Feather Smith-Trevino explains the game of Cherokee stickball on June 3 during an inaugural tour of the new Diligwa village at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. In the background, villagers demonstrate how the game is played. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

CHC officially opens Diligwa village

University of Georgia professors Jace Weaver, left, and Alfie Vick speak on June 3 during a grand opening ceremony for the new Diligwa village at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. Vick holds a river cane plant brought from Georgia that will be planted in the village. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Villagers walk from the old Ancient Village at the Cherokee Heritage Center to the new Diligwa village during a grand opening ceremony for the interpretive village on June 3 in Park Hill, Okla. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Diligwa villager White Robertson drills a hold in a piece of wood in a summer home in the new interpretive village that opened June 3 at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. With Robertson is villager Cassie Dry. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Villager Feather Smith-Trevino leads an inaugural tour of the Diligwa village on June 3 at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. Trevino led visitors to interpretive stations in the village to show them how Cherokee people lived in 1710. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Diligwa, the new outdoor living exhibit on the grounds of the Cherokee Heritage Center, provides guests with an enhanced experience of authentic Cherokee life and history in the early 1700s. Cherokee Nation and Cherokee Heritage Center officials opened Diligwa on June 3 in Park Hill, Okla. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
University of Georgia professors Jace Weaver, left, and Alfie Vick speak on June 3 during a grand opening ceremony for the new Diligwa village at the Cherokee Heritage Center in Park Hill, Okla. Vick holds a river cane plant brought from Georgia that will be planted in the village. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter
06/05/2013 08:34 AM
PARK HILL, Okla. – With speeches, a ribbon cutting and tours, Cherokee Nation and Cherokee Heritage Center officials on June 3 publicly opened Diligwa, the center’s new outdoor Cherokee village set in 1710.

Located on the CHC’s grounds, Diligwa provides guests with an enhanced experience of authentic Cherokee life and history. Alfie Vick, a University of Georgia professor whose specialty is landscape architecture, helped design Diligwa.

“This is the most historically accurate recreation of an early contact Cherokee town in existence today,” Vick said.

Because of his study in Cherokee heritage plants in the southeast, Vick was asked to help landscape the Diligwa grounds. He said orchards of peach, apple and plum trees would be planted in the village as well as communal cornfields and a river cane break along the village stream, which is being constructed.

Funding for the village did not arrive all at once. Cherokee Nation Businesses recently donated $250,000 to finish the $1.2 million interpretive village. The village took five years to design and work crews have spent two years constructing Cherokee summer and winter homes on four acres. Other features such as plants, a ball game area, marble field and paths still need to be completed.

Diligwa features 19 wattle and daub structures and 14 interpretive stations. Visitors can witness Cherokee life in 1710 as they are guided through the stations where crafts are demonstrated, stories are told and life ways are explained.

Overall, the village includes eight residential sites each with summer and winter homes, a corncrib and a kitchen garden. The public complex consists of the primary council house and summer council pavilion overlooking a large plaza that serves as the center of community activity.

Jace Weaver, director of the Institute of Native American Studies at the University of Georgia, said he and Vick have brought students to the CHC to learn about Cherokee culture for the past six years. During that time Weaver said he and Vick were asked to assist with creating Diligwa.

“I was thrilled and immediately said yes without asking Alfie because I first went through the Tsa-La-Gi (Cherokee) village at 10 years old...and have been back many times since,” Weaver said.

The two men were also involved with helping find the original footprint of the Cherokee Female Seminary, which burned down in 1887, and with an exhibition about the seminary.

The seminary site was reclaimed in 1966 when the clearing of land began for the CHC’s Ancient Village, which opened in 1967. The center’s amphitheater opened in 1969 and museum in 1973.

This year the center is celebrating the 50th anniversary of when the Cherokee National Historical Society, the organization that operates the CHC, was formed in 1963.

“Of all the projects the Institute of Native American Studies at the University of Georgia has taken on around the country, these projects with the Cherokee Nation and the Heritage Center are those I am the most proud of,” Weaver said. “We stand ready to help with any project in the Nation at any time.”

Vick said a Diligwa feature that accentuates accuracy is that it sits on a flat area, as Cherokee villages sitting near a river or flood plain would have been in the early 1700s. Also, the village’s council house is on a slightly elevated mound because Cherokees emulated Mississippian mound builders in the southeast.

“Like Jace said, we really value our participation and inclusion in the creation of this town,” Vick said.

Diligwa is a name derivative of Tellico, a village in the east that was once the principal Cherokee town and is now underwater. Tellico was the Cherokee Nation capital and center of commerce before the emergence of Echota in today’s Monroe County, Tenn.

Tellico was often referred to as the “wild rice place” and became synonymous with a native grain that grew in the flats of east Tennessee. Many believe when the Cherokees arrived in Indian Territory, the native grasses that grew around the foothills of the Ozarks reminded them of the grassy areas of Tellico. They called their new home “Di li gwa,” Tah-le-quah or Teh-li-co, “the open place where the grass grows.”

Since the Ancient Village opened, it has been the top attraction for visitors. It is expected Diligwa will continue to be the main attraction for the CHC.
Diligwa was funded by endowments from CNB, the Tom J. and Edna Mae Carson Foundation, Mary K. Chapman Foundation, Boyd Group and Mary Ellen Meredith.

will-chavez@cherokee.org
918-207-3961
About the Author
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M.

He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life.
He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association.

Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years.
WILL-CHAVEZ@cherokee.org • 918-453-3961
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M. He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life. He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association. Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years.

Culture

BY STAFF REPORTS
10/30/2014 12:14 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The application deadline for the 2015 Remember the Removal bicycle ride has been extended from Oct. 31 to Nov. 10. The ride is nearly a 1,000-mile journey that travels through seven states, testing riders’ physical and mental endurance as well as teaching leadership and the history and struggles of the Cherokee Nation and Cherokee people. The three-week ride retraces the northern route of the U.S. government’s forced removal of the Cherokees from their homelands in the southeast to Indian Territory, starting in 1838. Participants must pass a physical, participate in group training rides and meetings, and attend Trail of Tears history courses prior to the summer ride. The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is an annual partner in the remembrance ride and will have a group of riders participating in the journey, which begins in New Echota, Georgia, which was once the site of the Cherokee capital. Along the way, the group will explore and participate in activities that link the riders to the experiences their Cherokee ancestors had at the time of the removal. The ride will culminate with a homecoming event as the team arrives in Tahlequah, the capital of the CN. After gold was discovered in Georgia in 1829, the U.S. government created an illegal treaty with a small group of dissidents to remove all Cherokees from their homes and relocate them in the vast unknown “Indian Territory” to the west of Arkansas. The event took place over the winter months of 1838 through 1839 and became more commonly known as the Trail of Tears. An estimated 16,000 Cherokees were forced at gunpoint to remove themselves and their families from their homes, farms and communities. After being held in federal stockades, they were subsequently herded on an over land routes and taken by boats on river routes. More than 4,000 Cherokees died during their round up, imprisonment, and along the various removal routes from harsh conditions. Ride organizers of Remember the Removal ride hope to promote awareness of the removals as Cherokee citizens revisit the areas where their ancestors traveled. Other goals of the Remember the Removal bike ride are to help educate Cherokee students about their tribe’s history and the difficulties associated with the Trail of Tears, and to promote the achievements of the modern CN to those along the route. For an application, visit <a href="http://www.cherokee.org/remembertheremoval/HomeRTR.aspx" target="_blank">http://www.cherokee.org/remembertheremoval/HomeRTR.aspx</a>. For more information, call 918-453-5198.
BY STACIE GUTHRIE
Reporter
10/29/2014 08:03 AM
CATOOSA, Okla. – Twenty-six of the 32 Cherokee Nation citizens who participated in this year’s Cherokee Art Market Youth Competition placed in their respective categories. Overall, the youth competition, which began in 2008, had 46 entries. It was part of the larger Cherokee Art Market held Oct. 11-12 at the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Tulsa. The youth competition contained artwork from children in grades sixth to 12th. All art in the contest was previously judged and placed according to grade level and category. Trey Pruitt, 13, of Stilwell, won second place in the Sixth through Eighth Grade: Miscellaneous Cultural Items category for his clay shield. The shield has a turtle engraved in the center with 10 engraved leaves circling it. He said the piece took him approximately a month to create. Aside from competing in the CAM Youth Competition, Pruitt has entered works in other art shows, one being the 2014 Cherokee Holiday Art Show. There, he won the Judge’s Choice and second place for his pottery. Pruitt said he started entering competitions three years ago but has been making pottery for five years. He said he learned to create pottery by watching Cherokee National Treasures and working with his father, David Pruitt. “My dad does pottery, too, but I don’t think I’ll be where he’s at for a while,” he said. Although Pruitt’s youth competition entry was a shield, he said he’s best at making pots. He said when designing he likes to stick with traditional Native American art styles. Lillie Vann, 13, of Tahlequah, won first place in the Sixth through Eighth Grade: Pottery category. “It’s the biggest pot I’ve done so far, and it’s a traditional Cherokee design. I hand drew it,” she said. “At the top where the rim is and from the design to the bottom is all polished. It took me two weeks to make it.” Vann said this was her first CAM Youth Competition she’s competed in but not her first competition. “I’ve been doing shows in Tahlequah,” she said. She won second place and Judge’s Choice for her pottery at the 2013 Cherokee Holiday Art Show. She added that this year she won first and second place for her pottery as well. Vann said she’s been creating pottery pieces for two years and enjoys doing it because she likes “learning what Cherokees did a long time ago” and being with her grandmother, Jane Osti, who also creates pottery and is a Cherokee National Treasure. CAM Coordinator Deborah Fritts said the youth artists amaze her every year. “The youth always amaze me and this year is not different. They are talented,” she said. “Their parents and teachers should be proud.” For more information regarding the youth competition email <a href="http://cherokeeartmarket@cnent.com" target="_blank">cherokeeartmarket@cnent.com</a>.
BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter
10/20/2014 01:05 PM
CATOOSA, Okla. – Numerous Cherokee women artists participated in the ninth annual Cherokee Art Market held Oct. 11-12 at the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa. Of the 154 CAM participants, 25 were Cherokee women artists. Cherokee artist Janet Smith, who traveled from nearby Wagoner, said her main interest is creating “traditional Cherokee paintings.” “I paint in the old style, the old flat style that I was taught at Bacon (College),” she said. “I’ve been doing some type of art ever since I can remember, but primarily to sell since the early (19)80s.” Along with attending the Cherokee Art Market each year, she said she travels and competes in many art shows each year, including the Santa Fe (New Mexico) Art Market and the annual Cherokee art shows held in Tahlequah. “This is a great market. For one thing, the location is just super, and they take good care of us. I always do well here,” she said. “You have so many artists, not just Cherokee artists, but from all over. This is really a national show. It’s just always so much fun to visit with them and to look at what other artists are doing. I just really enjoy it.” Cherokee artist America Meredith of Santa Fe attended this year’s Cherokee Art Market as a publisher to share her art magazine “First American Art,” which showcases the “Art of Indigenous Peoples of the Americas.” “They let me do a magazine booth, which is really exciting because a lot of the writers are here. Some of our advisors are here, and some of the artists are here like Troy Jackson (Cherokee), who was the cover of our last issue,” Meredith said. “So it’s kind of fun that the people can meet the artists and take this (magazine) home and read about the artists, too.” Meredith said she taught Native American art history, but found writing about art was a better way to reach more people. “There’s really a lot of exciting things happening in Native American art, but we just need that context and understanding, so I feel like I’m serving the public better,” she said. “My own art career is on hiatus. I figure it’s more important for people to understand what’s going on in Native art. So, we try to present all tribes and try to have hemispheric approach – North and South America – because I think we have a lot of cultural connections with South America...because people used to travel a lot in the old days, I think.” She said the magazine, which publishes quarterly, allows artists to explain their work and makes Native artwork accessible. She profiles four artists in each issue from a variety of mediums and areas. When she does create art she paints and has recently began doing smoke art. Her work can be seen at the Spider Gallery in Tahlequah. One of a handful of Cherokee finger weavers, Karen Berry of Garland, Texas entered her finger weaving and gourd art in the market. She won a third place ribbon in the Traditional Weaving division for her “Red Men’s Garters.” “I actually have been trying to do the oblique style of finger weaving, which hasn’t been done lately, and I’ve been trying to help revive it. It is what we did in the 18th century with trade goods from Europe,” she said. “I’ve really been enjoying it and have been perfecting the technique. It’s usually a solid color of yarn with white beads woven into it. It’s time consuming to get the beads on the yarn, but I really enjoy working with it.” She also entered a 3-foot-tall gourd fashioned into the legendary snake-like creature Uktena from Cherokee folklore. The piece is titled “The Guardian” and depicts Uktena twisting up in a coil of water. “It’s a creature that we feared and also revered,” she said. “I kind of thought that would win something, but you just never know.” This was Berry’s fourth year at the art market and the first time she won a ribbon. “I’m excited to win. It’s a hard show to win in and it just feels really rewarding when you do win because there are some really amazing artists here,” Berry said.
BY STAFF REPORTS
10/17/2014 04:00 PM
CATOOSA, Okla. – This year’s ninth annual Cherokee Art Market honored Benjamin Harjo Jr. (Absentee Shawnee/Seminole) with “Best of Show” for his “Ahead of Their Time” painting entry at Hard Rock Hotel & Casino. The awards reception held Oct. 10 honored CAM winners with $75,000 in overall prize money awarded across 25 categories. The event featured art from more than 150 elite Native American artists from 50 tribes. Art forms included Paintings, Drawing, Graphics and Photography; Sculpture; Beadwork/Quillwork; Basketry; Pottery; Textiles; and Jewelry. With nearly 60 winners in eight classes, the following highlights the CAM 2014 “Best of Class” winners: Cherokee Art Market, Best of Show: Benjamin Harjo Jr., “Ahead of Their Time” Class 1: Painting – Benjamin Harjo Jr., “Ahead of Their Time” Class 2: Sculpture – Troy Jackson, “The Gift” Class 3: Beadwork/Quillwork – Jackie Bread, “Owen Heavy Breast” Class 4: Basketry – Shawna Cain, “Grandmother’s Gathering” Class 5: Pottery – Alvina Yepa, “Kiva Prayer Bowl for Rain & Water” Class 6: Textiles – Marie Janette Martin, “Grayhorse Girl - Sunday Best” Class 7: Jewelry – Antonio Grant, “Oldest Game of This Land” Class 8: Diverse Art Forms – Sean Rising Sun Flanagan, “Bug Pow Wow” Additionally, Ken Williams earned the Culture Keeper Award for “Continuation & Evolution” elk hoof bag set, and Richard Casey earned the Innovator Award for “Native Steam Powered Time Machine.” The CAM annually brings together an elite group of Native American artists from across the United States to display and sell their works. For more information and for a complete list of winners and additional details, visit <a href="http://www.CherokeeArtMarket.com" target="_blank">www.CherokeeArtMarket.com</a>.
BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter
10/14/2014 08:30 AM
CATOOSA, Okla. – Benjamin Harjo Jr. on Oct. 10 was awarded “Best of Show” at the ninth annual Cherokee Art Market, which Cherokee Nation Cultural Tourism hosted at the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa. Harjo (Absentee Shawnee/Seminole) of Oklahoma City received the award at an Oct. 10 reception. He won for his painting titled “Ahead of Their Time,” which depicts two artists working on a piece of artwork. “Looking at some of the Aztec work where they did repetitious faces and heads, I used the heads at the top and then I show them with their paint brushes putting on the finishing touches,” Harjo said. “Boy, I’m glad I finished that piece now.” He said he had no idea he would win with his painting and said he was “very nervous.” He also thanked the artists who influenced him when he was younger. “I hoping that the younger generation looks at my work as well as the works of the artists,” he said. Harjo has attended eight of the nine Cherokee Art Markets. “It’s got some quality people here. It’s not as large as say, Santa Fe Indian Market, which has 1,200 artists, but what brings a lot of people to this show is the prize money,” he said. CAM Coordinator Deborah Fritts said 154 artists, with a majority of them being Cherokee artists, from throughout the United States brought works to the market. She said citizens from about 50 federally recognized tribes competed and sold their works at the market on Oct. 11-12. Artists competed for $75,000 in prize money in seven classes of art, including Paintings, Drawing, Graphics and Photography; Sculpture; Beadwork/Quillwork; Basketry; Pottery; Textiles; and Jewelry. Fritts said the CAM is held to promote Native American culture, educate, and keep art and traditions alive. One artist who traveled halfway across the country was Antonio Grant of Cherokee, North Carolina. He brought his shell work such as wampum, necklaces and earrings. “These are the traditional shells of this land, of the southeast,” he said. He uses “old designs” from the Mississippian Era. His Mississippian-influenced gorget titled “Oldest Game in the Land” won “Best of Class” in Jewelry. “They (designs) are like 1,500 years old. They did it with traditional tools. I have to use dental tools to do the same effects,” he said. “The technique of shell carving was lost. There are only a handful of us that do this. There’s a Mr. Dan Townsend. He’s the one who pretty much showed me how to do all of this. He showed me, and I took to it really fast.” Grant (Cherokee/Navajo) said this was only his second time to come to the market, but he said he enjoys meeting other artists and seeing their works. “I love meeting the artists here and seeing the work they do,” he said. “Every since I was a little boy I was always intrigued by art. I lived in New Mexico. That’s where my mother is from. She’s from the Navajo reservation. They taught all kinds of things like leatherwork, sand work, weaving. So I was familiar with all of that. Plus, she did some of those things. Plus, her family did...silversmithing. My father, he’s from Cherokee, North Carolina. He did all kinds of stone work, sculpting, bone carving. We did it all.” Cherokee artist Troy Jackson of Tahlequah won “Best of Class” and “Judges Choice” awards for his clay sculpture “The Gift.” “I grew up in a family that is white and Cherokee. I got many gifts from each side,” he said. He said his sculpture symbolizes the Industrial Revolution and how it affected Native Americans. “You’ll see a lot of gears and cogs on my pieces that are symbolic of the Industrial Revolution. We’ve also been given the gift of nature, so that’s why you’ll also see a lot of fish, which symbolizes more of the abundance of natural things,” he said. “The irony is when we developed the Industrial Revolution, we also hurt nature. We destroyed a lot of our nature.” He said the irony is now man uses industry to try to repair damage done to nature. The sculpture is 43 inches tall, 15 inches wide and is 5 inches in depth. Jackson said the top portion of his piece, which is a figure of a man, symbolizes someone giving a gift and his faith in God. “Basically it’s just a representation of Christ and being a gift to us – to Native Americans,” he said. Jackson has attended CAM for eight years and said he enjoys being with other artists and the competition. “I’m competitive in my nature, so I like the competition,” he said. “One of the things I always try to do is to learn from other artists and to see what they’re doing, to see how it pertains to my art and how I can better my work.”
BY STAFF REPORTS
10/10/2014 04:00 PM
CLAREMORE, Okla. – It’s a walk through the woods to the birthplace of Will Rogers, much like it was when Will was born in 1879 in the “White House on the Verdigris.” Claremore artist Pat Crume, a one-time member of the Will Rogers Memorial Commission, has re-created the path leading to the Children’s Museum at the Will Rogers Memorial to give the feeling of a walk through the woods. There are bright redbirds in the trees, a scissortail flycatcher, baby lynx peering from the underbrush near a waterfall rushing down a stone wall. There’s a turtle on a hollow tree trunk, opossums peeking from behind a tree, rabbits ready to run and a squirrel perched to jump from one tree limb to another. Deeper in the woods is deer on the lookout, butterflies fluttering around the blooming wildflowers, owls with wide eyes, a tiny pony, buffalo and longhorn steers. “I incorporated the state animals, tree and wild flower into the painting along with the Church in the Wildwood, creating an Oklahoma history lesson of state icons,” Crume said. A lane leads up to the front door of the house familiar to those who visit the Will Rogers Birthplace Ranch near Oologah. Outside the house there are three girls and a boy playing near the barn. Rogers had three sisters – Sallie, Maud and May. Crume – an artist, designer, entrepreneur and sometimes homebuilder – spent about 200 hours in the basement creating what could have been the road to the ranch when Rogers was born. It was where he lived until after his mother’s death. Then he spent much of his time away at school or with his sisters in Chelsea before quitting school and hitting the road, which eventually led to a successful movie career and life of philanthropy. The Children’s Museum is divided into several areas – a radio broadcast room, performing stage, puppet theatre, library, playroom and schoolroom. “We are going to be making changes to the pods, one at a time and will be announcing some of the renovations soon, said Tad Jones, museum director. “We will try to keep the Children’s Museum open most of the time, except for the pod that is being changed.” Jennifer Holt, museum curator, said there are no firm plans but she expects the Carnegie Library area to be a Wild West Show play area. The Jones brothers – sons of Jones and his wife, Sammi – have given up some of their toys to share with museum visitors. The Children’s Museum has long been a favorite destination for them and their cousins. This is just the first of a complete renovation of the area, to be completed with the least amount of interruption for children’s visits. Changes are expected during the winter months during slow visitor times, museum officials said.