April is Sexual Assault Awareness Month

BY JAMI MURPHY
Senior Reporter – @cp_jmurphy
04/08/2010 07:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – According to the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, 34 percent of all Native American/Alaskan Native women are victims of attempted sexual assault, the highest percentage among any race in the country.

RAINN, the country’s largest anti-sexual assault organization, reported that even though about 80 percent of all assault victims are white, minorities in some cases are more likely to be attacked.

The organization reports that white women make up 17.7 percent, black women make up 18.8 percent, Asian Pacific make up 6.8 percent and women of mixed race make up 24.4 percent of the attempted victims.

While not every case involves women, 3 percent of women have experienced an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime. In 2003, according to RAINN, one in every 10 rape victims was male. That totals more than 2.5 million men in the United States who have been assaulted in some form compared to the 17.7 million women.

MORE INFORMATION

National Sexual Assault Hotline at (800) 656-HOPE
Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health (918) 207-3898
CN W.W. Hastings (918) 458-3170
CN Marshal Service (918) 207-3800


One misconception with many is that rape or sexual assaults happen to victims from unknown criminals when in fact nearly two-thirds of all rapes are committed by someone the victim knows.
Also, about 73 percent of sexual assaults were perpetrated by a non-stranger and 38 percent of rapists are a friend or acquaintance. About 28 percent are an intimate, while 7 percent are a relative.

More than 50 percent of reported sexual assaults happen within a mile radius from the victim’s home. About 40 percent take place at the victim’s home and 20 percent take place at the home of a friend, neighbor or relative.

Many victims of rape seek counseling after the event has taken place. The effect a sexual assault can have on a person has the potential to cause them to have erratic behavior, suffer from depression and hurt themselves.

According to RAINN, victims of sexual assault are three times more likely to suffer from depression, six times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol, 26 times more likely to abuse drugs and four times more likely to contemplate suicide.

In a statement from Cherokee Nation Communications, the “Cherokee Nation has no independent sexual assault program. Those in need of assistance can receive outpatient care at any of the Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health offices.”

In addition, victims can also contact CN W.W. Hastings Hospital. It offers outpatient counseling and the CN Marshal Service has trained victim witness advocates on staff.


Many rape or sexual assault sufferers often do not know whether what happened to them was considered rape or assault. According to RAINN, these questions can help judge whether or not someone has been a victim of this type of crime.
Are the participants old enough to consent? People below the consenting age are considered children and cannot legally agree to have sex.
In most states, the age of consent is 16 or 18. In some states, the age of consent varies according to the age difference between the participants. Because laws are different in every state, it is important to find out the law in your state.
Do both people have the capacity to consent? States also define who has the mental and legal capacity to consent.
Those with diminished capacity – such as people with disabilities, elderly people and people who have been drugged or are unconscious – may not have the legal ability to agree to have sex.
Did both participants agree to take part? Did someone use physical force to make you have sexual contact with him/her? Has someone threatened you to make you have intercourse with them? It doesn’t matter if you think your partner means “yes,” or if you’ve already started having sex — “no” also means “stop.” If you proceed despite your partner’s expressed instruction to stop, you have not only violated basic codes of morality and decency, you may have also committed a crime under the laws of your state.
About the Author
Reporter

Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007.

She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. 

Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. 

She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. 

“My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.”

Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.
jami-murphy@cherokee.org • 918-453-5560
Reporter Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007. She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. “My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.” Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.

Health

BY JAMI MURPHY
Senior Reporter – @cp_jmurphy
08/25/2016 08:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Cherokee Nation citizen Pam Turtle will spend the rest of her life taking medication to help her live with a transplanted kidney. The transplant was needed because she’s had polycystic kidney disease since she was 24. Turtle, 49, is from Stilwell but lived in Kansas, Oklahoma, until five years ago. That’s when she got extremely sick and doctors told her the disease had progressed enough to necessitate dialysis. So she and her husband Mike Turtle moved to Tahlequah to be closer to a dialysis center. PKD causes cysts to take the place of normal tissue. They enlarge the kidneys and make them work poorly, leading to kidney failure. The disease also runs in families. As a child, Pam watched her mother suffer from PKD, so Pam carried a lot of responsibility, including helping keep the house and family together. “My mom was sick the whole time I grew up. In fact, I had to miss some school to take my mom to dialysis and to drive her back. When I was 24 years old I was going to donate a kidney to my mother. I had just had my second child – my last child – and they told me I couldn’t. They told me I had the same disease that my mom had,” Pam said. “They had found cysts bilaterally on my kidneys, and they told me that I would have to start seeing a doctor.” Pam said the disease progresses slowly and affects the whole body. “It took 20 years for this disease to progress. That’s the best thing about this disease, is that it takes years and years and years for it to become a problem.” As the years passed, Pam’s blood pressure increased to where she had to take several pills a day. Still her symptoms and disease progressed. About five years before her kidneys failed, she was referred to a nephrologist in Muskogee. “It got to where I would see him once a year, and then I saw him every six months. Then I saw him every three months, and then I saw him every month. It was just a process I had to go through,” she said. Then one day her nephrologist told her she needed a fistula and dialysis. A fistula is an abnormal connection between two body parts, usually the result of an injury or surgery. “So in November of 2010, I got my first fistula. It’s dead now. I have really bad veins, so they had to harvest a vein and pull it over so that I could use it,” she said. After a year of dialysis in that location, it clotted. “So they sent me to go get a catheter, and it would go straight into my heart, and I took treatment on it for eight months, and while I had this in they did another surgery and put a graft in my arm,” Pam said. The plan was to do dialysis off the graft, but six months later it too had clotted. So she was sent for vascular surgery. After cleaning that vein, it too died and again she had to have catheter. “In eight months I had 13 catheters put in. It’s really hard to do a treatment with them. You’re really prone to infection, and if you get an infection here it goes straight to your heart,” she said. “I’ve watched two people die on dialysis using a catheter.” After dialysis, she said her life changed greatly. “I did it three days a week. I went at 5:30 in the morning. I got through by 9 (a.m.)…There were things we couldn’t eat,” she said. Pam said the disease has a process, and that’s what she was going through. Her mother, grandmother, two uncles, two aunts as well as Pam’s daughter and granddaughter were diagnosed with PKD. Aside from one aunt, her mother, daughter and grandchild, the rest died from complications. “They all passed away with that disease. My aunt has a transplant. My mom’s transplant is the same age as my daughter. My daughter is 26 years old. Mine is four years old…I got it on Dec. 21, 2012,” she said. She said she and her family members with the disease wouldn’t be alive without the transplants. The organ donations, she said, gave her a new start because the disease doesn’t attack the new kidney. Pam said her daughter, Shaye, is 26 and was diagnosed when she was 10. “She hurts a lot and she has very high blood pressure. A migraine can set her back for days. She sees a doctor every six months for her kidney disease and dialysis is just around the corner,” Pam said. “My granddaughter was diagnosed while in the womb. She sees a nephrologist every year. She has some pain issues, but she’s doing great.” Pam said eventually they would need dialysis and transplants. “I encourage donation. If everyone could just understand what it means to donate. There’s a lot of misconception about donation. You don’t have to die to donate, and living donors are the best for kidney donation because they work immediately,” she said.
BY JAMI MURPHY
Senior Reporter – @cp_jmurphy
08/15/2016 04:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Cherokee Nation Health Services officials said although the Affordable Care Act’s open enrollment begins in November, American Indians, Alaska Natives and their non-Native household members can enroll any month, and they are encouraging Cherokee Nation citizens to take advantage of this and other Native provisions in the ACA. Connie Dunavin, Health Services special projects officer and ACA lead, said the use of one’s tribal health care facility is not considered insurance coverage but a benefit by the federal government’s Indian Health Services. Dunavin explained “we get calls now that Cherokee Nation citizens think that because they have access to Cherokee Nation Health Services facilities, that they are considered covered by insurance.” But IHS is limited in certain services offered, Dunavin said, therefore having coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) through the Marketplace will help insure things such as specialty care, or accidents that could occur out of state. “So we’re trying to encourage completing a marketplace application,” Dunavin said. “As a member of a federally recognized tribe, one of the special provisions for American Indian/Alaska Native is an opportunity to qualify for a zero-cost-sharing plan.” American Indian/Alaska Native households or individuals whose income falls between 100 percent and 300 percent of the federal poverty level can qualify for the zero-cost-sharing plan, she said. “That is no co-pay, no deductible and zero cost for medicines whether they’re name brand or generic. Many of our people qualify for that,” she said. “And that is an American Indian special provision.” Health Services has certified application counselors available in each health center and at W.W. Hastings Hospital to assist tribal citizens with applications, enrollments and exemptions. Without coverage or an exemption, people who are required to file income taxes will be assessed penalties called shared-responsibility payments. “We have another special provision, the American Indian/Alaska Native or AI/AN Exemption,” she said. After filing for this exemption the marketplace will issue a lifetime Exemption Certificate Number (ECN), Dunavin said, which is an indicator to the IRS that the filer is of American Indian status and has been confirmed by the federal government and not just claiming to be an American Indian/Alaska Native to avoid a penalty. She said this spring in Dallas, the Regional Center for Medicare and Medicaid/IHS meeting informed tribal officials that filing for the exemption would end soon and the last ECN would be issued in December 2016, but officials are still waiting for that official notification. “The only option then (without an ECN) will be to just check on your income tax form (8965) and claim to be Indian,” Dunavin said. “So the IRS has said, it’s not in writing, but they have told us that they will no longer audit you based on a claim of being Indian to avoid a penalty.” However, this year, Dunavin said she and other tribal officials attending the regional meeting reported accounts of families that were contacted by the IRS based on the claim of being Indian (not having an ECN), as well as accounts of citizens unknowingly claiming use of their tribal facilities as insurance coverage. With the ECN on tax form 8965, Dunavin said, the IRS knows that the federal government has confirmed a person to be a citizen of a federally recognized tribe and not just claiming Native status to avoid the penalty. “We are encouraging our citizens to come in before or by November and let us help you file for the ECN to confirm your status,” she said. For those wanting to file for the ECN or read more information, go to <a href="http://www.healthcare.gov/tribal" target="_blank">www.healthcare.gov/tribal</a> and follow the AI/AN Exemption links. Dunavin said applying for health coverage through the marketplace can be confusing and difficult and that many tribal citizens have tried the “Quick Estimator” for pricing that’s provided at healthcare.gov not knowing the estimator does not reflect the zero-cost-sharing special provision for American Indians/Alaska Natives. “So health officials are urging citizens to utilize the CN staff available that can help with looking at types of coverage one may qualify for at a zero or low cost.” Health Services has 24 certified application counselors to help tribal citizens, she said. “Call to set up an appointment, or come in and meet your community health center’s PBC (Patient Benefit Coordinator) and let us help you with applications, enrollments, to see if you qualify for those zero-cost-share plans, and to help you with the AI/AN Exemption,” Dunavin said. For more information, call your local CN health clinic or 918-453-5000, ext. 5657.
BY STACIE GUTHRIE
Reporter – @cp_sguthrie
08/15/2016 08:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Nurses from Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton visited Cherokee communities July 18-25 as part of a “cultural exchange” and spoke about health-related topics. Dr. John Lowe said he’s been bringing nurses to the area since 2004. “I looked at the curriculum at Florida Atlantic University and wanted to…have a way of contributing back to the communities here,” he said. “So in this program that these nursing students are in, it’s what we call a completion program. They have associate degrees in nursing, so they’re now coming back to the get a bachelor’s (degree). They’re practicing nurses. They have a lot of knowledge, but one of the things that they usually do not get in their associate degree program is a community-based type of experience. So we have a course in our curriculum that focuses on community-based experience.” Lowe said the Community Cultural Immersion Experience is a one-week class that provides students and community members with a cultural exchange. He said the 35 nurses were from various places, including Jamaica, Brazil, Syria and Nigeria. “The nice thing is that the majority…they were internationally born, and so they’re citizens down here and they live and work in Miami (Florida), but a majority were born somewhere else and raised somewhere else for the most part,” he said. “So they come and they interact with the tribal youth and the elders and the communities and they talk about where they’re from.” Melessa Kelley, a United Keetoowah Band and Cherokee Nation citizen who has a Ph.D. in nursing, helps with the class. She said aside from the cultural exchange the nurses also promote on healthy lifestyles. “The nurses are doing their topics on nutrition, diabetes, heart health and exercise, first aid and safety, and then we talk about nursing health careers and different health professions that the kids can go into,” she said. “Then they also do personal and dental hygiene, and then they do their…cultural presentation or exchange with the elders at the elder center. So we’ve kind of been all over this week. And we also do provide physical examines for them to do for their school physicals because some of the kids really need that service. It’s been really good for us to be able to do that.” Steven Boyd, a registered nurse who participated in the class, said he enjoyed the immersion experience while in Oklahoma. “I think it’s important for us because coming from south Florida we’re such a melting pot there, but we’re so far removed from much of what’s going on in the rest of the country, and so for us, a lot of us have never encountered anyone from the Cherokee Nation. So to learn sort of the rich history of the people has been absolutely fascinating,” he said. Lowe said at the end of the week the students gain “a lot” from the experience. “I open with a circle and then…close with a circle. Each student is given time to share what they experienced, and it’s really moving. They really get a lot out of it,” he said. “They feel really accepted by Keetoowah communities.”
BY LINDSEY BARK
Staff Writer
08/11/2016 04:00 PM
JAY, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation’s Women, Infant and Children program celebrated World Breastfeeding Week Aug. 1-5 at the Sam Hider Health Center to support breastfeeding awareness. WIC lactation coordinator Euphemia John said the program supports breastfeeding awareness by educating and supporting women who currently breastfeed or plan to breastfeed. WIC serves as an institution where mothers with newborns can get help and advice about breastfeeding. Peer counselors and consultants serve the WIC clinics in the tribe’s 14-county jurisdiction by visiting homes, placing routine calls to check on mothers and providing breast pumps when necessary. Jessica Green-Wagnon, a mother of a newborn, said she is learning how to breastfeed her second child. She said her first child was “tongue-tied” and was not able to nurse. “It’s a different experience for sure. I feel closer to her (newborn) just because I get to do that,” she said. Green-Wagnon said she is supplementing breastfeeding with bottle feeding because she plans to go back to work and the WIC program is teaching her techniques such as getting the “milk to drop,” expelling the milk, how often to feed and using a breast pump. WIC peer counselor Ashton Leach has two children and said she also went through the program. She said WIC lactation supervisor Twila Whitekiller helped her get through the nursing stage with her first child. Now Leach works with Whitekiller and assists mothers in the same process. “Twila told me that the ‘breast is best,’” Leach said. WIC employees advocate breastfeeding as a means for healthier mothers and babies. Whitekiller said nursing mothers have a decreased chance of getting certain types of cancers and babies are at a lesser risk for getting infections because they receive needed immunities from the mother’s milk. She said a mother’s milk releases antibodies and antibacterial agents specific to the baby’s needs. Breastfeeding can also help new moms lose weight by burning 350-500 calories daily, according to Women’s Health magazine. Whitekiller said 11 years ago when she started in WIC breastfeeding rates were low but that she’s seen a gradual increase during the years. “Our goal is to increase breastfeeding rates,” John said. Mothers who go back to work after having a baby, such as Green-Wagnon, need to pump milk in the workplace. And according to state law, they have the right to do so. A CN policy also supports and accommodates working mothers who wish to “express breast milk during her workday” when she is apart from her newborn child. Outside the workplace, there are different opinions when it comes to breastfeeding in public places. “Society and media has made it that breasts are a sexual thing. We have breasts to nurture our babies,” Whitekiller said. She added that breastfeeding can be a “beautiful thing.” “And when you see a mom who’s able to breastfeed her baby without pain and know that her baby is satisfied and drinking milk from her breast and she’s providing it, it’s this whole new confidence that comes over the mom. There’s this peace and it’s ‘I’m doing this,’” she said. For more information, call 918-453-5000 or email <a href="mailto: WIC@cherokee.org">WIC@cherokee.org</a>.
BY STAFF REPORTS
08/04/2016 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – On Aug. 10, the Oklahoma Breast Care Center’s mobile mammogram unit will be at the Gadugi Health Center. Any woman who has a mammogram due or has never had a mammogram and has health insurance coverage, call the clinic at 918-207-4911to see if you are eligible for this service. The OBCC provides this service at no out-of-pocket cost to the patient after insurance pays. The American Cancer Society recommends that women over the age of 40 have a mammogram yearly. Regular mammograms can often help find breast cancer at an early stage, when treatment is most likely to be successful. A mammogram can find breast changes that could be cancer years before physical symptoms develop. Results from decades of research show that women who have regular mammograms are more likely to have breast cancer found early, less likely to need aggressive treatment such as surgery to remove the entire breast (mastectomy) and chemotherapy and more likely to be cured.
BY LENZY KREHBIEL-BURTON
Special Correspondent
07/28/2016 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The federal government’s Indian Health Services is changing its policies regarding opioid prescription, but patients at Cherokee Nation health clinics will see little change in their pain management options. On July 6, CN citizen and IHS Principal Deputy Director Mary Smith announced that health care providers at Claremore Indian Hospital and other federally operated facilities are now required to check state Prescription Drug Monitoring Program databases prior to prescribing and dispensing opioids for pain treatment longer than seven days and periodically throughout chronic pain treatment for 90 days or more. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the rate of opioid abuse-related deaths among American Indians and Alaska Natives nationwide has increased almost four-fold, going from 1.3 for every 100,000 people in 1999 to 5.1 per 100,000 in 2013. Data collected by IHS also indicates that the rate of drug-related deaths among American Indians and Alaska Natives is almost double that of the general population. With Oklahoma ranking ninth nationally in the number of prescription drug overdose deaths, the Legislature passed a measure in 2015 requiring all physicians to check the state’s prescription database before writing a scrip for schedule II-, III-, IV- and V-controlled substances, which includes oxycodone and hydrocodone. State law also requires similar checks to be performed periodically after prescribing the medication if it is to be used for chronic pain management for more than 180 days. Doctors, pharmacists and nurse practitioners at CN health facilities have been using the database since November. “We are very cognizant of the drug problem in our communities,” CN Senior Pharmacy Director Jeff Sanders said. “Our formulary manages what we offer as options. With the high number of patients that go through our facilities…we try to limit access to certain medications while still addressing pain needs.” Although CN Health Services officials said that it is too early to tell whether the new database policy has had any effect on the rate of prescription drug abuse or overall opioid prescription among CN patients, they did point out that it has sparked more conversations between patients and health care providers. “This has facilitated many positive discussions on how they (patients) are taking their meds and in some cases, if the provider has concerns about abuse or diversion of their medication,” CN Health Executive Medical Director Dr. James Stallcup said. “This provides valuable information. It’s taken a little time to get used to using, but it has been well worth the time and investment.”