The Cherokee Nation Code Talker coin includes the image of a Cherokee Code Talker with a Cherokee syllabary font that translates to “code talkers.” On the reverse side of the coin is the Cherokee Nation seal. COURTESY PHOTO

Cherokee Code Talkers honored with medal

BY STAFF REPORTS
12/03/2013 08:54 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation and 30 other tribes accepted a Congressional Gold Medal at the U.S. Capitol on Nov. 20 to honor Native American Code Talkers.

“It’s wonderful that United States Congress is honoring Code Talkers in this way,” CN Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. said. “Of course, the Cherokee Nation is proud of our contributions to multiple war efforts and our involvement with the Code Talkers, so it’s fitting we commemorate it, especially during Native American Heritage Month.”??

Native Americans, Cherokees in particular, have a longstanding history of serving the military at a higher rate than the general U.S. population. The U.S. military employed Cherokees and other tribal citizens, such as the Navajo and Choctaw, as Code Talkers to pass messages in their Native languages to confuse and bypass enemy forces.??

“This is one way to recognize the importance of Native Americans’ service in the defense of the United States,” CN veterans representative Raymond Vann said. “Many who served did so at a time when the federal government's policies toward Indian Nations were unfriendly. Yet, so many Indian people served to fight for freedom, and the Code Talkers served in such an extraordinary way using their language to help turn the tide.”??

There is no firm number on how many Cherokees were Code Talkers, but CN officials said they are researching that figure.

CN Deputy Chief S. Joe Crittenden, a Navy Vietnam veteran, accepted the Congressional Gold Medal on behalf of the tribe.??

CN Tribal Councilors, Cabinet members and CN employees who worked with the U.S. Mint to help design the Cherokee Code Talkers coin will also attend.

Congress is presenting gold medals designed for each tribe in accordance with the “Code Talkers Recognition Act of 2008.” The act, Public Law 110-420, says Native American Code Talkers, first reported in use on Oct. 17, 1918, deserve immediate recognition for their dedication and valor, long overdue.

The Cherokee Nation Code Talker coin includes the image of a Cherokee Code Talker with a Cherokee syllabary font that translates to “code talkers.” On the reverse side of the coin is the Cherokee Nation seal.

According to the National Congress of American Indians, Native American Code Talkers played a significant role in Allied victories during the major campaigns of World War I and World War II. While Navajo Code Talkers have been acknowledged and awarded Congressional Gold Medals for their service, what is not known widely is the extensive participation for these purposes by Native Code Talkers from dozens of tribes, according to the NCAI.

The NCAI states that Code Talkers from various tribal nations served as highly classified specialists on dangerous battlegrounds and were so valuable that their commanding officers were ordered to kill the Code Talkers in the event of imminent or actual capture. The Code Talkers were aware of this added risk to their lives and continued to face that threat every day in action.

The Congressional Gold Medal is awarded as the “highest expression of national appreciation for distinguished achievements and contributions” made by an individual or institution. Thirty-three tribes were recognized in the Nov. 20 ceremony and the families of deceased Code Talkers were honored with silver medals.

News

BY STAFF REPORTS
02/08/2016 01:30 PM
VIAN, Okla. – Volunteers are needed to help plant river cane at the Sequoyah Wildlife Refuge near Vian from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Feb. 19, 22 and 23. The refuge can be reached on S. 4520 Road, south of Vian, and is located along the Arkansas River in southern Sequoyah County. Volunteers may work one day, two days or all three days. The tribe began a River Cane Initiative in 2010 to preserve, map and perpetuate the growth of river cane in the tribe’s jurisdiction in northeastern Oklahoma. Cherokee Nation administrative liaison Pat Gwin and researcher for the initiative, Roger Cain, have located and cataloged river cane on more than 60 acres of tribal land. However, not much of the river cane found on the 60 acres of tribal land is fit for “traditional art” such as baskets, Cain said, because it has not been taken care of and is attempting to grow under the canopy of trees. River cane once grew 40 feet tall in the area, he said, but now cane growing only approximately 20 feet tall can be found. River cane was the Cherokees’ plastic, Cain said. It was used for shelter, weapons (bows, arrows, knives, blowguns), mats, chairs, food, and supplied material for baskets. Also, research has found river cane riparian zones significantly reduce nutrient loads into area streams, creeks and rivers. This research has implications for the controversial issue of local poultry farmers allegedly polluting the Illinois River with runoff containing poultry waste. Large areas of river cane known as canebrakes were once abundant along river bottoms in the southeastern United States. Canebrakes are now considered critically endangered ecosystems due to agriculture, grazing, fire suppression and urbanization. A 98 percent decline in canebrakes has occurred since Europeans first made contact with Native people in North America about 500 years ago, Cain said. Gwin said canebrakes also would likely lesson the affects of flooding in low-lying areas if they still existed next to streams and rivers in urban areas. For more information, call Gwin at 918-453-5704 or email <a href="mailto: pat-gwin@cherokee.org">pat-gwin@cherokee.org</a>, Sequoyah Wildlife Refuge biologist Dustin Taylor at 918-773-5251 or email <a href="mailto: dustin_taylor@fws.gov">dustin_taylor@fws.gov</a> or call Cain at 918-696-0521 or email <a href="mailto: rivercane@gmail.com">rivercane@gmail.com</a>.
BY LENZY KREHBIEL-BURTON
Special Correspondent
02/08/2016 08:15 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation’s Housing Rehabilitation program may be on the move to the Housing Authority of Cherokee Nation. At its Jan. 19 meeting, the HACN board of directors unanimously approved two resolutions that would facilitate moving the tribe’s Housing Rehabilitation program from the tribe’s Community Services to the HACN, pending approval by Cherokee Nation. As of Feb. 5, no move had been made, nor had any timeline been given for the proposed change. If the switch ultimately happens, approximately 80 tribal employees would be shifted to the HACN. One of the two resolutions approved by the HACN board would allow those employees to keep their accrued leave balances, as well as their original dates of seniority. As of publication, neither Community Services Director Ron Qualls nor HACN Executive Director Gary Cooper responded to multiple requests for comment regarding the possible move. During the Jan. 19 meeting, Cooper noted that the HACN has a similar agreement in place with employees who transfer from Cherokee Nation Businesses and described the potential move as “apples to apples.” “This would allow…whenever Cherokee Nation decides what they’re going to do on their end and we’re ready to hire folks over here, this will allow me to make sure that those accrued leave balances to remain,” he said at the meeting. If the move occurs, it would not be the first time employees were transferred from one entity to the other. In May 2008 the Cherokee Nation took the duties of providing housing to Cherokee citizens away from the HACN by transitioning seven programs from the HACN to the tribe. According to a 2009 Cherokee Phoenix article, tribal officials at that time said moving the HACN programs to the tribal administration would better coordinate programs and reduce costs, allowing more money to go to housing services. The transition of services from the HACN also meant moving employees to the CN. According to the 2009 story, 160 HACN employees transferred to the Nation, while about a dozen took severance packages instead of transferring. Following the election of Principal Chief Bill John Baker in 2011, the tribe transitioned back to building homes for Cherokee citizens through the HACN. The HACN was initially formed in 1966 to provide safe and sanitary housing to low income Native Americans by providing low rent apartments, homeownership through the construction of Mutual Help Homes and rental assistance.
BY STAFF REPORTS
02/05/2016 02:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Officials with the eighth annual AARP Oklahoma Indian Elder Honors are accepting applications for the next round of tribal elders to be recognized this year. Applications are being accepted until June 1 for the October event. During the event, 50 elders from federally recognized Oklahoma tribes and nations will be honored for their contributions to their tribe or nation, family, community state or nation. According to an AARP press release, AARP wants to honor at least one person from each of the 39 federally recognized tribes and nations in Oklahoma. Those nominated must be enrolled in an Oklahoma tribe or nation, must be at least 50 years old and living. The press release states, the AARP Oklahoma Indian Elder Honors is the largest Native American recognition program in the state and since its inception in 2008 has honored 350 elders. The AARP welcomes the general public and Tribal governments to submit nominations. Nominations are being accepted at <a href="http://www.aarp.org/okindiannavigator" target="_blank">www.aarp.org/okindiannavigator</a> or by calling 405-715-4474. Eight Cherokee Nation citizens and one United Keetoowah Band citizen were among 50 honorees at the seventh annual AARP Oklahoma Indian Elder Honors held Oct. 6 at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. CN citizen Tom Anderson, director of the Oklahoma Area Tribal Epidemiology Center of the Oklahoma City Area Inter Tribal Health Board, was awarded the Dr. John Edwards Memorial Leadership Award. Retired Sgt. 1st Class Norman W. Crowe Jr., a CN citizen and former Marine and retired Army sergeant, was honored for volunteering at Indian nonprofit organizations such as the Indian Health Care Resource Center and Red Earth and serving on the Mayor’s Indian Affairs Commission in Tulsa. Carol “Jane” Davis, a full-blood CN citizen, was honored for assisting tribal citizens and families in the health care system as a licensed clinical social worker, often serving as an interpreter for patients who only spoke Cherokee. Dr. John Farris, a CN citizen, was celebrated for working to improve the quality of health care for American Indians in Oklahoma. For more than 10 years he has served as chief medical officer for the Oklahoma City Area Office of Indian Health Services and previously served as clinical director at W.W. Hastings Indian Hospital in Tahlequah. Howard Hansen Sr., a full-blood UKB citizen was honored for his service as Veterans of Foreign Wars commander and chaplain of the Grove Post and as service officer at the American Legion in Kansas, Oklahoma. He is a decorated veteran for his service in Vietnam. Doris “Coke” Lane Meyer, a CN citizen, was recognized for devoting much of her life to her community and Cherokee cultural activities involving the Cherokee Women’s Pocahontas Club, which was founded in 1899. She supports the club’s scholarship program, which sponsors young Cherokee women seeking higher educations. Ollie Starr, a CN citizen, was honored for promoting care issues for older Cherokees, securing grant money that has enabled young women to pursue higher educations and helping improve living conditions in Cherokee senior facilities. Bonnie Thaxton, a citizen of the CN and Delaware Tribe, was honored for more than 30 years of work with the War Mothers, Cultural Preservation and Elder committees. Dr. Pamela Jumper Thurman, a CN citizen, was honored for her work as a clinical psychologist and researcher. She has published extensively on issues challenging American Indians and Alaska Natives, especially issues such as methamphetamine treatment and prevention, violence and victimization and rural women’s issues.
BY TRAVIS SNELL
Assistant Editor – @cp_tsnell
02/05/2016 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Launched during the 2013 Cherokee National Holiday, the Cherokee Nation is moving ahead with its Project 320K as the 2016 race to the White House heats up. Cohle Fowler, CN Government Relations legislative assistant, said he is coordinating the outreach initiative that aims to raise voter registration among the approximately 320,000 CN citizens. “Project 320K’s goal is to expand voter registration, and ultimately participation in all elections, including tribal, local, county, state and federal,” Fowler said. “We also aim to encourage parents to expose their children to the political process. When parents take their kids with them into the voting booth, it both demystifies the process for children, and teaches them that voting is an important part of citizenship.” Fowler said with more than 320,000 CN citizens, the CN has the ability to become a powerful voice if it registers and mobilizes its voting population. “In last year’s Cherokee elections, around only 7,500 votes were cast out of our tribe made up of over 320,000 citizens around the world,” he said. “Only 34 percent of voters participated in the state of Oklahoma’s general election last year, and turnout in the 2014 national midterm elections only 41.9 percent of voting age citizens participated which is the lowest rate in 45 years. Our hope is that through our efforts to educate Cherokee families on the impact of their vote and cultivate a positive culture around the process of voting, the Cherokee Nation will be able to stand as an example of civic responsibility in a nation seeing historic low turnouts at the polls.” Fowler said the simplest way CN citizens can participate is to register and vote. He added that sitting down with friends and family members to ensure they are registered is another way to participate. “Remind those friends and family to vote when elections occur. If you are really excited to get out there and make a difference, you can volunteer with us by registering and talking with possible voters at events and activities we attend,” Fowler said. He said Government Relations staff members, volunteers and CN Tribal Youth Councilors plan to attend community meetings to register voters throughout Oklahoma and At-Large events in states where CN citizens reside. “In addition to community meetings, we also set up at high-traffic events such as the Tulsa State Fair. In addition to our work out in communities, we also hold phone banks where we call to remind voters we have registered of upcoming deadlines or elections,” he said. “We are constantly learning and looking for new ways to reach out and change the culture around voting in our Cherokee communities.” While many presidential campaigns are focusing their mobilization efforts on baby boomers and millennials, Fowler said Project 320K is focusing on all tribal citizens. “We are focusing on all Cherokees, not on a certain age group,” he said. “We want to register people to vote, get people in the voting booths and teach kids that voting is a responsibility and a privilege for citizens.” As the brainchild of Government Relations staff members, the project is an ongoing program but officials are making a push this year because of the presidential elections. “Voting will be on everyone’s mind, but we also do this work in non-election years,” Fowler said. For more information or to volunteer, email <a href="mailto: cohle-fowler@cherokee.org">cohle-fowler@cherokee.org</a>.
BY BRITTNEY BENNETT
Intern – @cp_bbennett
02/04/2016 04:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Phoenix Editorial Board is searching for a permanent executive editor under the direction of a selection committee it created during a Jan. 25 meeting. Board Chairman Luke Barteaux, Vice Chairwoman Kendra McGeady and Secretary Lauren Jones comprise the committee. Barteaux said finding a permanent executive editor is critical because of “the decisions that need to be made for moving forward on policy issues.” The Phoenix is currently under the direction of Interim Executive Editor Will Chavez, who replaced Bryan Pollard after Pollard resigned Dec. 4. While Barteaux said he appreciates Chavez’s work and believes Chavez has been acting in the organization’s best interest, it is important that a permanent editor be named. “We don’t need a lot of change over, so if we have an interim and it ends up not being Will as a permanent editor, they may want to change something moving forward,” he said. “It would be better to have a permanent editor in place just for the stability of the paper.” According to the Independent Press Amendment Act of 2009, the executive editor must be at least 25 years old; have a bachelor’s degree in journalism or related field from a college or university, or an appropriate combination of education and experience; be of good character and have a reputation of integrity; be physically able to carry out the duties of office; certify he or she will adhere to the standards of accepted ethics of journalism as defined by the Society of Professional Journalists and endorsed by the Native American Journalists Association; have experience necessary for the successful operation of the publication; and be a Cherokee Nation citizen. Barteaux said the board might have additional requirements, though specifics have yet to be discussed. “It hasn’t been done yet, but I’m assuming that will be a discussion among the committee,” he said. “Really, just someone who can be completely unbiased and report the news to Cherokee citizens.” The tribe’s Human Resources posted the editor position on the CN website on Jan. 13 and closed it Jan. 19. It drew a pool of four applicants, which Barteaux said the board has not gotten a chance to review. “We just got the four resumes’ a couple of days ago and we haven’t really got a chance to look over those,” he said. “There may be someone perfect in there, so we don’t really know at this point and time.” Barteaux said the board wants to advertise the job again to create a larger applicant pool, partly because of minor discrepancies between what was posted by Human Resources and what he said is required by statute. “We have four right now that have applied, and we think there’s probably more out there that would apply if it’s posted in other areas with the different requirements,” he said. “The original job posting didn’t completely follow what the statutory requirements were, so people may not have applied that could have.” When asked to elaborate on the requirements, Barteaux said some were too restrictive while others were not restrictive enough. “I’ll just say that some of the requirements that were posted were a little more, I don’t know if stringent might be the word, than what was required in the law and a few other little things that weren’t posted on it,” he said. “The editor is required to be a Cherokee citizen. I don’t think that was posted on the website. I think the education requirements were off a little.” Barteaux said despite the job description’s wording not being approved by the board, the board has no ill will toward Human Resources. Julie Hubbard, CN Communication public relations supervisor, said Human Resources ran the job description for the executive editor position that was previously ran years earlier and that it can be revised as needed at the discretion of the Editorial Board if the board chooses. She added that Human Resources also has the ability to advertise the position locally, statewide or nationally. Barteaux also called the job posting a “courtesy,” as the editor position “is not a job that’s hired through the Cherokee Nation HR department.” However, Hubbard referred to the 2009 IPA stating that whenever an executive editor vacancy occurs the Editorial Board recommends to the principal chief an executive editor, but the chief makes the decision whom to appoint. Barteaux said he also didn’t know how long the search would take and that the time frame is free flowing and that applicants could send resumes directly to board members.
BY STAFF REPORTS
02/04/2016 10:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation Summer Youth Program will take applications beginning Feb. 22 at all Career Services locations for the upcoming 6-week program. The program is for youth ages 16-21, who will work 40 hours a week at $7.25 per hour. Youth can work anywhere within the tribe’s jurisdiction so long as its not dangerous to the youth. This can include offices, banks, restaurants and tribal offices. A parent or guardian must accompany those interested in applying if under the age of 18 and all must apply in person. The program is open to any citizen of a federally recognized tribe. If a youth isn’t Cherokee he or she must fall within certain financial guidelines. CN citizens have no financial guideline. For more information on criteria needed to apply, call a Career Services offices. Bartlesville: 918-256-4576 Claremore: 918-342-7450 Jay: 918-253-3243 Miami: 918-256-4576 Muskogee: 918-781-6504 Pryor: 918-825-7988 Sallisaw: 918-776-0416 Stilwell: 918-696-3124 Vinita: 918-256-4576 Warner: 918-781-6504 Tahlequah: 918-453-5555