Cherokee Nation Administration Liaison Pat Gwin uses a Global Positioning System device to map river cane near Greasy, Okla., in southern Adair County. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

River cane in CN being mapped, studied

University of Arkansas graduate student and Cherokee Nation citizen Roger Cain studies a dead stalk of river cane that likely died during a time of sub-freezing weather or a drought the area recently experienced. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Healthy stalks of river cane stand near Sallisaw Creek in southern Adair County. A project to map and study river cane in the Cherokee Nation is under way. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Research shows that Cherokee people living in the southeast frequently used river cane for items such as sleeping mats, food, flutes, blowguns, baskets and cover for homes. The basket on the left, made by Cherokee artist Shawna Cain, is made from river cane. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
University of Arkansas graduate student and Cherokee Nation citizen Roger Cain studies a dead stalk of river cane that likely died during a time of sub-freezing weather or a drought the area recently experienced. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
BY WILL CHAVEZ
Senior Reporter – @cp_wchavez
10/24/2013 08:31 AM
GREASY, Okla. – A project to map and study river cane in the Cherokee Nation is under way as two researchers complete work in Adair County.

In this southern Adair County community, near the Sallisaw Creek, University of Arkansas graduate student and CN citizen Roger Cain, as well as CN Administration Liaison Pat Gwin, have been mapping river cane in a densely wooded area.

“It’s a project we started this past year to start identifying and mapping river cane,” Cain, who is finishing a master’s degree in ethno-botany with an emphasis on river cane, said.

He said after the river cane fields are identified and mapped, a usage policy would be developed to preserve the plant and its ecosystems for future generations.

Research has found river cane riparian zones significantly reduce nutrient loads into area streams, creeks and rivers, Cain said. This research has implications for the controversial issue of local poultry farmers allegedly polluting the Illinois River with runoff containing poultry waste.

Gwin said once the river cane data is compiled, the CN would likely have the largest database in Oklahoma and possibly the entire United States.

“It’s a very important plant. I think it has a lot to offer for both the cultural preservation of the Cherokee, and I think it also has a lot to offer scientifically in the future. This is groundbreaking research,” Gwin said. “A misconception with cane is its name. It’s called river cane. I don’t think that’s a very good name. I think it would be far better referred to as flood plain cane or bamboo.”

He said Cain’s research includes gathering soil profiles to show where cane is growing and where the CN may be able to artificially introduce and successfully grow it. Gwin said 99 percent of the canebrakes the two men are finding are not flourishing due to past land management practices and other reasons.

“Estimates are, by specialists in the field of ethno-botany and ethno-biology, is that 2 percent of the population of river cane is left in the whole country,” Cain said.

That 98 percent decline has occurred since Europeans made contact with Native people in North America about 500 years ago, he said. Large areas of canebrakes were once abundant along river bottoms in the southeastern United States. Canebrakes are now considered critically endangered ecosystems because of agriculture, grazing, fire suppression and urbanization.

Gwin said canebrakes would likely lesson the affects of flooding in low-lying areas if they still existed next to streams and rivers in urban areas.

Research shows that Cherokee people living in the southeast frequently used river cane for sleeping mats, food, flutes, blowguns, baskets and cover for homes.

“It was our plastic. When archeologists go into prehistoric sites, be it Cherokee or any Southeastern woodland (tribe), the plants they find more predominately than anything else is river cane and hickory,” Cain said.

Severe winter weather and drought conditions from recent years have decimated area cane fields. Dead stalks littered the cane fields visited by Cain and Gwin as they mapped the fields near Sallisaw Creek.

After those major kills of the plant, Cain said he became concerned there was not much cane left and what was left needed protection, so he successfully lobbied the CN Environmental Protection Commission to place the plant on the tribe’s Culturally Protected Species List.

Cain said he and Gwin have covered 13,000 acres so far and have found only 50 total acres of cane growing on CN land in Adair County.

Gwin uses a Global Positioning System device and Geographic Information Systems to map the canebrakes. So far, only tribal lands in Adair County have been mapped for river cane, but Gwin said research and mapping would done on tribal lands in other counties soon.

“It’s been very educational for me. I’ve learned more about cane in the last couple of months than I have in my entire life,” Gwin said. “The goal is we will survey every inch of tribal trust property and determine the presence of cane and the cane brakes. For the most part we have found it in smaller brakes.”

He added that the stalks studied so far range from 2 feet tall to 20 feet tall located in small canebrakes.

“We certainly don’t have the very large breaks that most people think of when they look at the large flood plains of the Baron Fork (Creek) and the Illinois River. We don’t have any like that that we’ve seen yet,” Gwin said.

will-chavez@cherokee.org


918-207-3961

About the Author
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M.

He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life.
He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association.

Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years. He was named interim executive editor on Dec. 8, 2015, by the Cherokee Phoenix Editorial Board.
WILL-CHAVEZ@cherokee.org • 918-207-3961
Will lives in Tahlequah, Okla., but calls Marble City, Okla., his hometown. He is Cherokee and San Felipe Pueblo and grew up learning the Cherokee language, traditions and culture from his Cherokee mother and family. He also appreciates his father’s Pueblo culture and when possible attends annual traditional dances held on the San Felipe Reservation near Albuquerque, N.M. He enjoys studying and writing about Cherokee history and culture and writing stories about Cherokee veterans. For Will, the most enjoyable part of writing for the Cherokee Phoenix is having the opportunity to meet Cherokee people from all walks of life. He earned a mass communications degree in 1993 from Northeastern State University with minors in marketing and psychology. He is a member of the Native American Journalists Association. Will has worked in the newspaper and public relations field for 20 years. He has performed public relations work for the Cherokee Nation and has been a reporter and a photographer for the Cherokee Phoenix for more than 18 years. He was named interim executive editor on Dec. 8, 2015, by the Cherokee Phoenix Editorial Board.

Culture

BY STACIE GUTHRIE
Reporter – @cp_sguthrie
09/26/2016 08:45 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Creativity flows from Cherokee Nation citizen Nathalie Standingcloud’s mind and fingertips as she creates artworks, whether they are temporary such as chalk or permanent such as tattoos. Through her creations she illustrates her calling in art. Standingcloud said she started drawing as soon as she could hold a pencil. “Being an artist as a young child, I have a lot of artists in my family so it’s kind of in my blood,” she said. “I always grew up drawing dragons and stuff, and people would tell me how good my drawings were and that I should get involved with it and really go with it. I just thought it was something good I could do. I never thought that I could create a career until I got older and realized that I don’t want to sit in an office. I’d rather just be outside drawing.” Growing up she never took art classes, she said, and didn’t until attending Northeastern State University. “I really haven’t become super involved in my art 24/7 everyday until maybe about two years ago when I started college because I took art classes there and really found out what my potential was,” she said. She said at NSU she won the 43rd annual Symposium on the American Indian poster contest in 2015. “They featured my pregnant woman on the poster, and I got to see it not only on the poster but in the newspaper, around town and on a billboard. So that was the first time I actually got to see my illustrations up and out there for the world to see,” she said. “To see that up there on the billboard, my artwork, it’s way different from seeing it in my notebook that’s for sure. It just made me feel, I don’t know, useful. Made me feel like I was making the world pay attention a little bit more, look at things and be inspired.” Since early summer she’s been involved with chalk art after winning a chalk art competition in Wagoner. “A family wanted me to go out and draw a portrait of their son who recently passed and we won first place. The family was happy. I was happy,” she said. “I never worked with chalk before then so there’s something about that competition that really inspired me to work with that medium a lot more.” She said some of her latest chalk art consist of traditional Cherokee pieces. “My first piece is a double-headed woodpecker Cherokee original, traditional design that I did,” she said. “The other one, the big circle with the two dragons, Uktena, that’s another original Cherokee design.” She’s also drawn Pokémon around Tahlequah, which she created after the hype the mobile game Pokémon Go made. “Pokémon’s a big thing now, so I like to draw Pokémon,” she said. “For some of the kids who don’t have a phone it’s kind of not fun to go outside and not see Pokémon, so when little kids walk by and they see Pikachu on the wall or Squirtle under the bridge it’s a little magical.” Standingcloud said because her chalk artwork isn’t permanent it’s important to see it before it’s gone. “My chalk work does take quite a bit of time to finish, but I think the fact that my chalk work is washable kind of makes it a little more special because it isn’t permanent. You only have a couple of days before the rain’s going to wash it away,” she said. Standingcloud said along with painting, sketching and tattooing she likes trying new mediums. “Being an artist, I just love to explore new mediums and hopefully chalk won’t be my last medium to explore,” she said. “I plan on becoming a full-time professional tattoo artist, so ink is another medium that I’m interested in. Just anything where I can get my creative juices flowing.” Standingcloud said she enjoys being an artist and hopes to continue creating and getting commission work. “I really enjoy this, and I hope that I get more commissions so my purpose of being an artist is fulfilled, and I just keep growing and learning and keeping people happy,” she said. To view her art or to commission a piece, visit her Facebook page, Instagram at littlemisscherokee or email <a href="mailto: nathaliestandingcloud@gmail.com">nathaliestandingcloud@gmail.com</a>.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/23/2016 10:00 AM
VINITA, Okla. – Enjoy a day of traditional Cherokee art, music and more at the Eastern Trails Museum on Sept. 24. Cherokee Day, featuring live music and cultural demonstrations from Cherokee National Treasures, runs from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. The special event celebrates the opening of a new exhibit at the museum that pays tribute to Cherokee influence throughout Craig County. “This represents a great opportunity to share the history and heritage of the Cherokee Nation,” Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. said. “Eastern Trails Museum is a good partner with the tribe as we continue our ongoing educational efforts. Our Cherokee artisans and historians ensure our unique traditions remain alive and relevant for future generations.” Cherokee Day is a family-friendly event and is free to attend. Cultural demonstrations include basketry, loom weaving, buffalo grass dolls, sculptures, ceramics and traditional hunting bows. The Eastern Trails Museum is located at 215 W. Illinois Ave. For more information about the museum, visit www.EasternTrailsMuseum.com. For more information about Cherokee culture and Cherokee Nation historical attractions, visit www.VisitCherokeeNation.com.
BY STAFF REPORTS
09/16/2016 04:00 PM
CATOOSA, Okla. – The Cherokee Art Market is set to return to Oct. 8-9 at Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa. The 11th annual event has grown into one of the finest Native American art markets in the country, featuring more than 150 elite Native American artists. More than 50 tribes are represented at the event that features artwork available for purchase. Pieces include beadwork, pottery, painting, basketry, sculptures and textiles. As part of the two-day event, there will be cultural demonstrations open to the public from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. each day. Cultural demonstrations include jewelry, stamp work technique, katsina doll making, pottery, painting, basket weaving and music. An opening reception will be held at 7 p.m. on Oct. 7 in The Sky Room to welcome artists and guests. The artists will compete for $75,000 in overall prize money awarded across 25 categories. The public is welcome to attend the awards reception for $25 per person. Tickets will be available for purchase at the door. Best of Show for the 10th annual Cherokee Art Market was awarded to Blackfeet Nation citizen Jackie Larson Bread and Northern Arapaho citizen Ken Williams for the beadwork entry “Fit for An Arapaho/Blackfeet Dandy.” The Cherokee Art Market will be open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. in the Sequoyah Convention Center at the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa. Admission is $5 per person. For more information, visit <a href="http://www.cherokeeartmarket.com" target="_blank">www.cherokeeartmarket.com</a>. The Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tulsa is located off Interstate 44 at exit 240. For more information, visit <a href="http://www.hardrockcasinotulsa.com" target="_blank">www.hardrockcasinotulsa.com</a> or call 1-800-760-6700.
BY ROGER GRAHAM
Media Specialist – @cp_rgraham
09/14/2016 08:30 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – On Sept. 3, the annual Cherokee National Holiday’s Jason Christie Fishing Day attracted kids of all ages to the stocked, man-made pond east of the Cherokee Nation Complex for the “catch & release derby.” Tom Elkins, CN Environmental Programs administrator and event coordinator, said it seems as though the event gets bigger and better each year. “It amazed me, but we gave away all 600 poles, so there were over 600 kids attending,” he said. At one time, officials said the children were shoulder-to-shoulder around the pond. “I don’t know if it was the biggest (attendance) because we purposefully don’t track that, but I saw a young boy with a 3-pound channel cat(fish) in his hands,” Christie, a CN citizen and professional angler, said. He added that the event doubled the amount of fishing gear given out from the 2015 event. “The main goal to this is to introduce kids to fishing,” he said. According to his online biography, Christie has competed in local and regional tournaments. He started his tournament career fishing with various partners, including his uncles and his dad and won team tournaments. He also fished individually in pro-am events that proved to be successful and helped build his confidence as a professional angler. His big break came 2007 when he won a Stren Series event on Lake of the Ozarks in Osage Beach, Missouri. In the past five years, he has eight wins on a national level.
BY JAMI MURPHY
Senior Reporter – @cp_jmurphy
09/12/2016 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Nearly 100 people including shooters and their families attended the traditional cornstalk shoot during Cherokee National Holiday over the Labor Day weekend. Cornstalk shoot coordinator Richard Fields said he felt the event went great in all divisions and was happy with the turnout. “Cornstalk shoot went good, it went very good. We ran around late both days, but it was worth it. Good turnout for all divisions - kids, adults, traditional, recurve and primitive. It turned out good,” Fields said. On Sept. 3, he said there were about 40 shooters and around 20 the next day, not including those who shot during the Traditional Games on Sept. 4, which comprised of people who qualified to shoot from several community events leading up to the Cherokee National Holiday. This year was also the first time the event has given prizes for women’s traditional cornstalk shooting. “It worked out good. I’d like to see more of everybody – kids, men and women. That’s why we put the prizes in for the women. So we could start their own division. This is our first time we tried it and it looked like it was a success,” Fields said. Winning the women’s division was Gina Foreman. Andra Freeman took second place, while her sister Pogie Freeman took third. And in the men’s division, Ed Deerinwater took third place, George Lowe took second place and Chris Foreman won first place. Skiatook resident and Cherokee Nation citizen Mary Aboud said she enjoyed the traditional games and was glad to see so many people take part. “The cornstalk shoot and getting to see women and kids involved in it and into traditional games, it’s just been really cool to see,” she said. “I’d like to see more women come out and get involved into the games, into the cornstalk shoot, maybe even hatchet throwing. It looks like a lot of fun.” Fields said next year he hopes to see more prizes for the winners. “I really liked it though. Plus we found a new home. The guy who runs this (Joe Thornton Archery Range), Brian Jackson, said we (Cornstalk Society) got a new home so this is our home now,” he said. The Cornstalk Society shoots every third Saturday, and Fields said everyone is welcome to attend.
BY LINDSEY BARK
Staff Writer
09/12/2016 08:45 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – More than 150 men, women and children played in the stickball exhibition games on Sept. 3 at Sequoyah Schools’ Thompson Field as part of the 64th annual Cherokee National Holiday. Three stickball games – men’s, women’s and children – were held and those who signed up received a red or black T-shirt and were divided into two teams, East and West. All participants, male and female, were required to use stickball sticks to catch and throw the ball. Marcus Thompson, stickball exhibition coordinator, said red and black represent the colors for two of the seven directions in Cherokee culture, red for east and black for west. Children ages 17 years and younger played in a children’s exhibition game. There were 62 participants. They played four 10-minute quarters and no tackling was allowed. The West team won, 9-2. This was the second year for a children’s game at the tribe’s holiday. “For us to get these little ones out here playing like that…we need somebody to follow up and keep it going as we get older. That way, we’ll get more of them coming out and trying to play, and wanting to play stickball. (We) try to let them know why they’re playing it and where it came from,” Thompson said. Twenty-three women took the field for their game. They played in a 70-yard stretch because of the low turnout. Full-contact play was allowed. The women played two 12-minute quarters and one eight-minute quarter. Because of a “run-rule,” the game was nearly called because the West team led by a large margin at the end of the third quarter. The West team eventually won, 11-2. This is the third year in a row for a women’s exhibition stickball game. Lastly, the men took the field with 70 players. They played in a 100-yard stretch on the field and were allowed full contact. They played four 15-minute quarters, with a few minor injuries such as cuts and bruises. The East team won, 7 to 2. “I think it’s a great activity for our culture and especially for Cherokee Nation to host an event like this because stickball means a lot to our communities and to our stomp grounds,” Tonya Wapskineh, Diabetes Prevention coordinator and event volunteer coordinator, said. “This is how they stay physically active and with what I do in my department, with the Diabetes Prevention, this is really good to see a lot of people out here being active.”