http://www.cherokeephoenix.orgCherokee Nation citizens Larry, left, and Dustin Shade hunt for crawdads at night in Fourteen Mile Creek in Cherokee County. The father-son duo used homemade gigs to catch the crustaceans. JAMI MURPHY/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
Cherokee Nation citizens Larry, left, and Dustin Shade hunt for crawdads at night in Fourteen Mile Creek in Cherokee County. The father-son duo used homemade gigs to catch the crustaceans. JAMI MURPHY/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Three C’s of Crawdads: catching, cleaning and cooking

Father and son Larry, left, and Dustin Shade clean crawdads after gigging them in Fourteen Mile Creek. JAMI MURPHY/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Before cooking crawdads, Larry Shade and his family soaks the cleaned crustaceans in hot water with salt. After draining them, the Shades add salt and pepper, cornmeal and then fry them in oil. JAMI MURPHY/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Cherokee Nation citizen Larry Shade, the son of the late Deputy Chief Hastings Shade, cooks crawdads and fried potatoes near the bank of Fourteen Mile Creek in Lost City, Oklahoma. JAMI MURPHY/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Larry Shade holds a cleaned crawdad just after being caught out of Fourteen Mile Creek in Cherokee County. JAMI MURPHY/CHEROKEE PHOENIX Cherokee Nation citizen Dustin Shade shows a large crawdad he caught. COURTESY Cherokee Nation citizen Larry Shade, the son of the late Deputy Chief Hastings Shade, holds a gig made by his father more than 30 years ago. Larry continues to use the gig to hunt crawdads. JAMI MURPHY/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
Father and son Larry, left, and Dustin Shade clean crawdads after gigging them in Fourteen Mile Creek. JAMI MURPHY/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
BY JAMI MURPHY
Former Reporter
08/19/2015 08:00 AM
Video with default Cherokee Phoenix Frame
LOST CITY, Okla. – Cherokee Nation citizen Larry Shade has lived his life in this northern Cherokee County community learning the ways of the Cherokee culture from his grandparents and father, the late Deputy Chief Hastings Shade. Among the cultural aspects he’s learned, one he truly enjoys is crawdad gigging.

Larry gigs crawdads in a section of Fourteen Mile Creek that his family owns.

“It’s just something that my dad always did when we were growing up. He worked, and when he came home that was the first thing we were going to do. We’d go out in the daytime, but a lot of times we’d go out at night, which is a lot easier,” he said. “It’s just a time-honored tradition that we hold true to our culture.”

He said many people who catch crawdads use traps, but he and his family use homemade gigs, something he also learned to do from his father.

“The gigs we are using tonight are all hand-forged by my dad. I’m in my 50s and the gigs that we’re going to use, I was 18 when dad made them,” he said.

Hastings died in 2010 at age 67. He was known as a Cherokee traditionalist and was widely recognized for his work in cultural preservation and as a skilled traditional artisan. He was designated a Cherokee National Treasure in 1991 for his craftsmanship, which included making gigs.

When gigging, Larry said they never catch more crawdads than they can eat. He said he and his family will determine how many crawdads they need to feed everyone and then they’ll go out and catch that amount.
“We always leave some either for the next family or next year’s crop, but we never take more than what we need,” he said. “It’s part of the Cherokee way.”

He said most of the time when he and his family “get together” they go gigging the night before.

“My son, some of his friends and my daughter, we all go out and they know how,” he said. “We go through whether the water is cold or it’s warm, whether it’s leaches or snakes. They understand there’s a few dangers out there, but it’s something that we’ve done all our lives.”

The method the Shades use to catch crawdads is not the easiest, Larry said, but it’s their tradition and it’s how he honors the Cherokee traditions and culture.

“There a lot of easier way to get crawdads, but this is a time-honored tradition for us,” he said. “I’m skilled in what I’ve done and it’s hard for me to do something else.”

Larry said he’s been gigging as long as he can remember.

“Ever since dad trusted us and we were old enough to understand what ‘no’ meant and ‘don’t do that,’” he said. “I’m going to say, 5 or 6 years old…at least 46 years.”

He said years ago catching crawdads was a way to feed one’s family. It’s not like that so much now, but the experience of providing for his family is something he said he would always honor and cherish.

“My grandparents did it and passed it on to my dad. And you know my grandfather, he forged his gigs, which he passed on to my dad,” Larry said. “Dustin’s (one of Larry’s son) with me most the time and I’m glad that he’s with me and I hope that he carries it on. We all won’t be here…too much longer and we hope the traditions that we have…we carry on to our children and even the friends of my sons and daughters. I hope that they carry on.”

Larry said if no one has ever tried gigging they are welcome to email him at larry-shade@cherokee.org.

“I more than welcome you to look me up. Give me a holler. I will definitely take you. We’ll go out one night and I’ll show you the cultural way,” he said. “I invite all Cherokees or any tribal member. If they want to come experience a little history and a little culture.”

Catching

Larry Shade and his family slowly walk through creek waters at night carrying a lamplight, a bucket and a gig. Crawdads feed at night.

The Shades catch both in shallow and deep waters. “So it just depends on where you find the crawdads. You have to go to them. They don’t come to you,” he said.

Larry said many people “bait” a hole the night before by throwing out “chum” or something for the crawdads to feed on and draw them with. “If I clean fish, sometimes I’ll throw that in the water and that’s just so the crawdad have food. I don’t go back and bait the hole. What we do is we do it the sportsman way. I don’t cheat nature,” he said.

Larry said when gigging, get close enough to the crawdad without scaring it, stab the crawdad with the gig in the upper portion of the body because you eat the tail and you don’t want to damage it. He said it’s also important to make sure when hunting at night that one’s light is bright enough to shine through the water and always be aware of your surroundings.

Cleaning and Cooking

After a good catch, Larry and his family clean the crawdads, usually at the creek because it’s just easier.

“The way we clean ours is we take the back part of the crawdad and pull the back part up and we clean the guts and intestines (out). And then we turn the crawdad around and we’ll find the middle fin and we’ll pull the middle fin. That way the intestinal track will come out. Most the time we’ll tear the legs off because the edible part is the front section that we cook and we’ll break up the tail part and just eat the meat in the shell.”

After cleaning, he said they soak the crawdads in hot water with about one tablespoon of salt to ensure the crustaceans are clean and preserved until they’re cooked.

If the Shades don’t cook them that night, Larry said sometimes he’ll place them in just enough water to cover each crawdad with a half teaspoon of salt in a gallon plastic bag and put them into the freezer.

When they’re ready to cook, Larry said he doesn’t add a whole lot to them, just a little season and cornmeal.

He said to lightly salt and pepper and add just enough cornmeal to coat each crawdad.

“Little salt and little pepper and then a little cornmeal and then we’ll fry it,” he said. “I know it’s kind of the unhealthy way, but it’s something that we’ve done our whole lives.”
ᏣᎳᎩ

LOST CITY, ᎣᎦᎳᎰᎹ.- ᏣᎳᎩᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎨᎳ Larry Shade Z ᎤᏴᏢᎢ ᏗᏜ ᏣᎳᎩᎯ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᏗᎦᏚᎿᎢ ᎦᏁᎳ ᏓᏕᎶᏆᎡᎲᎢ ᎤᏙᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏂᏏ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏔᎵᏁ ᎠᏓᎴᏁᎢ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏔᏂᎢ Hastings Shade. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗᎢ ᎤᏕᎶᏆᎥᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏭᎸᏈᏛᎢ ᏥᎩ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᏕᎦᏘᎲᎢ.

Larry Ꮓ ᏕᎦᏘᎰᎢ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᎥᎿᎾᏂ ᏂᎦᏚ ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏓ ᎠᎹᏱ ᎤᏪᏴᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ ᏥᎩ ᎤᎾᏤᎵᎪᎯ.

“ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ ᎣᎩᏙᏓ ᏙᎦᏛᏏᏗᏒᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏚᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎲᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᏱᎤᎷᏥ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎥᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏱᎢ ᏃᏣᏛᏁᎲᎢ. ᎢᎦ ᏱᎩ ᎣᏤᏙᎲᎢ, ᎠᏎᏃ ᏭᎪᏛᎢ ᎨᏒ ᎤᏒᎢ ᏱᎩ ᏬᏤᏙᎲᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎠᎯᏗᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. “ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎢᏲᎦᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎣᎩᎭ ᏙᎩᏂᏱᏓ.”

ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᏭᏂᎪᏛᎢ ᏴᏫ ᏗᏌᏛᏗ ᏓᏅᏗᏍᎪᎢ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᏓᏂᏂᏍᎬᎢ, ᎠᏎᏃ ᎤᏮᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏧᏃᏢᏅᎢ ᏗᎦᏘᏍᏗ ᏓᏅᏗᏍᎪᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᎩ ᎤᏕᎶᏆᎡᎸᎢ ᎤᏙᏓ.

“ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏗᎦᏘᏍᏗ ᏥᏕᏛᏗᎲᎢ ᎪᎯ ᎤᏒᎢ ᎡᏙᏓ ᏧᏬᏢᏅᎢ. ᎯᏍᎩ ᏍᎪᎯ ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏆᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᏘᏍᏗ ᏥᏙᏓᏛᏔᏂ, 18 ᏁᎳᏚ ᎢᏯᏆᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎯᏳ ᏥᏚᏬᏢᏅᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ.

Hastings Ꮓ 2010 ᏥᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎢ 67 ᎢᏳᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎯᏳ. ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎠᎪᎵᎦ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎬᎾᏛ ᎠᏃᏟᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗᎢ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏏᎾᏏ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏬᏢᏅᏗᎢ. ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎢᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎠᏁᎯ ᎠᏃᏢᏅᏍᎩ ᎨᏥᎸᏉᏗᏍᎩ ᎨᎳ ᎥᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎯᏳᏃ 1991ᏗᎬᏓᎴᏂᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎤᏬᏢᏅᏗᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᏘᏍᏗ ᎦᎪᏢᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ.

ᏛᎦᏘᎲᏃ, ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ Larry ᏗᎬᏩᏂᏰᏍᏗᏃ ᏱᎦᎢ ᏓᏂᏂᏱᏍᎬᎢ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎤᏩᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ ᏱᏓᏄᎪᏓ ᏱᎦᎢ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᏗᎬᏩᏂᏂᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏧᏁᎵᏍᏗᎢ ᎠᏂᎥᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏳᏁᎾ ᎥᏍᎩᏭ ᏱᎦᎢ ᏓᏂᏂᏍᎬᎢ.
“ ᏙᏥᏂᏯᏍᎬᏃ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ ᏧᏂᏂᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎡᏘᏴᎢ ᏦᎩᏂᏗ, ᎥᏝᏃ ᏦᎬᏙᏗ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏱᏙᏥᎾᏫᏗᎰᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏣᎳᎩ ᎢᏳᏛᏁᏗᎢ.”

ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᏭᎪᏛᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ “ᏳᎾᏓᏟᏌᏂ” ᎾᎯᏳ ᎤᏒᎢ ᏯᏁᎾ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᏱᏓᏂᏘᏡᎦ.

“ᎠᏇᏥᏃ ᎠᏧᏣ ᎠᎴ ᏧᎵᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏇᏥ ᎠᎨᏳᏣ, ᏲᏤᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏔᎯ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. ᎠᎹᏱᏃ ᎦᏁᎲᎢ ᎣᏣᎢᏐᎢ ᏳᏴᏜ ᎠᎴᏱᎩ ᏳᎦᎾᏩ, ᎠᎴᏱᎩ ᏜᏄᏐ ᏯᏂᏯᎠ ᎠᎴ ᏱᎩ ᎢᎾᏛᎯ ᏱᎩ. ᎤᎾᏂᏙᏃ ᏂᎦᏂᏰᎬᎢ ᎥᎿᎾᏂ, ᎠᏎᏃ ᏙᎦᏛᏏ ᎥᏍᎩ ᏂᎬᏲᏣᏛᏁᎰᎢ.”

ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏛᏁᏗᎢ Shade ᎥᏝ ᎠᎯᏓ ᏱᎩ, ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ Larry, ᎠᏎᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎤᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᎾᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏛᏁᏗᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎤᏂᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ.

“ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎤᎪᏗ ᎠᎯᏗᏱ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗᎢ ᏗᎦᎦᏂᏱᏗ ᎨᏒ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ, ᎠᏎᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎤᏍᏗ ᏱᎦᏲᎦᏛᏁᏗ ᎨᏒᎢᏢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. “ ᏥᏏᎾᏏᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏆᏛᏁᏗᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏓᏯ ᏄᏓᎴᎢ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏆᏛᏁᏗᎢ.”

Larry Ꮓ ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎦᏅᏓᏗᏍᎬᏃ ᏂᏗᎦᏘᏟᏙᎲᎢ.

“ ᏂᏗᎬᏓᎴᏂᏍᎩᏃ ᎡᏙᏓ ᏁᎳᎩ ᎤᏪᎵᏍᏗᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎡᎵ ᎢᏲᎦᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎣᎪᏟᏍᏗᎢ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ‘ᎥᏝ’ ᎠᎴ ᏞᏍᏗ ᎥᏍᎩ ᏱᏣᏛᏁᎸᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. 5 ᎯᏍᎩ ᎠᎴᏱᎩ 6 ᏑᏓᎵ ᏓᎬᏛᏂ ᎢᏲᎦᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ … 46 ᎾᏕᏘᏯ ᏥᎨᏒᎢ.”

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎢᎸᎯᏳᏃ ᏥᎨᏒᎢ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᏛᎦᏂᏱᏍᎬᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏄᏍᏕᎢ ᏗᎦᎨᎳᏍᏗ ᎨᎲᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ. ᎥᏝ ᎥᏍᎩ ᏱᏄᏍᏗ ᎪᎯᏴᏥᎩ, ᎠᏎᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎬᏔᎲᎢ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ ᏧᏪᎵᏍᏗᎢ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ.

“ ᏗᎬᎩᏚᏓᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏠᏱ ᏄᎾᏛᏁᎳ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᏲᎾ ᎡᏙᏓ. ᎠᎴ ᎡᏚᏓ, ᏕᎦᏃᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏲᏅᎢ ᎡᏙᏓ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ Larry. “ Dustin’s (Larry’Z ᎤᏪᏥ) ᎣᎩᎾᎵᏲᏐᎢ ᏭᎪᏛ ᎨᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᎵᎮᎪᎢ ᎣᎩᎾᎵᎪᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎠᏋᏐᎢ ᏂᎬᏯᎢᏎᏍᏗᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏧᏣ. ᎥᏝᏃ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ… ᏲᏤᎮᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎠᏋᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏲᎦᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗᎢ ᏦᎩᎭ… ᏗᏂᏲᏟ ᏦᎨᏥ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏂᏲᏟ ᏓᎩᎧᎲᎢ ᎠᏂᏧᏣ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎨᏳᏣ ᎠᎴ ᏧᎾᎵᎢ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎠᏋᎭ ᏂᎬᏂᎯᎵᏎᏍᏗᏊ ᎾᏅᏛᎲᎢ ᎤᏠᏱ.”

Larry Z ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎩᎶ ᎢᎸᎯᏳ ᎤᏁᏟᏔᏅᎢ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏱᎩ ᏧᏩᏘᏍᏗᎢ ᏳᎾᏚᎵᎠ ᏱᏛᏂᏃᎲᎵ ᎠᎲᏂ larry-shade@cherokee.org.

ᏱᎦᎵᎮᎵᎦ ᏥᏩᏛᏗᎢ. ᏗᏍᏆᏟᏍᏓᏁᎸᎢ. ᏱᎦᏯᏘᏄᎦ. ᎤᏒᏃᎢ ᏱᏁᎾ ᎠᎴ ᏱᎬᏰᏲᎲᎦ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. “ ᎾᎢᎥᎢ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᎴᏱᎩ ᏣᎳᎩᎯ ᎨᎳ. ᎢᏳᏃ ᏳᎾᏚᎵᎠ ᎤᎾᏕᎶᎰᎯᏍᏗᎢ ᎪᎯᎩ ᏥᎨᏒ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅᏅᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏲᏟ ᎢᏱᎦᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗᎢ.”

Catching

Larry Shade ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᏍᎦᏃᎵ ᎠᎾᎢᏐᎢ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏗᏨᏍᏗ ᏗᎪᎯᏅᏍᏗ ᏓᏂᏰᎰᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏣᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏘᏍᏗ. ᏥᏍᏛᏂᏃ ᎤᏒᎢ ᎠᎾᎵᏍᏓᏂᏙᎰᎢ.

ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎠᏂShade ᎤᏅᏬᏛᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏍᏛᎩᎢ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏓᏂᏂᏱᎰᎢ. “ᎭᏢᏊ ᏗᏩᏛᏗ ᏱᎩ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏗᏁᏙᎲᎢ ᏫᏣᎷᎯᏍᏗ. ᎥᏝ ᏂᎯ ᎮᏙᎲᎢ ᏱᎬᏂᎷᎩ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ.

LarryZ ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᏭᏂᎪᏛᎢ ᏴᏫ “ᏓᏂᏌᏛᏍᎪᎢ” ᎾᎯᏳ ᎤᏒᎢ “chum” ᏭᎾᏕᎪᎢ ᎠᎴᏱᎩ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎤᏂᎩᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᎴ ᏓᏂᏌᏛᏍᎬᎢ. “ ᎠᏣᏗᏃ ᏱᏓᎩᏅᎦᎸᎯ, ᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎥᏍᎩᎾᎾ ᏱᏩᏮᏓᎤᎦ ᎠᎹᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏂᎩᏍᏗᏭ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ. ᎥᏝ ᏱᎦᏥᏌᏛᏍᎪᎢ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎪᎯᎩᏴ ᏥᎿᎾᏛᎲᎲᎢ ᏃᏣᏛᏁᎰᎢ. ᎥᏝ ᏱᏥᎶᏄᎮᏍᎪᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ.

LarryZ ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᏱᏛᎦᏘᎭ, ᎾᎥᏃ ᏫᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᏗᏁᏙᎲᎢ ᎡᎵᎢ ᏱᎩ ᏂᏛᏍᎦᏍᏓᏁᎲᎾ ᏱᎩ, ᎾᏊᏃ ᏗᎦᏘᏍᏗ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᎦᏘᏍᏗ ᎬᏗ ᎦᏚᎢᏗᏜ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᏰᎸᎢ ᏂᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗᎭ ᎦᏂᏓᏛᎢ ᎦᏰᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎥᏝ ᏱᏣᏚᎵᎠ ᏣᏲᏍᏙᏗᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏱᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏗᏯ ᎾᎯᏳ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᏱᏙᏲᎭ ᎠᏎᎢ ᎢᎦᎯ ᎠᏨᏍᏗ ᎠᏫᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎠᎹᏱ ᎭᏫᎾ ᏫᏗᎬᏩᎸᏌᏓᏗᏍᏗᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏘ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎥᎿ ᎬᏩᏕᏱᏓ ᎥᏙᎲᎢ.

Cleaning and cooking

ᎣᏍᏓᏃ ᏱᎦᎢ ᏱᏗᎦᏂᏴᎯ, LarryᏃ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ ᏓᏂᏅᎦᎵᏍᎪᎢ Ꮎ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ, ᎥᎿᎿ ᎠᎹᏳᏟᏗ ᏂᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗᎭ ᎠᎯᏗᏭ ᎨᏐᎢ.

“ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏃᏣᏛᏁᎲᎢ ᏱᏙᎩᏅᎦᎸ ᎦᏚᎢ ᏗᏜ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏌᎾᎩᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᏓᎬᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏅᎦᏟᏗ ᏱᏗᎬᏓᎡᏗ ᏚᎩᏧᎸᎢ. ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ ᏗᏜ ᎦᏂᏓᏛᎢ ᎠᏰᏟ ᎤᏥᏍᎦᏢᎢ ᏱᎬᏂᏕᏍᏗ. ᎤᎩᏧᎸᏃ ᏅᎬᏂᏕᎠ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏱᎾᏛᏁᎳ. ᏭᎪᏛᏃ ᎨᏒ ᏙᏥᎳᏕᏍᎪᎢ ᏂᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗᎭ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎨᎰᎢ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏜ ᏗᏜ ᎤᏕᏅᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏱᎬᏂᏍᏔᏂ ᎠᎴ ᏲᏥᏲᏍᏓ ᎦᏂᏓᏛᎢ ᏗᏜ ᎤᏕᏅᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏲᏥᎦ ᎭᏫᏯ ᎥᎿ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎤᏯᏍᎦᏢᎢ ᎭᏫᏂ.”

ᏲᎩᏍᏆᏓ ᏙᏥᏅᎦᎵᏍᎬᎢ, ᏙᏨᏩᏢᏍᎪᎢ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᏗᏞᎩ ᎠᎼᎢ ᏍᏗ ᎠᎹ ᏚᎵᏍᏔᏅᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎾᏓᏅᎦᏗᎢ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏂᏲᏍᏗ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏫᏛᎬᏂᏍᏗᎲᎢ ᏱᎪᎯᏓ.

ᎢᏳᏃ ᎠᏂShade ᏂᏚᏅᏂᏍᏔᏅᎾ ᏱᎩ ᎾᎯᏳ ᎤᏒᎢ, LarryᏃ ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏑᏟᎶᏓ ᏕᎦᏟᏗᎢ ᏱᏕᎦᎸᎠ ᎠᎹᏃ ᏯᏟᏍᏗ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᏕᎦᎸᎢ ᎠᏗᏙᏗᏃ ᏥᏚᏍᏗᎧ ᏯᎧᎵᏣ ᎠᎹ ᏱᏕᎫᎵᏍᏓ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏁᏍᏓᎳᏗᏍᎩ ᏱᏕᎦᎸᎠ.

ᎾᏊᏃ ᏳᏟᎠᎶᏝ ᏗᎬᏂᏍᏙᏗᎢ, Larry ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎥᏝ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎢ ᏳᏑᏯᏃᎢ, ᎠᏑᏴᏙᏗᏊ ᏍᏗᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏌᎷᎢᏌ.

ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᏍᏗᏃ ᎠᎹ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏆᏲᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏍᏗᏭ ᏎᎷᎢᏌ ᏗᎦᏅᎵᏰᏗ ᏥᏍᏛᎾ.

“ ᏍᏗᏃ ᎠᎹ ᎠᎴ ᏍᏗ ᏗᏆᏲᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎿᏊ ᏍᏗ ᏎᎷᎢᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏱᏛᎬᏣᏢᎦ,” “ᎠᏊᏂᏔ ᎥᏝ ᏙᏳᎢ ᎣᏍᏓ ᏱᎩ ᏗᎬᏣᏢᏅᎢ ᏱᎩ, ᎠᏎᏅ ᎥᏍᎩᏭ ᏂᎦᏲᏣᏛᏁᎰᎢ ᏙᏦᎦᏛᏒᎢ.”

Health

BY STAFF REPORTS
05/22/2018 12:00 PM
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Sequoyah High School is once again participating in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Summer Food Program. It will run May 29 through June 28, Monday through Thursday, at the SHS cafeteria. The program provides nutritious meals at no charge to children during summer vacation. Children aged 18 and under regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age or disability are eligible to receive meals. Breakfast will be served from 8 a.m. to 9 a.m. and lunch will be from noon to 1 p.m. Adults may eat breakfast for $2.25 and lunch for $4. The cafeteria is at 17091 S. Muskogee Ave. For more information, call 918-453-5190.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/27/2018 04:00 PM
TULSA – Cherokee Nation clinical dietitian Tonya Swim was awarded “Outstanding Dietitian of the Year for Outstanding Career of Contributions to the Dietetics Profession” on April 19 at the Oklahoma Academy of Nutrition and Dietetic Convention. Swim, who works at the A-Mo Health Center in Salina, is involved with the OkAND organization as public relations and communication chairwoman and has helped increase its social media presence by promoting registered dietitians as nutrition experts and renewing a partnership with Oklahoma City Fox News by coordinating weekly cooking segments. She also served as chairwoman for the 2018 OkAND convention and chaired the event in 2016. As chairwoman, she worked to provide Oklahoma’s registered dietitians and dietetic technicians with opportunities for continuing education. “It was an honor and I am humbled to have received this award. I give most of the credit to the amazing group of dietitians in our state for helping my ideas become reality and to the wonderful company I work for in allowing me to grow as a dietician. I am so blessed with a supportive family who push me to be the best I can. Thank you to everyone,” Swim said.
BY BRITTNEY BENNETT
Reporter – @cp_bbennett
04/25/2018 09:30 AM
SALLISAW – When Cherokee Nation citizen Shacotah Sanders lost his hair after undergoing chemotherapy for Stage 2 Hodgkin lymphoma last year, his mother, Tammie Simms, shaved her head in solidarity. “Chemotherapy is a really long process. It’s painful. It’s stressful. It’s really emotional because I lost all my hair,” Sanders said. “That was something I was really scared of right there, but the main thing that keeps me going is my mom. She’s like the only one that really keeps me going.” This familial support is once more a shoulder for Sanders to lie on because while his hair has grown back, so too have the cancerous spots in his neck. It is a possibility that he had accepted after going into remission in October. “I had prepared myself for it because there’s always that possibility that it could come back,” Sanders said. “Every three months I have a checkup, a PET scan, and we decided to do one in early March this year. We did it, waited about two weeks to get the results. We went back to my oncologist doctor, and he said that it came back, but it wasn’t as big as last time and not as bad. He said it was in the same spot and at the same stage, Stage 2.” Sanders began undergoing 22 rounds of radiation on April 3 to again battle the cancerous disease, which starts in the white blood cells called lymphocytes. It causes uncontrollable cell reproduction that can potentially invade other tissues throughout the body and disrupt normal tissue function, according to the American Cancer Society. Sanders travels from Sallisaw to Tahlequah’s Northeast Oklahoma Cancer Center five days a week for his radiation sessions and will have checkups every three to six months after the treatments. “The radiation, they take you to a back room with a really big machine and you just lay on it, like a flat surface, and then they put a mesh mask over your face and tilt your head back so they can get to the spots where the cancer is. There’s no needles involved or anything. It’s just a big machine shooting radiation down on your body,” he said. The first time Sanders noticed something amiss with his health was in March 2017. “Every time I went running I noticed my breathing was off quite a bit, so I was just feeling around on my neck and I found these lumps on the right side of my neck, below my jaw. It was just affecting my breathing a lot, so I went to the doctor and had them check it out,” he said. After a PET scan and surgery, doctors removed two of Sanders’ lymph nodes. “They sent them off to be tested and they came back cancerous. They told me it was Stage 2 Hodgkin lymphoma and we started treatment last year in April,” Sanders said. Doctors prescribed Sanders four rounds of chemotherapy at Warren Clinic Medical Oncology in Tahlequah. “I was supposed to do four, but three rounds did it,” Sanders said. “During that time, I still went to work, and I didn’t feel good at all going to work, but I still worked my eight hours a day. I still went to work, put a smile on my face. I had a really good attitude about it.” Though the cancer has returned and forced Sanders to put classes at Carl Albert State College on hold while continuing to work, he remains positive and recommends anyone going through a diagnosis to do the same. “Just have a positive attitude about everything. Surround yourself with positive things, people, family and friends,” he said. Sanders has a GoFundMe account to help with expenses. To donate, visit <a href="http://www.gofundme.com/hodgkins-lymphoma-fight" target="_blank">www.gofundme.com/hodgkins-lymphoma-fight</a>. <strong>Symptoms and Info</strong> Possible symptoms of Hodgkin ymphoma include fever, drenching night sweats and weight loss constituting at least 10 percent of a person’s body weight over the course of six months, according to the American Cancer Society. For more information, visit <a href="www.cancer.org/cancer/hodgkin-lymphoma.html " target="_blank">www.cancer.org/cancer/hodgkin-lymphoma.html</a>.
BY LINDSEY BARK
Reporter
04/20/2018 08:30 AM
TAHLEQUAH – Northeastern State University’s Oklahoma College of Optometry goes back 39 years in its relationship with the Cherokee Nation and in providing Cherokees eye care. NSUOCO works with nine CN clinics, also known as Rural Eye Programs, in Tahlequah, Sallisaw, Stilwell, Jay, Salina, Vinita, Nowata, Muskogee and Ochelata and services 40,000 to 60,000 patients annually. Its first graduating class was in 1983 and has since averaged 28 graduates annually from its four-year doctorate program. The NSU campus clinic contains 20 exam rooms and specialty clinics for dry eye, contact lenses, low vision, vision therapy and infant vision clinic. If a REP is unable to provide a type of eye care, patients are sent to the NSU clinic for further evaluation and treatment. Nate Lighthizer, NSUOCO Continuing Medical Education director and doctor of optometry, said the college has seen patients from 2 months old to 102 years old. “We all have different vision needs. That’s one of the beauties of having a college is we have 35 faculty members that are either here, in (W.W.) Hastings (Hospital) or in the REPs, and a lot them have different interests. We have doctors that specialize in infant vision and vision therapy. They’re the expert in the 6-month-old and the 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-year-old. Other doctors, they’re the expert in the 80-year-olds,” Lighthizer said. He said students begin in “didactically heavy” classes, building foundations and learning about systemic diseases, eye diseases, procedures when giving primary care, looking at the eye with microscopes and other program aspects. He said students begin seeing patients at the end of the second year and into the third year. CN citizen and fourth-year student Seth Rich said he applied for the NSU program because of the experience it would give him treating patients by the time he graduates. “I’m from this area, so I wanted to serve basically in the population that I grew up in. Here at NSU we see more patients compared to any other optometry school by the time we graduate. We have more patient interactions that any other optometry school is going to have and more clinical experience because we start seeing patients a year early than most other schools,” he said. Rich said he also has experience using the REPs and seeing the eye care needs among Cherokees. “We deal with a lot of diabetic patients here at Cherokee Nation, and that has a really large effect on the eyes. Being able to be in this area and serve a population that has a huge need for us is a big deal because I personally have a lot of family ties to this area want to be in a community where I feel like I’m going to be contributing and giving back and helping the overall health of the population with health and exams,” he said. Rich said the program prepares students to “go out into the real world” and treat patients of any need. “I feel very confident going out into the population and serving basically anybody that walks in the door.” CN citizen Tara Comingdeer Fields, who is in her first year at NSUOCO, said she chose the program because of her area ties. “It’s not specifically just Cherokee Indians that I want to serve, but overall Native Americans. My background is I grew up in a traditional family, so the medicines and traditions that we did just kind of stuck with me, and now I want to help people.” Comingdeer Fields and Rich are recipients of Indian Health Services scholarships for optometry and will work under an IHS contract upon graduation. Lighthizer said CN citizens make up between 10 to 15 percent of the NSUOCO’s students and that it’s usually rewarding for a Cherokee to grow up using CN eye care services and then go through the program and become a provider. “It’s just a very mutually beneficial relationship between Cherokee Nation to be able to have all of these patients seen and then obviously for the education for students to be able to see patients and hone their skills.”
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/19/2018 04:00 PM
SANTA ANA PUEBLO, N.M. – The Notah Begay III (NB3) Foundation, with a grant from the Comcast Foundation and in partnership with Cultivating Coders, is accepting applications for a national competition for Native youth to design a mobile app focusing on improving the health and nutrition of Native youth – designed by Native youth. The competition is open to individuals or teams of Native youth, ages 13-18, experienced in coding, design and digital media and/or mobile technology. Participants must submit a completed application with supporting documents that includes a four-page outline and video of the app. Contest applications will be accepted until July 1. Learn about the contest criteria, eligibility and application process at: <a href="http://www.nb3foundation.org/healthy-kids-healthy-futures-app-contest/" target="_blank">http://www.nb3foundation.org/healthy-kids-healthy-futures-app-contest/</a>. “The NB3 Foundation recognizes that more and more Native youth are using their mobile devices and APPs to track their physical activity, nutrition and even water intake. This competition is an integral step for the Foundation in the direction of connecting youth with technology to build healthier lifestyles,” NB3 Foundation President and CEO Justin Kii Huenemann, said. The contest’s intent is to engage and challenge creative and tech-savvy Native youth from across Indian Country to think creatively, culturally and digitally about their diet, nutrition, exercise and fitness; and turn that knowledge into a solution or problem-solving mobile app that may be used by the NB3 Foundation. A panel of NB3 Foundation staff and experts will choose a first-, second- and third-place winners. The first-place winner will proceed to work with Cultivating Coders, a software company and social enterprise focused on priming the next generation of coders to develop, design and implement their own solutions to address their local challenges, to further develop the app into a minimum viable product. For more information or questions about the application process, email Simone Duran, NB3 Foundation program assistant, at <a href="mailto: simone@nb3f.org">simone@nb3f.org</a> or call 505-867-0775, ext. 104.
BY STAFF REPORTS
04/17/2018 08:00 AM
VINITA – The Cherokee Nation’s Behavioral Health is using federal grants to train law enforcement, youth workers and health officials to better handle mental illness. Behavioral Health special projects officer Tonya Boone, a certified instructor, has led eight classes, including her most recent adult mental health first-aid class at the CN Vinita Health Center. “I was certified in August of 2017 and have since certified around 150 individuals,” Boone said. More than 20 people from CN Health Services and surrounding health care agencies were involved in the most recent training in Vinita. During the eight-hour course, participants memorized a five-step action plan and were taught how to identify mental health risk factors, offer support and be effective communicators. Only about 5,000 instructors nationwide are certified to teach mental health first aid, including six from the CN. Behavioral Health Clinic Administrator Joni Lyon said for her team of certified instructors it is about more than training. It’s about making a difference in the lives of those who may be suffering from a mental illness or substance abuse. “We are invested in providing education and information for our communities regarding mental health and substance abuse,” Lyon said. “Our department acknowledges that Cherokee Nation is not exempt from these types of issues and wants to ensure our communities are provided with appropriate information and education to assist persons seeking services in their community.” All five courses, funded through a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration grant and the Indian Health Service, teach specific risk factors and warning signs of mental illness and how they relate to an emergency situation. Instructors can be certified in any of the courses and certifications must be renewed every three years. So far in 2018, the tribe has certified more than 100 participants in mental health first aid and was expected to offer four classes relating to youth at the Jack Brown Youth Treatment Center in Tahlequah in April. Behavioral Health offers various services to all federally recognized tribal citizens, including specialized services for women, individual and group therapy for mental health and substance abuse, relapse prevention, children and family treatment and parenting classes. In addition to counseling, the department handles psychological testing for children and adults. For CN citizens living within the tribe’s jurisdictional boundaries, referral services for substance abuse and psychiatric stabilization are also available. For more information on mental health first-aid training, visit <a href="http://www.mentalhealthfirstaid.com" target="_blank">www.mentalhealthfirstaid.com</a>.