Phoenix taking names for elder/vet subscriptions

BY STAFF REPORTS
04/21/2018 08:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH – The Cherokee Phoenix is now taking names of elders and military veterans to provide free subscriptions of its monthly newspaper.

In November, Cherokee Nation Businesses donated $10,000 to the Cherokee Phoenix’s Elder/Veteran Fund. The fund provides free subscriptions of its monthly newspaper to elders 65 and older and military veterans who are Cherokee Nation citizens. Subscription rates are $10 for one year.

“The Elder/Veteran Fund was put into place to provide free subscriptions to our Cherokee elders and veterans,” Executive Editor Brandon Scott said. “Some of our elders and veterans are on a very limited budget, and other items have a priority over buying a newspaper subscription. The donations we receive have a real world impact on our elders and veterans, so every dollar donated to the Elder Fund is significant.”

Using the Elder/Veteran Fund, elders who are 65 and older as well as veterans can apply to receive a free one-year subscription by visiting, calling or writing the Cherokee Phoenix office and requesting a subscription.

The Cherokee Phoenix office is located in the Annex Building on the W.W. Keeler Tribal Complex. The postal address is Cherokee Phoenix, P.O. Box 948, Tahlequah, OK 74465. To call about the fund, call 918-207-4975 or 918-453-5269 or email justin-smith@cherokee.org or joy-rollice@cherokee.org.
http://www.hardrockcasinotulsa.com/the-joint-tulsa/nanyehi/

Luna receives national health recognition

BY STAFF REPORTS
04/12/2018 08:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH — Cherokee Nation citizen and licensed practical nurse Dora Luna is receiving national recognition for her successes in the health care field after participating in the CN Career Services’ employment and training programs.

The National Indian and Native American Employment and Training Conference chose Luna, of Claremore, as this year’s Outstanding Participant. Only one candidate from across the U.S. is chosen for the award annually.

Luna first sought assistance from Career Services in 2015 when, as a single parent with three children, she found herself struggling to support her family and seeking a new career path. With Career Services’ help, Luna received a grant for dislocated workers and enrolled at Northeast Technology Center in Pryor, where she became a certified nurse aide in 2015.

“I’d always wanted to get into the health care field or, more specifically, become a registered nurse, with the end dream job being working for my tribe within a hospital or clinic,” Luna said. “It has been a long journey, and I could not have accomplished it without the help of Cherokee Nation.”

When Luna was accepted into Northeast Technology Center’s Practical Nursing Program in 2016, the Career Services’ vocational training program helped cover the costs. She found a health care job in the Pryor area, and in March, earned her LPN license. She is now continuing her education and plans to become a registered nurse.
Dora Luna
Dora Luna

StrongHearts Native Helpline provides advocacy, referral services to abuse survivors

BY BRITTNEY BENNETT
Reporter – @cp_bbennett
04/09/2018 08:00 AM
AUSTIN, TEXAS – For more than a year, many Native Americans affected by dating and domestic violence have turned to the StrongHearts Native Helpline for support and referral services in pursuit of freedom from abuse.

“It seems like the year has gone by so quickly, and it’s just really rewarding to be able to offer a service that so many people need,” said Lori Jump, StrongHearts assistant director. “I think we’re fortunate to have the support of so many tribes and advocates across the country.”

By calling 1-844-7NATIVE (1-844-762-8483) callers affected by intimate partner violence can be connected with a StrongHearts advocate trained to provide confidential, culturally appropriate advocacy and referral tools at no cost.

The helpline is the first of its kind to serve Native Americans nationally, according to StrongHearts. It’s a collaboration between the National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center, the National Domestic Violence Hotline and the Family Violence Prevention and Services Program.

During its first year, it expanded from its reach of Kansas, Nebraska and Oklahoma to 68 tribal communities across 40 states.
The StrongHearts Native Helpline is for survivors of dating and domestic abuse and can be reached by calling 1-844-7NATIVE, or 1-844-762-8483. Advocates are on call between 9 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Central Standard Time. DONOVAN SHORTEY/STRONGHEARTS NATIVE HELPLINE
The StrongHearts Native Helpline is for survivors of dating and domestic abuse and can be reached by calling 1-844-7NATIVE, or 1-844-762-8483. Advocates are on call between 9 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Central Standard Time. DONOVAN SHORTEY/STRONGHEARTS NATIVE HELPLINE
http://cherokeepublichealth.org

HACN accepting apps for low-rent housing in Claremore, Vinita

BY STAFF REPORTS
04/05/2018 02:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH – The Housing Authority of the Cherokee Nation is accepting applications for low-rent housing openings in Claremore and Vinita.

Applications are available at http://www.hacn.org/ under the low-income rental housing tab or mailed upon request. Completed applications can be submitted at any HACN office.

The Will Rogers Senior Complex in Claremore and Tom Buffington Heights in Vinita have one-bedroom apartments available. Applicants for Will Rogers Senior Complex must be at least 55 years old.

The apartment complexes are managed by the HACN and provide affordable homes for low-income families. Rent is not to exceed 30 percent of the family’s adjusted income. Security deposits will also be waived.

Eligibility requirements for housing are:

National Indian Women’s Health Resource Center promotes healthy living for Natives

BY BRITTNEY BENNETT
Reporter – @cp_bbennett
03/29/2018 08:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH – For nearly 20 years, the National Indian Women’s Health Resource Center has supported Native American women, their families and the communities in which they call home.

“We’re a national women’s resource center, but it’s not just for women. It’s for women and their families, so of course men and children are also involved, especially if we have parenting classes,” Janie Dibble, NIWHRC executive director, said.

The nonprofit organization began in 1999 with an Indian Health Service grant to provide Native women resources and prevention education on various topics.

“Prevention education is the key,” Dibble said. “We do a lot of prevention education on topics including HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, drugs and alcohol, suicide prevention and hepatitis C.”

The NIWHRC operates under a board of directors that covers all 12 IHS areas and relies on grant funding for its services.
Since 1999 the National Indian Women’s Health Resource Center has been educating American Indian women and their families about how to live long, healthy lives. The organization provides women with pamphlets and educational trainings on topics including sexually transmitted diseases, alcohol abuse and suicide prevention. BRITTNEY BENNETT/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Janie Dibble, National Indian Women’s Health Resource Center executive director, sorts through education materials in her office at 228 S. Muskogee Avenue in Tahlequah. Dibble has been with the organization since its inception and said despite its name, it’s for women and their families to receive education and resources. BRITTNEY BENNETT/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
Since 1999 the National Indian Women’s Health Resource Center has been educating American Indian women and their families about how to live long, healthy lives. The organization provides women with pamphlets and educational trainings on topics including sexually transmitted diseases, alcohol abuse and suicide prevention. BRITTNEY BENNETT/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
https://www.facebook.com/CASA-of-Cherokee-Country-184365501631027/

Cherokee marshals conduct active shooter training for tribal employees

BY LINDSEY BARK
Reporter
03/23/2018 08:30 AM
TAHLEQUAH – Cherokee Nation Male Seminary Recreation Center employees on March 16 partook in an ALICE active shooter training at the center with the CN Marshal Service. ALICE stands for alert, lockdown, inform, counter, evacuate.

The training is to teach employees what to do in an active shooter situation. They were given scenarios and had to decide what was the best plan of action if they came across an active shooter – whether to run, hide or fight.

The CNMS has conducted trainings the past three years for several tribal departments.

“I think this training’s important for both the police and the public, so one, the public knows what to expect when the police come to the scene, and for the police to observe and help with training helps the police teach the public how to react to a violent situation. You can’t always fight. A lot of times you can run. Sometimes you can hide. But you need to be prepared to do all three,” marshal Mike Roach said.

Roach, who played the shooter in the March 16 training, used a firearm that fired 9-millimeter blank cartridges and had a paintball on the end to mark where shots were fired. The blanks emulated the smell of gunpowder.
Video Frame selected by Cherokee Phoenix
Cherokee Nation marshal Shawna Roach speaks with CN Male Seminary Recreation Center employees during active shooter training on March 16 at the MSRC in Tahlequah. Employees learned what actions to take during the event of an active shooter situation. LINDSEY BARK/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Cherokee Nation marshal Mike Roach plays the part of an active shooter as he comes through an entrance of the Male Seminary Recreation Center during active shooter training on March 16 in Tahlequah. LINDSEY BARK/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Cherokee Nation Male Seminary Recreation Center employees learn a takedown technique during active shooter training on March 16 at the MSRC in Tahlequah. LINDSEY BARK/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
Cherokee Nation marshal Shawna Roach speaks with CN Male Seminary Recreation Center employees during active shooter training on March 16 at the MSRC in Tahlequah. Employees learned what actions to take during the event of an active shooter situation. LINDSEY BARK/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Claiming Indian exemption on taxes

BY STAFF REPORTS
03/21/2018 12:00 PM
WASHINGTON – According to the Indian Health Service, American Indian and Alaska Natives who are citizens of federally recognized tribes and Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act Corporation shareholders can apply for health care coverage in Medicaid, Children’s Health Insurance Program or the Marketplace any time of the year.

American Indians, Alaska Natives and people eligible for services through IHS, tribal or urban Indian health programs may claim an exemption from the tax penalty for not maintaining health care coverage throughout the tax year. One may do so by completing IRS Form 8965 when filing a federal income tax return.

For more information, visit https://www.ihs.gov/newsroom/announcements/2018-announcements/indian-tax-exemption/

CNB increasing support for Tulsans in need

BY STAFF REPORTS
03/02/2018 12:00 PM
TULSA – Cherokee Nation Businesses and a team of its employee volunteers are increasing support in the battle against hunger, as well as helping those in need endure the harsh elements of Oklahoma’s ever-changing weather.

CNB’s Community Impact Team, a companywide initiative dedicated to helping promote volunteerism and community engagement, has committed an increase in volunteer efforts and donations to Iron Gate’s soup kitchen and grocery pantry.

“Iron Gate relies on the generosity of volunteers to help us feed Tulsa’s hungry every day. We are so grateful to the employees of Cherokee Nation Businesses, who not only donated much-needed canned goods, but also gave of their time, helping us serve food,” Carrie Vesely Henderson, Iron Gate executive director, said. “We’re thrilled that they have increased their support recently and will be serving regularly through June. We’re celebrating 40 years of feeding Tulsa, and we couldn’t do it without generous community partners like the Cherokee Nation and its businesses.”

The company kicked off this year’s endeavor with supply drives to collect food and winter weather items. Community Impact Team volunteers donated, collected and recently delivered nearly 300 items such as food, toiletries, coats, blankets and winter accessories.

“Iron Gate’s Grocery Pantry is always in need of protein-rich items, and Cherokee Nation Businesses really came through for us, donating more than 230 pounds of protein and other canned goods,” Ashli Sims, Iron Gate development director, said. “Many of our pantry guests have jobs. They have a home. They just need a little extra to help make ends meet that month. So this donation will have a huge impact on them.”
Cherokee Nation Businesses employees donated, collected and recently delivered nearly 300 items such as food, toiletries, coats, blankets and winter accessories to Iron Gate. The Iron Gate is a soup kitchen and grocery pantry in downtown Tulsa. COURTESY
Cherokee Nation Businesses employees donated, collected and recently delivered nearly 300 items such as food, toiletries, coats, blankets and winter accessories to Iron Gate. The Iron Gate is a soup kitchen and grocery pantry in downtown Tulsa. COURTESY

Veterans Center adds more help, events

BY LINDSEY BARK
Reporter
02/28/2018 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH – After opening in 2013, the Cherokee Nation’s Veterans Center continues to strive to service all veterans through different programs and events. The center was formerly under Human Services, which set the foundation for what is now offered to veterans. In 2017, Barbara Foreman became the director of CN Veterans Affairs.

“I can say that Human Services laid a good foundation here. They actually started some of the programs, so we’re just trying to build on some the programs that have been started here and maybe to extend more services here for our veterans,” Foreman said.

The center offers readjustment counselor Matt Tiger of the Tulsa Veterans Affairs Center, who does group sessions and individual counseling. Representatives from the Oklahoma Department of Veterans Affairs and Disabled American Veterans are available every Tuesday to offer help with benefits.

“We’re collecting resources to refer them to. In the future we are trying to have more and more services. We’re just trying to add to what we have,” Foreman said.

Foreman said she wants to add service personnel from the CN who have the same capabilities the ODVA and the DAV offer. She also said feedback from the veterans is important in knowing what is needed for them.
The Cherokee Nation’s Veterans Center sits east of the W.W. Keeler Tribal Complex in Tahlequah. All veterans are welcome to use the center and its services. LINDSEY BARK/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Veterans Center customer service representative Norman Littledave sets out information brochures for veterans who visit the center, which was formerly under Humans Services. LINDSEY BARK/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
The Cherokee Nation’s Veterans Center sits east of the W.W. Keeler Tribal Complex in Tahlequah. All veterans are welcome to use the center and its services. LINDSEY BARK/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Culture

Five Tribes Ancestry Conference set for June 7-9
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/22/2018 04:00 PM
SULPHUR – Explore your Native American heritage at the Five Tribes Ancestry Conference on June 7-9 at the Chickasaw Cultural Center.

The Inter-Tribal Council of the Five Civilized Tribes, whose mission is to unite the governments of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee Creek and Seminole nations, has endorsed this first-of-its-kind conference.

“The Five Tribes have a shared history due to the creation of the Dawes Rolls at the turn of the last century,” Cherokee Heritage Center Executive Director Dr. Charles Gourd said. “The vast majority of our visitors at CHC are interested in researching their family heritage, but they just aren’t sure where to start. Working with the Five Tribes, we have created a one-of-a-kind conference that will provide a better understanding of genealogical methodology and introduce available records to aid individuals in their family research.”

The three-day event is expected to provide tools to research Native American ancestry and discussion topics with guest speakers, including keynote speaker Dr. Daniel F. Littlefield Jr., director of the Sequoyah Research Center at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.

“Archives, historical societies and other genealogical institutions, especially in the south-southeast, have all seen an increase in the number of people seeking information about their family ancestry,” Littlefield said. “The majority of researchers are focused on validating their family’s claim to Indian ancestry and, thus, tribal citizenship. It is our responsibility to assist these individuals to the best of our ability while educating the public about the realities of the search.”

The cost to attend is $150 and includes a conference bag and flash drive with digital copies of presentation materials. Registration forms are available at www.CherokeeHeritage.org. The deadline to register is May 31.

The CHC is presenting the Five Tribes Ancestry Conference, but it will take place at the Chickasaw Cultural Center at 867 Charles Cooper Memorial Road.

For more information, including accommodations and registration, call 918-456-6007, ext. 6162 or email ashley-vann@cherokee.org or gene-norris@cherokee.org.

Education

Tribe: Ruling could reform U.S. agency for Native education
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
04/20/2018 12:00 PM
FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. (AP) – Stephen C. has been taught only math and English at a U.S.-run elementary school for Native American children deep in a gorge off the Grand Canyon. Teachers have left midyear, and he repeatedly faces suspension and arrest for behavior his attorneys say is linked to a disability stemming from traumatic experiences.

The 12-year-old is among children from Arizona’s remote and impoverished Havasupai Reservation who are a step closer to their push for systematic reform of the U.S. agency that oversees tribal education, alleging in a lawsuit it ignored complaints about an understaffed school, a lack of special education and a deficient curriculum.

The students’ attorneys say they won a major legal victory recently when a federal court agreed that childhood adversity and trauma can be learning disabilities, a tactic the same law firm used in crime-ridden Compton, California. They say the case could have widespread effects for Native children in more than 180 schools nationwide overseen by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Education and in schools with large Native populations.

“Education is our lifeline and our future for our kids – and all students, not just down here, but nationally,” Havasupai Chairwoman Muriel Coochwytewa said. The BIE has “an obligation to teach our children. And if that’s not going on, then our children will become failures, and we don’t want that.”

Havasupai students face adversity and generational trauma from repeated broken promises from the U.S. government, efforts to eradicate Native culture and tradition, discrimination and the school’s tendency to call police to deal with behavioral problems, attorneys say.

U.S. District Judge Steven Logan wrote in a late March ruling that the students’ lawyers adequately alleged “complex trauma” and adversity can result in physiological effects leading to a physical impairment. He moved the case forward, denying Justice Department requests to dismiss some of the allegations but agreeing to drop plaintiffs from the lawsuit who no longer attend Havasupai Elementary School.

Noshene Ranjbar, an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Arizona, said medical literature has expanded in the past 20 years to include trauma that isn’t linked only to singular events.

In Native communities she’s worked with in the Dakotas and Arizona, “they agree the root of everything they suffer with is this unresolved grief, loss, trauma, anger, decades of disappointment on a huge scale,” she said.

When students act out, schools too often turn to suspension, expulsion or arrest instead of finding what’s driving the bad behavior, she said. Usually, it’s “a hurt human being that is using the wrong means to cope,” Ranjbar said.

The Public Counsel law firm pressing the Havasupai case also sued the Compton Unified School District – which is majority black and Latino – in 2015 over disability services for students with complex trauma. A judge said students with violent and traumatic pasts could be eligible for such services but didn’t apply the ruling to all who experience trauma.

The U.S. Justice Department did not respond to a request for comment on the Havasupai ruling.

Government attorney Cesar Lopez-Morales said at a hearing in 2017 that while trauma could result in a disability, federal agencies cannot assume every Native student with shared experiences is disabled. They would need specifics of individuals’ impairments and how those affect their lives.

He said attorneys also failed to show the students were denied benefits solely because of disabilities.

Havasupai Elementary School has three teachers for kindergarten through eighth grade on a remote reservation home to about 650 people and world-renowned for its blue-green waterfalls.

The village of Supai can be reached only by mule, foot or helicopter, making it the most isolated of the BIE’s schools in the Lower 48 states. The reservation doesn’t have a high school.

The students’ attorneys say the area is beset with high levels of poverty, unemployment, substance abuse, family violence and low literacy levels. All 70 elementary school students qualify for free or reduced lunch and most are limited in English and math proficiency, and have special education needs.

“What we know from the science is that, particularly unaddressed, the impact of trauma can impact the ability to learn, read, think, concentrate and communicate,” public counsel attorney Kathryn Eidmann said.

The lawsuit seeks to force the government to provide services for special needs, a thorough curriculum, culturally relevant education and staff training to respond to trauma.

Stephen C., whose full name is not listed in court documents, enrolled as a kindergartner but can hardly read or write now that he’s in seventh grade. His attorneys say he has an attention deficit disorder and experiences trauma from witnessing alcohol abuse at school and from his relatives being forced into boarding schools.

At one point, he pulled a plug out of a computer monitor and faced a federal indictment, the lawsuit says.

Some Havasupai parents have sent their children to boarding schools off the reservation rather than deal with inadequate educational services.

Stephen’s guardian has considered it, too. But he said in a statement that tribal members want children with them in the canyon, to watch them grow and be a part of the community.

Council

Smith, Golden honored with CN Patriotism medals
BY STAFF REPORTS
03/20/2018 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH – The Cherokee Nation honored U.S. Army and Navy veterans with the tribe’s Medal of Patriotism during the March 12 Tribal Council meeting.

Principal Chief Bill John Baker and Deputy Chief S. Joe Crittenden acknowledged Fields Smith, 84, of Vian, and Kenneth Golden, 68, of Stilwell, for their service to the country.

Sgt. Smith was born in 1933 and drafted into the Army in 1955. He completed basic training at Fort Chaffee in Arkansas and trained to become an infantryman. Later, he completed Fire Directing Control School and was sent to Fort Polk in Louisiana where he spent the remainder of his two-year service term. During his service, Smith completed non-commission school and received a sharpshooter medal for his rifle skills. Smith received an honorable discharge in 1957.

“I want to thank the Chief, the Deputy Chief and the Tribal Council for all of the good work that they do for our people,” Smith said.

Sgt. Golden was born in 1949 and enlisted in the Navy in 1968. Golden completed basic training in Chicago. After basic training, he was transferred to the Naval Air Station Cecil Field in Jacksonville, Florida, where he served as an aviation boatman mate. During his service, Golden was awarded the National Defense Service Medal and received an honorable discharge in 1972.

Each month the CN recognizes Cherokee service men and women for their sacrifices and as a way to demonstrate the high regard in which the tribe holds all veterans.

To nominate a veteran who is a CN citizen, call 918-772-4166.

Health

Cherokees have used NSU optometry clinic for 39 years
BY LINDSEY BARK
Reporter
04/20/2018 08:30 AM
TAHLEQUAH – Northeastern State University’s Oklahoma College of Optometry goes back 39 years in its relationship with the Cherokee Nation and in providing Cherokees eye care.

NSUOCO works with nine CN clinics, also known as Rural Eye Programs, in Tahlequah, Sallisaw, Stilwell, Jay, Salina, Vinita, Nowata, Muskogee and Ochelata and services 40,000 to 60,000 patients annually.

Its first graduating class was in 1983 and has since averaged 28 graduates annually from its four-year doctorate program.

The NSU campus clinic contains 20 exam rooms and specialty clinics for dry eye, contact lenses, low vision, vision therapy and infant vision clinic. If a REP is unable to provide a type of eye care, patients are sent to the NSU clinic for further evaluation and treatment.

Nate Lighthizer, NSUOCO Continuing Medical Education director and doctor of optometry, said the college has seen patients from 2 months old to 102 years old.

“We all have different vision needs. That’s one of the beauties of having a college is we have 35 faculty members that are either here, in (W.W.) Hastings (Hospital) or in the REPs, and a lot them have different interests. We have doctors that specialize in infant vision and vision therapy. They’re the expert in the 6-month-old and the 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-year-old. Other doctors, they’re the expert in the 80-year-olds,” Lighthizer said.

He said students begin in “didactically heavy” classes, building foundations and learning about systemic diseases, eye diseases, procedures when giving primary care, looking at the eye with microscopes and other program aspects.

He said students begin seeing patients at the end of the second year and into the third year.

CN citizen and fourth-year student Seth Rich said he applied for the NSU program because of the experience it would give him treating patients by the time he graduates.

“I’m from this area, so I wanted to serve basically in the population that I grew up in. Here at NSU we see more patients compared to any other optometry school by the time we graduate. We have more patient interactions that any other optometry school is going to have and more clinical experience because we start seeing patients a year early than most other schools,” he said.

Rich said he also has experience using the REPs and seeing the eye care needs among Cherokees.

“We deal with a lot of diabetic patients here at Cherokee Nation, and that has a really large effect on the eyes. Being able to be in this area and serve a population that has a huge need for us is a big deal because I personally have a lot of family ties to this area want to be in a community where I feel like I’m going to be contributing and giving back and helping the overall health of the population with health and exams,” he said.

Rich said the program prepares students to “go out into the real world” and treat patients of any need. “I feel very confident going out into the population and serving basically anybody that walks in the door.”

CN citizen Tara Comingdeer Fields, who is in her first year at NSUOCO, said she chose the program because of her area ties. “It’s not specifically just Cherokee Indians that I want to serve, but overall Native Americans. My background is I grew up in a traditional family, so the medicines and traditions that we did just kind of stuck with me, and now I want to help people.”

Comingdeer Fields and Rich are recipients of Indian Health Services scholarships for optometry and will work under an IHS contract upon graduation.

Lighthizer said CN citizens make up between 10 to 15 percent of the NSUOCO’s students and that it’s usually rewarding for a Cherokee to grow up using CN eye care services and then go through the program and become a provider. “It’s just a very mutually beneficial relationship between Cherokee Nation to be able to have all of these patients seen and then obviously for the education for students to be able to see patients and hone their skills.”

Opinion

OPINION: The Information Super Highway
BY KEITH AUSTIN
Tribal Councilor
04/03/2018 12:30 PM
In today’s world, the term “information super highway” refers to the internet. While this term is modern, the idea behind it is as old as civilization. The idea is to create the shortest and most efficient route to move information. For as long as a thousand years, Indigenous people have used a route of travel not far from here because it was the most efficient route to deliver information and supplies. This route has been referred to at various times as the Osage Trail, the Seminole Trail, the Texas Road and the Military Highway.

A decade before the Trail of Tears, the Cherokee Nation’s first Supreme Court Justice, John Martin, brought his family from their home in New Echota, Georgia, to Indian Territory. His son, Joe, was only 8 years old in 1828 when they settled on the Grand River. He took to his new home quickly. In 1840 when he was just 20, he had already established a ranch that would become known as Greenbrier near the community of Strang.

To call Greenbrier a ranch is a bit of an understatement. By the time the Civil War started in 1861, the Martin family ranch and the river beside it both could be referred to as Grand. It consisted of around 100,000 acres of leased Cherokee land, about the size of what is now Mayes County. On this land was a good portion of the route then referred to as the Texas Road or the Military Highway. Before the war, the route saw many cattle drives from Texas to Kansas.

As the war progressed, it was described as “a critical route for information and supplies” for troops of both the North and the South. It was the shortest route from Fort Scott, Kansas, to Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, and Fort Worth, Texas. Two battles during the war were fought on the route. The North was the victor of the first battle. A year later the South had a much bigger victory by capturing hundreds of mules and wagons. This victory also interrupted supplies bound for Fort Gibson valued at over $1.5 million.

After the War Between the States ended, Greenbrier never regained its former glory. Today there is little more than a few historical markers to prove it once was there. Within a few years of the end of the war, the KATY Railroad followed the route from Kansas to Texas. In the early years of statehood the route developed into what is now known as U.S. Highway 69 and remained a critical route for information and supplies.

In recent years, technology giant Google established a data center complex in Mayes County. This data center could be described as a key component of the “information super highway.” It is fitting that the data center sits a short distance from the Grand River, within sight of Highway 69 and the railroad once known as the KATY. Now, as then, this route can accurately be described as “a critical route for information and supplies.”

People

Haggard helps his NSU fishing team win Texas tournament
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/12/2018 12:00 PM
DENISON, Texas – Cherokee Nation citizen Blayke Haggard of Gans, Oklahoma, made up one half of the winning fishing team from Northeastern State University to win the YETI FLW College Fishing event on Lake Texoma on April 8.

Haggard and his teammate Cody Metzger of Wagoner, Oklahoma, caught their five-bass limit for a winning weigh to 19 pounds, 4 ounces.

The victory earned the Riverhawk bass club $2,600 and a spot in the 2019 FLW College Fishing National Championship.

The duo said that they spent the day targeting smallmouth bass on main-lake points, about 5 to 8 miles away from the takeoff ramp at Highport Marina.

“We focused on the points where the wind was blowing the hardest, fishing the mid to southeastern areas of the lake,” Haggard, a sophomore majoring in cellular and molecular biology, said. “We had five or six points that we rotated through that all looked very similar, fishing in 4 to 10 feet.”

The Riverhawk club cited citrus shad-colored Bandit 200 crankbaits and a prototype Bandit squarebill crankbait as its most productive lures. Club members said that they caught 10 to 12 keepers.

“We had great execution,” Haggard said. “I caught a 4-pounder early, then three casts later Cody put a 3½-pounder in the boat. Those early fish clued us in that we were doing the right thing. It also helped that we didn’t lose any fish all day.”
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