Former Deputy Principal Chiefs John Ketcher, center, and Joe Grayson remove a Cherokee Braves flag to unveil a Trail of Tears interpretive marker located at Evansville, Ark. Assisting them was Arkansas Trail of Tears Association President John McLarty. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Trail of Tears marker is dedicated in Arkansas

Former Deputy Principal Chiefs John Ketcher, center, and Joe Grayson remove a Cherokee Braves flag to unveil a Trail of Tears interpretive marker located at Evansville, Ark. Assisting them was Arkansas Trail of Tears Association President John McLarty. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Cherokee Nation and Evansville citizens read an interpretive panel unveiled at Evansville, Ark., Sept. 10. The marker includes art from Cherokee artist Max Stanley that depicts the removal Cherokee people in 1838 and 1839 to Indian Territory. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Cherokee Nation and Evansville citizens read an interpretive panel unveiled at Evansville, Ark., Sept. 10. The marker includes art from Cherokee artist Max Stanley that depicts the removal Cherokee people in 1838 and 1839 to Indian Territory. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Cherokee artist Tommy Wildcat played flute music for the people who traveled to Evansville, Ark., Sept. 10 to witness the unveiling of a Trail of Tears interpretive marker, which is left of Wildcat. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Cherokee artist Tommy Wildcat played flute music for the people who traveled to Evansville, Ark., Sept. 10 to witness the unveiling of a Trail of Tears interpretive marker, which is left of Wildcat. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Art depicting the forced removal of Cherokee people in the winter of 1838-1839 by artist Max Stanley is part of a Trail of Tears interpretive panel unveiled in Evansville, Ark., Sept. 10. COURTESY PHOTO, ARKANSAS TRAIL OF TEARS ASSOCIATION Art depicting the forced removal of Cherokee people in the winter of 1838-1839 by artist Max Stanley is part of a Trail of Tears interpretive panel unveiled in Evansville, Ark., Sept. 10. COURTESY PHOTO, ARKANSAS TRAIL OF TEARS ASSOCIATION
Cherokee Nation and Evansville citizens read an interpretive panel unveiled at Evansville, Ark., Sept. 10. The marker includes art from Cherokee artist Max Stanley that depicts the removal Cherokee people in 1838 and 1839 to Indian Territory. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter
09/13/2011 11:08 AM
EVANSVILLE, Ark. – Cherokee citizens and Evansville community members gathered at the town’s community building and fire department Sept. 10 to witness the unveiling of an interpretive marker that commemorates the removal of Cherokee people through the area during the Trail of Tears.

At least four Cherokee detachments passed near Evansville, about 10 miles east of Stilwell, Okla., on their way to Indian Territory. Many of them settled in Adair County, which sits adjacent to Crawford County, Ark., where Evansville is located.

“We’re still puzzling out the exact roadway, but it’s possible back in late 1838 and early 1839, if you had been right here, possibly they were right here,” said Arkansas Trail of Tears Association President John McLarty. “They had already come over 800 miles to get here. So this was the end of the journey, and they had lost many loved ones along the way.”

He added after studying the history of the removal, he admires the Cherokee people for their resiliency.

“What a testimony that decades later after this terrible forced removal, here they are representing their nation, their culture, their characteristics and their triumph,” McLarty said. “They are thriving in the land they were removed to. They picked themselves up and rebuilt their nation.”

President of the National Trail of Tears Association and CN At-Large Tribal Councilor Jack Baker, said Congress passed a bill in 1987 to acknowledge the forced removal of Southeastern tribes to Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. In 1995, the NTOTA began working with the National Park Service, Baker said, to locate the routes used by the Cherokee and other tribes to reach Indian Territory and mark them with signage.

Baker said in recent years, the Trail of Tears Associations from nine states have been placing interpretive panels along the removal routes and have been working with state governments to commemorate the removal.

“Arkansas has always taken the lead in identifying trail segments and putting up interpretive panels. So we appreciate the Arkansas chapter as well as the state of Arkansas for all their work on the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail,” Baker said. “I’d also like to thank the Evansville Fire Department for allowing the sign to be placed here.”

McLarty said the Arkansas chapter recently applied for and received a $25,000 grant from the Arkansas General Assembly to create and install 10 Trail of Tears interpretive panels. He said the chapter is choosing to place the panels in communities that likely cannot afford them. So far, six unique panels have been installed.

“A big city like Fayetteville, they can afford a $1,500 panel, so we chose smaller communities and those that have great significance,” he said.

He added, in northern Arkansas, many of the marked trails and interpretive panels for the removal tell the story of the Cherokee, but farther south near the Arkansas River the stories of other tribes who were removed are told as well.

Arkansas Trail of Tears Association Project Coordinator Carolyn Kent and Historian and Arkansas Trail of Tears Association member Dusty Helbling of Ozark, Ark., researched the detachments of Cherokees that passed through or nearby Evansville during forced the removal.

“The leaders of the two detachments that came past Evansville from the northern route (of the forced removal) was B.B. Cannon and the second was Rev. Stephen Foreman,” Helbling said.
A few names from the B.B. Canon group were Charles Timberlake, Jesse Half Breed, Rainfrog, Lucy Redstick and James Starr.

“The third detachment that came up the north side of the Arkansas River and joined the Van Buren to Cane Hill Road (Arkansas Hwy. 59) five miles north of Van Buren was led by John Bell and Lt. Edward Deas,” Helbling said

The Bell/Deas detachment of 650 people reached Evansville on Jan. 8, 1839, disbanded and the people went from there to settle in Indian Territory. This detachment consisted of Cherokees that supported the Treaty of New Echota and was the only one that disbanded in Arkansas.

Another Cherokee detachment came from the Arkansas River valley and passed just south of Evansville and settled in what is now the Bell, Okla., area. This detachment passed Evansville Aug. 3, 1838, and was led by Lt. Whiteley. It had started its journey with 875 Cherokees.

“Seventy died in Arkansas due to sickness and by the time they arrived at Bell one half were sick,” Helbling said.

A Cherokee detachment led by Lt. Gustavus S. Drane also passed by Evansville Sept. 2, 1838.
Helbling said most of the removal survivors settled from Evansville to Stilwell and on to Tahlequah.

will-chavez@cherokee.org • (918) 207-3961

About the Author
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M.

He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life.
He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association.

Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years.
WILL-CHAVEZ@cherokee.org • 918-207-3961
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M. He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life. He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association. Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years.

News

BY JAMI MURPHY
Reporter
04/17/2015 04:30 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – According to campaign disclosure reports released on April 15, Principal Chief Bill John Baker has raised more than $830,000, which is more money than all other candidates combined, including two Tribal Councilors who are no longer campaigning for seats. According to the Cherokee Nation’s Election Commission, the first campaign disclosure report was due April 15. A report consists of a beginning campaign fund balance and ending balance. Also included are contribution amounts, in-kind donations, loans, expenditures and advertising statements. Of those running for principal chief, Baker raised the most with $815,054.77 in monetary donations and $17,262.22 in in-kind donations for at total of $832,316.99. He loaned his campaign $4,220 bringing the balance to $836,536.99. After expenditures, his ending balance was $434,934.41. According to the disclosure reports, all other candidates combined raised $572,488.69. Included in that total is Tribal Councilor Cara Cowan Watts, who campaigned for the principal chief seat but did not file to run, and Tribal Councilor Julia Coates, who the EC and CN Supreme Court ruled ineligible to run for the deputy chief seat because she didn’t meet residency requirements. Former Principal Chief Chad Smith received $92,850 in monetary donations and no in-kind donations. He loaned his campaign $10,072.97 bringing the balance to $103,780. After expenditures his ending balance was $50,120.64. Former CN Community Services Group Leader Charlie Soap raised $30,400 while loaning his campaign $7,565.46, bringing his balance to $37,965.46. After expenditures his ending balance was $24,943.56. State Rep. Will Fourkiller’s contributions totaled $10,800. He loaned his campaign $3,153.67 for a balance of $13,953.67. After expenditures his ending balance was $8,538.49. Cowan Watts raised $71,429 in direct contributions and $8,086.99 in in-kind donations for $79,515.99. She loaned her campaigned $50,013.87, which includes direct expenditures, according to the disclosure report. After expenditures her total came to $23,410.88. Also, according to her report, she returned several contributions. In the deputy chief race, incumbent S. Joe Crittenden raised $77,250 with $10,606.50 in in-kind donations. Crittenden loaned his campaign $2,255 making his total revenues $90,111.50. His ending balance for the campaign was $52,517.92 after expenditures. Tribal Councilor Lee Keener totaled $8,450 in direct contributions with $942.27 in in-kind donations for a total of $9,392.27. He loaned his campaign $1,272. After expenditures, his campaign fund was $6,519.97. Coates raised $10,200 with no loans to the campaign. Her ending campaign balance was $0 after expenditures. The Supreme Court on April 13 affirmed the EC’s ruling that stated Coates did not live within the tribe’s jurisdiction 270 days before the June 27 general election, which is required for a deputy chief candidate. To view any candidate’s disclosure report click the links below. <strong>Principal Chief Candidates</strong> <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_bjbakerfinancials_addition_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Bill John Baker's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_bjbakerfinancials_addition_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Bill John Baker's campaign financial disclosure report addition. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_csmithfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Chad Smith's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_csoapfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Charlie Soap's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_wfourkillerfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Will Fourkiller's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_ccwattsfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Cara Cowan Watts' campaign financial disclosure report. <strong>Deputy Chief Candidates</strong> <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_sjcrittendenfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> S. Joe Crittenden's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_lkeenerfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Lee Keener's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_jcoatesfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Julia Coates' campaign financial disclosure report. <strong>Tribal Council Candidates</strong> <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_banglenfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Buel Anglen's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_bberryfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Brian Berry's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_bgirtyfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Brandon Girty's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_bkmccoyfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> B. Keith McCoy's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_bmckeefinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Benjamin McKee's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_bswimmerfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Betsy Swimmer's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_bwarnerfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Bryan Warner's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_cbunchfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Corey Bunch's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_dlayfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Dick Lay's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_dmatlockfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Darell Matlock Jr's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_dpatzkowskifinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Dora Patzkowski's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_dreedfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Deb Reed's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_dwalkingstickfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> David Walkingstick's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_kaustinfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Keith Austin's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_khollowayfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Kenneth Holloway's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_kpkilpatrickfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Kathy Kilpatrick's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_lbolinfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Linda Bolin's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_lpritchettfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Larry Pritchett's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_nfullbrightfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Natalie Fullbright's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_pfoxfincancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Pamela Fox's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_rgofffinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Ron Goff's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_rjordanfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Rex Jordan's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_rsierrafinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Ryan Sierra's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_scrittendenfinacial_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Shawn Crittenden's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_sjettfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Shane Jett's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_tbrownfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Trey Brown's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_tjonesfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Thomas Jones' campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_wbpearsonfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> William Pearson's campaign financial disclosure report. <a href="http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/2015/4/9179_whatfieldfinancials_april.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to view</a> Wanda Hatfield's campaign financial disclosure report.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/17/2015 02:00 PM
ROLAND, Okla. – After working at the Cherokee Casino Roland for 25 years, Arvil Norman Wolfe has decided to retire. Hoping for some extra money during the Christmas season, Wolfe went looking for a part-time job in 1990, the same time Cherokee Nation opened the doors to its first casino, Cherokee Bingo Outpost in Roland. “Cherokee Nation put an ad in the Southwest Times Record looking for part-time employees,” Wolfe said. “I applied and was hired immediately.” Wolfe was born in Lees Chapel, a small town on the outskirts of Muldrow. He graduated from Muldrow High School in 1956 and currently resides in Dora, Arkansas, with his wife, Alta. He enjoys his family and fishing for large-mouth crappie and catfish. He decided to retire in April because he celebrates 57 years with his wife. They also share the same wedding anniversary of her parents and her sister. “There has been enormous growth since I’ve been with the company. It’s unbelievable, really,” he said. “At this point in history, the Cherokees are really on the move.” Over the years, he has seen the company transform into an economic engine for the area, hiring thousands of people since he was first hired. Wolfe was an employee in 1997 when $1.2 million was spent for additions and an improved ventilation system. He was also there in 2002 for a remodel and in April 2014 when the tribe broke ground on a new, $80 million casino and hotel. “I would like to thank Arvil for his many years of service to our Roland casino and the Cherokee Nation,” said Shawn Slaton, interim CNB CEO. “Arvil is a stellar employee and a great example to all of us. We will certainly miss him. We wish him the best in his retirement and hope he enjoys it fishing.”
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/17/2015 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation Election Commission discussed the transportation of ballot boxes on April 14 at the Election Services Office. The EC discussed how it would administer money for gas to individuals who are hired to deliver ballot boxes to each precinct in the jurisdiction. However, the commission wanted more information on credit cards so it tabled discussion until more information was received. The commission voted to approve the precinct official manual with minor cosmetic changes. The manual will dictate the processes used by precinct officials to during the 2015 election. Other action discussed including the approval of past meeting minutes as well as entering into executive session where no action was taken.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
04/17/2015 10:00 AM
EDMOND, Okla. (AP) — Chickasaw Nation Gov. Bill Anoatubby (ANNA'-tubby) will be the commencement speaker at the University of Central Oklahoma's spring 2015 ceremony for the College of Education and Professional Studies. The ceremony is scheduled for 3 p.m. May 8 in UCA's Hamilton Field House in Edmond. Anoatubby has served as Chickasaw Nation governor since 1987 and is now in his seventh term in that post.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
04/16/2015 02:00 PM
OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) — The National Park Service has announced a $4.103 grant to the Chickasaw Nation of Oklahoma. The grant announced Wednesday is one of eight awarded nationwide under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. The act requires museums and federal agencies to inventory and identify Native American human remains and cultural items in their collections, and to consult with culturally affiliated Indian tribes, Alaska Native villages, and Native Hawaiian organizations regarding repatriation. The grants are to assist in the repatriation of individuals and sacred objects, objects of cultural patrimony and funerary objects back to the tribes and others.
BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter
04/16/2015 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The 12 Cherokee Nation participants for the 2015 “Remember the Removal” ride were introduced on April 13 during the Tribal Council meeting. This year’s participants are Shawna Harter, 18, Tahlequah; Hailey Seago, 18, Claremore; Caleb Cox, 19, Miami, Oklahoma; Tanner Crow, 19, Tahlequah; Maggie McKinnis, 16, Hulbert; Kayla Davis, 19, Stilwell; Tennessee Loy, 22, Kenwood; Haylee Caviness, 18, Tahlequah; Wrighter Weavel, 19, Tahlequah; Alexis Watt, 21, Afton; Tristan Trumbla, 24, Tahlequah; and Billy Flint, 25, Tahlequah. The cyclists were chosen by a committee and must complete required trainings and history courses from February through May to go on the trip in June. “Remember the Removal” ride coordinator Joseph Erb said the riders are doing well and have been putting in extra training on their bikes in addition to their weekend rides. The group is slowly building up their mileage and will tackle 30-plus miles on April 18-19. Erb said he wants the cyclists to be able to ride at least 70 miles in one day before the group departs in early June. The cyclists and their chaperones will leave Tahlequah on June 3 for Cherokee, North Carolina, where they will join up with seven cyclists from the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The EBCI has been participating in the ride since 2011. The 19 cyclists will begin making their way to Oklahoma on June 7 from New Echota, Georgia, along the Northern Route of the Trail of Tears and arrive on June 25 in Tahlequah. New Echota served as the tribe’s capital before the forced removal. The CN cyclists have been training since March to be ready for the challenge of riding an average of 60 miles a day during the three-week trip that retraces the Northern Route. This overland route was used by Cherokee detachments that left southeastern Tennessee in the autumn of 1838 and traveled through Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas before reaching Indian Territory in the spring of 1839. Of the estimated 16,000 Cherokees who were forced to make the journey to Indian Territory from southeastern Tennessee and other sites in the old CN, 4,000 died from exposure, starvation and disease. The public may follow this year’s journey on <a href="http://www.facebook.com/removal.ride" target="_blank">www.facebook.com/removal.ride</a>.