Less federal funding expected for Indian Housing Plan

BY D. SEAN ROWLEY
Senior Reporter
08/29/2020 12:00 PM
Main Cherokee Phoenix
Gary Cooper, executive director for the Housing Authority of the Cherokee Nation, shown here in a groundbreaking ceremony, says the final funding figures for the tribe’s Indian Housing Plan will be determined in the fiscal year 2021 federal budget. ARCHIVE
TAHLEQUAH – Though there have been delays because of the coronavirus pandemic, and Congress must finalize appropriations, the Cherokee Nation’s Indian Housing Plan could receive about $2.8 million less in federal funding than previous years.

Each year, the Tribal Council authorizes submission of the IHP to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. The funds are used for mortgage and rent assistance, housing rehabilitation and other programs. In most years, the IHP is around $30 million.

“The Indian Housing Plan is the Cherokee Nation’s plan or blueprint of how we expect to spend the Indian Housing Block Grant funding under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act,” Gary Cooper, Housing Authority of the Cherokee Nation executive director, said. “The IHP was due to HUD by July 18th for our upcoming fiscal year, which starts on Oct. 1st.”

Deadlines were extended because of the pandemic.

“Ours was already in progress before HUD announced they were extending the deadline due to COVID, and we have received notification that ours has been approved,” Cooper said. “Due to how the government operates, the IHP is based on estimates using the President’s Budget Request to Congress. In the last several years, Congress has appropriated more money under NAHASDA than requested in the PBR to try to keep at level funding or fairly close.”

The math used to determine the allocations to each tribe and total funding uses figures that have been largely consistent, allowing tribes to plan accordingly and accounting for inflation. Totals are expected to be a bit lower for the next fiscal year, though Cooper said it was still in line with expectations.

“The amount in the PBR for this year is consistent with previous years and proposes to fund NAHASDA at $600 million,” Cooper said. “Last year’s appropriations by Congress was just north of $655 million, which equated to $30.7 million for Cherokee Nation. Based on the estimates for this year, our estimate is $27.9 million. The final appropriations will be decided by Congress through the federal budget.”

Cooper said estimates and final allocations are figured using “a complex formula,” which the federal government negotiates with the tribes.

“Part of the formula is based on what tribes were receiving when NAHASDA went into effect back in the late 1990s,” Cooper said. “The other portion is based on U.S. Census data.”

Many have already turned in their census forms, or answered online. Cooper said it isn’t too late to be counted. Those who haven’t yet answered the census can visit 2020census.gov or call 1-844-330-2020.

“It is imperative that folks complete the census, not just for this program but for numerous others,” Cooper said. “The data uses information that used to be included in what was known as the Census Long Form, which has changed and is now the American Community Survey. The ACS forms go to a portion of the population each year to survey individual household data and a deeper level then the Census. It looks at a household’s income, how much goes to housing costs, if folks rent or own, if they have running water, and a lot of other info.” 
ᏣᎳᎩ

ᏓᎵᏆ – ᏙᎯᏳᏃ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏃᎶᎬ ᏅᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎥᏳᎩ ᏐᏁᎳᏚ ᏣᏱᎵᏙᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎠᏎ ᎤᏂᏁᎢᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ, ᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏧᎾᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᏚᏄᎦᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏙᏛᏂᎩᏏ ᏯᏛᎾ 2.8 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᎦᏲᏟᎨ ᎾᎿ ᏂᎬᎾᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᎾᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᏐᎢ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗᏒᎢ.
ᏂᏓᏕᏘᏴᎯᏒ, ᎾᎿ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎦ ᎠᏂᎾ ᎣᏏ ᎤᏂᏰᎸᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ IHP ᏭᏂᏗ ᎠᎹᏱᏟ ᎤᎾᏙᏢ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏂᏚᎲ ᎠᏃᎷᏩᏘᏍᎩ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎾᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᎠᏅᏗᏍᎪ ᏯᏛᎾ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏂᎷᎬ ᏗᎬᏩᏂᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᏓᎾᏙᎵᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏐᎢ ᏧᏂᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ. ᏂᎪᎯᎸᏊ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏓᏕᏘᏴᎯᏒ, ᎾᎿ IHP ᏓᎩᏍᎪ ᏯᏛᎾ 30 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᎨᏐᎢ.
“ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᏗᎾᏁᏍᎨᏍᎩ ᎤᏂᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᎾᏓᏅᏖᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿ ᏌᎪᏂᎩ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏅᏗᏍᎪ ᏓᏄᎪᏗᏍᎪ ᎢᎦ ᏧᏅᏙᏗ ᏓᎾᏁᏍᎨᏍᎬ ᎠᏅᏗᏍᎪ ᎠᎹᏱᏟ ᏗᎾᏁᏍᎨᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏍᏕᎵᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏓᏄᎪᏗᏍᎪ ᎢᏳᎾᏛᏗᎢ; Gary Cooper ᏗᎾᏁᏍᎨᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎾᎿ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. “ᎾᎿ IHP ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏍᎪ HUD ᎾᎿ ᎫᏰᏉᏂ ᎧᎸᎢ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎾᎿᎢ. ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎪ ᏚᏂᏃᏗ ᎧᎸ ᎢᎬᏱᎢ.”
ᏕᎫᎪᏛ ᎤᏓᏁᏟᏴᏒ ᏅᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎥᏳᎩ ᏣᏱᎵᏙᎭ.
“ᎠᏯ ᎣᎦᏤᎵ ᎦᏳᎳ ᎠᏟᎢᎵᏒ Ꮟ HUD ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏂᎬᏁᎲᎾ ᏥᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏂᏅᎯᏗᏍᏗ ᎢᏴ ᎤᎵᏍᏆᏗᏍᏗᎢ ᎾᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎥᏳᎩ ᎠᏱᎵᏙᎲᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎣᎩᏁᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᎣᏏ ᎠᏰᎸᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ “ᎠᏗᏍᎬ Cooper.” ᏅᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎾᎿ IHP ᎦᏳᎳ ᎤᎾᏎᎸ ᎨᏐ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏎᎸ ᏫᏚᏔᏲᏢ ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎦ. ᎢᎸᏍᎩ ᎾᏕᏘᏯ ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎦ ᎤᎾᏎᎸ ᎨᏐ ᎤᎪᏛ ᎠᏕᎳ ᏂᏓᏳᏓᎴᏗ NAHASDA ᎾᎿ ᎤᏂᏔᏲᏍᏗ PBR ᎢᎦᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗᎢ.”
ᎾᎿ ᏗᏎᎸᎢ ᏥᏓᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᎾᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᎤᏂᎩᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏓᏂᎾᏍᏓᏢᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᏓᏅᏗᏍᎪ ᏗᏎᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᎦᏘᎭᏊ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏁᏉᎬᎢ. ᎦᏟᏌᏅᏃ ᎦᏲᏟᎨ ᎨᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏐᎢ ᎤᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗᏒᎢ, ᏙᎯᏳᏃ ᎠᏗᏍᎬ Cooper ᎠᏗᏍᎬ ᏏᎬ ᎡᎵᏊ ᎤᏠᏯᏊ ᎨᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎢᎬᏒᎢ.
ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ ᏚᏂᎲ ᎾᎿ PBR ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏌᏓ ᎤᏠᏯᏊ ᏧᎶᏒᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏰᎸᏛ ᎤᎾᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ NAHASDA ᎾᎿ 600 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬ Cooper. “ᎡᏘ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗᏒ ᎤᎾᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎦ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏴᏢᏊ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎨᏒ 655 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏠᏯᏊ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ 30.7 ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎤᎾᏎᎸ 27.9 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ. ᎠᎵᏍᏆᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏂᏯᏙᏍᏗ ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᏧᏄᎪᏙᏗ ᎨᏎᏍᏗ ᏂᏓᏳᏓᎴᏅ ᏂᎬᎾᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏂᎲ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ.
Cooper ᎠᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏎᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ ᏗᎬᏔᏅ “complex formula,” ᎾᎿ ᏩᏥᏂ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᎵᏙᎯ ᏂᏓᏳᏓᎴᏅ ᏓᏂᎾᏍᏓᏢᎢ.
ᎢᎦᏓ ᎤᎾᏎᎸᎢ ᎠᏅᏗᏍᎪ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᎨ NAHASDA ᏥᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ 1990’s,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬ Cooper “ᏐᎢᏃ ᎤᏂᎲ ᎪᏪᎳ ᎾᎿ ᏚᎾᎳᏏᏔᎾ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ U. S. Census data.
ᎤᏂᎪᏓ ᎨᏳᎳ ᏚᏂᏃᏟ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏧᏂᎧᎵᏏᏌᏅᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏏᎳᏕᏫᏒ ᏓᏂᎧᎵᏏᏏᏍᎪ. Cooper ᎠᏗᏍᎬ Ꮭ ᎣᏂᏱ ᏱᎩ ᎤᎾᏓᏎᏍᏗᎢ. ᎢᎦᏓ Ꮟ ᏧᏂᎧᎵᏏᏌᏅ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏱᎩ. ᎠᎾᏓᏎᎯᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏫᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᎾᎿ 2020 Census gov. ᎠᎴ ᏩᏟᏃᎮᏗ 1-844-330-2020.
“ᏙᎯᏳ ᎣᏏ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᏧᏂᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᎯᎠ Census, Ꮭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠᏊ ᎢᏳᏰᎶᏗ ᎤᏩᏌ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏗᏍᎩᏂ ᎤᏰᎸᏗ.”
Cooper ᎠᏗᏍᎬ. “ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎠᏅᏗᏍᎪ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎪ ᎠᎴ ᏣᏠᏯᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎠᎾᏎᎯᎲ ᎠᎾᏎᎯᎯ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ, ᎤᏓᏁᏟᏴᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎢᏃ ᎠᎹᎵᎧ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ Survey. ᎾᏍᎩ ACS ᏗᎧᎵᏏᏃᏐᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏁᎲ ᎨᎦᏎᏍᏗᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎢ ᎠᏂᏟᏏᏍᎪ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏓ ᎾᏃ Census. ᎠᎾᎦᏎᏍᏗᏍᎪ ᏏᏓᏁᎸ ᎢᎦ ᎠᏕᎳ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ, ᎢᎦ ᎠᎾᏈᏱᏍᎬ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ, ᎤᎾᏙᎵᏗ ᏱᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏱᎩ, ᎠᎹ ᎤᏩᏌ ᎦᎷᎩ ᏱᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏛ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏄᏅᎾᏅᎢ ᎦᎵᏦᏕᎢ.
– TRANSALTED BY ANNA SIXKILLER

About the Author
Sean Rowley was hired by the Cherokee Phoenix at the beginning of 2019. Sean was born a long time ago in Tulsa, where he grew up and attended Booker T. Washington High School as a freshman before moving to Pawnee County and graduating from Cleveland High School in 1987. 

He graduated sans honors from Northeastern State University in 1992 with a bachelor of arts in mass communication with emphases in advertising and public relati ...
david-rowley@cherokee.org • 918-453-5560
Sean Rowley was hired by the Cherokee Phoenix at the beginning of 2019. Sean was born a long time ago in Tulsa, where he grew up and attended Booker T. Washington High School as a freshman before moving to Pawnee County and graduating from Cleveland High School in 1987. He graduated sans honors from Northeastern State University in 1992 with a bachelor of arts in mass communication with emphases in advertising and public relati ...

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