April is Sexual Assault Awareness Month

BY JAMI MURPHY
Reporter
04/08/2010 07:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – According to the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, 34 percent of all Native American/Alaskan Native women are victims of attempted sexual assault, the highest percentage among any race in the country.

RAINN, the country’s largest anti-sexual assault organization, reported that even though about 80 percent of all assault victims are white, minorities in some cases are more likely to be attacked.

The organization reports that white women make up 17.7 percent, black women make up 18.8 percent, Asian Pacific make up 6.8 percent and women of mixed race make up 24.4 percent of the attempted victims.

While not every case involves women, 3 percent of women have experienced an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime. In 2003, according to RAINN, one in every 10 rape victims was male. That totals more than 2.5 million men in the United States who have been assaulted in some form compared to the 17.7 million women.

MORE INFORMATION

National Sexual Assault Hotline at (800) 656-HOPE
Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health (918) 207-3898
CN W.W. Hastings (918) 458-3170
CN Marshal Service (918) 207-3800


One misconception with many is that rape or sexual assaults happen to victims from unknown criminals when in fact nearly two-thirds of all rapes are committed by someone the victim knows.
Also, about 73 percent of sexual assaults were perpetrated by a non-stranger and 38 percent of rapists are a friend or acquaintance. About 28 percent are an intimate, while 7 percent are a relative.

More than 50 percent of reported sexual assaults happen within a mile radius from the victim’s home. About 40 percent take place at the victim’s home and 20 percent take place at the home of a friend, neighbor or relative.

Many victims of rape seek counseling after the event has taken place. The effect a sexual assault can have on a person has the potential to cause them to have erratic behavior, suffer from depression and hurt themselves.

According to RAINN, victims of sexual assault are three times more likely to suffer from depression, six times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol, 26 times more likely to abuse drugs and four times more likely to contemplate suicide.

In a statement from Cherokee Nation Communications, the “Cherokee Nation has no independent sexual assault program. Those in need of assistance can receive outpatient care at any of the Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health offices.”

In addition, victims can also contact CN W.W. Hastings Hospital. It offers outpatient counseling and the CN Marshal Service has trained victim witness advocates on staff.


Many rape or sexual assault sufferers often do not know whether what happened to them was considered rape or assault. According to RAINN, these questions can help judge whether or not someone has been a victim of this type of crime.
Are the participants old enough to consent? People below the consenting age are considered children and cannot legally agree to have sex.
In most states, the age of consent is 16 or 18. In some states, the age of consent varies according to the age difference between the participants. Because laws are different in every state, it is important to find out the law in your state.
Do both people have the capacity to consent? States also define who has the mental and legal capacity to consent.
Those with diminished capacity – such as people with disabilities, elderly people and people who have been drugged or are unconscious – may not have the legal ability to agree to have sex.
Did both participants agree to take part? Did someone use physical force to make you have sexual contact with him/her? Has someone threatened you to make you have intercourse with them? It doesn’t matter if you think your partner means “yes,” or if you’ve already started having sex — “no” also means “stop.” If you proceed despite your partner’s expressed instruction to stop, you have not only violated basic codes of morality and decency, you may have also committed a crime under the laws of your state.
About the Author
Reporter

Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007.

She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. 

Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. 

She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. 

“My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.”

Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.
jami-murphy@cherokee.org • 918-453-5560
Reporter Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007. She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. “My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.” Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.

Health

BY STAFF REPORTS
05/21/2015 08:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation’s Emergency Medical Services paramedic training program is now considered one of the best training programs in the industry. According to a CN press release, the CN is the only tribe to receive a five-year accreditation from the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs for teaching paramedics to the highest national standards. The accreditation runs to March 31, 2020. “We are the only training center in this part of Oklahoma that offers paramedic training. So our goal is to offer the highest level of education to our students,” EMS Training Supervisor Mark Bighorse said. “We believe the standards of the accreditation process help us do that.” CAAHEP is a nonprofit accrediting organization established in 1994. It currently accredits more than 2,100 entry-level education programs within 26 health science professions. The CN EMS had to submit its study plans, teaching curriculum and complete interviews with the accrediting agency and attend required conferences to obtain the accreditation. The press release states that CN’s EMS is one of 10 Emergency Medical Technician-Paramedic programs accredited in Oklahoma. Its ambulance services ranks in the top 1 percent in the country. CN EMS trains up to 20 students per year for the tribe and outside agencies. “We are excited to receive the accreditation because it allows us to continue with our program,” Dana Caviness, CN EMS director, said. “Having the accreditation holds our program to a higher standard and makes us more competent.” The paramedic-training program lasts for 18 months. This year’s program began in February and students are expected to graduate next April. Students will receive a certificate that gives them the opportunity to take the national registry test for paramedics after they complete the program. CN EMS consists of paramedic ambulance services, which is affiliated with a 911 communications staff and a certified training center. It employs approximately 60 staff members and has four ambulances active at all times. CN EMS has a coverage area of more than 1,000 square miles and responded to more than 4,700 emergency calls in 2014. For more information call, 918-453-5200 or email <a href="mailto: emstraining@cherokee.org">emstraining@cherokee.org</a>.
BY LENZY KREHBIEL-BURTON
Special Correspondent
05/07/2015 08:00 AM
OCHELATA, Okla. – More than 250 area residents came out April 4 to get a glimpse of the Cherokee Nation’s newest health center at its initial open house. Slated to officially open later in May, Cherokee Nation and Cherokee Nation Businesses officials cut the ribbon on the Cooweescoowee Health Center, located two miles west of U.S. 75 along W. 2900 Road in southern Washington County. Designed by Selser Shaefer and built by Cherokee Nation Construction Resources, the 28,000 square-foot facility has 10 examination rooms and will offer family medicine, physical therapy, full lab services, optometry, five dental exam spaces, behavioral health, a pharmacy with drive-through service, radiology and disease prevention services. Once open, the center will replace the tribe’s 5,000-square-foot clinic in Bartlesville, which saw 23,000 patient visits in 2014. The 11 Bartlesville employees will move to the Ochelata facility, along with 20 new employees. “This will duplicate what we have available to Cherokee Nation citizens at our other clinics,” Connie Davis, CN Health Services executive director, said. “We want it to equal for all and for our folks to get the same quality of care here that they’d get at Tahlequah or Stilwell or Sallisaw.” Named for former Principal Chief John Ross and the old historical district in the northwestern corner of the tribe’s jurisdiction, the clinic’s walls feature plaques of each former CN chief and pictures of the region dating back to the 19th century. The lobby’s north side has a mural featuring the last names of Cooweescoowee district residents, according to the 1880 census, while a nearby wall map has an etching of the original allotments for what is now Washington, Nowata and Rogers counties. “We owe this to the people who came before us,” Tribal Councilor Dick Lay said. “We’ve all known someone or lost someone who didn’t life a full lifespan because of poor health care. This will hopefully keep that from happening again.” The $10 million project was wholly funded through casino profits as part of a more than a $100 million health care system expansion announced in 2013. Also included in the casino-funded push are a new facility in Jay, an addition at W.W. Hastings Hospital in Tahlequah and expansions at Stilwell’s Wilma P. Mankiller Clinic and Redbird Smith Clinic in Stilwell. “We didn’t mortgage our education or contract health funds to build this,” Principal Chief Bill John Baker said before a standing-room-only crowd. “We built it with cash.”
BY STAFF REPORTS
05/06/2015 10:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Gadugi Clinic west of the Cherokee Nation Tribal Complex will have the mammogram bus available on May 8. “If you have health insurance and would like to schedule an appointment, please call the clinic,” said Joanna McDaniel, manager of Health Operations at Gadugi Health Center. The American Cancer Society recommends that women over the age of 40 have a mammogram yearly, she added. “The Oklahoma Breast Care Center sends their mobile mammogram unit to our clinic 3-4 times a year to perform mammograms on our patients,” McDaniel said. “OBCC provides this service at no out-of-pocket cost to the patient. If patients are interested, they should call the clinic at 918-207-4911 to answer a few screening questions.” In addition to May 8, the MMU is scheduled to come Aug. 11 and Dec. 9.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/24/2015 04:00 PM
WASHINGTON – The Department of Veterans Affairs announced April 13 the award of 20 contracts for the Assisted Living Pilot Program for Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury. Originally slated to end in 2014, the Veterans Access, Choice, and Accountability Act of 2014 extended this program through October 2017. “We are pleased to extend this valuable program and provide specialized assisted living services to eligible veterans with traumatic brain injury that will enhance their rehabilitation, quality of life and community integration,” said Dr. Carolyn Clancy, VA’s interim under secretary for health. “TBI is one of the prevalent wounds of the recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and VA remains committed to taking care of those Veterans suffering from TBI.” Under the AL-TBI program, veterans meeting the eligibility criteria are placed in private sector TBI residential care facilities specializing in neurobehavioral rehabilitation. The program offers team-based care and assistance in areas such as speech, memory and mobility. Approximately 202 veterans participated in the AL-TBI Pilot Program in 47 facilities located in 22 states. Currently, 101 veterans participate in the pilot as VA continues to accept new eligible patients into the program. In October, VA issued a request for proposal for vendors wishing to participate in the program. In accordance with the RFP, VA has awarded 20 contracts to facilities located in 27 states. The contracts went into effect on April 1, 2015. The program is currently effective through October 2017, in accordance with VACAA. For more information about the TBI program, visit <a href="http://www.polytrauma.va.gov" target="_blank">www.polytrauma.va.gov</a>. For information about VA’s work to implement the Veterans Access, Choice, and Accountability Act of 2014, see <a href="http://www.va.gov/opa/choiceact/documents/FactSheets/Progress-Report-March-2015-Fact-Sheet.pdf" target="_blank">http://www.va.gov/opa/choiceact/documents/FactSheets/Progress-Report-March-2015-Fact-Sheet.pdf</a>.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/11/2015 04:00 PM
OKLAHOMA CITY – The Oklahoma Health Care Authority and the State Department of Health would be directed by Senate Bill 250 to collaborate on development of goals for reducing the incidence of diabetes in Oklahoma. The measure received overwhelming bipartisan support in both houses of the legislature. The House of Representatives passed the bill, 67-18, on April 2, and the Senate approved it, 39-4, on March 5. The bill was supported by 23 House Democrats, including Reps. Will Fourkiller (Cherokee Nation citizen) of Stilwell, Claudia Griffith of Norman and Mike Shelton of Oklahoma City, all of whom are members of the Appropriations and Budget Subcommittee on Health; Rep. Jeannie McDaniel of Tulsa, a member of the House Committee on Public Health who also co-authored the measure; and House Democratic Leader Scott Inman of Del City. The goals suggested in SB 250 would include improvements in health care services and prevention services, better procedures to control complications, and statistics, including the financial impact of diabetes and the number of Oklahomans afflicted with the disease. According to the State Health Department, more than 329,000 Oklahomans 18 and older were diagnosed with diabetes in 2012; Oklahoma ranked ninth in the nation in 2012 for the percentage of the adult population diagnosed with diabetes; the percent of the adult population being diagnosed with diabetes has been growing at a faster rate in Oklahoma than in the nation; and nearly one in every four senior citizens (65 years and older) in Oklahoma has been diagnosed with diabetes. Also, Oklahoma’s Native Americans have been diagnosed more frequently, and die from diabetes at the highest rate of any other race or ethnic group in this state. Diagnosis rates include American Indians, 16.4 percent; African Americans, 12.3 percent; Caucasians, 11.6 percent; multiracial individuals, 9.5 percent; and Hispanic, 7.6 percent. During the past decade, hospital admissions for diabetes increased 21 percent, and Oklahoma adults reported the sixth-highest percentage of obesity–a key risk factor for diabetes–in the nation in 2012. The national average was 28.1 percent; Oklahoma’s rate was 32.2 percent.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/05/2015 08:00 AM
SALINA, Okla. – A Cherokee Nation doctor is being recognized by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as one of 30 “champions” across the nation for saving lives by lowering the blood pressure of at least 70 percent of his patients. Dr. Brett Gray, a physician at the CN’s A-Mo Health Center in Salina, is a 2014 Million Hearts Hypertension Control Challenge Champion. The Million Hearts initiative was launched by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in 2011 with the intent to prevent one million heart attacks by 2017. It also identified doctors making sweeping change. The CN employs 166 doctors in its eight health centers and W.W. Hastings Hospital. The tribe held a proclamation signing March 30 on National Doctors’ Day at Hastings to thank all CN doctors for their service to CN citizens. “I feel honored to get the award and be recognized for the kind of medicine that we’re trying to practice as a team, to improve lives not only for patients with hypertension, but other health issues as well,” Gray said. “I’m really honored that my name is on the award, but I also want to make sure that the credit goes where it’s due. This has always been a team effort.” Gray and his team of nurses have a patient success rate of 81.2 percent of controlled hypertension, which is when a patient maintains a healthy blood pressure, lowering the chance for cardiovascular complications. “For years the government has measured the quality of our health facilities’ success, and the Cherokee Nation continues to lead the nation in their quality scores,” said Connie Davis, CN Health Services executive director, said. “This recognition of Dr. Gray, who is a leader here at the tribe among his peers, is very deserving and another example of how the Cherokee Nation reaches its high quality scores.” High blood pressure is a leading cause of heart attacks and strokes, and keeping levels regulated has been proven to save lives. Gray is credited with more frequent patient follow-ups and trying to keep patients with a routine team of practioners. “My case manager follows up with people and keeps everything together. Our LPN is well liked by the patients, so she’s always encouraging and educating them. Our clerk keeps our hectic schedules in order. And another nurse at the health center will get our patients in sooner to check on their blood pressure and let us know if we need to make any adjustments. This team approach has gotten us to the level we’re at now,” he said. Gray, of Pryor, started at the CN in 2000 after having a practice. In February, the Oklahoma House of Representatives and Senate recognized him as the “Doctor of the Day” during CN Legislative Day. The Million Hearts initiative is led by the CDC and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. For more information or to make an appointment, call the A-Mo Health Center at 918-434-8500.