Stine proud of Cherokee, British heritage
Cherokee Nation citizen Joe Stine stands next to a painting he recreated of his fourth great-grandfather, Cherokee Chief Ostenaco. Ostenaco was one of three Cherokee leaders who accompanied British Lt. Henry Timberlake to London, England, in 1762 to try to get an audience with King George III. The original painting of Ostenaco was painted Sir Joshua Reynolds and is on display at the Gilcrease Museum in Tulsa. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
Joe Stine’s grandfather, John Anderson Timberlake, attended President Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration in 1913 as a representative of the Cherokee Nation. Timberlake was a direct descendant of Cherokee Chief Ostenaco. John’s father, Richard Timberlake, survived the Trail of Tears. COURTESY
NOBLE – Joe Stine is proud of his Cherokee and British heritages and includes them in the Rose Rock Museum he operates with his wife Nancy.
His great-great-great grandfather was Lt. Henry Timberlake, a British officer who lived among the Cherokee people and wrote about their culture in the mid-18th century.
Stine said he had not known of his important ancestor until his Cherokee grandfather John Timberlake told stories about his great-great grandfather being a British officer and a Virginian.
Stine, who is a Cherokee Nation citizen, said a book about his grandfather’s memoirs mentions the son-in-law of Cherokee Chief Ostenaco lived on Ooltewah Creek, now in Hamilton County, Tennessee. The son-in-law mentioned was likely Lt. Timberlake who married Ostenaco’s daughter Sageni.
The 2007 book “The Memoirs of Lt. Henry Timberlake, the Story of a Soldier, Adventurer and Emissary to the Cherokees, 1756-1765” by the late scholar Duane King shares Timberlake’s memoirs when the 26-year-old British officer volunteered to help negotiate peace with the Cherokee and lived with them for a time.
The officer kept detailed notes of what he saw, and in 1762 led a group of Cherokee leaders, including Chief Ostenaco, across the Atlantic on a goodwill mission to London, England, to try to meet King George III.
Henry and Sageni were the parents of Richard Timberlake, who continued the Timberlake lineage after Henry died on Sept. 30, 1765, in England after unsuccessfully trying to help the Cherokee delegation get an audience with the king. The Cherokee delegation had hoped to persuade the king to enforce the Proclamation Line of 1763 and stop the continuing encroachment of white settlers on Cherokee land.
The British government sent the Cherokee delegation back home in March 1765, and after their departure Lt. Timberlake was arrested for allegedly failing to pay for the lodging he and the Cherokee delegation used. It’s thought he wrote his memoirs while incarcerated. His memoirs are considered by some historians to be the best account of 18th-century Cherokee life.
Stine’s mother, Florence Timberlake, was a direct descendent of Lt. Timberlake. Stine, 89, has done much research on his ancestors and said he is “very impressed” with his them, but he admitted for a time he didn’t care or think much about his Cherokee heritage. He said when he was a child it was his mother and his grandfather John who maintained his interest in his Cherokee heritage.
“I remember him telling me, ‘someday you’ll be proud of your Cherokee blood,’” he said.
Stine was raised in Haskell in Muskogee County and now lives in Norman.
ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳᎢ - Joe Stine ᎣᏍᏓ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎩᎵᏏ ᎢᏳᎾᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏕᎨᎦᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎥᎿᎾᏂ Rose Rock ᎤᏪᏘ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏛᎢ ᎤᏓᎵᎢ Nancy ᎢᏧᎳ ᎤᎾᏂᎩᏍᏗᏗ.
ᏦᎢᏃ ᎤᏂᏏ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ Lt. Henry Timberlake, ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎠᎩᎵᏏ ᎠᏍᎦᏰᎬᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᏁᎲᎢ ᎡᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅᎢ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎢᏳᎾᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ 18th ᏥᎨᏒᎢ.
Stine ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎥᏝ ᏳᏂᏖᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏥᎸᏉᏗ ᎨᏒ ᏂᏓᏳᏓᎴᏅᎢ ᎩᎳ ᎠᏣᎳᎩ ᎤᏚᏓ John Timberlake ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎧᏃᎮᏢᏍᎬᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᏔᎵ ᎤᏂᏏ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎩᎵᏏ ᎠᏍᎦᏰᎬᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏩᏥᏂᏱ ᎨᏒᎩ.
Stine, ᏣᎳᎩᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎨᎳ ᎢᎩ, ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏧᏬᏪᎳᏅᎢ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎿᏥᏴᎢ ᎠᏣᎳᎩ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏍᏗᎾᎧ ᎤᎵᏘᏩ ᎠᎹᏳᎵᏗ ᎡᎮᎢ, ᎾᏊ Hamilton ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᏥᎩ, ᏔᏅᏏ. ᎤᎿᏥᏴᏃ ᎠᏥᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᎩ Lt. Timberlake ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏗᎾᎧ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎠᎨᏯ ᏕᎨᎦᏨᏍᏔᏅᎢ ᏐᎩᏂ.
ᎾᏍᎩ 2007 ᎪᏪᎵ “ᎾᏍᎩ Lt. Henry Timberlake ᏧᏬᏪᎳᏅᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᎠᏯᏫᏍᎩ, ᎤᎦᏛᏂᏙᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏛ ᎨᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᏁᎲᎩ ᎤᎦᏛᏅᏍᏗ, 1756-1765” ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᎾᎦᏘ ᏥᎨᏒ Duane King ᏧᏯᏙᏢᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ Timberlake ᏧᏬᏪᎳᏅᎢ ᎾᎯᏳᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ 26-ᎢᏳᏕᏘᏴᏓ-ᎠᎩᎵᏏ ᎤᏩᏌ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎯᏓᏍᏗ ᏧᎾᎵᏃᎮᏗᎢ ᏙᎯ ᎾᏅᏁᎲᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᎨᏒ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎥᎿ ᎠᏁᎲᎢ ᎡᎮᎢ.
ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎠᏍᎦᏰᎬᏍᏗ ᏧᏬᏪᎳᏅᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᎤᎪᎲᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ 1762 ᏚᏘᏅᏎᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏂᎢ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᏗᎾᏓᏘᏂᏙᎯ, ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎢᎨᎴᎢ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏍᏗᎾᎧ, ᏕᎨᏥᏐᎯᏍᏔᏅᎢ ᎥᎿ ᎳᎵᏁ ᏪᏋᎢ ᎠᎺᏉᎢ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎠᏂᎬᏖᏃᎵᏙᎲᎢ ᎩᎵᏏᎢ, ᎩᎵᏏ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏧᎾᏠᎯᏍᏗᎢ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎢ George III.
Henry ᎠᎴ ᏐᎩᏂ ᎤᏁᏥ ᎨᏒᎩ Richard Timberlake, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏓᏳᎾᏓᎴᏅᎢ Timberlake ᏣᏁᎭ ᎪᎯᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎶᏐᎾ Henry ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ. 30,1765 ᏥᎨᏒᎢ, ᎥᎿ ᎩᎵᏏᎢ ᎾᎯᏳᏃ ᏧᏁᎵᏔᏅᎢ ᏧᏍᏕᎸᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ ᎤᏂᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎩᎵᏏᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎤᏅᏎ ᎤᎾᎵᏃᎮᏗᎢ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏓᏱᏗᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸᏍᎬᎢ ᎾᎯᏳ 1763 ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᎷᎬᎢ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏁᎦ ᎠᎾᎲᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏙ ᏕᎤᏂᎲᎢ.
ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎠᏂᎩᎵᏏ ᎠᏂᏩᏥᏂ ᏚᏂᏅᏎᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ ᎤᎾᏂᎩᏍᏗᎢ ᏙᏧᏁᏅᏒᎢ ᎢᏴᎢ ᎾᏂᏳᎢ ᎠᏅᏱ 1765 ᏥᎨᏒᎢ, ᎠᎴ Ꮓ ᎾᏊ ᎤᎾᏂᎩᏏ Lt. Timberlake ᎠᏥᏴᎩᏛᎢ ᏄᏈᏴᎲᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎤᏁᏙᎸᎢ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᏚᎵᎬᏩᏢᏅᎢ. ᎾᎯᏳᏃ ᏣᏥᏴᎩᏛᎢ ᏚᏬᏪᎳᏅᎢ ᎠᏁᎵᏍᎪᎢ. ᎠᏂᏃᎮᏢᎥᏍᎩ ᎢᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏓᏂᏙᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏧᏤᎵᎢ ᏗᎪᏪᎳᏅᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ 18-ᎢᏯᏍᎪᎯᏧᏈ ᏚᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗᏒᎢ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎠᏁᎲᎢ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏫᏓᏤᏢᎢ ᎠᏁᎵᏍᎪᎢ.
Stine Ꮓ ᎤᏥᎢ, Florence Timberlake, ᎾᏍᎩᏃ Lt. Timberlake. ᏂᏓᏳᏓᎴᏅᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ. Stine, 89, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎪᏗ ᎤᎦᏛᏂᏙᎸᎢ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᏂᏓᏳᎾᏓᎴᏅᎢ ᎠᎴ “ᏙᏳᎢ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎤᏰᎸᎢ” ᏄᎾᏍᏛᎢ, ᎠᏎᏃ ᎬᏂᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏮᏁᎸᎢ ᎥᏝ ᏟᏱᎦ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏍᎨᎢ ᏣᎳᎩ ᏄᏓᏳᏓᎴᏅᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ. ᎢᎧᏃᎮᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏲᏟ ᏥᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏥᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏚᏓ John ᏂᎬᏂᎯᎵ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏓ ᎤᏂᏰᎸᏎ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᏂᏓᏳᎾᏓᎴᏅᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ.
“ᎦᏅᏓᏗᏍᎪᎢ ᎠᎩᏃᎯᏎᎲᎢ,’ᎢᎸᎯᏳᏃ ᏥᎨᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏓ ᏣᏰᎸᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏣᎳᎩ ᎤᎩᎦ ᏣᏁᎲᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ.
Stine Ꮓ ᎮᏍᎦᎵᎢ ᎫᏐᎢ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᎤᏛᏒᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏊ ᏥᎩ ᏃᎹᏂ ᎦᏁᎳ.