Actors portray a scene during the Trail of Tears Drama, which took place at the Cherokee Heritage Center’s amphitheater from 1969 to 2005 in Park Hill, Okla. The play depicted the struggles of Cherokee people on the Trail of Tears and when they arrived in Indian Territory. COURTESY PHOTO

Cherokee amphitheater once Trail of Tears Drama site

Dancers hold aloft a Phoenix Dancer during the Trail of Tears Drama, which opened in 1969 at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. The summer drama opened with about 75 actors, techs and support staff and was written by Kermit Hunter. COURTESY PHOTO The Trail of Tears Drama opened in 1969 in an amphitheater built especially for it at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. The stage had nine places for scenes and there were revolving stages on each side of the main stage. COURTESY PHOTO The Trail of Tears Drama opened in 1969 in an amphitheater built especially for it at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. The stage had nine places for scenes and there were revolving stages on each side of the main stage. The play depicted the struggles of Cherokee people on the Trail of Tears and when they arrived in Indian Territory. COURTESY PHOTO An audience attending the Trail of Tears Drama in 1989 listens to pre-show entertainment. The drama opened in 1969 in an amphitheater built especially for it at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. COURTESY PHOTO
Dancers hold aloft a Phoenix Dancer during the Trail of Tears Drama, which opened in 1969 at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. The summer drama opened with about 75 actors, techs and support staff and was written by Kermit Hunter. COURTESY PHOTO
BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter – @cp_wchavez
05/29/2013 07:58 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Tonia Hogner Weavel is an alumna of the original Trail of Tears Drama that began playing in June 1969 in an amphitheater built especially for it at the Cherokee Heritage Center. She was the principal dancer for it in 1974 and 1976.

Weavel, who is now the CHC’s education director, said the drama opened with about 75 actors, techs and support staff. It was written by Kermit Hunter and continued the dramatic story performed by the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians titled “Unto These Hills,” which is still shows today in Cherokee, N.C.

“It (“Unto These Hills”) was the first half of the removal, and ours was after we (Cherokee people) reached Indian Territory,” she said.

In an unusual twist, Weavel said the amphitheater where the drama was performed until 2005 was designed to fit the script. “Usually the theater is built and you just work with what you have but in this instance the theater was designed to fit the show.”

Charles “Chief” Boyd, an architecture graduate at the time, designed the amphitheater after traveling to New York City to research ideas with CHC co-founder Col. Martin Hagerstrand. The theater was designed using a “thrust stage or extended into the audience,” was steeply graded and fan-shaped.

“It was built to form an intimacy with the play. Even though it was a great outdoor amphitheater, it was designed to be as intimate to the stage as possible,” Weavel said.

The audience was never more than 75 feet from the stage, she added. And because of the steepness of the amphitheater, an audience of 1,800 could look down on the stage and actors.

“There was not a bad seat in the house, literally. For the most part you didn’t miss anything in any seat in the house,” Weavel said.

At the back of the main stage was a “mountaintop” with natural foliage. Behind the stage were dressing rooms. The stage had nine places for scenes and there were revolving stages on each side of the main stage.

Another impressive feature was it was the first outdoor theater with an air-cooled stage. On the stage sides were air-conditioning vents that blew across the stage, which Weavel said was necessary on hot nights.

Also, the stage’s design and theater served another purpose. Weavel said in the old days of the theater, actors did not use amplification devices to project their voices and needed “theater voices” that could project to the back of the stage.

“So we didn’t use any kind of microphone system because the theater was built in such a way as to carry the sound up,” she said. “We did have music and we did have narration, so there was a sound system.”

Later, actors used wireless microphones when they became more available and easier to use.

“The theater was a grand place. It was at a time when the technology we have today was not in place, so our entertainment was self-imposed. Like the drive-in theater that has gone by the wayside, amphitheaters have done the same. It’s much easier to sit in your air-conditioned home and dial up a movie on Netflix...than it is to take the effort to get in your car and go sit out in maybe 95-degree heat and make the effort to go see a show,” Weavel said.

She said ultimately that is why the drama stopped. Dwindling attendance along with the cost of putting on the drama made it impossible to continue.

“One thing that has not died is the people’s memories and their experiences with the Trail of Tears Drama from 1969 until it closed in 2005. It set wonderful memories and it allowed people to learn more about Cherokee culture,” she said.

will-chavez@cherokee.org


918-207-3961

About the Author
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M.

He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life.
He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association.

Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years. He was named interim executive editor on Dec. 8, 2015, by the Cherokee Phoenix Editorial Board.
WILL-CHAVEZ@cherokee.org • 918-207-3961
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M. He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life. He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association. Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years. He was named interim executive editor on Dec. 8, 2015, by the Cherokee Phoenix Editorial Board.

Culture

BY STAFF REPORTS
09/29/2016 10:00 AM
MUSKOGEE, Okla. – The Muskogee Phoenix, Bacone College and Five Civilized Tribes Museum are joining forces to create synergies between new and current events to usher in the inaugural “River City Intertribal Celebration” on March 31. But to kick off the event, Native American musical group Brule will perform on Sept. 30 at the Civic Center. On Oct. 1, the event shifts to Bacone College for the traditional powwow, a gathering of hundreds of the top Native dancers from across the country will compete for cash prizes. The day also will feature an art exhibit/show and dozens of Native American vendors displaying their arts and crafts. Event officials said years ago Muskogee was home to the Indian International Fair, which resembled contemporary agricultural fairs. Held annually in Muskogee, Indian Territory, in September or October from 1875 to about 1900, the weeklong event featured produce and domestic exhibits in a barn-like pavilion. Officials said these displays along with horse racing on the adjacent track, a merry-go-round and commercial vendors attracted many Indians and non-Indians from the Indian Territory and nearby states. “As a historian, I am thrilled about the prospect of joining forces with the (Muskogee) Phoenix and the Five Civilized Tribes Museum in the effort to raise awareness of the incredible underlying Native history of Muskogee,” Dr. Patti Jo King, Bacone College’s Center for American Indians director, said. “It will be wonderful to bring this history to light again, and to be able to instill that historic pride in our community and future generations.” King added that Bacone College, which opened in 1880, is the embodiment of the story of Indian Country and is a community treasure. “I have spoken to many people who have passed by this landmark for years, but have never ventured inside its gates,” she said. “I guarantee that if you would, you would find yourself fascinated by its beauty and intrigued by its amazing history and the stories that tie this wonderful old school to the town and people of Muskogee. This town is truly a history enthusiast’s paradise.” Officials said as an outgrowth of the Okmulgee Constitutional Convention of the early 1870s, the Indian International Fair served several purposes, including boosting the town and territory. Through music, dance, exhibits, food, talent shows, traditional Native American games and activities and much more, officials said the “River City Intertribal Celebration” hopes to rekindle and recapture that same spirit of yesteryear. “We are excited for the Five Civilized Tribes Museum and the participation of many talented artists in the River City Intertribal Celebration,” Sean Barney, museum executive director, said. “The festival is part of an effort to promote the region’s Indian music heritage and artistic talent. The festival will be the kickoff for the events showcased in April. We are very excited about the economic impact and awareness this event will bring to Muskogee.” Officials said the event’s support does not stop with the Muskogee Phoenix, Bacone College and the Five Civilized Tribes Museum as they are reaching out to the Cherokee, Muscogee Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole nations, as well as the Comanche Nation for collaboration. Officials said while working with the local and regional tribes, this celebration is also open to all Native American tribes throughout the country. “Our Native and non-Native communities have lived side by side for decades,” King said. “What fun it would be to put out heads together and share the very best of what we both have to offer – our stories and cherished historic memories. We are excited to be a part of this first big event, and we are looking forward to welcoming our friends, neighbors and visitors to be a part of the celebration. Our hats off to John Newby for this splendid idea of sharing our cultural heritage here in this unique, historic area.” Newby, publisher of the Muskogee Phoenix, said the dream is much larger than the inaugural event. “While the inaugural event is starting out as a day-and-a-half event, the goals and plans certainly don’t stop there,” he said. “It is the vision that we build one of the premier several-day Native American destination events in the country. Muskogee was once the Native American capital of the country. We need to bring that feeling back, and what better way to lay the foundation to accomplish this goal?” For more information, email Newby at <a href="mailto: jnewby@muskogeephoenix.com">jnewby@muskogeephoenix.com</a>; King at <a href="mailto: kingp@bacone.edu">kingp@bacone.edu</a>kingp@bacone.edu or Barney at <a href="http://www.5civilizedtribes@sbcglobal.net" target="_blank">5civilizedtribes@sbcglobal.net</a> or call Bacone Public Relations Office at 918-348-5868.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/27/2016 03:00 PM
PARK HILL, Okla. – The Cherokee National Treasures Art Show opens Oct. 1 and will run through Nov. 5 at the Cherokee Heritage Center. The artists are held in highest regard by the Cherokee Nation for their talented work as culture keepers. The show introduces the most recently named treasures and features the work of others. Most artwork displayed is available for purchase. “We are beyond grateful to have such gifted citizens who are dedicated to the preservation and perseverance of Cherokee culture,” CHC Curator Callie Chunestudy said. “Our National Treasures are shining examples of how we ensure our tribal heritage thrives for generations to come.” The Cherokee National Treasure Award was created in 1988 and is given annually to a few people during the Cherokee National Holiday. These artisans are known for their commitment to preserving and promoting Cherokee culture. Since inception, nearly 100 CN citizens have earned this distinction. Each artist boasts a minimum of 10 years experience within their field and is a master of their craft. Included in the show is a special display honoring the late Edith Catcher Knight, of Stilwell. Knight, who died earlier this year, was bestowed the Cherokee National Treasure honor in 1992 for her work with traditional Cherokee clothing. A special reception is slated for 6 p.m. on Sept. 30 at the CHC to recognize Cherokee National Treasures and open the show. The event is free to attend and open to the public. The Cherokee National Treasures Art Show is made possible through the support of the Oklahoma Arts Council. The CHC is located at 21192 S. Keeler Drive. For information on 2016 season events, operating hours and programs, call 1-888-999-6007 or visit <a href="http://www.CherokeeHeritage.org" target="_blank">www.CherokeeHeritage.org</a>.
BY STACIE GUTHRIE
Reporter – @cp_sguthrie
09/26/2016 08:45 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Creativity flows from Cherokee Nation citizen Nathalie Standingcloud’s mind and fingertips as she creates artworks, whether they are temporary such as chalk or permanent such as tattoos. Through her creations she illustrates her calling in art. Standingcloud said she started drawing as soon as she could hold a pencil. “Being an artist as a young child, I have a lot of artists in my family so it’s kind of in my blood,” she said. “I always grew up drawing dragons and stuff, and people would tell me how good my drawings were and that I should get involved with it and really go with it. I just thought it was something good I could do. I never thought that I could create a career until I got older and realized that I don’t want to sit in an office. I’d rather just be outside drawing.” Growing up she never took art classes, she said, and didn’t until attending Northeastern State University. “I really haven’t become super involved in my art 24/7 everyday until maybe about two years ago when I started college because I took art classes there and really found out what my potential was,” she said. She said at NSU she won the 43rd annual Symposium on the American Indian poster contest in 2015. “They featured my pregnant woman on the poster, and I got to see it not only on the poster but in the newspaper, around town and on a billboard. So that was the first time I actually got to see my illustrations up and out there for the world to see,” she said. “To see that up there on the billboard, my artwork, it’s way different from seeing it in my notebook that’s for sure. It just made me feel, I don’t know, useful. Made me feel like I was making the world pay attention a little bit more, look at things and be inspired.” Since early summer she’s been involved with chalk art after winning a chalk art competition in Wagoner. “A family wanted me to go out and draw a portrait of their son who recently passed and we won first place. The family was happy. I was happy,” she said. “I never worked with chalk before then so there’s something about that competition that really inspired me to work with that medium a lot more.” She said some of her latest chalk art consist of traditional Cherokee pieces. “My first piece is a double-headed woodpecker Cherokee original, traditional design that I did,” she said. “The other one, the big circle with the two dragons, Uktena, that’s another original Cherokee design.” She’s also drawn Pokémon around Tahlequah, which she created after the hype the mobile game Pokémon Go made. “Pokémon’s a big thing now, so I like to draw Pokémon,” she said. “For some of the kids who don’t have a phone it’s kind of not fun to go outside and not see Pokémon, so when little kids walk by and they see Pikachu on the wall or Squirtle under the bridge it’s a little magical.” Standingcloud said because her chalk artwork isn’t permanent it’s important to see it before it’s gone. “My chalk work does take quite a bit of time to finish, but I think the fact that my chalk work is washable kind of makes it a little more special because it isn’t permanent. You only have a couple of days before the rain’s going to wash it away,” she said. Standingcloud said along with painting, sketching and tattooing she likes trying new mediums. “Being an artist, I just love to explore new mediums and hopefully chalk won’t be my last medium to explore,” she said. “I plan on becoming a full-time professional tattoo artist, so ink is another medium that I’m interested in. Just anything where I can get my creative juices flowing.” Standingcloud said she enjoys being an artist and hopes to continue creating and getting commission work. “I really enjoy this, and I hope that I get more commissions so my purpose of being an artist is fulfilled, and I just keep growing and learning and keeping people happy,” she said. To view her art or to commission a piece, visit her Facebook page, Instagram at littlemisscherokee or email <a href="mailto: nathaliestandingcloud@gmail.com">nathaliestandingcloud@gmail.com</a>.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/23/2016 10:00 AM
VINITA, Okla. – Enjoy a day of traditional Cherokee art, music and more at the Eastern Trails Museum on Sept. 24. Cherokee Day, featuring live music and cultural demonstrations from Cherokee National Treasures, runs from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. The special event celebrates the opening of a new exhibit at the museum that pays tribute to Cherokee influence throughout Craig County. “This represents a great opportunity to share the history and heritage of the Cherokee Nation,” Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. said. “Eastern Trails Museum is a good partner with the tribe as we continue our ongoing educational efforts. Our Cherokee artisans and historians ensure our unique traditions remain alive and relevant for future generations.” Cherokee Day is a family-friendly event and is free to attend. Cultural demonstrations include basketry, loom weaving, buffalo grass dolls, sculptures, ceramics and traditional hunting bows. The Eastern Trails Museum is located at 215 W. Illinois Ave. For more information about the museum, visit www.EasternTrailsMuseum.com. For more information about Cherokee culture and Cherokee Nation historical attractions, visit www.VisitCherokeeNation.com.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/16/2016 04:00 PM
CATOOSA, Okla. – The Cherokee Art Market is set to return to Oct. 8-9 at Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa. The 11th annual event has grown into one of the finest Native American art markets in the country, featuring more than 150 elite Native American artists. More than 50 tribes are represented at the event that features artwork available for purchase. Pieces include beadwork, pottery, painting, basketry, sculptures and textiles. As part of the two-day event, there will be cultural demonstrations open to the public from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. each day. Cultural demonstrations include jewelry, stamp work technique, katsina doll making, pottery, painting, basket weaving and music. An opening reception will be held at 7 p.m. on Oct. 7 in The Sky Room to welcome artists and guests. The artists will compete for $75,000 in overall prize money awarded across 25 categories. The public is welcome to attend the awards reception for $25 per person. Tickets will be available for purchase at the door. Best of Show for the 10th annual Cherokee Art Market was awarded to Blackfeet Nation citizen Jackie Larson Bread and Northern Arapaho citizen Ken Williams for the beadwork entry “Fit for An Arapaho/Blackfeet Dandy.” The Cherokee Art Market will be open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. in the Sequoyah Convention Center at the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa. Admission is $5 per person. For more information, visit <a href="http://www.cherokeeartmarket.com" target="_blank">www.cherokeeartmarket.com</a>. The Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa is located off Interstate 44 at exit 240. For more information, visit <a href="http://www.hardrockcasinotulsa.com" target="_blank">www.hardrockcasinotulsa.com</a> or call 1-800-760-6700.
BY ROGER GRAHAM
Media Specialist – @cp_rgraham
09/14/2016 08:30 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – On Sept. 3, the annual Cherokee National Holiday’s Jason Christie Fishing Day attracted kids of all ages to the stocked, man-made pond east of the Cherokee Nation Complex for the “catch & release derby.” Tom Elkins, CN Environmental Programs administrator and event coordinator, said it seems as though the event gets bigger and better each year. “It amazed me, but we gave away all 600 poles, so there were over 600 kids attending,” he said. At one time, officials said the children were shoulder-to-shoulder around the pond. “I don’t know if it was the biggest (attendance) because we purposefully don’t track that, but I saw a young boy with a 3-pound channel cat(fish) in his hands,” Christie, a CN citizen and professional angler, said. He added that the event doubled the amount of fishing gear given out from the 2015 event. “The main goal to this is to introduce kids to fishing,” he said. According to his online biography, Christie has competed in local and regional tournaments. He started his tournament career fishing with various partners, including his uncles and his dad and won team tournaments. He also fished individually in pro-am events that proved to be successful and helped build his confidence as a professional angler. His big break came 2007 when he won a Stren Series event on Lake of the Ozarks in Osage Beach, Missouri. In the past five years, he has eight wins on a national level.