http://www.cherokeephoenix.orgInstructor Steven Daugherty, left, heats and straightens river cane at the Cherokee Heritage Center’s blowgun making class held Sept. 16 in Park Hill, Oklahoma. ROGER GRAHAM/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
Instructor Steven Daugherty, left, heats and straightens river cane at the Cherokee Heritage Center’s blowgun making class held Sept. 16 in Park Hill, Oklahoma. ROGER GRAHAM/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Cherokee Heritage Center hosts blowgun-making class

Cherokee Heritage Center Diligwa villager Danny McCarter shows a blowgun dart he made using part of a thistle plant and a shish-kabob skewer. Only the white downy part of the thistle is used on the end of the dart, much like feathers at the end of an arrow. ROGER GRAHAM/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
Cherokee Heritage Center Diligwa villager Danny McCarter shows a blowgun dart he made using part of a thistle plant and a shish-kabob skewer. Only the white downy part of the thistle is used on the end of the dart, much like feathers at the end of an arrow. ROGER GRAHAM/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
BY ROGER GRAHAM
Multimedia Producer – @cp_rgraham
09/26/2017 08:15 AM
Video with default Cherokee Phoenix Frame
PARK HILL, Okla. – On Sept. 16, the Cherokee Heritage Center held a blowgun-making class as part of its cultural class series.

“Our class teacher is Steve Daugherty. Steve has spent the last five or six years in the ancient village learning to make all of these Cherokee crafts. He’s quite the artist and has been teaching blowguns for several years,” CHC Education Director Tonia Weavel said.

The CHC’s website states that while people associate bows and arrows with Native Americans, which were weapons used for hunting and warfare, the Cherokee and other Southeastern woodland Indian tribes also made extensive use of blowguns. Unlike the bow and arrow, which was used for larger game, the blowgun could be used to effectively kill birds and smaller animals such as squirrels for food. It was a boy’s first weapon, and the skill and stealth required to effectively hunt with a blowgun proved essential to his later use of a bow and arrow.

Instructor and Cherokee Nation citizen Steven Daugherty said one of the key points to blowgun making is picking a good piece of river cane.

“Make sure it’s the straightest piece you can find,” he said.

He added that finding a straight piece of cane isn’t always possible, so manipulating the cane with heat and rolling it on a hard surface will help with straightening river cane. Daugherty said it’s important to let the cane age and dry for at least a couple of weeks before working with it.

“Green cane can make a bad blowgun because it can warp as it dries,” he said.

The next step is hollowing out the cane, which is complicated because river cane is a jointed plant, and the joints that connect each inside section are solid. There are several methods or ideas on how river cane was hollowed, but the modern method is to heat a rod of rebar and then push the heated metal down the cane’s chute until all joints are eliminated. Once this is completed, one can move on to making darts from wood and thistle.

CHC Diligwa villager Danny McCarter assisted with the dart-making segment of the class.

“First of all, you have to be sure you’re using a straight shaft so it’s unimpeded when traveling through the blowgun,” McCarter said. “Which is why now days, we use wooden shish-kabob skewers.”

Thistle grows wild locally and is used on the end of the dart for both propulsion and guidance. McCarter told the class that only the white downy part of the thistle is used on the end of the dart much like feathers at the end of an arrow. McCarter also said he uses a twine slightly heavier than thread to attach the thistle material to the dart.

“I’ve been doing this a long time. Steve and I can definitely show you how to make and use blow darts, which is why I hope more folks will sign up the class,” McCarter said.

CN citizen and blowgun student Sasha Bowles, who travels from Arkansas to CHC to take classes, said she attends because she enjoys learning Cherokee history and ways.

“These classes make me feel closer to my heritage,” she said.

For more information, visit www.cherokeeheritage.org or call 918-456-6007.
About the Author
Roger began working for the Cherokee Nation in 2005 and joined the Cherokee Phoenix staff in 2008. After 25 years in broadcast news and production, Roger enjoys producing videos about Cherokee culture and events. He attended the University of New Mexico for one year before achieving Federal Communications Commission operator and engineering licenses through on-the-job training. In his youth, Roger represented the United States in gymnastics and diving.
roger-graham@cherokee.org • 918-207-3969
Roger began working for the Cherokee Nation in 2005 and joined the Cherokee Phoenix staff in 2008. After 25 years in broadcast news and production, Roger enjoys producing videos about Cherokee culture and events. He attended the University of New Mexico for one year before achieving Federal Communications Commission operator and engineering licenses through on-the-job training. In his youth, Roger represented the United States in gymnastics and diving.

Multimedia

BY BRITTNEY BENNETT
Reporter – @cp_bbennett
12/12/2017 08:00 AM
TULSA, Okla. – Oklahoma audiences were treated to a special Q&A with Cherokee actor Wes Studi after screening his new film “Hostiles” on Nov. 29 during the Tribal Film Festival at Circle Cinema. “The story itself goes on to touch on the basis of the fact that we do have to come together, be it for survival or whatever,” Studi said. “It’s really a matter of survival that we bring our minds together to forge a better beginning as we move forward.” “Hostiles” is set in 1892 and follows Capt. Joseph J. Blocker (Christian Bale) as he battles hatred towards dying Cheyenne Chief Yellow Hawk (Studi) while being forced to escort him and his family from New Mexico back to their ancestral lands in Montana. The film also stars Rosamund Pike, Adam Beach, Q’orianka Kilcher and Ben Foster. Christina Burke, curator of Native American and Non-Western Art at the Philbrook Museum of Art, moderated the panel. Also participating were “Smoke Signals” director Chris Eyre and Dr. Joely Proudfit, who were tribal consultants for the film and brought in to the production to assist with creating an accurate portrayal of Cheyenne people and customs. “We were brought in pretty early on, and we were on set most of the time. I would say over 90 percent of the time, everyday on the set, both of us or at least one of us,” Proudfit said. “We had an actual Cheyenne chief come and do a blessing before we began shooting. And for a production of that caliber to take that time to allow for this culture and tradition to be a part of the process, I’ve never seen anything like that.” Studi was quick to agree and praised their efforts on the film. “(Eyre and Proudfit) really brought a lot to the table in terms of authenticity, of not only the language, but customs and other things we needed from the Cheyenne community,” he said. “I think that the film is much better off for the fact that they were there to help us.” The audience was also given a peak into the choices made during filming, including what motivated certain characters and that the cast and crew shot two versions of the ending. The panel also shared with the audience that while they have screened “Hostiles” multiple times, there are still new things to discover about its message. “This movie is a touchstone to so many ideas that we have right now in this country and that’s why I think this movie is so valuable because it’s about the gray areas,” Eyre said. “I keep watching, and I think the highest compliment to the movie is that I keep getting new things out of the movie.” Proudfit agreed, telling audiences that “you have to see it again.” “It takes time to marinate because these are such deep issues,” she said. “We’ve seen it eight times and every time we hear something new. We’ve been entertained so much with film and media now that we’re not ever asked to feel or think anymore, and I think we do that in this film.”
BY LINDSEY BARK
Reporter
12/11/2017 04:00 PM
VINITA, Okla. – On Dec. 5, Cherokee Nation and city officials unveiled a 12-foot-by-10-foot captioned photo as a mural in honor of the late Anna Belle Sixkiller Mitchell, a Cherokee National Treasure who revived Southeastern-style pottery. “This project started a year ago as a way to beautify the city and celebrate the historic nature that we have with the Cherokee Nation. As people drive by in Vinita they can learn more about our town and our community,” Vinita City Councilor Stephanie Hoskin said. The City Council worked with downtown store owners to find a space for the mural and with the Eastern Trails Museum for the mural’s photo. The project was funded through the city’s hotel tax. The photo depicts Mitchell making pottery in her studio. She is known for restoring the Southeastern-style of pottery back into the Cherokee culture. The tribe’s pottery tradition was not continued after removal to Indian Territory in the 1830s until Mitchell began making pottery in the 1960s. Mitchell was born Oct. 16, 1926, to Oo-loo-tsa and Houston Sixkiller in Delaware County. Several CN officials – including Mitchell’s daughter, Tribal Councilor Victoria Vazquez – attended the mural’s unveiling. “I saw it on the wall, and I was just blown away. It just made my heart soar because my dad especially would be so proud. He was very proud of what mom did, and if he could have been here today we would just be beaming, but I can feel what he would have felt,” Vazquez said. “Most of all, I’m just so proud of our community, the fact that we would have an idea to do this and make it happen in such a short period of time.” Cherokee National Treasure and graphic artist Dan Mink was responsible for the photo’s look. He said he was up for the challenge of designing the border and selecting the color and font. “Just thinking about what I was doing and what this lady represented, I just wanted to do a good job,” he said. “I thought the little script font that looked like a paintbrush type effect on there, I thought that, to me, it suited her well. I got the color off that vase or the pottery that’s in the picture. It was an ochre red, which is a traditional color of ours, so I took that color and made the border around it.” The mural, located at 127 S. Wilson St., will stay up until it is replaced with another notable Vinita resident who has made a contribution to the community.
BY BRITTNEY BENNETT
Reporter – @cp_bbennett
12/11/2017 12:15 PM
TULSA, Okla. – Cherokee actor and Nofire Hollow native Wes Studi sat down with the Cherokee Phoenix on Nov. 29 while attending the Tribal Film Festival Showcase at Circle Cinema to discuss his new film “Hostiles.” The film is set in 1892 and follows Capt. Joseph J. Blocker (Christian Bale) as he battles his hatred toward dying Cheyenne Chief Yellow Hawk (Studi) while being forced to escort him and his family from New Mexico back to ancestral lands in Montana. The film also stars Rosamund Pike, Adam Beach, Q’orianka Kilcher and Ben Foster, who portray characters that each adds layers to the story amid a harsh backdrop of the American frontier. The tagline of the film is, “We are all hostiles,” and reminds audiences that any character is capable of anything when called upon, either by choice or by circumstance. The Western premiered at the Telluride Film Festival in September before making its Oklahoma debut at Circle Cinema where audiences had the opportunity to catch one of three screenings and participate in a Q&A featuring Studi and the film’s consultants Chris Eyre and Dr. Joely Proudfit. “Hostiles” was scheduled to hit theaters nationwide on Dec. 22. Before the Nov. 29 screening, the Cherokee Phoenix sat down with Studi to discuss the film and what attracts the actor to projects. CP: Can you talk about your character, specifically the kind of journey he’s going to go on through this film? Studi: My character, when presented to me through script, was a matter of, ‘wow, this is going to be a challenge. This is going to be a challenge in that I have never done this before, this kind of role before.’ I have never even had this kind of experience before because I am a man dying a slow death over a period of a few months, and I’m described that way in the press for our film. So, yes, it’s kind of a daunting thing in that there is nothing in my background that I can call upon to feel what in the world it feels like to be a slowly dying person, but I gave it a shot and we’ll see at the Q&A if anybody believes me or not. (Laughs.) CP: Was there any other challenges coming in, mental or physical, that came with this character that was different from your other films? Studi: Mentally, the (Cheyenne) language is fairly foreign to me, but we had good instructors. We had plenty of time to work on the pronunciations, the ups and the downs and the flow of the language. That and just a lot of time outside. I believe I have one interior shot in the whole film. Everything else is exterior, so it was quite a challenge. But challenges are something I like. CP: Director Scott Cooper wrote this role with you in mind. Do you feel like you’re the go-to guy for this kind of role? Studi: Ah, Scott Cooper, the Prince of Darkness, had me in mind. That should scare me, don’t you think? (Laughs.) It’s great to have people think of you in terms of your past performances and to write with you in mind. I hope more of that happens in the future. CP: What would you tell people when they go into this film that they might get out of it? Studi: I think what the public can expect from our story is a good old-fashioned concept of a Western that has been brought to a contemporary audience. I think that will be able to take away from it’s story, the kind of world that we could be living in. And perhaps are in danger of living in a world like that again. It’s a cautionary tale in ways, but the message of it is so deeply hidden that is a very entertaining film in itself as a period Western. CP: What did you feel watching it for the first time? Studi: It really blew me away at first. I first watched it and I was simply almost dumbfounded. I was quiet for a good long while afterwards. I really had to absorb what I had just seen. It’s a very effective film in its own way. It left me incapable of conversation immediately thereafter. You know, some films you can walk out of and say, ‘oh, I like this. I like that’ or ‘I didn’t like this or like that,’ but this one…It’s thought-provoking. It absolutely is that, and it’s done in an entertaining way. CP: And in general, has there been a time where you’ve felt pressure to be the go-to Native American actor in Hollywood? Studi: I don’t feel pressure about that. I don’t mind being the go-to guy if it’s the right role. I’m not going to be competing with Jason Momoa (Pawnee actor) for a part, but I would very much like to be a functioning part of the entertainment industry. And that’s mainly what I’ve worked a larger part of my career for is to become not just a Native American actor but an actor in general. CP: And lastly, what attracts you to a project? Studi: My agents and managers, they work very hard looking for sort of crossover, jump out kind of roles that I haven’t done before. I’ve done so many of the wise old guys and somewhere I’m the warrior or the angry Indian. I’ve done a number of different kinds of parts as far as Native American parts go, but I’ve also been able to cross over into comedy with sort of “Street Fighter” and “Mystery Men” in a few films that sort of go outside the Native American sphere. That’s what I look for in terms of future roles is something different, something that I haven’t done before.
BY LINDSEY BARK
Reporter
12/11/2017 08:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee National Treasures were honored by Cherokee Nation and Cherokee Nation Business officials with an annual holiday luncheon on Dec. 4 in the O-Si-Yo Room at the W.W. Keeler Tribal Complex. Treasures enjoyed a lunch catered by the Restaurant of the Cherokees and received $100 gift cards and chances to win door prizes. The luncheon was hosted by CNB, which officially took on the program in 2015. “Today’s event was the annual holiday luncheon for Cherokee National Treasures. This event brings treasures together to celebrate the holidays and a special meal together where they can visit and just catch up with everyone before the busy Christmas season,” CNB Senior Vice President of Marketing and Cultural Tourism Molly Jarvis said. Tribal Councilor and Cherokee National Treasure Victoria Vazquez spoke about the day’s importance. “It’s very important because throughout the year (Cherokee) National Treasures continually contribute to sharing the art and culture and language that they have learned and used for many years. A lot of times it’s done without anyone knowing about what they’ve done. So it’s a way to pay back for their giving because a lot of these treasures are elderly and probably have been doing this thing that they do probably for 25, 30 years. This is just a small pay back for them.” CN officials spoke about the CNT program and what it means to keep the arts, language and culture alive. Principal Chief Bill John Baker said since the recognition of treasures, the value of their art has increased. “I was talking to Lorene (Drywater)…and her (buffalo grass) dolls have gone up seven and a half times, which is part of the marketing,” Baker said. “I hope that all of our art goes up in value because it’s priceless. It truly is priceless. But it’s my honor and privilege to work with you and work for you. I’m always there with an open ear, an open mind and an open heart to help you do what you do.” Jane Osti, a Cherokee National Treasure for pottery, said she came to the event to see her “treasure” friends and thinks the program is on a “good path” with the mentoring program. “I think we are on a really good path with our mentoring. I think if we continue that, we can continue our arts and language and culture. I think that everybody is wanting to work toward that, that we have a good group of people that care about it,” Osti said. Many treasures brought their “Cherokee National Treasures: In Their Own Words” books to be signed by other treasures with the opportunity to visit and take photos. For more information, call 918-207-3503 or email <a href="mailto: cherokeenationaltreasures@cn-bus.com">cherokeenationaltreasures@cn-bus.com</a>.
BY BRITTNEY BENNETT
Reporter – @cp_bbennett
12/07/2017 08:00 AM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation Foundation and Northeastern State University’s Native American Support Center hosted a scholarship workshop Nov. 28 for students wanting to get ahead of CNF’s Jan. 31 scholarship deadline. “This is our first (workshop) through the Native American Support Center as far as hosting the Cherokee Nation Foundation, and so we are looking forward to working with them more and bringing them on campus and getting them involved in our program,” Jade Hansen, NASC advisement and career specialist, said. The NASC, part of NSU’s Center for Tribal Studies, provides Native students services such as financial aid information to increase retention and graduation rates. “We really focus these workshops for our new freshmen because a lot of things I’m seeing working here at NSU is that these students are running out of money going into their second year and their third year and their fourth year,” she said. “And so with CNF, it’s pretty much like a hidden gem. It’s getting that information out that a lot of students don’t really know about with the CNF programs.” Hansen said she was a CNF scholarship recipient while attending NSU. “Whenever I was in college I got this scholarship, and not a lot of people knew about it, and it helped out,” she said. “It takes a lot to apply for this scholarship as far as recommendation letters, transcripts and different things like that, but hopefully doing it now will get (students) prepared so they’re not waiting around last minute in January.” Marisa Hambleton, CNF executive assistant, said CNF conducts workshops when an organization or school with a high number of Cherokee students reaches out to it. “We’re more than happy to travel and come out and help those students apply for those scholarships,” she said. “We really try to reach any schools that really show an interest. We don’t have a specific (process) where we set it up and anything like that yet. With the more scholarships that we receive, we try to market that as best that we can.” Hambleton said CNF scholarships are not income-based, and students who participate in the workshops should come prepared with updated transcripts and their CN citizenship cards. The CNF scholarship application is a two-step process. Students must first visit <a href="http://www.cherokeenation.academicworks.com" target="_blank">www.cherokeenation.academicworks.com</a> and complete the general applications, which matches them to individual scholarships for which they are eligible to apply. “The general application is just basic information, their name, their address, what school they’re interested, what field of study,” Hambleton said. “That information is then what matches them to specific scholarships, and then they apply for those scholarships individually.” Hambleton said each scholarship includes at least one essay question and asks students to submit information for a reference questionnaire. “A reference questionnaire is where the student chooses someone who is not a family member, someone that knows them like a teacher or a coach or someone in their community,” Hambleton said. “They’ll put in their email address and their name and it will send a link to a short survey that really asks them to rate the student from one to 10 in different areas.” The Academic Works website also allows students to check if their reference questionnaires have been completed, and if not, students can resend the links or change their references. Hambleton also said a student is not required to complete the application in one sitting. “Our application’s pretty simple, and you can save for later if you need to, so it’s not just a one-time sit down,” she said. “Sometimes you don’t have all the information that you need right then and there, and so it’s easy for students to save and keep editing and then submit at a later date.” CNF scholarship recipients will be notified by the end of the 2018 spring semester. Students needing assistance with the scholarship application or organizations and schools interested in hosting a scholarship workshop should call 918-207-0950.
BY STACIE GUTHRIE
Reporter – @cp_sguthrie
12/06/2017 08:15 AM
TULSA, Okla. – In accordance with Native American Heritage Month, the Tribal Film Festival and Circle Cinema on Nov. 29 presented the Tribal Film Festival Showcase, which honored Cherokee actor Wes Studi with a Career Achievement Award. People also had the opportunity to preview Studi’s new movie “Hostiles.” “I saw his performance in ‘Hostiles,’ and then I checked his IMDB credits, and he has over 92 credits and for an actor that’s incredible, let alone a Native actor. So I’m just blown away from what he has done, and I think he deserves this recognition,” Celia Xavier, TFF founder and executive director, said. Studi said he was honored to accept the award. “It’s an honor to be recognized for having achieved a career in this business. It’s not an easy thing.” Chuck Foxen, Circle Cinema film programmer, said the event started out small but grew as Xavier secured the screening of “Hostiles” as well as having Studi present for the film, which was followed with a Q & A with Studi, Chris Eyre (director and co-producer of ‘Smoke Signals’) and Dr. Joely Proudfit. “We were just going to pick a couple films out of her festival and then she was like, ‘let’s wait. I got a bigger film, the ‘Hostiles,’ that we might be able to do.’ And that’s a big film that’s going to release in December,” Foxen said. “Then it evolved into Wes is going to be here, then Chris Eyre and all these other guests were going to come.” The film was originally set to have one showing, but after a high demand two extra screenings were added. Set in 1892, “Hostiles” follows Capt. Joseph Blocker’s (Christian Bale) journey of transporting Cheyenne Chief Yellow Hawk (Studi), who’s dying of cancer, and his family (Adam Beach, Q’orianka Kilcher) through dangerous territory back to their ancestral lands in Montana after being imprisoned for the past seven years. Along the travel north, the group finds Rosalie Quaid (Rosamund Pike) alongside her children and husband who were murdered by a Comanche war party, ultimately adding another layer to the story with ambushes and murder being a consistent theme as well as a sense of forgiveness and overcoming hatred for one another. After initially watching “Hostiles,” Studi said the “thought-provoking” film “blew” him away. “I first watched it, and I was simply almost dumbfounded. I was quiet for a good long while afterwards. I really had to absorb what I had just seen,” he said. “It’s a very effective film in its own way. It left me incapable of conversation immediately thereafter. You know, some films you can walk out of and say, ‘oh, I like this. I like that’ or ‘I didn’t like this or like that,’ but this one it’s thought-provoking. It absolutely is that, and it’s done in an entertaining way.” Xavier said with the festival’s creation and being the owner of TribalTV, which streams Indigenous films on Amazon Prime and Roku, she provides a platform for Indigenous people to tell their stories. She added that funding is the top issue when telling these stories. “One message…that’s very important is that we have a lot of projects that need to be made and a lot of stories that need to be told,” she said. “Funding is the number one issue that’s holding a lot of these stories back.” Aside from showing major production films such as “Hostiles,” Foxen said Circle Cinema also provides a platform where Native Americans, and other nationalities, can tell their stories. “It’s important for us to show films that are like Native American films, but more importantly ones made by Native Americans and telling like real Native American stories versus stereotyping Natives and putting them in roles that they’ve been in the past,” Foxen said. Circle Cinema hosts a quarterly series called Native Spotlight, which provides a storytelling platform. For more information on Circle Cinema, visit circlecinema.com. For more information on TFF, visit <a href="http://www.tribalfilmfestival.org" target="_blank">tribalfilmfestival.org</a>.