A replica of a March 13, 1828, issue of the Cherokee Phoenix sets on top of the January 2012 issue. The Cherokee Phoenix began on Feb. 21, 1828. ARCHIVE PHOTO

Cherokee Phoenix turns 185

BY STAFF REPORTS
02/21/2013 09:23 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Phoenix turned 185 years old today on Feb. 21.

Being the first Native American newspaper and bilingual publication in North America, its first issue was printed on Feb. 21, 1828, in New Echota, Cherokee Nation (now Georgia), and edited by Elias Boudinot. It was printed in English and Cherokee, using the Cherokee syllabary created by Sequoyah.

Rev. Samuel Worcester and the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions helped build the printing office, cast type in the Cherokee syllabary and procure the printer and other equipment. Also, Boudinot, his brother Stand Watie, John Ridge and Elijah Hicks, all leaders in the tribe at that time, raised money to start the newspaper.

In 1829, the newspaper name was amended to include the Indian Advocate at the request of Boudinot. The Cherokee National Council approved of the name change and both the masthead and content were changed to reflect the paper’s broader mission.

In the 1830s Boudinot and Principal Chief John Ross used the Cherokee Phoenix to editorialize against the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the growing encroachment and harassment of settlers in Georgia.

The newspaper also contained news items, features, accounts about Cherokees living in Arkansas and other area tribes, and social and religious activities. The two U.S. Supreme Court decisions (Cherokee Nation v. Georgia and Worcester v. Georgia), which affected Cherokee rights, were also written about extensively.

As pressure for the Cherokee to leave Georgia increased, Boudinot changed his stance and began to advocate for the removal of Cherokee to the west. At first Chief Ross supported Boudinot’s opposing view but by 1832 the two leaders’ differences caused them to split and Boudinot resigned.

Elijah Hicks, a brother-in-law of Ross, was appointed editor in August 1832, but the Phoenix was silenced in May 1834 when the Cherokee government ran out of money for the paper. Attempts were made to revive the paper. When word leaked that Chief Ross intended to move the printing press from New Echota to nearby Red Clay, Tenn., the Georgia Guard, who were already brutally oppressing the Cherokee people, moved in and destroyed the press and burned the Cherokee Phoenix office with the help of Stand Watie who was a member of the Treaty Party. The party advocated selling what remained of Cherokee land and moving west.

Four years later most of the Cherokees who remained on their lands in Georgia, Tennessee and North Carolina were rounded up and forcibly marched or sent by boat to Indian Territory.

A Cherokee Nation newspaper was again published in September 1844 in the form of the Cherokee Advocate. The paper was published in Tahlequah and edited by Cherokee citizen William Potter Ross, a graduate of Princeton University.

The Cherokee Advocate returned after the Cherokee government was officially reformed in 1975. The newspaper continued under that name until October 2000 when the paper began using the name Cherokee Phoenix and Indian Advocate again. Also, that same year, the Tribal Council passed the Cherokee Independent Press Act of 2000, which ensures the coverage of tribal government and news of the Cherokee Nation is free from political control and undue influence.

In January 2007, the newspaper began using the original Cherokee Phoenix name, launched a website and began publishing in a broadsheet format. Today, the newspaper reports on the tribe’s government, current events and Cherokee culture, people and history. The news organization has also broadened its outreach to include locally aired radio shows that are also available online as well as podcasting those same shows on iTunes.

News

BY STAFF REPORTS
07/27/2015 01:09 PM
OOLOGAH, Okla. – Will Rogers and Wiley Post died in an Alaska plane crash on Aug. 15, 1935. It is often called the “crash heard around the world.” This year the Will Rogers & Wiley Post Fly-In at the Will Rogers Birthplace Ranch is set for Aug. 15, the 80th anniversary of the history-making event when bold headlines in newspapers all over the world carried the story. That day and the lives of the two, undoubtedly the world’s strongest aviation boosters of their time, is remembered each year on the Oologah, Indian Territory, ranch were Will Rogers was born. Usually a Sunday event, it was changed to Saturday to reflect the anniversary of the deaths, said Tad Jones, Will Rogers Memorial Museum executive director. Airports across the country have been invited to join in a special Moment of Remembrance at 10 a.m. (CST) at their respective airports to honor those who have lost their lives in a small aircraft accident. At that same time a short program at the Will Rogers Birthplace Ranch airstrip will pay tribute to the lives of Will and Wiley. Mary West of Oologah will sing the “National Anthem” and Ross Adkins, Fly-In announcer for the past several years, will present the commemoration program and call for a moment of silence. RSU Radio will live stream the tribute at 91.3 FM and on their website <a href="http://www.rsuradio.com" target="_blank">www.rsuradio.com</a>. The popular duo of Lester Lurk and Joe Bacon, aka “Will and Wiley,” will land about 9 a.m. The Fly-In provides an opportunity for the public to get a close-up look at airplanes and meet the pilots. Pilots enjoy the fellowship with fellow aviators and people who just enjoy planes. Cherokee Storyteller Robert Lewis will be under a shade tree with his tales of animals, so much a part of early Cherokee tradition. There will be antique cars, inflatables and games for children and food concessions. Ample parking is provided with rides to the viewing area. Roper Martin Howard and members of the Verdigris School football team have assisted with parking several years. Members of Rogers County Sheriff Mounted Troops will be on hand. Air Evac Lifetime, an air medical service, will fly in and be on hand to show their plane and provide information about the access at the Claremore Regional Airport. Ambulances from Oologah-Talala EMS and Northwest First District will have units for the public to see as well as be on hand for emergencies. Bring your own lawn chair or blanket and enjoy watching planes land and take off, walk among the aircraft, visit the house and see the room where Will was born and remember the day 80 years ago when the world learned Will and Wiley had died in Alaska. Admission is free, but donations will be accepted. For more information, visit <a href="http://www.willrogers.com" target="_blank">www.willrogers.com</a>.
BY STACIE GUTHRIE
Reporter
07/27/2015 09:19 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – According to unofficial results, Bryan Warner won the July 25 runoff for the Cherokee Nation’s Dist. 6 Tribal Council seat. Unofficial results show that Warner received 54.06 percent of votes with 619 votes, while Natalie Fullbright received 45.94 percent of votes or 526 ballots. The numbers include 23 accepted challenged ballots. Warner said he feels truly blessed by the results. “This has been a very humbling experience,” he said. He said when he takes office he wants to take a look at everything and already has an idea of what types of resources the CN needs. He added that he wants to get out and meet more people. “I still think there’s people out there that I didn’t get to visit with in this district, and I want them to feel apart of this process,” he said. Warner said he is grateful to all who cast their vote for him to be the next Dist. 6 Tribal Councilor. “Thank you, thank you, thank you. My family thanks you, all my supporters thank you,” he said. “It’s just been a wonderful experience and there’s no way I could have written it out like this at all. I can’t wait to get to work and see what we can do for Dist. 6. When I say we, I mean all of us.” Warner extended congratulations to Fullbright for a well-ran race. “Her family and all her supporters have been wonderful through this campaign, and I feel like they’re all top-notch individuals. They’ve been cordial, they been kind,” he said. “I hope that we can all get together and work together.” In a Facebook post Fullbright conceded defeat to Warner. “Well guys we lost. Not by a lot but by enough. I think a lot of Bryan, get behind him, support him, pray for him work with him,” it stated. The Cherokee Phoenix contacted Fullbright for comment. “Why in the world are you people calling me? You need to call Bryan Warner,” she said. Dist. 6 covers the eastern part of Sequoyah County. Candidates who won their races will be sworn into office on Aug. 14. According to Election Commission officials, candidates had until July 29 to file for a recount. As of publication there was no request for a recount in the Dist. 6 race.
BY JAMI MURPHY
Reporter
07/27/2015 09:18 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – According to unofficial results, Keith Austin won the Dist. 14 Tribal Council race against William “Bill” Pearson on July 25. Unofficial results, which included 26 accepted challenged ballots, show that Austin garnered 498 votes for 53.9 percent of the ballots, while Pearson got 425 votes for 46.1 percent. Austin said he would like to thank the Cherokee Nation citizens of District 14 for allowing him the honor of being elected as their next Tribal Councilor. “I am humbled that you would place your faith and trust in me. This is a responsibility that I do not take lightly, and I will endeavor to represent you with the same energy and integrity that I have practiced throughout life,” he said. “I would like to thank Mr. Pearson for his service to our Nation, the community and his willingness to serve the Cherokee Nation. Also, I would like to thank Councilor Lee Keener for his service to District 14 on the Council and I wish him well with his future endeavors.” The Cherokee Phoenix attempted to Pearson, but he was available for comment. The EC rescheduled the Dist. 14 race after the CN Supreme Court on July 8 ruled that a winner could not be determined with mathematical certainty. Pearson was certified the winner of the Dist. 14 race after the June 27 general election by one vote. Following a recount on July 2, his lead had been extended to six votes. Austin appealed the recount results to the Supreme Court alleging that ballots were cast that should not have been accepted, ballots were cast that should have been accepted and two absentee ballot envelopes could not be found. Candidates elected to office during the general and runoff elections are to be sworn into office on Aug. 14, according to the tribe’s election timeline.
BY TESINA JACKSON
Reporter
07/25/2015 10:24 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – According to unofficial results of the July 25 runoff election, Wanda Hatfield beat opponent Betsy Swimmer for the At-Large Tribal Council seat. Hatfield recorded 745 votes or 51.96 percent of the vote to Swimmer’s 697 votes or 48.04 percent. Hatfield, of Oklahoma City, said that on behalf of the Cherokee Nation At-Large voters, she was honored and humbled for their support. “I would like to say thank you to all the At-Large Cherokee voters who cast a ballot in the primary and runoff election,” she said. “I would like to thank Betsy Swimmer on a professional and very positive campaign for the At-Large seat and I would also like to thank my family, which was my campaign staff, for all their support.” Hatfield added that some of the areas she would like to focus on during her time as the At-Large Tribal Councilor is better communication between the tribe and the At-Large CN citizens, improving education and expanding programs to make the tribe stronger. Swimmer, of Broken Arrow, said she wanted to congratulate Hatfield and that they both ran good races. “It was a close number and we both worked hard,” she said. “It’s been a great experience and I wish Wanda the best and I’ll help her any way I can for the betterment of Cherokee Nation.” Election Services Director Connie Parnell said as of 10 p.m. the Election Commission was working to verify challenge ballots. She said at that time she did not know if any challenge ballots existed for the At-Large race. Hatfield will replace current At-Large Tribal Councilor Julia Coates after the Aug. 14 inauguration. Hatfield and Swimmer earned the right to face each other in the runoff election after placing in the top two spots against eight other candidates for the At-Large seat in the June 27 general election. In the general election, Hatfield garnered 25.94 percent or 1,057 votes, while Swimmer was second with 18.9 percent or 770 votes.
BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter
07/24/2015 02:47 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation’s Tribal Complex is undergoing a major renovation in the form of a 31,550-square-foot second story on the west end of the building to create space for a growing workforce. The W.W. Keeler Tribal Complex opened in 1979 and was last renovated in 1992. In 1994, an addition was added to its west side that was meant to have a second story, but funding was not available to add it. The main reason the work is now being done is “space,” CN Construction Manager David Moore said. “We are busting at the seams. We’re going to be at just a little over 100 new offices up there (second floor). Our goal is to own everything our people are in instead of leasing buildings. We prefer to have them here and a majority of our services here,” Moore said. “So far it’s going pretty good.” Moore said the project’s first phase is expected to cost $6 million. The second and third phases did not have estimates as of publication because officials are still soliciting bids. Funds for the project are coming from the tribe’s Planning and Development Fund. Work on the addition began in June. Moore said the project is supposed to take one year, but may take longer. “Once we get the second story complete, we’ll have to move people out at times and they will need some place to move to for a while. And then we’re going to go into the old part (east side of building) and redo the HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) system,” he said. A more efficient boiler-chiller system will be installed to replace an old inefficient air system. A boiler-chiller system uses water instead of air to heat and cool a structure. Compared with air, water is a more space-efficient method of transferring heat and cold around a building, and hot and cold air will be more evenly distributed throughout the building with the new system, Moore said. “This new system will be efficient. We’ll pretty much have a brand new HVAC system throughout the building. It will be all the same. Our utility bills ought to come down,” he said. Principal Chief Bill John Baker said the tribe is investing in its future by “making some long-overdue improvements” to the Tribal Complex. “It’s been more than 20 years since we made quality improvements to our tribal headquarters, and it’s greatly needed,” he said. “We are expanding and adding more space to house our employees and make visits to our Tribal Complex easier for citizens seeking services. Over the years, our staff has grown as we keep expanding programs and services that benefit Cherokee people.” A canopy will be built over the facility’s main entry to help shelter people as they enter and exit. More than 150,000 visitors pass through the Tribal Complex annually for services or to see the government, officials said. A current open-air courtyard inside the building will be where two elevators are to be installed to access the second floor, Moore said. Three elevators will be installed to service the second story and they will all likely be needed to service more than 100 new offices. Also, having extra elevators in case one breaks down is a benefit, Moore said. He said the second story would be built to accommodate at least three departments as well as conference rooms. Officials have not determined which departments would be located on the second floor. With the addition, the Tribal Complex would be about 117,000 square feet. Excluding health centers, the CN employs 2,250 people, but only about 400 employees work in the Tribal Complex. Architectural firm Childers Architect designed the renovation project. The company also designed the Three Rivers Health Center and Vinita Health Center.
BY STAFF REPORTS
07/23/2015 04:00 PM
SAN DIEGO – The California Indian Culture & Sovereignty Center is seeking film and video entries for the third annual 2015 San Diego American Indian Film Festival. This year’s festival will be presented Nov. 19-21 at California State University-San Marcos and will conclude with a VIP reception and film screening at Pechanga Resort Casino. All genres and all lengths of films of or about North American Indian or Canada First Nation peoples will be accepted. The submission deadline is Sept. 1. Filmmakers will need to fill out and send a submission form and other required materials, which can be found at <a href="http://www.sdaiff.com/submit.html" target="_blank">http://www.sdaiff.com/submit.html</a>. All filmmakers who have submitted a film will be notified of the final status of their submission by Oct. 9. For more information, email <a href="mailto: cicsc@csusm">cicsc@csusm</a>.