Freedom Of Information Act was first in Indian Country

06/12/2014 10:30 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation enacted its Freedom of Information and Rights of Privacy Act in 2001, becoming the first Federally recognized tribe to allow citizens access to public records of a public body. Governmental bodies in the United States, including some tribes, have similar laws governing the availability of information contained in public records.

“Native Americans have as much right as anybody else to get information from their government,” Kevin R. Kemper, former journalist and University of Arizona assistant professor of social and behavioral sciences, said. “When a tribe doesn’t have a freedom of information law, it’s extremely tough for journalists and the public.”

Kemper, who also serves as a Native American Journalists Association Legal Hotline intake liaison, said he believes strongly in freedom of information and tribal sovereignty.

“Each tribe needs to have the opportunity to have a freedom of information act, incorporate freedom of information as a way of helping the people,” he said.

According to the CN FOIA, a public record includes all books, papers, maps, photographs, cards, tapes, recordings or other documentary materials regardless of physical form or characteristics prepared, owned, used, in the possession of, or retained by a public body.

“The requirements under FOIA are that (a request) be in writing to the department with a specific request for the document you are requesting,” CN Attorney General Todd Hembree said. “The department will take it, the process is to have it reviewed by the Attorney General’s Office to see if it meets the requirements of FOIA, and we handle it according to process.”

However, Hembree said there are documents, such as meeting minutes of a public body, that don’t need a formal request.

Each department of the tribe’s executive and legislative branches, after receiving a records request, has 15 business days to fulfill the request. According to the act, if written notification of the response is neither mailed nor personally delivered to the person requesting the documents within the 15 days, the request must be considered denied and the requestor may appeal the denial.

After reviewing the CN FOIA, Joey Senat, Oklahoma State University School of Media & Strategic Communications associate professor, said if a record is obviously public information then the person handling it should know that.

“Anyone should be able to walk up and make a request right there,” Senat, who served on the Society of Professional Journalists Freedom of Information Committee, said. “If the law was written so it was effective, it would allow anyone in the tribe to walk up to a public agency and make a request for a record that’s with that agency or with that official.

“If the record is right there and it can be made a copy, it should be provided on the spot, under the ways our law is written,” he added. “Having a 15-day delay wouldn’t be acceptable under (Oklahoma) state law.”

Hembree said he hasn’t received any complaints about the current process so he assumes it’s working fine. However, he said his staff has been overwhelmed by an increase of requests that come from a select group of people.

“The purpose of the act ¬– and it’s a great purpose – is to make sure that citizens know how their government is run, know how their money is made, know how their money is spent and the system has worked greatly up until October 2011, at which time there had been a dramatic increase in the amount of FIOA (requests),” he said. “That’s always been my number one goal, people will have that right and I, for one, will never stand in the way of that right.”

But Senat said because the CN FOIA gives tribal citizens the right to know what their government does the costs and number of requests shouldn’t matter.

“God forbid that the citizens know what their government is doing and that they want to find out,” he said. “It costs too much and there’s an increase? Well God forbid that the public actually put into effect the statute that says they have a right to know. That’s the purpose of these statutes and people should put them into effect and make requests. That’s why they’re there.”

Senat added that a list of all record requests should also be a public record and anyone should be able to ask for it.

“It’s a way to provide a paper trail so that the public can judge how well their government is responding to records requests,” he said. “Every time they have gotten a request, that’s a record.”

What records are public?

Public records are documents or pieces of information that are not considered exempt or confidential. Under the CN FOIA, certain categories are specifically made public information, however the use of the information for commercial solicitation is prohibited.

Public information includes the names; sex; race; title and dates of employment of all employees of public bodies; administrative staff manuals and instructions to staff that affect a member of the public; final opinions; documents identifying persons confined in any jail, detention center or prison; statements and interpretations of policy; statute and the Constitution; written planning policies and goals and final planning decisions; final CN audits and of its subsidiaries; information in or taken from any account; voucher or contract dealing with the receipt or expenditure of public or other funds by public bodies; the minutes and votes of all proceedings of all public bodies; and reports that disclose the nature, substance and location of any crime or alleged crime reported as having been committed.

“Tribal people expect transparency and accountability from their leaders, and there are a lot of great leaders throughout Indian Country,” Kemper said. “The best leaders tend to recognize transparency.”

The Nation’s FOIA states that any person has a right to inspect and/or copy public records.

“That’s one of the problems with how it is written now,” Senat said of the tribal law. “It should say ‘have the right to inspect and copy.’ It shouldn’t say ‘or.’ You should have the right to inspect a record and make your own copy if it means with a pencil and paper, to write down what you’re reading. Even with technology today, with a cell phone, the simplest thing is to take a photograph of a document.”

Some record copying may require a fee

According to the act, a public body – which is any CN board, commission, agency, authority, any public or governmental body or political subdivision of the Nation, including any organization or agency supported in whole or in part by public funds – may establish and collect fees that do not exceed the actual cost of searching for or making copies of records.

However, records must be furnished at the lowest possible cost and be provided in a form that is both convenient and practical for use by the person requesting copies of the records concerned. Fees may not be charged for examination and review to determine if the documents are subject to disclosure.

Open meetings and their rules

According to Robert’s Rules of Order, an executive session is a meeting or portion of a meeting that is convened in private. Only members of the governing body are entitled to attend but they may invite others to stay at the pleasure of that board, council, committee or commission. A motion is required to go into executive session and a majority must approve it. Those present must maintain the confidentiality of the discussion.

The regular meeting minutes should indicate when the board went into an executive session, what the primary reason was, any formal decisions that were made in executive session and when the board, council, committee or commission came out of executive session.

Investments or other financial matters may be in executive session if disclosure of the deliberations or decisions would jeopardize the ability to implement a decision or to achieve investment objectives.

A record of the board or of its fiduciary agents that discloses deliberations about or a tentative or final decision on, investments or other financial matters is exempt from disclosure as long as its disclosure would jeopardize the ability to implement an investment decision or program or to achieve investment objectives.

The panel may discuss, deliberate on and make decisions on a portion of the annual investment plan or other related financial or investment matters in executive session if disclosure would jeopardize the ability to implement that portion of the plan or achieve investment objectives.

A record of the panel that discloses discussions, deliberations or decisions on portions of the annual investment plan or other related financial or investment matters is not a public record to the extent and so long as its disclosure would jeopardize the ability to implement that portion of the plan or achieve investment objectives.

Matters exempt from disclosure

A public body may, but is not required to, exempt from disclosure information of a personal nature that would constitute unreasonable invasion of personal privacy, trade secrets, records of law enforcement under investigation and documents to proposed contractual arrangements and proposed sales or purchase of property.

Specific, individual salaries are also exempt from disclosure but annual budgets contain position listings without names.

Senat said omitting salaries from the public eye is “fodder for corruption.”

“You can go down to OSU and you can ask to see what I get paid as a state employee,” he said. “There’s no way to figure out who’s getting paid what? The public is the employer. The tribal citizens are the employer. They’re the ones paying the bill. They should be entitled to know who’s being paid what specifically. It should be open because that’s one way to fight corruption. That opens it up to favoritism, political patronage, basic corruption.”

Information that would violate attorney-client relationships, the identity of the maker of a gift to a public body if the maker requests to be anonymous and the identity of an individual who makes a complaint, which alleges a violation or potential violation of law or regulation also may be exempt from disclosure.

Memoranda, correspondence and working papers in the possession of individual members of the executive and legislative branches or their immediate staff are exempt. However, nothing may be construed as limiting or restricting public access to source documents or records, factual data or summaries of factual data, papers, minutes or reports.

Other memoranda, correspondence, documents and working papers relative to efforts to attract business or industry to invest within the CN may be exempt from disclosure. However, any record that is requested and is exempt and not disclosed or is disclosed and marked confidential should have a statement explaining the reasons for that determination.

“It does has a lot of common exemptions,” Senat said. “This is a strength under the law where it says that if they’re going to deny it they have to explain why something is exempt. These statutes can be very strong, but if they’re not enforced they’re worthless.”

Photographs, signatures, addresses, race, weight, height, Social Security number and digitized images from a driver’s license or personal identification cards are also not considered public records.

“Some leaders keep things secret and that could violate the right of the people,” Kemper said. “You see a lot of that throughout Indian Country and the tribe will have to sort that out.”

Kemper added that he believes there are some understandable exceptions such as sacred knowledge.

“Every tribe’s culture is different, that’s why it’s important to create freedom of information that’s a cultural match,” he said.

Penalties for not providing records

Any CN citizen may look to the District Court for a declaratory judgment and injunctive relief in FOIA cases as long as the application is made not later than one year following the date on which the alleged violation occurs or one year after a public vote in public session.

The court may order equitable relief as it considers appropriate and a violation must be considered to be an irreparable injury for which no adequate remedy at law exists.

If a person or entity seeking such relief prevails, they may be awarded reasonable attorney fees and other costs of litigation. If they prevail in part, the court may award them reasonable attorney fees or an appropriate portion.

According to the act, any person or group of persons who willfully and maliciously violates the provisions of the FOIA may be found guilty of a crime and upon conviction shall be fine not more than $100 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days for the first offense. For the second offense, the fine shall not be more than $200 or imprisoned for not more than 60 days and shall not be fine more than $300 or imprisoned for not more than 90 days.
About the Author
Born in Dayton, Ohio, Tesina first started working as an intern for the Cherokee Phoenix after receiving the John Shurr Journalism Award in 2009. Later that year, Tesina received her bachelor’s degree in journalism from Ball State University in Muncie, Ind., and in 2010 joined the Phoenix staff as a reporter.    

In 2006, Tesina received an internship at The Forum newspaper in Fargo, N.D., after attending the American Indian Journalism Institute at the University of South Dakota. She also attended the AIJI summer program in 2007 and in 2009 she participated in the Native American Journalists Association student projects as a reporter. Tesina is currently a member of NAJA and the Investigative Reporters & Editors organization. • 918-453-5000 ext. 6139
Born in Dayton, Ohio, Tesina first started working as an intern for the Cherokee Phoenix after receiving the John Shurr Journalism Award in 2009. Later that year, Tesina received her bachelor’s degree in journalism from Ball State University in Muncie, Ind., and in 2010 joined the Phoenix staff as a reporter. In 2006, Tesina received an internship at The Forum newspaper in Fargo, N.D., after attending the American Indian Journalism Institute at the University of South Dakota. She also attended the AIJI summer program in 2007 and in 2009 she participated in the Native American Journalists Association student projects as a reporter. Tesina is currently a member of NAJA and the Investigative Reporters & Editors organization.


10/31/2014 11:41 AM
MUSKOGEE, Okla. – The Five Civilized Tribes Museum will be hosting a “Rock Your Mocs” exhibit and auction during November, which is Native American Month. The exhibit will display more than 25 pair of canvas shoes that have been painted, beaded or otherwise embellished. The work has been donated by artists, including some of the Five Tribe’s Master Artists, to raise money for the museum. “The museum staff is excited to be a part of this fantastic event. There will be a wide variety of art genres being represented, from pop art to traditional beadwork, to leather and cloth adornments,” said exhibit coordinator MaryBeth Nelson. The exhibit will run throughout November in the museum gallery. During this time, the shoes will be up for auction on Ebay. Interested buyers can follow along with the show on the museum website at or their Facebook page at Those interested in bidding must have an Ebay account. The museum’s office staff will help bidders if needed. A “meet and greet” reception will be held from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. on Nov. 22, at the Five Civilized Tribes Museum. The museum is located at 1101 Honor Heights Drive on Agency Hill. For more information, call 918-683-1701 or email <a href="mailto:"></a>.
10/31/2014 08:17 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The National Indian Gaming Commission recently sent a letter to Principal Chief Bill John Baker approving the amendment to the tribe’s Gaming Commission Act, but noted it likely will come with greater federal scrutiny. According to the letter from Acting Chairman Jonodev Chaudhuri, the NIGC approved amendments to the act that differentiate between gaming and non-gaming activities, provide Tribal Council representation on the Cherokee Nation Gaming Commission and limits the CNGC by mandating that its regulations not exceed minimum federal standards. “The gaming act is approved to the extent it is consistent with the requirements of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act and NIGC regulation. “However, I am compelled to note my misgivings over some aspects of the gaming act. In particular, the provision of the gaming act that requires tribal regulations and controls not exceed the federal controls undermines the spirit of the NIGC regulations … which are designed to be the ground floor of regulations upon which a tribe could build up from to address its specific requirements. “Further, implementing this provision of the gaming act may be difficult because Tribal regulators may struggle with determining what would ‘exceed’ the NIGC (minimum controls). Because of the potential implementation difficulties that may result from the gaming act’s lack of specificity, the NIGC will likely need to review the Tribe’s gaming operations with greater scrutiny,” the letter states. Christina Thomas, NIGC acting chief of staff, said the NIGC didn’t foresee the implementation of the ordinance being an efficient process. “We anticipate having to be more involved on the ground with the tribe to ensure that the gaming integrity is still protected. There’s going to be a significant amount of confusion at the tribal level implementing that particular provision of gaming ordinance.” In April, Tribal Councilors limited the CNGC’s regulatory powers over Cherokee Nation Entertainment operations with LA 07-14. It passed with Tribal Councilors Don Garvin, Harley Buzzard, Dick Lay, Cara Cowan Watts, Lee Keener, Julia Coates and Jack Baker voting against it. Tribal Councilor Janees Taylor abstained. In June, the Tribal Council made technical changes to the Gaming Commission Act with LA 17-14. That act passed 16-1 with Lay voting against it. Baker signed both acts into law but the amendments didn’t take effect until they received the NIGC approval on Oct. 27. CN Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. said the NIGC approval affirmed the tribe’s ability to self-govern. “We are pleased that body recognizes our inherent right to self-regulate. We are confident these amendments passed by our Cherokee Nation Tribal Council will allow our businesses to remain the industry leader in a gaming market that is becoming more and more competitive, all while adhering to strict common sense regulations,” he said. “We are confident that as we move forward the council will continue work with the administration, CNGC and CNB (Cherokee Nation Businesses) on any further modifications to the gaming code that might be warranted. That type of collaborative process is at the heart of tribal self-governance.” Tribal Councilor Jodie Fishinghawk, who co-sponsored the amendment with Tribal Councilor David Thornton, said the council revised the act to better suit the tribe’s needs. “I’m pleased to be a sponsor along with David Thornton of the amendments and I’m proud that the NIGC approved them,” she said. “These amendments require our business to meet the strict requirements of federal law while also placing us on a level playing field with our competitors. This is the most competitive market right now in Oklahoma.” However, Keener said the tribe limited its sovereignty in favor of federal control and state agreements. “This is the first time in Cherokee Nation history the chief and majority of the council have ever voted to limit its own authority regarding tribal gaming in favor of federal regulations and state compact agreements,” Keener said. “If we decline to govern ourselves, we are taking a huge step backwards. Voting against ourselves makes no sense which is the reason I voted no.” Before the amendment, the CNGC regulated all gaming operations, including auditing, to ensure compliance with the act and any regulations adopted by the CNGC. The CNGC also enforces any gaming-related compacts with the state. “Our gaming facilities take CNGC’s regulations very seriously, and have always followed those regulations to the letter,” Shawn Slaton, interim CNB CEO, said. “We will continue to follow, as we have in the past, the laws, rules and regulations of the Cherokee Nation and its commissions. Any changes to the law will not change our adherence to the standards set forth by the CNGC.” According to the tribe’s fiscal year 2013 audit, CNB gave $44.1 million to the tribe in dividends in FY 2013. Thomas said the CN is the first tribe to change from following its own Tribal Internal Control Standards, or TICS, to only following federal Minimum Internal Control Standards, or MICS. Tribes develop TICS to suit its gaming needs and regulations. “As I understand it, we would not be allowed to do anything in excess of what’s required under the MICS,” CNGC Chairwoman Stacy Leeds said. “This is not something that we can just immediately enact tomorrow because there are three or four or five steps that have to get worked out. So certainly the first order of business is to get some advice on the Attorney General’s Office about what their interpretation is of certain things that will change under this.” Leeds said one of the biggest changes would be determining which employees would need gaming licenses. “There are a lot of things that will have to be asked as we’re implementing this like exactly which employees are gaming versus nongaming, and is there a difference at one facility over the other based on access to cash and access to systems and those kinds of things,” she said. Under the previous act, the CNGC could audit or review financial records to ensure proper accountability. Under the amended act, it can only audit or review financial records directly related to gaming activities. Both versions of the act state the CNGC “shall have immediate, unfettered access to all areas of a gaming facility to review, inspect, examine, photocopy and/or audit all records of the gaming facility.” “That’s our law now, it’s been approved by NIGC and we will follow it,” Leeds said. Leeds said the CNGC has reached out to Attorney General Todd Hembree to schedule a meeting and all the gaming commissioners have been forwarded a copy of the letter. Leeds said the CNGC expressed concerns when the legislation was under Tribal Council consideration. “There was never a formal testimony by me or the commission as a whole, but I think that when it was being considered some of the concerns were being expressed in the meetings. But it’s ultimately up to the council to decide,” she said. Coates said the tribe is rolling back the regulatory authority it has assumed over operations, placing the tribe at the same level as other tribes that have issues around their gaming operations. “It goes against the grain of national trends among tribes to assert greater degrees of sovereignty. We thus find ourselves in the very unusual position of having a federal commission actually imploring us to assert greater sovereignty, and warning us that if we do not, they may be forced to assume it on our behalf. This is a dangerous precedent and not one we want to be setting.” Fishinghawk said she would welcome the NIGC because she trusts how CNB is running its operations. “The guys up there have run it for years. They have done wonderful. They’ve made the tribe money. They’ve never gotten into trouble for how they run it,” she said. “Until somebody shows me any different, I do trust them to run it. These amendments are helping us assert tribal sovereignty.” <strong>Past Dividends to Cherokee Nation</strong> Fiscal Year: Total Dividend – Net Profit Percentage 2013: $44.1 million – 35 percent 2012: $56.8 million – 35 percent 2011: $30 million – 30 percent 2010: $26.4 million – 30 percent 2009: $26.4 million – 30 percent 2008: $35 million – 30 percent 2007: $33.6 million – 30 percent 2006: $25.4 million– 30 percent 2005: $17.9 million – 25 percent 2004: $11.7 million – 25 percent <strong>Source:</strong> Cherokee Nation final audits In January 2006, the dividend was increased to 30 percent of net income, which was four months into fiscal year 2006.
10/30/2014 04:17 PM
NEWNAN, Ga. – The next meeting of the Georgia Chapter of the Trail of Tears Association will begin at 10:30 a.m. on Nov. 1 at the Old Newnan train depot. The speaker will be former Georgia TOTA President Jeff Bishop, who will be speaking about the Creek Indians who lived in that area of Georgia. Newnan is located near the McIntosh Reserve named after the famous Creek Headman William McIntosh, born of a Scottish father and Creek mother. The park contains land that was once the primary residence of McIntosh. In February 1825 he signed the Treaty of Indian Springs, which ceded all of the lower Creek land in Georgia to the federal government. The vast majority of Creeks were opposed to the land cession and selling Creek land without the approval of the Creek Council was illegal and punishable by death. In May of 1825 McIntosh was killed in retaliation for his actions. The Trail of Tears Association was created to support the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail established by an act of Congress in 1987. The TOTA is dedicated to identifying and preserving sites associated with the removal of Native Americans from the southeast. The association consists of nine state chapters representing the nine states that the Cherokee, Creek and other tribes traveled through on their way to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). The Cherokees were the last to be removed although there were Creek Indians living in north Georgia among the Cherokee at the time of removal in 1838. TOTA meetings are free and open to the public. For more information about the TOTA, visit <a href="" target="_blank"></a> or <a href="" target="_blank"></a>. For questions about the November meeting, email Tony Harris at <a href="mailto:"></a>. Directions to the Old Newnan train depot: Take I-85 south and get off at Exit 47. Go west (turn right) towards Newnan – this is Bullsboro Drive (Hwy. 34). Go 4 to 5 miles to Newnan. When you get to Oak Hill cemetery, turn right on Clark and an immediate left on Jackson. Go to Court Square and turn left onto East Broad Street. This will take you to the Historic Depot at 60 East Broad Street.
10/30/2014 10:31 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Northeastern State University’s Center for Tribal Studies will have a Halloween event for children of all ages on Oct. 31. The “Halloween Party” will have trick or treating from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. and at 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. there will be games, refreshments and costume contests. The costume contests will award the scariest, funniest and most original costume. The event is sponsored by NSU Native Student Organizations. The Halloween Party will take place at the Bacone House at 320 Academy St. For more information, call 918-444-4350.
10/28/2014 01:34 PM
STILWELL, Okla. – To help with the construction a splash pad, the Cherokee Nation donated nearly $40,000 to the City of Stilwell. “We are all one big community, and it means a lot to us for the Cherokee Nation to work with us on this project,” Stilwell Mayor Ronnie Trentham said. “The things we want to do as a city we couldn’t do alone, so the partnerships between us and the tribe and other groups are needed. We are a better community because we work together.” The splash pad will be located at the Edna M. Carson Stilwell Community Park. City officials expect the project, totaling $464,000, to be completed by May 2015. “Stilwell has always been a hub of Cherokee activity because we have so many citizens living there and working there at our Cherokee Nation Industries facility,” said Principal Chief Bill John Baker. “This represents a good investment for the Cherokee Nation, as it enables the community and its leaders to expand the infrastructure and deliver more offerings for people.”
Senior Reporter
10/27/2014 08:28 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Two Cherokee Nation citizens have produced a 2015 calendar titled “Birds of the Cherokee Nation” that has photographs of area birds and their Cherokee names in the Cherokee syllabary. Jeff Davis, of Warner, and David Cornsilk, of Tahlequah, collaborated on the calendar. Cornsilk researched the Cherokee names for the birds and Davis provided the photographs. Each bird in the calendar can be found in the Cherokee Nation, Davis said. “I take a lot of photographs, and birds are some of my favorite subjects because I descend from the Bird Clan. I thought about doing one initially, and then David approached me about doing one, and we wanted to do it in Cherokee,” Davis, who is also an artist and direct descendant of Principal Chief John Ross, said. “The reason we wanted to do Cherokee is to not only be different, but to also help promote the language and help people learn the language.” Cornsilk said he used to live in Kenwood in Delaware County, which is known for being a traditional Cherokee community, and would listen to the Cherokee speakers there talk about birds and the meaning of the birds’ names. “Something I noticed was a lot of the older speakers they knew a lot of birds’ (names), and the younger speakers didn’t know very many. So it was something, I guess, that was fading out of the language, and so I started collecting the names of birds in Cherokee,” he said. “I always thought I’d publish a book, but then I thought a calendar would be a lot of fun.” He said because Cherokee speakers and others learning the language don’t regularly use the names of birds, plants and animals, the words are in danger of being forgotten. Davis said many Cherokee speakers just use the word jee-squa, which means bird, for every bird. Cornsilk said after he met Davis he learned about Davis’ love of birds and his photographs of local birds. So they decided to work together to produce the calendar. Each bird in the calendar has a Cherokee syllabary and English phonetic name. Each bird photo also has a brief explanation of what the bird means to the Cherokee and other stories about each bird. On the calendar’s back cover is a copy of the Cherokee syllabary to help people translate the bird names and the names of the months in Cherokee listed with the photos. Also included in the calendar is a list of moons associated with each month and what Cherokee beliefs are associated with each moon. Cornsilk credits the list of what the moons meant to Cherokees to William Eubanks, a Cherokee translator in the 1890s. Also, Cherokee linguist Lawrence Panther translated the calendar name. Davis said if the calendar is successful, he and Cornsilk might publish a second calendar next year because he has many more bird photos and Cornsilk, who has been collecting Cherokee names for plants and animals for about 30 years, has more Cherokee names for birds. He added the men have also had requests to do a calendar with plants used by Cherokee people for medicine and may do one with Cherokee names for trees using Davis’ photos. Davis and Cornsilk said they might also produce flash cards with birds, plants and trees. The calendars are available for $10 at the Cherokee Nation Gift Shop and the Spider Gallery in Tahlequah. By mail order, the price is $12.95 each, which includes shipping. PayPal or postal money orders are accepted. For PayPal send payment to:, and to mail payment, send to: J. Davis, P.O. Box 492, Warner OK 74469. “I think our main purpose was to preserve a portion of the Cherokee language that seemed to be make a contribution to the efforts the tribe is making and individual Cherokees are making as well (to preserve the language),” Cornsilk said. Davis said the response to the calendar has been positive. “People not only love the pictures but also learn how to pronounce the words. I’ve had several mothers tell me that they are teaching their children words from this, which is really what we wanted...something educational and beautiful,” he said.