April is Sexual Assault Awareness Month

BY JAMI MURPHY
Senior Reporter – @cp_jmurphy
04/08/2010 07:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – According to the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, 34 percent of all Native American/Alaskan Native women are victims of attempted sexual assault, the highest percentage among any race in the country.

RAINN, the country’s largest anti-sexual assault organization, reported that even though about 80 percent of all assault victims are white, minorities in some cases are more likely to be attacked.

The organization reports that white women make up 17.7 percent, black women make up 18.8 percent, Asian Pacific make up 6.8 percent and women of mixed race make up 24.4 percent of the attempted victims.

While not every case involves women, 3 percent of women have experienced an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime. In 2003, according to RAINN, one in every 10 rape victims was male. That totals more than 2.5 million men in the United States who have been assaulted in some form compared to the 17.7 million women.

MORE INFORMATION

National Sexual Assault Hotline at (800) 656-HOPE
Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health (918) 207-3898
CN W.W. Hastings (918) 458-3170
CN Marshal Service (918) 207-3800


One misconception with many is that rape or sexual assaults happen to victims from unknown criminals when in fact nearly two-thirds of all rapes are committed by someone the victim knows.
Also, about 73 percent of sexual assaults were perpetrated by a non-stranger and 38 percent of rapists are a friend or acquaintance. About 28 percent are an intimate, while 7 percent are a relative.

More than 50 percent of reported sexual assaults happen within a mile radius from the victim’s home. About 40 percent take place at the victim’s home and 20 percent take place at the home of a friend, neighbor or relative.

Many victims of rape seek counseling after the event has taken place. The effect a sexual assault can have on a person has the potential to cause them to have erratic behavior, suffer from depression and hurt themselves.

According to RAINN, victims of sexual assault are three times more likely to suffer from depression, six times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol, 26 times more likely to abuse drugs and four times more likely to contemplate suicide.

In a statement from Cherokee Nation Communications, the “Cherokee Nation has no independent sexual assault program. Those in need of assistance can receive outpatient care at any of the Cherokee Nation Behavioral Health offices.”

In addition, victims can also contact CN W.W. Hastings Hospital. It offers outpatient counseling and the CN Marshal Service has trained victim witness advocates on staff.


Many rape or sexual assault sufferers often do not know whether what happened to them was considered rape or assault. According to RAINN, these questions can help judge whether or not someone has been a victim of this type of crime.
Are the participants old enough to consent? People below the consenting age are considered children and cannot legally agree to have sex.
In most states, the age of consent is 16 or 18. In some states, the age of consent varies according to the age difference between the participants. Because laws are different in every state, it is important to find out the law in your state.
Do both people have the capacity to consent? States also define who has the mental and legal capacity to consent.
Those with diminished capacity – such as people with disabilities, elderly people and people who have been drugged or are unconscious – may not have the legal ability to agree to have sex.
Did both participants agree to take part? Did someone use physical force to make you have sexual contact with him/her? Has someone threatened you to make you have intercourse with them? It doesn’t matter if you think your partner means “yes,” or if you’ve already started having sex — “no” also means “stop.” If you proceed despite your partner’s expressed instruction to stop, you have not only violated basic codes of morality and decency, you may have also committed a crime under the laws of your state.
About the Author
Reporter

Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007.

She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. 

Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. 

She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. 

“My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.”

Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.
jami-murphy@cherokee.org • 918-453-5560
Reporter Jami Murphy graduated from Locust Grove High School in 2000. She received her bachelor’s degree in mass communications in 2006 from Northeastern State University and began working at the Cherokee Phoenix in 2007. She said the Cherokee Phoenix has allowed her the opportunity to share valuable information with the Cherokee people on a daily basis. Jami married Michael Murphy in 2014. They have two sons, Caden and Austin. Together they have four children, including Johnny and Chase. They also have two grandchildren, Bentley and Baylea. She is a Cherokee Nation citizen and said working for the Cherokee Phoenix has meant a great deal to her. “My great-great-great-great grandfather, John Leaf Springston, worked for the paper long ago. It’s like coming full circle. I’ve learned so much about myself, the Cherokee people and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.” Jami is a member of the Native American Journalists Association, and Investigative Reporters and Editors. You can follow her on Twitter @jamilynnmurphy or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/jamimurphy2014.

Health

BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
09/22/2016 05:30 PM
OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) - A recently released report states Oklahoma has the eighth-highest adult obesity rate in the nation. A report from the Trust for America’s Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation states almost 34 percent of adults in the state are obese. Louisiana is ranked No. 1, while West Virginia, Mississippi and Alabama tied for second place. Arkansas is ranked No. 6. The rankings are based on data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Adult obesity rates in Oklahoma remained stable since the last survey, The Oklahoman reports. Kansas and Kentucky saw their obesity rates increase. Richard Hamburg, Trust for America’s Health interim president and CEO, said “obesity remains one of the most significant epidemics our country has faced, contributing to millions of preventable illnesses and billions of dollars in avoidable health care costs.” According to the report, 17 percent of children in Oklahoman live in households that have limited access to adequate food and nutrition due to cost, proximity and other reasons. The report also said the 30 percent of high school students in the state reported drinking one or more cans of soda per day. To encourage fitness, 18 states, including Oklahoma, have set a minimum amount of time that elementary students must participate in physical education.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/21/2016 05:00 PM
CLAREMORE, Okla. – The Claremore Indian Hospital will host an Affordable Care Act Outreach and Enrollment Fair from 9 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. on Oct. 20, less than two weeks before the Nov. 1 open enrollment. “Nov. 1, 2016, will mark the beginning of the fourth Open Enrollment Period for the ACA Health Insurance Marketplace,” Sheila Dishno, patient benefit coordinator, said. “Even though members of federally recognized tribes have a special monthly enrollment status, it is important for American Indian and Alaska Native individuals and families to learn about their insurance options. Whether it’s purchasing insurance through the Marketplace or qualifying for SoonerCare, knowing that you have quality coverage provides peace of mind.” Dishno said people who attend the fair should bring their Social Security cards, pay stubs, W-2 forms or wage and tax statements, policy numbers for any current health insurance and information about any health insurance they or their families could get from an employer. Also Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Oklahoma will attend to assist patients with signing up for free-to-low-cost health insurance. The hospital is located at 101 S. Moore Ave. For more information, call 918-342-6240.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/13/2016 12:00 PM
CLAREMORE, Okla. – The Claremore Indian Hospital on Sept. 29 will sponsor a U.S. Veterans Affairs Enrollment Fair to assist Native American veteran patients in applying for eligibility for health care services through the VA. The fair is slated for 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. in its Large Conference Room as benefit coordinators and representatives from the VA and Disabled American Veterans assist with application processing. To enroll, veterans must bring financial information such as income and resources and their DD-214 military discharge papers. If already enrolled, call 918-342-6507, 918-342-6240 or 918-342-6559 to update your file. Also, the VA now requires all veterans to complete a MEANS test yearly. Veterans who have not completed tests in the past year, can complete them at the fair. The hospital is located at 101 S. Moore Ave.
BY STAFF REPORTS
08/29/2016 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation’s work creating healthier conditions for its citizens is now ranked among the best in the country, a first for any tribe. In late August, the CN Public Health received accreditation from the Public Health Accreditation Board. The PHAB serves as the national public health accrediting body. It is jointly supported by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. It sets standards for the nation’s nearly 3,000 governmental public health departments to improve the quality of their services and performance. Fewer than 200 public health agencies nationally have earned the title in the past five years. The CN is the first tribe to now hold that honor. “The Cherokee Nation joins the growing ranks of accredited health departments in a strong commitment to their public health mission,” PHAB President and CEO Kaye Bender said. “The peer-review process provides valuable feedback to inform health departments of their strengths and areas for improvement, so that they can better protect and promote the health of the people they serve in their communities. Residents of a community served by a nationally accredited health department can be assured that their health department has demonstrated the capacity to protect and promote the health of that community.” The Public Health team has worked on initiatives such as Zika Virus preparedness planning, launching community walking groups, funding school community gardens, implementing a cancer tumor registry database and conducting research with universities on issues such as triggers for childhood asthma. It also pays entry fees to 5K races and operates a gym with certified public health trainers for CN citizens and employees for free to promote healthier lifestyles. Public Health agencies, including the CN’s, promote healthy behavior; preventing diseases and injuries; ensuring access to safe food, water, clean air and life-saving immunizations; and responding to public health emergencies. The Oklahoma Department of Health, Oklahoma City-County Health Department, Tulsa Health Department, Comanche County Health Department and the CN are the only accredited entities statewide. “Our congratulations to the Cherokee Nation for achieving national public health accreditation,” Dr. Terry Cline, Oklahoma State Department of Health commissioner and Health and Human Services secretary, said. “As the first tribal nation in the country to achieve this accreditation, the Cherokee Nation continues a long tradition of excellence and quality in protecting and promoting health, and they are to be commended for this outstanding accomplishment.” According to the PHAB, a University of Chicago study found that more than 90 percent of health departments accredited for one year indicated that accreditation helped them better identify strengths and weaknesses and more than 80 percent found they improved accountability to stakeholders, while half reported it helped improve their chances for competitive funding. “Receiving national accreditation through the PHAB is a testament to the years of quality work by our public health team at the Cherokee Nation,” Connie Davis, Public Health executive director, said. “This seal of approval allows us to further improve upon our work in public health and on epidemiological issues.” Officials said Public Health leaders spent the past four years working on the accreditation, which involves meeting or exceeding a rigorous, peer-reviewed set of standards. “Achieving accreditation means we at the Cherokee Nation are cognizant of the crucial role of public health in our communities and demonstrates our ability to be a mutually-beneficial partner for all citizens,” Lisa Pivec, Public Health senior director, said. “We believe it communicates our serious commitment to both improving health and delivering quality public health services to all.”
BY STAFF REPORTS
08/29/2016 08:30 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Oklahoma Hospital Association recently recognized Cherokee Nation’s W.W. Hastings Hospital for vaccinating the majority of its staff with flu shots this past flu season. The hospital is among 49 in the state to meet the association’s challenge goal of a 96 percent or higher vaccination rate of health care staff for the 2015-16 flu season. More than 800 members of the Hastings staff received the vaccine this past flu season. “Cherokee Nation’s health department and our talented staff that operates the hospital and clinics routinely go above and beyond for the wellness of our tribal citizens,” said Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. “Administration and promotion of the annual flu shot means we are being proactive in ensuring our immunization rates trend positively. That’s important because every year the influenza virus often targets our most vulnerable Cherokee people, including elders and children.” OHA officials said influenza is associated with 36,000 deaths per year and commended the recognized hospitals with certificates for working diligently to protect their patients with vaccinations. “These hospitals have stepped up in ensuring their patients are protected and a number are joining a trend of hospitals nationwide in instituting mandatory vaccination policies,” LaWanna Halstead, OHA vice president of quality and clinical initiatives, said. Hastings Hospital was also recognized recently for receiving four out of five stars from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. This places Hastings in the top 4 percent of the more than 7,000 organizations it is compared with. The ratings come from patient satisfaction quality of inpatient care measures. Individuals can use Hospital Compare to compare more than 7,000 Medicare-certified hospitals across the country to compare the quality of care. “The W.W. Hastings Hospital health care providers and staff work tirelessly to ensure our patients receive the best health care possible,” Hastings Hospital CEO Brian Hail said. “Recognition of their efforts from organizations like the Oklahoma Hospital Association and high ratings from our patients on the Hospital Care system serve as validation of our staff’s dedication to first-class health care.” Hastings Hospital received more than 360,000 patient visits in fiscal year 2015. For more information, visit <a href="http://www.cherokee.org/services/health" target="_blank">www.cherokee.org/services/health</a>.
BY JAMI MURPHY
Senior Reporter – @cp_jmurphy
08/25/2016 08:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Cherokee Nation citizen Pam Turtle will spend the rest of her life taking medication to help her live with a transplanted kidney. The transplant was needed because she’s had polycystic kidney disease since she was 24. Turtle, 49, is from Stilwell but lived in Kansas, Oklahoma, until five years ago. That’s when she got extremely sick and doctors told her the disease had progressed enough to necessitate dialysis. So she and her husband Mike Turtle moved to Tahlequah to be closer to a dialysis center. PKD causes cysts to take the place of normal tissue. They enlarge the kidneys and make them work poorly, leading to kidney failure. The disease also runs in families. As a child, Pam watched her mother suffer from PKD, so Pam carried a lot of responsibility, including helping keep the house and family together. “My mom was sick the whole time I grew up. In fact, I had to miss some school to take my mom to dialysis and to drive her back. When I was 24 years old I was going to donate a kidney to my mother. I had just had my second child – my last child – and they told me I couldn’t. They told me I had the same disease that my mom had,” Pam said. “They had found cysts bilaterally on my kidneys, and they told me that I would have to start seeing a doctor.” Pam said the disease progresses slowly and affects the whole body. “It took 20 years for this disease to progress. That’s the best thing about this disease, is that it takes years and years and years for it to become a problem.” As the years passed, Pam’s blood pressure increased to where she had to take several pills a day. Still her symptoms and disease progressed. About five years before her kidneys failed, she was referred to a nephrologist in Muskogee. “It got to where I would see him once a year, and then I saw him every six months. Then I saw him every three months, and then I saw him every month. It was just a process I had to go through,” she said. Then one day her nephrologist told her she needed a fistula and dialysis. A fistula is an abnormal connection between two body parts, usually the result of an injury or surgery. “So in November of 2010, I got my first fistula. It’s dead now. I have really bad veins, so they had to harvest a vein and pull it over so that I could use it,” she said. After a year of dialysis in that location, it clotted. “So they sent me to go get a catheter, and it would go straight into my heart, and I took treatment on it for eight months, and while I had this in they did another surgery and put a graft in my arm,” Pam said. The plan was to do dialysis off the graft, but six months later it too had clotted. So she was sent for vascular surgery. After cleaning that vein, it too died and again she had to have catheter. “In eight months I had 13 catheters put in. It’s really hard to do a treatment with them. You’re really prone to infection, and if you get an infection here it goes straight to your heart,” she said. “I’ve watched two people die on dialysis using a catheter.” After dialysis, she said her life changed greatly. “I did it three days a week. I went at 5:30 in the morning. I got through by 9 (a.m.)…There were things we couldn’t eat,” she said. Pam said the disease has a process, and that’s what she was going through. Her mother, grandmother, two uncles, two aunts as well as Pam’s daughter and granddaughter were diagnosed with PKD. Aside from one aunt, her mother, daughter and grandchild, the rest died from complications. “They all passed away with that disease. My aunt has a transplant. My mom’s transplant is the same age as my daughter. My daughter is 26 years old. Mine is four years old…I got it on Dec. 21, 2012,” she said. She said she and her family members with the disease wouldn’t be alive without the transplants. The organ donations, she said, gave her a new start because the disease doesn’t attack the new kidney. Pam said her daughter, Shaye, is 26 and was diagnosed when she was 10. “She hurts a lot and she has very high blood pressure. A migraine can set her back for days. She sees a doctor every six months for her kidney disease and dialysis is just around the corner,” Pam said. “My granddaughter was diagnosed while in the womb. She sees a nephrologist every year. She has some pain issues, but she’s doing great.” Pam said eventually they would need dialysis and transplants. “I encourage donation. If everyone could just understand what it means to donate. There’s a lot of misconception about donation. You don’t have to die to donate, and living donors are the best for kidney donation because they work immediately,” she said.