NAJA releases Media Spotlight Report on Indigenous coverage in mainstream media

02/14/2020 04:30 PM
Main Cherokee Phoenix
The semi-annual Native American Journalists Association Media Spotlight Report examines the representation of Indigenous people in mainstream media by analyzing coverage from several major outlets using comparative metrics over a set period. COURTESY
NORMAN – In the Native American Journalists Association’s Media Spotlight Report, NAJA officials said they took a snapshot of the dominant themes emerging in mainstream media coverage related to Indigenous peoples and communities.

The research team, led by former NAJA Vice President Dr. Victoria LaPoe, broke down five national news outlets’ online coverage in the United States, analyzing emerging themes and terminology from 87 articles published in 2018 and 2019.

Those outlets were The Washington Post, The New York Times, The Guardian, Fox News and NPR.

Using the NAJA BINGO Card as a guide, researchers identified how many times clichéd themes and stereotypes appeared in stories about Indigenous peoples and the issues they face.

The BINGO card has 14 key terms commonly found in news stories that display a limited knowledge of Indian County.

The most frequently used terms that appeared in the Media Spotlight Report centered on “poverty”, “reservation,” “drugs,” “addiction,” “alcohol” and “drums.”

Content ran the gamut, including the continued use of the dictionary-defined racial slurs in headlines and relying on stereotypical themes of poverty and drug addiction. Many of the stories placed Indigenous people in the past and relive heavily on interviews with officials versus talking to people directly impacted within the communities.

Of the 87 stories surveyed, less than 7% were written by Indigenous reporters, calling into question the surveyed outlets’ inclusivity efforts.

“NAJA’s mission encourages accurate and contextual coverage of Indigenous people. The American media landscape should reflect the diversity of the country. Ethical coverage is difficult at best when there is no one in the newsroom who can speak to the Indigenous experience,” a NAJA release states.

NAJA still offers resources such as the BINGO Card, released in 2017 in partnership with High Country News, and newsroom training to any media organization looking to improve coverage of Indigenous people and communities.

The spreadsheet used to compile data for the NAJA Media Spotlight Report is available by request at

View the full report here.


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