wishi-H

Video:Tribe artificially increases wishi population

BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter
10/06/2009 07:08 AM
KANSAS, Okla. – In a wooded area on Cherokee Nation trust land, two men from the tribe’s Natural Resources department give Mother Nature some help with growing wishi (or wissy) mushrooms.

The maitake mushroom, also known as grifola frondosa, is considered a delicacy by many Cherokee people who find them growing near the base of hardwood trees. Also known as the “Hen of the Woods,” the large mushrooms have brown caps and white undersides and usually grow in clusters at the base of red oak trees in northeastern Oklahoma.

Natural Resources Acting Director Pat Gwin and Natural Resources specialist Mark Dunham spent time in September drilling small holes at the base of trees, where roots connect, and placing plugs containing grifola frondosa in the hole before sealing them with wax.

Gwin said wishi is a fungus that grows in the roots of trees. In northeastern Oklahoma, it mainly grows in red oak trees. As an experiment, Gwin and Dunham placed capsules in various trees, including chinquapin oak, green ash, post oak, hickory, white hickory, black walnut, sugar maple, elm and ash.

“Because it’s so difficult to find these things (mushrooms), we basically wanted to see if we could artificially increase the population,” Gwin said.

The tribe bought 300 plugs containing grifola frondosa from a company in the state of Washington. The plugs needed to be placed in the trees during a period of high moisture that’s not followed by hot weather and a month before the first frost, Gwin said, which usually occurs in northeastern Oklahoma in early to mid-November. The conditions in September were ideal because the area received heavy rainfall.

Six different sites in Adair, Cherokee and Delaware counties were chosen for the wishi mushroom experiment because those counties have a large population of mature red oak trees.



















 Grifola<br />frondosa also known to Cherokee people as wishi (Courtesy photo)
Grifola frondosa also known to Cherokee people
as wishi (Courtesy photo)



Gwin said he expects the capsules to produce wishi in two to three years and that he used a global positioning system or GPS to mark each location where the capsules were left. He said he and his staff plan to visit the locations to check on the plugs’ progress.

“The fungus will become mature. It will send out its reproductive part, the great big wishi, and then it can be harvested. The actual wishi that people pick, that’s just the flower of the plan,” he said. “It’s really the third year when we’re looking to find something.”

He said wishi mushrooms clusters can grow large enough to fill a four-gallon washtub. The proper way to pick it is to cut it off its base and not pull it off.

To prepare it for eating, he said, it should be boiled two or three times to remove the bugs and dirt. After that it is cut up, salted and floured and deep-fried.

“Several years ago a number of elders had wishi trees, and with wishi trees the locations are kept secret and passed down to their family. I was lucky to have a few trees passed down to me. A lot of those trees have died,” he said. “Several years of drought have wreaked havoc on the wishi population. What we’re really trying is get those numbers back up.”
 
Reach Staff Writer Will Chavez at (918) 207-3961 or will-chavez@cherokee.org
ᏣᎳᎩ

ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᎠᏂᎶᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎧᏁᏉᎠ ᏫᏏ ᎠᏁᎲ

ᎢᎪᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ, ᎣᎦᎳᎰᎹ.- ᎢᎾ ᎢᎾᎨ ᏗᎨᏒ ᏣᎳᎩᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎨᏅᏓ ᎦᏓ ᎠᎲᎢ, ᎠᏂᏔᎵᎭ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏅᏍᏓᏢ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᏂᏁ ᎢᎩᏥ ᏁᎯᏴ ᎠᏂᏍᏕᎵᎲ ᏫᏏ ᏓᏛᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ (ᎠᎴ ᏫᏏᏊ) ᏓᏬᎵ.



ᎾᏅ Maitake ᏓᏬᎵ, ᎠᎴᏍᏊ ᎪᏟᏍᏗ grifola frondosa, ᏧᏄᎪᏔᏅ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ. ᎤᏂᎪᏗ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᏴᏫ ᏓᏂᎾᏮᏘᎰ ᎾᏅ ᎠᏛᏍᎪᎢ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏗᏍᏓᏯ ᎠᏓ ᏕᏡᎬᎢ ᎾᏅ ᎡᎳᏗ, ᎠᎴᏍᏊ ᎪᏟᏍᏗ “ᎠᏥᏔᎦ ᎠᎩᏌ ᎾᏅ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ,” ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏪᏩᏨ ᏓᏬᎵ ᎤᏬᏗᎨ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎦ ᎨᏐ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏜ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏛ ᎨᏒ ᎤᏓᏢᎪᎢ ᎾᏅ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎠᏓᏯ ᏕᏡᎬᎢ ᎾᏅ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎧᎸᎬᎢᏗᏜ ᎣᎦᎳᎶᎹ.



ᎡᎶᎯ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᎯ, Pat Gwin, ᎠᎴ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᏟᏂᎬᏁᎯ Mark Dunham ᎾᏅ ᎢᎪᎯᏓ ᎡᏙᎮ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ ᎧᎸᎢ ᏧᏍᏗ ᏓᎪᎴᏍᏗᎲ ᎾᏅ ᎡᎳᏗ ᏕᏡᎬ ᎾᏅ ᏧᎾᏍᏕᏜ ᏚᏠᏒᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᏢᏍᎨᎢ ᏓᏍᏚᎲ ᎬᏰᎯ grifola frondosa ᎾᏅ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ Ꮟ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᏓᏍᏚᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᎧᎾᏫ ᎬᏗ.



Gwin ᏄᏪᏒᎢ, ᏫᏏᏃ fungus ᎾᏅ ᎠᏛᏍᎪᎢ ᏕᏡᎬᎢ ᏚᎾᏍᏕᏢ ᎾᏅ. ᎾᏅ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎧᎸᎬᎢᏗᏜ ᎣᎦᎳᎰᎹ, ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎤᎪᏛ ᎨᏒ ᎠᏛᏍᎪᎢ ᎠᏓᏯ ᏕᏡᎬᎢ. ᎠᎾᏁᏢᏗᏍᎬ, Gwin ᎠᎴ Dunham ᏓᏂᏢᏍᎨᎢ ᎤᏥᏍᎦᏟ ᎾᏅ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏧᏓᎴᎩ ᏕᏡᎬᎢ, ᎤᏁᎦ ᏩᏁᎢ, ᎬᎿᎨ ᏎᏗ, ᎧᎵᏎᏥ, ᏓᏩᏥᎳ, ᎠᎴ ᏧᎧᏃᎾ.



“ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏍᏓᏱ ᏗᎦᎾᏩᏛᏗ (ᏓᏬᎵ), ᎣᎩᎾᏚᎵᏍᎬ ᎣᎩᏂᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎢᎦᏲᎩᎾᏛᏅᏗ ᎣᏍᏗᎶᎾᏍᏙᏗ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎣᏍᏘᎪᏩᏘᏍᎬᎢ,” ᎤᏛᏁ Gwin.



ᎾᏃ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢᎢ ᏚᏂᏩᏒᎢ ᏦᎢᏧᏈ ᏓᏍᏚᎲᎢ ᎬᏰᎯ grifola frondosa ᏅᏓᏳᎾᏓᎴᏅ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎬᎢ ᎾᏅ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᏩᏒᏓᏅ. ᏓᏍᏚᎲᎢ ᏫᏗᎦᏟᏗ ᎾᏅ ᏕᏡᎬᎢ ᎾᎯᏳ ᎦᏓᏁᎯᏴ ᏥᎨᏐᎢ ᏝᏃ ᏧᏗᏞᎩ ᏱᎨᏐᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏏᏅᏓ ᎤᏓᎷᎸᎢ ᎾᏯᏛᎲᏍᎬᎾ, ᎠᏗᏍᎨᎢ Gwin, ᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏓᏁᎬ ᎾᏅ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎧᎸᎬᎢᏗᏜ ᎣᎦᎪᎰᎹ ᎭᎴ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏅᏓᏕᏆ ᎠᏰᏟ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎾᏅ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏗᎦᏍᎩ ᎨᏒ ᎾᎯᏳ. ᏑᏓᎵ ᏂᏚᏓᎴ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎾᏅ ᏓᏫᏍᎦᎸ, ᏣᎳᎩᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏆᏅᎩ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᏧᎾᏑᏰᏓ ᎨᏒ ᏫᏏ ᏓᏬᎵ ᎠᎾᏁᏢᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏅᏒ ᏧᎾᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᏄᏰᎸᏛ ᎥᏍᎩᎾ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᏕᎭ ᏩᏁᎢ, ᎠᏓᏯ ᏕᏡᎬ ᎾᏅ.



Gwin ᎤᏁᏨᎢ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎤᏩᎭ Ꮎ ᏓᏍᏚᏛᎢ ᏧᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᏫᏏ ᏔᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏦᎢ ᎢᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎠᎴᏃ ᎢᎬᏗᏍᎨᎢ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏂᎬᎾᏛ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏩᏢᏕ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎾᏟᎶᏍᏗᏍᎨ ᏳᏍᏗᎭ ᏚᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᎾᏅ ᏚᏂᎯᏴ Ꮎ ᏓᏍᏚᏛᎢ ᎢᎤᏁᏤᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏓᏘᏁᎲ ᏓᏄᎪᏗᏍᎨᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏅ ᏚᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒᎢ ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎲᏍᎬ ᎾᏃ Ꮎ ᏓᏍᏚᏛᎢ ᎾᎾᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎢ. “ᎾᏃ ᏓᏬᎵ ᎤᏛᏒᎢ. ᎠᎴ ᎤᏅ ᎨᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᏛᎯᏍᏓᏅ, ᎤᏪᏩᏨᎢ ᏫᏏ, ᎠᎴ ᏱᏅᏛᎬᎾᏕᏏᏓ. Ꮎ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᏒ ᏫᏏ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᏥᏓᏂᏰᏍᎪᎢᎸ, ᎾᏍᏊ Ꮎ ᎤᏥᎸᏍᎩᏭ ᎾᏅ ᏓᏟᎶᏍᏛ,” ᎤᏁᏤᎢ. “ᎾᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎢ ᏦᎢᏁ ᏩᏕᏘᏱᏍᎬ ᎢᏗᎬᏖᏃᎮᏍᏗ ᎢᎩᏩᏛᏗ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ.” ᎤᏁᏤᎢ ᏫᏏ ᏓᏬᎵ ᎤᏓᏡᎬ ᏅᎩ-ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏓ ᏗᎩᎶᏍᏗ ᏒᏙᏂ ᏯᎧᎵᏣ ᏱᎩᏓ ᏗᏛᏍᎪᎢ. Ꮎ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏱᎬᏅᏗ ᏩᏰᎯᏍᏗ ᎭᏰᎵᏍᏗ ᎾᏅ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎥᎿ ᏫᎦᎾᏌᏁᏒᎢ ᏩᏰᎯᏍᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ, ᎤᏛᏁᎢ, ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎠᎵᏢᏙᏗ ᏔᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏦᎢ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏘ ᏱᏗᎬᏅᏕᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᏍᎪᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏓ. ᏍᎩᏃ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᎬᏯᎷᏯᏅ, ᎠᎹ ᏱᎬᏁᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏌ ᎦᏅᎵᏰᎥ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾ ᏫᎬᏣᏢᏅᎢ.



“ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᏥᎨᏒ ᎠᏂᎦᏴᎵ ᎤᎾᏅᏖᎢ ᏫᏏ ᎤᎾᎵᏍᏛᏗ ᏕᏡᎬᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᏫᏏ ᎤᎾᎵᏍᏛᏗ ᏕᏡᎬᎢ ᎾᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎾᏕᏟ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᏂᎩᏏᏍᎨᎢ.



ᏕᏡᎬᎢ ᎥᎬᎩᏃᎯᏎᎸ ᎾᏅ ᏕᎲᎢ. ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏓ ᏍᎩᏳᎾᏍᏗ ᏕᏡᎬ ᏚᏂᎵᏬᏨ,” ᎤᏛᏁᎢ.”

ᎯᎸᏍᎬ ᎢᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎤᏛᏅᎯᏓ ᎤᎧᏲᏛᎯ ᎨᏒ ᎤᏲᎢ ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎴᏎᎢ ᎾᏅ ᏫᏏ ᎠᏁᎲᎢ.

ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎣᏣᏁᏢᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᏗᏎᏍᏗ ᏧᏁᏉᏨᎢ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗᎢ.”

About the Author
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M.

He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life.
He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association.

Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years.
WILL-CHAVEZ@cherokee.org • 918-207-3961
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M. He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life. He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association. Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years.

News

BY STAFF REPORTS
09/04/2015 04:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. –The Cherokee Nation recently announced that Houston-based Stage Stores Inc. presented the tribe with a $10,000 check as part of its sponsorship of the 63rd Cherokee National Holiday. “Stage Stores is honored to support the 63rd Cherokee National Holiday,” Stage Executive Vice President Russ Lundy said. “Our company values our customers and supports the communities where our stores are located.” According to a CN press release, this is the fifth year Stage has sponsored the holiday. “The Cherokee National Holiday attracts thousands of visitors to Tahlequah each year, and we’re thankful to have a community partner like Stage Stores that supports our largest annual cultural celebration,” Principal Chief Bill John Baker said. “It’s a great opportunity to partner with corporations like Stage, which help further the mission of the Cherokee Nation.” The CN also partners with Stage to allow income eligible families to receive back-to-school clothing vouchers, as well as winter coat vouchers. According to the release, nearly 7,000 Stage back-to-school clothing vouchers worth $100 each were distributed to CN children this summer. There is a Stage store located at 907 S. Muskogee Ave., as well as approximately 10 stores located within the tribe’s 14-county jurisdiction.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/03/2015 04:00 PM
The Cherokee Phoenix Editorial Board will be meeting at 10 a.m. CDT, Friday, Sept. 4, 2015, in the O-Si-Yo Training Room at the Tsa-La-Gi Annex. The meeting is open to the public and anyone is welcome to attend. The meeting agenda is <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/8/9552_Agenda_Sept_4_2015EditorialBoardMeeting.pdf" target="_blank">here</a>.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/02/2015 02:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. –The Tribal Film Festival is set to take place on Sept. 4-6 during the Cherokee National Holiday. Those in attendance can expect to watch indigenous films, ranging from children’s films to horror films. There will also be locally filmed features and documentaries. During the festival, 41 films will be screened totaling more than 21 hours of film time. The event kicks off at 11 a.m. Sept. 4 and is expected to go until 11 p.m. There will be a red carpet event, wine and cheese tasting and a silent auction at 5:30 p.m. On Sept. 5, film screenings kick off at 11 a.m. with the last one showing at 7 p.m. After the last film Red Dirt Southern Rock band Badwater will perform at 9:30 p.m. Admission for the live music is $5 and includes two beers for the first 200 people in attendance. On Sept. 6, those in attendance can expect a day featuring “kids flixs” starting at 1 p.m. TFF sponsors include TribalTV, Cherokee Nation, Osage Casino and Acrylic Graphics and Designs. The Dream Theatre is located at 312 N. Muskogee Ave. For more information, visit <a href="http://www.tribalfilmfestival.com" target="_blank">www.tribalfilmfestival.com</a>.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/01/2015 02:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. (AP) – Cherokee Nation Foundation is hosting an open house during the 63rd annual CherokeeNational Holiday Sept. 4-6. CNF hopes to raise awareness about the organization and its mission to help Cherokeeyouth succeed academically and achieve their higher education goals. The open house is Friday and Saturday from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. at 800 S. Muskogee. Students, parents and teachers are encouraged to stop by for goodie bags and to gather information about CNF programs and scholarship opportunities. “Most people do not know that we have programs for students as young as fifth grade,” said Janice Randall, executive director of Cherokee Nation Foundation. “We have so many ways to help prepare Cherokee students, and we are dedicated to helping as many of them as possible. We just have to let them know who we are and how we can help.” CNF also plans to reveal its new branding initiative at the open house. “The Cherokee National Holiday is the perfect time to reintroduce ourselves and remind the Cherokee people that we are here to help,” said Randall. “We want Cherokee students to understand the value of higher education and know it is within reach for each and every one of them. We work diligently with all of our students to help them prepare for their academic journey and keep them informed about resources to help them succeed.” For more information, contact Cherokee Nation Foundation at (918) 207-0950 or Janice Randall at jr@cherokeenationfoundation.org.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/01/2015 08:35 AM
In this month's issue: • The principal chief, deputy chief and eight Tribal Councilors take their oaths of office on Aug. 14. • CN files lawsuit against Johnson & Johnson' • CCO brings Cultural Enlightenment Series to Briggs community • OK tribes approach $1B in state fees ...plus much more. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/9/9576_2015-09-01(rev).pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a>the Sept. 2015 issue of the Cherokee Phoenix.
BY JAMI MURPHY
Reporter
08/31/2015 12:00 PM
DURANT, Okla. – Cherokee Nation citizen Emalea Hudgens, a junior at Southeastern Oklahoma State University and a double major in psychology and music, recently spent a semester studying at the Swansea University, a public research university based in Wales of the United Kingdom. Hudgens received the title of Brad Henry International Scholar in 2014 and she studied abroad this past spring. The Jay native is a Cherokee Nation citizen and Harvey Scholar recipient. She is also a Savage Storm Leader and was selected to be in the President’s Leadership Class for 2012-13. Hudgens is a member of the Southeastern Chorale, Sparks Dance Team and Sigma Sigma Sigma sorority, according to the SOSU Communications Department. “I am very blessed and excited to get this opportunity to study abroad and become immersed in a different culture,’’ Hudgens said to the Southern, the SOSU newspaper. “It has been a life-long dream of mine to travel the world, and I cannot wait to share the stories and experiences with family and friends.” Hudgens said she felt fortunate to have studied overseas. “It has always been a dream of mine to study abroad and to live in Europe for a period of time. I hope to learn about their culture and get opportunities to work there myself, getting the experience that I need to do so. I just think it would be cool to work in a different culture.” She told the Cherokee Phoenix she was nervous to leave Oklahoma and live in a culture different than hers. “To say the least, it turned out to be the most life-changing experience. During my stay in Wales, I travelled to 11 different countries across Europe,” she said. “It was amazing to see the different cultures and the different people. I came to find people were very interested in hearing about the American culture and they found it fascinating to learn that I was a member of the Cherokee Nation.” Hudgens said studying abroad opened her eyes to many ideas about the world. “It is common to think the world is scary, but it is also very beautiful and filled with beautiful things,” she added. “Since travelling, I have created a passion to want to continue to travel and go see more of the world. I encourage everyone to travel if they get the opportunity.”