appointment at a different facility. The new office equipment was part of what was, at the time, a new federal regulation to have an Electronic Health Record System. “It’s basically the paperless medical charting,” said McGavock. Before this, files could be damaged or lost; but now, as long as they are backed up correctly, patient data will not be lost even during extreme weather conditions that might occur. Another grant, which was for just under $200,000, was to hire more providers to open another clinic. The grant paid for that employee for two years. It was the only new job position created due to NeoHealth’s grants.
BY STAFF REPORTS
03/26/2015 08:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Four of Cherokee Nation’s health centers, W.W. Hastings Hospital and the tribe’s entire Health Services have been deemed “Certified Healthy” by the Oklahoma State Department of Health. The Vinita Health Center, Three Rivers Health Center in Muskogee, Redbird Smith Health Center in Sallisaw and Wilma P. Mankiller Health Center in Stilwell were recently selected among 1,700 winners of the Certified Healthy Oklahoma award for 2014. The designation for maintaining a healthy campus for employees is administered by the state, Oklahoma Academy, state chamber and Oklahoma Turning Point Council. “I believe it is important as a health department to set the example of making healthy choices,” Health Services Executive Director Connie Davis said. “If we can create a work environment that not only encourages but supports these important changes in our lifestyle, then we have made a real impact on ensuring healthy generations to come.” Employees take advantage of fitness rooms, daily exercise and diet and nutrition classes offered at each of the sites. The tribe’s Early Childhood Unit was also recognized as “Certified Healthy” for providing a healthy nutrition policy for staff and Head Start children. The awards are given annually in six categories: businesses, restaurants, schools, campuses, early care and education and congregation. “All of us are aware of the high costs associated with unhealthy habits, and because our employees work in the health care setting, it’s vital that the workplace be conducive to living a healthy lifestyle,” Brian Hail, W.W. Hastings Hospital CEO, said. “Having this recognition from the Oklahoma State Department of Health demonstrates our commitment to our employees’ well-being and our dedication to the vision of healthy communities for this and future generations.” The CN maintains an onsite health center to treat sick employees, the Gadugi Clinic, and employees and CN citizens have free access to the Male Seminary Recreation Center in Tahlequah, which offers a gym, weights and weekly boot camp, yoga and Zumba classes. “The Certified Healthy Oklahoma Program is a free statewide recognition program showcasing organizations and communities that are committed to making the healthy choice the easy choice,” Julie Dearing, manager of the Certified Healthy Oklahoma Program, said. “Oklahoma truly has a vision of creating healthier places to live, work, learn, play and pray. We are challenging all Oklahomans to eat better, move more and be tobacco-free, as well as implement policies to create healthy environments throughout our state.” For more information on Health Services, call 918-453-5657.
BY STAFF REPORTS
03/16/2015 08:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – After spending nearly two months in West Africa helping fight the Ebola virus, Cherokee Nation citizen and registered nurse Dana Hayworth returned to work at the CN W.W. Hastings Hospital in early March and was greeted with a reception to welcome her back. Hayworth, of Claremore, is a commander for the U.S. Public Health Service and volunteered to serve in Liberia, one of the most severely affected countries in West Africa. She spent 59 days between December and February with the Monrovia Medical Unit, providing clinical care for health care workers who may have contracted the Ebola disease while fighting it. She provided intravenous hydration, medication, blood products and nutrition to workers on the front line. “Going to Liberia was a rare chance to experience a different country and culture, while at the same time being part of the U.S. Public Health Service’s worldwide effort to contain Ebola,” Hayworth said. “Like our Native people, the Liberian people have a lot of strong ties to culture, customs, family and community. They took care of each other. It was awesome to see their resiliency in the face of this horrible disease.” Ebola spreads through human-to-human contact, with an average fatality rate of 50 percent. Symptoms range from sudden fever, fatigue and muscle pain to impaired kidney and liver function, according to the World Health Organization. Hayworth returned to Oklahoma in early February and spent 21 days at home with limited contact before returning to work March 2. Hayworth has been employed at Hastings Hospital for 10 years and works in the occupational therapy department. “We’re very glad to have Dana back safely, and we’re looking forward to putting her back to work and implementing some of the things she learned in Liberia,” Hastings CEO Brian Hail said. “We can’t train our staff on the types of conditions she was working in, so the experiences and the knowledge base that she has brought back to us is invaluable for working with people in a truly underserved population.” Hayworth said she plans to use her experience by preparing the CN on steps to fight Ebola in the chance that the virus should ever reach northeast Oklahoma. Two other CN citizens working in the Monrovia Medical Unit also joined Hayworth. Lt. Cmdr. Julie Erb-Alvarez, an epidemiologist at the U.S. Public Health Service Oklahoma City area office, and Capt. Kevin Brooks, a pharmacist from White River, Arizona, played key roles in the unit as well. The U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Commissioned Corps is an elite uniformed service with more than 6,800 full-time, public health professionals serving the most underserved and vulnerable populations domestically and abroad. The U.S. Public Health Service is one of the seven uniformed services and is the only committed to protecting, promoting and advancing the health and safety of the nation. Officers often serve on the front lines in public health emergency and crisis situations both foreign and domestic including 9/11, Anthrax attacks, the 2010 Haiti earthquake and Superstorm Sandy.