Dr. Duane King, the former director of the Helmerich Center of American Research at the Gilcrease Museum, center, gives Cherokee Nation citizens a tour of the museum’s archives in 2014. King was recognized as an authority on Native American history and culture, especially Cherokee history and culture. He died on Sept. 17 at the age of 70. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
Cherokee history, culture scholar dies
Cherokee historian Dr. Duane King shares Trail of Tears history before the unveiling of two interpretive markers about the forced removal of Cherokees in April 2014 at a cemetery near Westville, Oklahoma. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
TULSA, Okla. – Dr. Duane King, a former Cherokee Heritage Center executive director, died at age 70 on Sept. 17 following a lengthy illness.
King was a former Gilcrease Museum director and was recognized as a Native American history and culture authority, especially Cherokee history and culture.
“Duane spent his life researching and writing about Cherokee history. His books, articles and research notes are invaluable. The legacy that he has left the Cherokee people will endure for generations to come. We owe him a great debt of gratitude,” Jack Baker, National Trail of Tears Association president and former Tribal Councilor, said.
King had been serving as director of the Helmerich Center of American Research at the Gilcrease Museum since 2014 and oversaw the center’s construction.
During his six years as Gilcrease Museum executive director, he also served as Tulsa University’s vice president of museum affairs. After joining Gilcrease in 2008, King helped lead the transition of museum management from the City of Tulsa to TU.
He was also the founding editor of the Journal of Cherokee Studies and once directed museums in Oregon, North Carolina, Los Angeles and New York City.
At the Museum of the Cherokee Indian in Cherokee, North Carolina, King compiled and edited the Journal of Cherokee Studies, which included cultural stories and information and history from Cherokee people in the eastern homelands.
“Dr. King was one of the most learned and respected scholars of Cherokee history and culture of our era,” TOTA Executive Director Troy Poteete said. “Cherokees east and west have lost a dear friend and loyal ally who quietly guided the creation of our museums and the recognition of the Trial of Tears as a National Historic Trail, as well as doing extensive research and voluminous writing. His contributions are so vast it will require another scholar to enumerate them.”
He was also among the advisers behind the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum for the American Indian in Washington, D.C., which opened in 2004.
King was a graduate of the University of Tennessee. He also held a master’s degree and a doctorate, which focused on researching the Cherokee language, from the University of Georgia.
“Duane was a board member of the Trail of Tears Association for the entirety of my 12-year career there. He was such a gentle, kind person with no air of superiority even though he was one of the premier scholars on Cherokee removal. He almost always knew more than anyone in the room about the topic of removal, but he was always very humble when speaking about it,” said CN citizen Jerra Quinton. “I didn’t know he was ill until I heard he had passed. I am profoundly sad and am among so many friends and colleagues who will miss him deeply.”
King served as CHC executive director from 1982-87. In 2013, at the annual Sevenstar Gala, the Cherokee National Historical Society honored King with the Stalwart Award for outstanding service to the CHC.
“Everything about Duane was good. His sincere interest in Cherokee culture and people guided his career and his life, and I think he truly valued everyone he met. He was my friend, and I will miss him,” CHC Education Director Tonia Hogner-Weavel said.
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Cherokee Nation citizen Carrigan Bradley, of Fort Gibson, recently won the 2018 Miss Northeastern scholarship pageant.
Bradley, who also won the pageant’s talent competition, is a biochemistry major expected to graduate in 2020. She said she that after graduation she plans to continue her education with a doctorate in pharmacy.
Bradley said she’s looking forward to representing Northeastern State University and her platform “Words have P.O.W.E.R.” The idea for the platform began when Bradley auditioned for the “X-Factor” at age 15, and the harsh critique from judge Simon Cowell that prompted online backlash.
“My hope in creating this platform is to advocate for people in being kind to themselves with positive self talk, as well as being kind to others in their day-to-day conversations,” Bradley said. “As a titleholder, we get to be a voice and a role model for children of all ages to look to. I hope by speaking out about my experience and urging people to be kind and intentional with their words, I'll be able to change the way we speak to one another.”
CN citizen Kayse Stidham, of Grove, was named second runner-up and crowd pleaser. Stidham is an early childhood education major expected to graduate in 2018. After graduation, she said she plans to teach pre-kindergarten and continue volunteering in her Girl Scout Service unit.
During the pageant, more than $5,500 in scholarships and tuition waivers was awarded to contestants.
For more information about Miss Northeastern, email Kirsti Cook at <a href="mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org">email@example.com</a>.
PARK HILL, Okla. – Cherokee Nation citizen Ray Kirk forged his first knife as a Christmas gift in 1989. Twenty-eight years later, he creates knives from steel for his livelihood.
“I’ve been retired since (20)04 and my knife-making is just what I do. I enjoy it,” he said.
The master knife maker works in a small gravel floor shop behind his house. Sounds of humming from the gas forge, knocking from the hydraulic hammer and the ‘ping’ from a hammer striking the hot steel echo throughout nearby woods. It’s there, he spends most of his day thinking of knife designs and bringing those ideas to life.
“I enjoy making knives. Right now I’m working on cross-between a little panabas and a karambit that is easy to make. It’s simple in design and it’s affordable. It’s always fun to figure out a new knife design and then figure out how to make it…easily, and it’s what I like to do.”
Kirk said he continually makes certain knives to keep in stock. He said he has the largest inventory this year that he’s had in a long time.
He takes custom orders, he said, but it should be a knife he’s used to making. He added that custom orders need to be planned and take more time to make.
“I don’t do wild, scary, scientific…blades,” he said. “I enjoy making using knives, mostly.”
Kirk said if someone custom orders a knife during the holiday season, he or she wouldn’t receive it until spring. “If I have something that they (customer) like, I might already have it in inventory. As far as a special knife of this design, this size, I couldn’t get to it.”
He said a special-ordered knife creates a “connection” between the maker and the buyer and adds more time to the creation process. “I do heirloom knives where I take some steel and wood…from a customer…and if it’s weldable, I’ll forge-weld it together, and I’ll add some of my steel and make a usable knife out of it. It takes longer sometimes. I made some out of a crescent wrench. How good of an edge it holds, I do not know, but the guy said it’s working good.”
Kirk said he sells knives ranging from $50 to $1,500 and offers discounts to veterans, active-duty military, police, fire fighters and Boy Scout leaders.
Along with forging knives to sell, Kirk also desires to teach his craft. He said he’s going to Auburn, Maine, in mid-November to teach a two-week introduction bladesmith class for the American Bladesmith Society. “It makes you feel good whenever someone shares your enjoyment…and you’re able to share it with them.”
Kirk said he plans to start a class at his shop next year and wants to hold sessions over multiple days instead of a few hours in the evenings. He plans to renovate a house on his property so attendees can have a place to stay.
“What my wife and I plan on doing is we’ll have a place for them to stay, and it will run about $400 for three days,” he said. “We’ll make my kind of knife, and they should be able to make two of them in three days.”
Kirk said, for the class, he’s going to accept two to four people per class. “If they pay $400, it’s like them buying two knives that they made plus they get to know how to do it.”
To purchase a knife, visit <a href="http://www.rakerknives.com" target="_blank">www.rakerknives.com</a> or Kirk’s Facebook page at <a href="https://www.facebook.com/ray.kirk.5" target="_blank">https://www.facebook.com/ray.kirk.5</a>. For more information on classes, call 918-207-8076 or email <a href="mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org">email@example.com</a>.
WESTVILLE, Okla. – When expert bushcrafters were invited to square off against one another on the Discovery Channel’s new series “Bushcraft Build-off,” Cherokee Nation citizen B.J. Latta was featured among them.
“Back in March, I get a phone call and this lady calls me from Hollywood, California, and she says, ‘hey, we would like to interview you on Skype for a upcoming TV show. You got recommended by (Latta’s friend) Matt Tate.’ It was just crazy being interviewed, and of course, I didn’t think it was going to go anywhere because there’s so many guys who are way more talented,” Latta said.
Hosted by primitive skills expert Matt Graham, the show debuted Nov. 14 and takes survival to the next level by asking two teams of three bushcrafters to outdo one another in challenges meant to test ability and skill.
Latta led his team on the series premiere competing to build the best shelter during a seven-day span in Utah’s Aspen Grove forest. Each team was allowed three hand tools to accomplish the task while being graded by Graham in areas of creativity, sustainability, livability and protection.
“One tool a piece, per person and then we were just turned loose in the environment for seven days,” Latta said. “The part where I filmed was in the mountains of Utah, and we didn’t know what we were doing until we got off the plane, got out of the hotel room and they took us to the mountains. We were kind of kept in the dark, so the challenge was more real.”
In addition to being limited on tools, Latta faced challenges from an unfamiliar environment.
“I was totally out of my environment,” he said. “When you go to the mountains of Utah, there’s no cedar trees up there. There’s not one and that’s one of the main resources, especially for Native American people, here. Cedar trees are very life giving. We use that in everything in Cherokee culture, but when you get up there, there’s none.”
The location itself was also a factor.
“Even just working in the altitude was very tough for us because I’m not used to that, the oxygen levels,” Latta said. “There’s no high altitude here in Adair County. Your body’s different. You’re burning more calories. You’re exhausted more and in a survival situation, all that stuff really, really matters.”
In the premiere episode titled “Built to Survive,” Latta said Graham was quick to offer advice when things started to go sideways.
“I ran into a problem with my shelter,” he said. “I thought it out and thought, ‘man, my idea is not going to work. I need a bigger and better idea,’ and so I ask (Graham), ‘hey, what do you think about this?’ And so this guy, who is world renowned got to sit with me and I got to pick his brain, which is really, really cool.”
The experience also allowed Latta to spend more time with his father, who was on his team.
“To be able to spend that time with my dad, was probably the most rewarding,” he said. “Being on TV is going to be really cool, but that’s like third or fourth compared to spending 15 days with my dad.”
Despite seeing himself on the Discovery Channel, the Stilwell teacher remains humble.
“To know that maybe the world doesn’t see me as maybe successful on paper, but that’s because I’ve been a good steward at everything I’ve done and just worked hard like the Lord says, just showing up and doing your best can elevate you,” he said. “I didn’t put in an application to be on the Discovery Channel. They seen my work ethic working somewhere else and noticed me and asked me to come there.”
For more about “Bushcraft Build-off” or to watch Latta’s episode, visit <a href="http://www.discovery.com" target="_blank">www.discovery.com</a>. A new episode is aired at 9 p.m. every Tuesday night.
JAY, Okla. – As a little girl, Cherokee Nation citizen Brooke Hester dreamed of being a role model and representing her community as she watched pageant winners do so. Winning Ms. Oklahoma 2018 on Oct. 7 in Chickasha now allows her that honor.
From the Delaware County town of Jay, Hester began her pageant journey in elementary school by winning Little Miss Huckleberry in the town’s annual Huckleberry Festival. Since then, Hester has won Huckleberry Princess and Huckleberry Queen.
Having “presence and poise” is what drew Hester to start competing in pageants. “I always wanted to be able to represent my community,” she said.
During the Ms. Oklahoma competition, Hester was required to do a private interview with the judges, an opening dance number, an onstage personal introduction, as well as evening gown and talent portions.
To prepare, Hester said she spent hours writing and practicing her introduction speech, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, practicing modeling formations and mock interviews and walking around her house in her “pageant heels.”
“My experience competing in the Ms. Oklahoma pageant was truly amazing. I met some of the most incredibly talented and educated women while competing and brought home so many new friendships that I didn’t have before,” she said.
Along with her title, Hester also won best interview and best talent, singing Loretta Lynn’s “You Ain’t Woman Enough.”
Hester’s platform is “Life is What You Give: Volunteerism,” and she’s an avid volunteer in her community.
As part of her volunteer efforts, she is as a member of the Jay Chamber of Commerce, director of the Miss Huckleberry and Miss Huckleberry Outstanding Teen pageants, director of the Miss Bulldog Pride pageant, director of the Mister and Miss Merry Christmas pageant, an active member of the Huckleberry Festival committee and Jay Chamber of Commerce Christmas Lighting Committee, Jay Summer Sports tee ball coordinator and coach, Little League assistant coach and Jay Youth Sports basketball coach.
“The more I give, the happier I feel. I love to help others, do good for them, and for my community. I promote volunteerism to others just leading by example. Volunteering can be so contagious,” she said.
As Ms. Oklahoma, Hester will spend the next year traveling to communities and events in Oklahoma.
“My next year will be a journey that I hope goes by very slowly because I won’t want it to end. Throughout my year I will continue volunteering in my community as well as others,” she said.
Hester said she would speak at schools, attend meet-and-greets and participate in parades across the state. She will also make appearances with the current Miss Huckleberry and Miss Huckleberry Outstanding Teen.
In 2018, Hester will also compete for the title of International Ms. in Orlando, Florida.
In the future, Hester plans to compete in the Mrs. Oklahoma pageant, which is for married women. She works at the CN Sam Hider Health Center in Jay, is married to her husband Caleb, and has three children.
BOISE CITY, Okla. – Cherokee Nation citizen Weston Henson served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 2007-12.
During his time in the USMC, Henson was part of two international tours and earned the rank of corporal in the 3rd Battalion Second Marines.
Born Dec. 21, 1987, Henson grew up in Westville, attended Westville Public Schools and graduated in 2006. He initially planned to play college football at Southeastern State University in Durant and obtain a degree in wildlife biology, but his playing career did not pan out.
So he decided his next career choice would be to enlist in the USMC.
After enlisting in March 2007, Henson was sent to San Diego for basic training. After six months, he was sent to Camp Lejeune in North Carolina, which also served as his base camp. While at Camp Lejeune, Henson became a small-arms and weapons repair specialist.
“While in the (United) States I was responsible for care of maintenance of all the weapons for our battalion. While deployed, I was a gunner for my platoon and also in charge of the weapons for my company,” he said.
In 2010, Henson was called for duty overseas. His first assignment was a humanitarian tour in Haiti following its 2010 earthquake. Then he was sent to South Africa. His tour also included a training mission in Europe, and when it ended he began a second tour and was sent to Afghanistan to help train Afghan allies and support other Marines during combat.
He said serving in Afghanistan was not easy. Henson said supplies were scarce and a “good night’s sleep” was something he and other Marines “could only hope for.”
Henson lost a good friend in battle and endured battle wounds himself, but found a way to keep going.
During a skirmish with the Afghan enemy, Henson caught shrapnel in his right knee. As the only marine with an injury during that time, his fellow marines dubbed the firefight “The Battle of Wounded Knee.”
Henson also suffered injuries from other combat missions. In one incident, a 60-pound improvised explosive device or IED blew up his transport vehicle. In another incident, his armored vehicle hit a 120-pound IED, which was the biggest-known IED at the time, and he suffered from head trauma. That injury earned him a Purple Heart.
In addition to the Purple Heart, Henson received the Combat Action, Afghan Campaign, Sea Service, Good Conduct, National Defense, Global War on Terrorism, North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Humanitarian medals.
In 2012, as overseas deployments began to slow, Henson decided not to re-enlist but to pursue a college degree. He attended Missouri State University in Springfield and received a degree in natural resources. He now works as a soil conservationist for the U.S. Natural Resources Conservation Service.
“The best part of being a marine is the pride we take in ourselves from our fighting abilities to how we carry ourselves, and also the brotherhood you form with the men you fight beside,” he said. “To me, being a Cherokee veteran is showing the pride, ethic and spirit of our people to not only the people we know but also to all of the people in the world where we may travel or fight and to honor those who came before. To me, serving isn’t about self but selflessness, to put others before yourself and hope that if you do so they may never have to go through what you have.”
NORMAN, Okla. – Dwight Birdwell, a native of Bell in Adair County, earned two Silver Stars and two Purple Hearts while serving in Vietnam in 1968.
He was assigned to Troop C, 3rd Squadron, 4th Calvary, 25th Infantry Division. The then-20-year-old Spc. 5 Birdwell was the gunner on a 52-ton M48 Patton tank. He was efficient with the weapons provided to him and used them to save his fellow soldiers in two battles.
For his bravery and service, the former Cherokee Nation Judicial Appeals Tribunal chief justice was inducted into the Oklahoma Military Hall of Fame on Oct. 21. About 50 of his friends and family members attended the ceremony to honor him and 10 other honorees.
“I want to thank the Cherokee Nation and other folks who came from back home, many of whom I’ve known since I was 3 years old, all the way from bean fields, strawberry fields, hay-hauling fields and what have you,” he said after receiving his OMHOF medal. “I must say without hesitation that I want to also remember and honor the 70-something people I served with while I was in Vietnam from (19)67 to (19)68 who were killed in action and did not make it back. Their faces and their memories will forever be in my heart. Thank all of you, again, for this humbling honor. It’s something I will treasure the rest of my days.”
Troop C was responsible for securing the main supply route between Saigon and Tay Ninh in South Vietnam. On Jan. 31, 1968, Birdwell and his unit were outside Saigon at Cu Chi, resting after weeks of field operations. At dawn and without warning, an estimated 70,000 Viet Cong guerillas and North Vietnamese soldiers attacked major cities in South Vietnam. Their main target was Saigon. Another target was the American command center at Tan Son Nhut, southeast of Saigon.
An airbase was also at Tan Son Nhut, which is where Birdwell’s unit, numbering less than 100 men, fought a Vietnamese force numbering approximately 1,000 men.
Troop C moved from Cu Chi to take up positions along Highway 1 on the west side of the airbase, heading off any withdrawing enemy soldiers attacking the base. The column of three M48 tanks and 10 armored personnel carriers or APCs quickly made it to the blacktopped Highway 1.
Unknowingly, the column pulled onto the highway just as the 1,000-man force prepared to attack the air base. As the column passed huts that paralleled the highway to the west, rocket-propelled grenades were fired from the huts knocking out the lead tank and three APCs.
The M48 Patton tank was equipped with a .50-caliber machine gun and a 90mm main gun. Birdwell, the gunner in the second tank, and his commander didn’t immediately realize what had taken place. When the tank commander finally returned fire and shot into the huts, a return barrage of fire seriously wounded him.
Upon realizing his commander was wounded, Birdwell dragged him to safety in the highway’s ditch. Birdwell then climbed on the tank and returned fire with the main gun and the .50-caliber machine gun. RPG rounds were shot at the tank but missed, Birdwell later recalled. His firing kept the enemy at bay and the tank sheltered the more vulnerable APCs behind it.
During the battle’s mayhem, Birdwell realized that no one was firing from the vehicles ahead of him. He also realized that some were on fire and enemy soldiers had clambered atop one of the disabled APCs.
“They were monkeying with the M60s (machine guns),” he recalled. “I couldn’t believe it. I fired on them with the .50-cal., and hit about half of them. The burst really spread them out.”
Birdwell’s tank became the center of Troop C’s survival. Troops who had crawled into the ditch found shelter behind it, and because of his constant machine-gun fire and cannon fire, the enemy couldn’t overrun the column.
“Birdwell was part of that 10 percent that are good soldiers and understands fighting,” Albert Porter, who fought alongside Birdwell that day, said.
Birdwell fired the main gun but eventually used all 64 rounds and all the .50-caliber ammunition.
Troop C eventually received artillery and air support and evacuated the wounded.
For his bravery under fire, Birdwell was awarded the Silver Star.
He received a second one later in 1968 for rescuing fellow soldiers. That incident occurred on July 4 after he had moved up in rank. Now a tank commander, he was at the end of a column of APCs and two other tanks moving through the An Duc village, which was occupied by North Vietnamese Army sympathizers.
Upon entering the village, the column was attacked and had to retreat. After the unit regrouped, it was discovered an APC had been disabled by enemy fire and left in the village along with its crew. Birdwell and his tank crew returned to the village three times to rescue stranded soldiers.
“When no one else wanted the job, I volunteered my tank and crew to go back into the village to rescue the abandoned APC crew members,” Birdwell said.
Birdwell, with the help of author Keith William Nolan, told about his service in Vietnam in the 1997 book, “A Hundred Miles of Bad Road: An Armored Cavalryman in Vietnam, 1967-68.” The book is no longer printed but is available on Amazon.com, Birdwell said.
And he still gets requests to sign his book. “Just about every week, someone contacts me and asks, ‘can I send you the book to sign?’ It’s humbling to do that. I tell them, ‘if I write in your book it’s going to deface it, and it won’t be worth anything.’ That’s, of course, a joke.”
He said he has mixed emotions about writing the book. Looking at it from the standpoint of the men he served with who were killed in combat, he said their families have gained an understanding about the conditions their loved ones served in, sometimes more details about how they died and the “nature of the relationships they had with other members of the unit.”
“It served as a unifying force. For example, there’s a lady in California whose brother was killed in our unit, and now she’s good friends with a lady in New York whose husband also served. It’s been like a spider web for making good connections,” Birdwell said. “On the other hand, I sometimes feel bad about some of the stories about how people died. You kind of hate for a brother or sister to learn what really happened or maybe how horrible the event was, so I have some doubts on that, but otherwise, overall, I’m glad I wrote the book.”
Birdwell was honorably discharged in December 1968 after serving nearly three years in the Army. He was also awarded a Bronze Star, for meritorious service. He said, since his service, he has joined a Veterans of Foreign Wars group in Wauseon, Ohio, because a friend of his from there “insisted” he join. He’s also a member of the 25th Infantry Division Association and the 3-4 Cavalry Association.
He served on the tribe’s JAT, now the Supreme Court, from 1987-99 and served as chief justice in 1995-96 and 1998-99. At 69, he still practices law in Oklahoma City and plans to continue.
“You know a lot of lawyers work until they die. I suspect that’s what I’m going to do. If I didn’t do that, I’d like to be at Bell. I’d like to be living at Bell,” he said. “There’s nothing like waking up in the morning at Bell and walking out barefooted and getting dew between your toes, smelling that hickory smoke and maybe some fresh coffee. We used to hear the canning factory whistle. I’m sure that’s long gone. During the night we could hear the KCS (Kansas City Southern train) all the way to Bell. What a sweet sound, and hearing owls during the night and maybe a coyote or wolf. There’s nothing like living at Bell, in my opinion.”