April is Sexual Assault Awareness Month

BY JAMI MURPHY
Senior Reporter – @cp_jmurphy
04/08/2010 07:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – According to the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, 34 percent of all Native American/Alaskan Native women are victims of attempted sexual assault, the highest percentage among any race in the country.

RAINN, the country’s largest anti-sexual assault organization, reported that even though about 80 percent of all assault victims are white, minorities in some cases are more likely to be attacked.

The organization reports that white women make up 17.7 percent, black women make up 18.8 percent, Asian Pacific make up 6.8 percent and women of mixed race make up 24.4 percent of the attempted victims.

While not every case involves women, 3 percent of women have experienced an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime. In 2003, according to RAINN, one in every 10 rape victims was male. That totals more than 2.5 million men in the United States who have been assaulted in some form compared to the 17.7 million women.

MORE INFORMATION

National Sexual Assault Hotline at (800) 656-HOPE
Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health (918) 207-3898
CN W.W. Hastings (918) 458-3170
CN Marshal Service (918) 207-3800


One misconception with many is that rape or sexual assaults happen to victims from unknown criminals when in fact nearly two-thirds of all rapes are committed by someone the victim knows.
Also, about 73 percent of sexual assaults were perpetrated by a non-stranger and 38 percent of rapists are a friend or acquaintance. About 28 percent are an intimate, while 7 percent are a relative.

More than 50 percent of reported sexual assaults happen within a mile radius from the victim’s home. About 40 percent take place at the victim’s home and 20 percent take place at the home of a friend, neighbor or relative.

Many victims of rape seek counseling after the event has taken place. The effect a sexual assault can have on a person has the potential to cause them to have erratic behavior, suffer from depression and hurt themselves.

According to RAINN, victims of sexual assault are three times more likely to suffer from depression, six times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol, 26 times more likely to abuse drugs and four times more likely to contemplate suicide.

In a statement from Cherokee Nation Communications, the “Cherokee Nation has no independent sexual assault program. Those in need of assistance can receive outpatient care at any of the Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health offices.”

In addition, victims can also contact CN W.W. Hastings Hospital. It offers outpatient counseling and the CN Marshal Service has trained victim witness advocates on staff.


Many rape or sexual assault sufferers often do not know whether what happened to them was considered rape or assault. According to RAINN, these questions can help judge whether or not someone has been a victim of this type of crime.
Are the participants old enough to consent? People below the consenting age are considered children and cannot legally agree to have sex.
In most states, the age of consent is 16 or 18. In some states, the age of consent varies according to the age difference between the participants. Because laws are different in every state, it is important to find out the law in your state.
Do both people have the capacity to consent? States also define who has the mental and legal capacity to consent.
Those with diminished capacity – such as people with disabilities, elderly people and people who have been drugged or are unconscious – may not have the legal ability to agree to have sex.
Did both participants agree to take part? Did someone use physical force to make you have sexual contact with him/her? Has someone threatened you to make you have intercourse with them? It doesn’t matter if you think your partner means “yes,” or if you’ve already started having sex — “no” also means “stop.” If you proceed despite your partner’s expressed instruction to stop, you have not only violated basic codes of morality and decency, you may have also committed a crime under the laws of your state.
About the Author
Reporter

Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007.

She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. 

Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. 

She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. 

“My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.”

Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.
jami-murphy@cherokee.org • 918-453-5560
Reporter Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007. She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. “My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.” Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.

Health

BY STAFF REPORTS
04/28/2016 02:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – On May 5, the Oklahoma Breast Care Center’s Mobile Mammogram Unit will be at the Cherokee Nation’s Gadugi Health Center offering mammograms to those who are eligible. Mammogram screenings are available to CN employees who carry insurance. According to a release, the American Cancer Society recommends that women over the age of 40 have a mammogram yearly. When receiving a mammogram it is important to wear a two-piece outfit so it is easy to undress from the waist up. It is also recommended to not wear deodorant or powder because is can show up on the scan. For more information or to schedule a mammogram, call 918-207-4911.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/28/2016 12:00 PM
CLAREMORE, Okla. – The Claremore Indian Hospital will be closed for the replacement and installation of a new emergency generator from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. on April 30. All patient care will be diverted, and if inclement weather occurs, the maintenance will be rescheduled to following week.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/25/2016 12:30 PM
CLAREMORE, Okla. – The Claremore Indian Hospital will host an Affordable Care Act Outreach and Enrollment Fair from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. on May 19 at 101 S. Moore Ave. According to a hospital press release, Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Oklahoma will be at the hospital to assist patients with signing up for free to low-cost health insurance. Those wishing to sign up must bring their income information such as pay stubs, W-2 forms or “Wage and Tax Statements” to learn about health insurance options. Applicants must also bring their Social Security numbers, policy numbers for any current health insurance and information about any health insurance they or their families could get from an employer. Nov. 1 marked the beginning of the third open enrollment period for the ACA Health Insurance Marketplace. According to the release, even though citizens of federally recognized tribes have a special monthly enrollment status, it is important for American Indian and Alaska Native individuals and families to learn about their insurance options. “Whether it’s purchasing insurance through the Marketplace or qualifying for SoonerCare, knowing that you have quality coverage provides peace of mind,” the release states. For more information, call Sheila Dishno, the hospital’s patient benefit coordinator, at 918-342-6240.
BY STACIE GUTHRIE
Reporter – @cp_sguthrie
04/22/2016 12:00 PM
PEGGS, Okla. – Spring is in full bloom and many people are taking to their gardens to plant vegetable and flower seeds. Cherokee Nation citizens Deborah Smoke, her husband, William, and their grandson, Caden Murphy, recently spent time turning a patch of dirt into a hopeful crop of okra. Deborah said the okra is the first of several crops they intend to plant. “We’ve cleaned up our beds and we’ve planted okra today, and we have several other bedding plants to put out,” she said. “We have our tomatoes, but with the spring like it’s been we’ve just been real worried about frost, and so we’re trying to work around the weather. My husband and I are trying to get our beds ready. They’re small but they’re productive.” The couple also plans to plant heirloom seeds they received from the CN Seed Bank. “This year we got some heirloom seeds from the Cherokees. We got two varieties. One of them is a bean and one of them is a squash. We’re hoping to see how those go, and if we like them then we’ll save our seeds and we’ll plant them again next year,” she said. Deborah said working in the garden is therapeutic for her and her husband. “In the past several years I’ve had two back surgeries and probably need some more. My husband has had rheumatoid arthritis since he was 35-years-old and he has always been as active as his condition will allow him, and he’s even gone a little above,” she said. “It is very therapeutic for us to get out and work in the gardens and see the results every year.” Deborah said working with Murphy also proves to be therapeutic. “Well, he’s very therapeutic because he keeps you active. He’s just energetic, always wanting to go. Whether you want to get up or not you get up and that’s a good thing because we don’t want to be sedentary,” she said. “He comes out, ‘what can I do? I want to work.’ So we put him to work today on helping grow the garden, wanted to pull weeds. You don’t see young kids wanting to pull weeds, but he’s done that for several years even since he was about 3 years old. He’d go out and pull the weeds.” Deborah said her earliest memory of gardening was with her grandparents in Sapulpa. “I would go out every year and help my grandmother plant, and I’d help her harvest the crops, and of course all the families shared in the goodies,” she said. “These are the times that I can look back and remember and have the good aspects.” She said it’s good to pass her gardening knowledge to Murphy such as her grandparents did with her. “Having your youth to continue this process, I think, is the most important thing that we can do to continue the longevity of our culture, the tribe and the youth of today,” she said. Murphy, 7, said he enjoys helping in the garden because he can “learn stuff and plant seeds.” “I thought people would like eating them (okra) because they are good for you and they taste good,” he said. He said it’s important for kids to help garden “because it’s fun and it’s fun doing it with your family.”
BY JAMI MURPHY
Senior Reporter – @cp_jmurphy
04/14/2016 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – With warmer weather among us, people tend to spend more time participating in outdoor activities. But it’s important to remember that warmer weather brings ticks and the illnesses they can carry. Although a small percentage of ticks carry disease-causing bacteria, it’s important to take precautions such as using insect repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants while outdoors, avoiding bushy and wooded areas and check thoroughly after spending time outside. One disease that ticks can carry is the Heartland Virus. In 2014, a Delaware County man died from the illness, Oklahoma State Department of Health officials confirmed. Officials said it was the first case and death caused by the virus in Oklahoma. According to the OSDH, the virus is found in the Lone Star tick and was first seen in Missouri in 2009. “The Oklahoma case was only the 10th person confirmed with the virus and the second person to die from it. Other cases have occurred in Missouri and Tennessee,” according to the OSDH. “All of the patients diagnosed with Heartland Virus reported spending several hours per day in outside activities or occupations.” Symptoms include fever, fatigue, headaches, muscle aches, loss of appetite, nausea, bruising easily and diarrhea. Most patients require hospitalization but fully recover. Other tick-borne diseases include Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis, Borrelia miyamotoi, Colorado tick fever, Lyme disease, Powassan, Rickettsia parkeri rickettsiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Southern tick-associated rash illness and Tickborne relapsing fever. According to the Centers for Disease Control, Ehrlichlosis symptoms develop one to two weeks after being bitten by an infected tick. Symptoms include fever, headache, chills, malaise, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, conjunctival injection (red eyes) and rash. Ehrlichlosis can be fatal if not treated correctly, even in previously healthy people. Patients who are treated early may recover quickly on outpatient medication, while those who experience a more severe case may require intravenous antibiotics, prolonged hospitalization or intensive care. Signs and symptoms of Tularemia vary depending on how the bacteria enter the body. Illness ranges from mild to life-threatening. All forms are accompanied by fever, which can be as high as 104 ° F. Two tick-associated forms of the disease are ulceroglandular and glandular. Ulceroglandular is the most common form and usually occurs following a tick or deer fly bite or after handing of an infected animal. A skin ulcer appears at the site where the organism entered the body. The ulcer is accompanied by swelling of regional lymph glands, usually in the armpit or groin. Glandular is similar to ulceroglandular tularemia but without an ulcer. Also generally acquired through the bite of an infected tick or deer fly or from handling sick or dead animals. The CDC states that Tularemia symptoms can be mistaken for other more common illnesses. It is important to share with your health care provider any likely exposures, such as tick and deer fly bites. Blood tests and cultures can help confirm the diagnosis. Antibiotics used to treat Tularemia and treatment usually lasts 10 to 21 days depending on the stage of illness and the medication used. Although symptoms may last for several weeks, most patients completely recover. Visit <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/ticks/index.html" target="_blank">http://www.cdc.gov/ticks/index.html</a> for more information on infectious diseases cause by tick bites.
BY LENZY KREHBIEL-BURTON
Special Correspondent
04/14/2016 08:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Despite being held harmless, the Cherokee Nation’s Health Services officials are keeping an eye on potential cuts to Oklahoma’s Medicaid reimbursement rate. With the state facing a $1.3 billion shortfall for the coming fiscal year, the Oklahoma Health Care Authority announced plans in late March to reduce Medicaid reimbursement rates for Oklahoma health care providers by 25 percent starting June 1. Alternative proposals have been suggested to make up the Medicaid funds, including a $1.50 sales tax increase on cigarette packs and an expansion of Insure Oklahoma, a state-sponsored low-income insurance program that predates the Affordable Care Act and could potentially bring in additional federal Medicaid funds. However, both would require legislative approval, which is not guaranteed. Despite seeing about 18,000 Medicaid patients among its health facilities, Health Services officials said they do not expect the proposed cuts to have a direct impact on CN services. “Because our reimbursement rates are negotiated annually between IHS (Indian Health Service) and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, our rates will be unaffected,” Health Services Deputy Director Dr. Charles Grim said. “They are also unaffected because the state of Oklahoma does not have to pay the state match rate for Indian patients seen in an IHS or tribal program. Since 100 percent of the funds to pay tribes comes directly from the federal government, the state would not be saving any funds by reducing our rates.” However, the announced reductions’ impact could be felt indirectly later this year if the cuts do take effect. In response to the Oklahoma Health Care Authority’s announcement, the Oklahoma State Medical Association voted unanimously to encourage its members to consider dropping out of Medicaid, as many of its members would be operating at a loss every time a Medicaid patient is treated. CN Health Services is not considering such a move, but many of the specialists and hospitals that receive contract health care referrals are among the 46,129 health care providers across Oklahoma that currently accept Medicaid. CN Health Services officials declined to say whether any contract health care providers have announced their intent to stop accepting Medicaid. However, Grim did acknowledge that they are closely monitoring their referral networks, as the costs associated with sending a Medicaid contract health patient to a provider who no longer participates in the program would instead have to be covered by the tribe’s contract health budget. Even if the tribe’s contract health funds were required to stretch further, the previously announced expansion at W.W. Hastings Hospital in Tahlequah would not be affected, officials said. “The Medicaid cuts have absolutely no impact on the W.W. Hastings Hospital addition since the tribe is paying for construction costs and the joint venture funding comes straight from Indian Health Services, as outlined in the agreement signed earlier this year,” Health Services Executive Director Connie Davis said.