DOI announces regulations for leasing approval process on Native land
WASHINGTON – On Nov. 27, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar and Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs Kevin K. Washburn announced final regulations that will streamline the leasing approval process on Native land, increasing homeownership and expediting business and commercial development, including renewable energy projects.
“This reform will expand opportunities for individual landowners and tribal governments to generate investment and create jobs in their communities by bringing greater transparency and workability to the Bureau of Indian Affairs leasing process,” Salazar said. “This final step caps the most comprehensive reforms of Indian land leasing regulations in more than 50 years and will have a lasting impact on individuals and families who want to own a home or build a business on Indian land.”
The comprehensive reform overhauls antiquated regulations governing the BIA’s process for approving the surface leases on lands the federal government holds in trust for Indian tribes and individuals. As trustee, the Interior manages about 56 million surface acres in Indian Country.
“This reform is about supporting self-determination for Indian Nations and was developed in close consultation with tribal leaders,” Washburn said. “The streamlined, commonsense rule replaces a process ill-suited for economic development of Indian lands and provides flexibility and certainty to tribal communities and individuals regarding decisions on the use of their land.”
The new rule helps to implement the recently passed Helping Expedite and Advance Responsible Tribal Homeownership Act, which allows federally recognized tribes to assume greater control of leasing on tribal lands.
The new regulation will become effective 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. The final rule provides clarity by identifying specific processes, with enforceable timeline, through which the BIA must review leases.
The regulation also establishes separate, simplified processes for residential, business and renewable energy development rather than using a “one-size-fits-all” approach that treats a lease for a single family home the same as a lease for a large wind energy project.
The new process provides a 30 day-limit for the BIA to issue decisions on residential leases, subleases and mortgages. For commercial or industrial development, the BIA would have 60-days to review leases and subleases. If the BIA does not complete its review of subleases in this timeframe, those agreements will automatically go into effect.
ᏩᏒᏓᏃᎢ – ᎾᎿ ᏅᏓᏕᏆ ᏔᎵᏍᎪ ᎦᎵᏉᎩᏁ, ᏗᎪᏪᎵᏍᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎨᏒ Ken Salazar ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎵᏍᎩ ᏗᎪᏪᎵᏍᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏓ ᎠᏟᎢᎵᏙᎲ Kevin K. Washburn ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᏓ ᏓᎾᏙᎵᏍᎬ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎾᏅᏁᎵᏙᎲ ᎣᏏ ᎤᏂᏱᎸᏗ ᎠᏟᎢᎵ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᎯᏯ ᎦᏙᎥ, ᎧᏁᏉᏓ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏧᎾᏤᎵᎪ ᎦᏙ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎤᏟᎵᎸᏍᏗ ᎠᏕᎳ ᏗᏙᏢᏍᎩ ᏧᏃᏢᏗᎢ, ᎨᎳᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏤᎲᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏩᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ.
“ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅ ᏛᏝᏅᏓᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎦᏙ ᏧᏂᎭ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᎵᏙ ᏧᏂᏖᎸᏗ ᎠᏕᎳ ᎬᏩᏙᏢᏗ ᎠᎴᏗᏍᏊ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎬᏩᏙᏢᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏗᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᏂᏲᎯᎲ ᎤᎪᏛ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏗᎬᏩᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎾᎿ ᏩᏥᏂ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᏗᏂᎦᏘᏯ ᏗᎾᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏱᎸᏙᎲᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬ Salazar. “ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏆᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᎾᎳᏍᎬᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏭᎪᏛ ᎪᏟᏍᏗ ᎪᏪᎸ ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᎦᏓ ᏓᎾᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏗᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎦᏍᎪᎯ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎯᏓ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᎯᏍᏗ ᎨᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏓᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎾᏚᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏁᏅᏒ ᎠᎴᏱᎩ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎠᏕᎳ ᎦᎷᎩ ᎤᏃᏢᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᎦᏙᎢ.”
ᎾᎿ ᎪᏟᏍᏗ ᎠᏙᏢᏍᎬ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᏗᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᎦᏓᏅᏖᎮᎯ ᎨᏒ BIA ᎠᏟᎢᎵᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎣᏏ ᎤᏂᏰᎸᏗ ᏓᎾᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎦᏙ ᎾᎿ ᏂᎬᎾᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᎵᏙ ᎤᏂᏂᏴᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎰᏩ ᎠᏰᎸᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏥᎦᏘᏗᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᎵᏙ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎦᏍᎪ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏓ ᎢᎦ ᎤᎾᎦᏎᏍᏙ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ.
“ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᏕᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏌ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏃᏢᏅ ᎾᎥ ᏧᎾᏟᏃᎮᏢ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᏗᎾᏓᏘᏂᏙᎯ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬ Washburn. “ᎯᎠ ᎠᎯᏗᎨ , ᎪᏟᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏅᏁᎸ ᏗᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᎬ ᎡᏍᎦ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏄᏅᏁ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᎾᏕᎦ ᎤᏂᏩᏍᎩ ᎣᏍᏓ ᏯᏅᏁᎵᏙ ᎦᏙ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᏧᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᏙᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏁᏢᏍᎬ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎨᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏙᎯᏳ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᏗᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᎠᎴᏱᎩ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏧᏄᎪᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎦᏓ ᏚᏂᎲᎢ.”
ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏗᏤ ᏗᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎵ ᎾᏝᎬ ᎤᏂᎶᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎵᏍᎬ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᏂᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗ ᏳᎾᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏚᏁᏅᏒ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏁᎳ ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᎪᎵᎦ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎤᎪᏛ ᎤᏂᎯ ᎬᏩᎾᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᏚᎲ ᎦᏓ.
ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎢᏤ ᏗᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏛᏓᎴᏅᎲ ᎠᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᏦᏍᎪᎯ ᏧᏙᏓᏆᏗ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᏚᏂᏃᏣᏝᏅ ᎾᎿ ᏩᏥᏂ ᎤᏃᏪᎶᏗᎢ. ᎠᏍᏆᏗᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏗᎧᎾᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎠᏁᏢᏍᎦ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏕᎪᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᎢᏒᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏎᎵ ᎢᏴ ᎨᏒ, ᎤᎶᏒ BIA ᎠᏎ ᏧᎪᎵᏰᏓ ᏗᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ.
ᎾᎿ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎪᏢᏍᎦ ᎤᏓᏤᏟᏓ, ᎠᎯᏗᎨ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏗᏂᏁᎳ, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎦᎷᎦ ᏚᏃᏢᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏤᎲᏍᏔᏅ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏩᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎾᏃ ᎬᏙᏗ “ᏌᏊ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ” ᎠᏂᎷᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏛᏁᎲ ᎤᎾᏙᎵᏓ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᏏᏓᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩᏯ ᎤᎾᏙᎵᏓ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏔᎾ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏎᎸᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ.
ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏤ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᎬ ᎠᏁᏢᏍᎦ ᏦᏍᎪᎯ ᏧᏙᏓᏆᏓ ᎢᎪᎯᏓ ᎾᎿ BIA ᎤᏅᏗ ᏚᏄᎪᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ ᏧᎾᏤᎵᎪ ᎤᎾᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ, ᎤᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏙᎵᏓ ᎦᏙᎥ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏘᏗᏍᏙᏗᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᏕᎳ ᎠᏙᏢᏍᎦ ᎤᏂᎩᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ, BIA ᏳᏂᎭ ᏑᏓᎵᏍᎪ ᏧᏙᏓᏆᏗ ᎤᏂᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᏗᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏙᎵᏓ ᎤᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ BIA ᏄᏍᏆᏛᎾ ᏱᎩ ᏓᎪᎵᏰᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏗᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᏟᎶᎥ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏓᏝᎥ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏧᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ.