Inter-Tribal Council accepts Trail of Tears monument plan
FORT SMITH, Ark. – The Inter-Tribal Council of the Five Civilized Tribes recently notified U.S. Marshals Museum officials in Fort Smith that it’s accepting the museum’s offer of property for a Trail of Tears monument at the planned museum’s site.
In a Dec. 20 letter to Jim Dunn, Marshals Museum president and CEO, Muscogee (Creek) Nation Principal Chief and Inter-Tribal Council President George Tiger stated the council’s Executive Committee unanimously approved the offer.
“This was a very generous and thoughtful gesture on behalf of the Museum Board to commemorate the tragic and historic events surrounding the removal of our ancestors to Indian Territory,” Tiger wrote.
The Five Civilized Tribes are the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole nations.
The museum board first invited the tribes to place the monument in June 2011. While presenting the proposal to the board, Dunn noted that each of the tribes had passed through the Fort Smith area at least once during the Trail of Tears, and since then the U.S. Marshals and tribes have worked closely together.
Under the proposal, the Marshals Museum will provide the tribes, at no cost, sufficient land for a monument or memorial, which should be of “world-class” quality. The tribes will cover the cost of constructing the monument. The ITC will have artistic control of the monument, subject to final approval by the museum board, and the ITC and board will establish appropriate committees to work out the details.
Dunn said there is no timeline for the monument’s construction. He said he anticipates the committees will be formed this calendar year, and with museum construction expected to take 18 months, there is no immediate urgency to the monument’s construction.
The monument will be at the northwest corner of the museum’s 6-acre property.
The 50,260-square-foot Marshals Museum will be on the south end of the property, overlooking the Arkansas River, Dunn said. He said museum officials contemplate the Trail of Tears monument and the museum being connected by sidewalks and/or trails.
As of December, $10.2 million has been raised toward the construction of the $50 million museum.
The Trail of Tears was part of President Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Policy of the 1830s. Under the policy, thousands of American Indians were forced to migrate hundreds of miles from their southeastern United States homes across the Mississippi River to the newly designated Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. Thousands of people died before and during the removals. In 1987, federal law authorized about 2,200 miles of trails as the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail.
ᎤᏪᏘ ᏗᏐᏴᎢ, ᏚᏯᏓᏛᎢ. – ᎾᎿ ᎢᎸᏍᎩ-ᎾᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎦ ᎯᏍᎩ ᎤᎾᏓᏅᏔ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢᎢ ᎾᏝᎬ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏅᏁᎸ ᎠᎹᏱᏟ ᎤᏔᏂ ᏗᏓᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᎵᏙ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏪᏘ ᏗᏐᏴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏓᎾᏓᏂᎸᎬ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅᎲᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᎵᏍᎪᎸᏗᏍᎬ ᎦᏙ ᎾᎿ ᏅᏃᎯ ᏚᎾᏠᏱᎸ ᏅᏯ ᎤᏁᏛᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅᎲᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ.
ᎥᏍᎩᏱ ᏔᎵᏍᎪᎯᏁ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎤᏁᏒ Jim Dunn, ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅᎲᏍᏗ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎠᎴ CEO, Muscogee (ᎠᏂᎫᏏ) ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎸᏍᎩ-ᎾᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ George Tiger ᎤᏛᏅ ᎾᏳ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏗ ᎠᏂᏅ ᏂᎦᏓ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎤᏂᏰᎸᏅᎢ.
“ᎯᎢᏃ ᎢᎦ ᎤᏓᏅᏔ ᎨᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏓᏅᏖᎸ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎤᏂᎿᎥ ᎠᏂᎾ ᎤᎾᏅᏓᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᏲᏟ ᎠᎴ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᏅᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᎵᏗᏍᏢ ᏗᎨᏥᏱᎳᏫᏛᎲ ᏗᎩᎦᏴᎵᎨᎢ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏂᎷᏣ ᏃᏊ ᏥᏂᎦᏛᎾ,” ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅ Tiger.
ᎯᎠᎩ ᎾᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦ ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ, ᎠᏂᎫᏏ, ᎠᏂᏣᏗ, ᎠᏂᏥᎦᏏ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᎹᏃᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ.
ᎯᎠ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎤᏂᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅᎲᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᎵᏙ ᎠᏂᎾ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᎤᏁᏛᏍᏗ ᏅᏯ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ ᏕᎭᎷᏱ ᏔᎵ ᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᎠᏚ ᏥᎨᏒᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ ᎠᏔᏲᎯᎯ ᎠᏂᏅ ᏗᏄᎪᏔᏂᏙ, Dunn ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᎤᏂᎶᏌ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏪᏘ ᏗᏐᏴ ᎾᎿ ᏥᎨᏥᏱᎳᏫᏛᎮ, ᎠᎴ ᏃᎴᏍᏊ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎹᏱᏟ ᏧᎾᏔᏅ ᏗᎾᏓᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ ᏗᎵᎪᎯ ᏚᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎰᎢ.
ᎭᏂᎾᏓᏢ ᏚᎾᏓᏁᏤᎸ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎤᏂᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᏙᏛᎾᏓᏁᎳᏁᎳ ᎾᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ, ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ, ᎤᏂᏂᎬᎬ ᎢᎦ ᎦᏙ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎤᏁᏚᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩᏃ “ᏬᏌᏂᏴ” ᎨᏒᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᏢ ᏛᎾᏈᏴᎯ ᏓᎵᎬᏩᏢᏍᎬ ᎠᏁᏛᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏛ. ᎯᎠ ITC ᎤᎮᏍᏗ ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎲᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎾᎿ ᏅᏱᎢ, ᎣᏂᏃ ᏂᎦᏓ ᎠᎪᎵᏰ ᎨᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅᎲᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᎾ ᎣᏏ ᎤᏂᏱᎸᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ITC ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎾ ᎠᏂᏁᏥᏙᎯ ᏧᎾᏑᏰᏍᏓ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ.
Dunn ᎤᏛᎾ ᎧᏁᏨ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎨᏛᏍᏓ ᎤᏂᏍᏆᏗᏍᏗᎢ. ᎤᏁᏨᏃ ᎡᎵᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏓ ᏙᏛᎾᏑᏰᏏ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅᎲᏍᏗ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᏚᏚᎪᏛ ᏁᎳᏚ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ ᏧᏟᎢᎵᏓᏍᏗ, ᏝᏃ ᎤᏟᏍᏗ ᎤᏟᏁᏨ ᏱᎩ ᎤᏂᏍᏆᏗᏍᏗᎢ.
ᎯᎢᏃ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᎨᏕᏍᏗ ᎤᏴᏢᎤᏕᎵᎬ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎤᏅᏏᏴ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗᏓᏅ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏓ ᎢᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎤᏤᎵᎢ.
ᎾᎿᏃ 50,260- ᏅᎩ ᏧᏅᏏᏯ-ᏯᎳᏏᏓ ᎤᏔᎾ ᏗᎾᏓᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎠᎾᎥ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎦᎾᏮ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎠᏍᏛ ᎨᏎᏍᏗ ᎪᏓ ᎠᎲᎢ, ᏫᏓᎧᏃᏗ ᏙᏧᏯᏓᏛ ᎤᏪᏴᎢ, ᎠᏗᏍᎬ DunnᎢ. ᎠᏗᏍᎬᏃ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎠᎿᎥ ᎠᏂᏁᏥᏙ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᏅᏃᎯ ᏚᎾᏠᏱᎸ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅᎲᏍᏗ ᏗᎵᎪᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ ᏅᏯ ᎠᎴᏱᎩ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏅᏗᎢ.
ᎾᏍᎩ ᎥᏍᎩᏱ ᎦᏳᎳ, $10.2 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᎤᏂᏟᏌᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎯᎢᏃ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎯᎦᏍᎪ ᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᎤᏪᏘ ᎠᏍᏆᎪᏙᏗᎢ.
ᏅᏃᎯ ᏚᎾᏠᏱᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ Andrew Jackson ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᏥᎨᏒ ᎾᎯᏳ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᎨᏥᏱᎳᏫᏛᎲ ᎪᏪᎸ ᏁᎳᏚ ᎢᏍᎪᎯᏧᏢ ᏦᏍᎪᎯ ᎤᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗᏒᎢ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏔᏅᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏚᎾᎳᏏᏛ, ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᎠᎹᏱᏟ ᎠᏁᎯ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ ᎨᏥᏱᎳᏫᏛᎲ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏍᎪᎯᏧᏢ ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏓ ᎤᎾᏂᎩᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎦᎾᏮᎧᎸᎬ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎠᎹᏱᏟ ᏚᏁᏅᏒ ᏚᏅᏕᏨ ᏚᏂᎾᏗᏫᏒ ᎻᏏᏏᏈ ᎤᏪᏴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎢᏤ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎨᎦᏑᏯᎡᎵ ᎨᏒ ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏃᏊ ᏥᎩ ᎣᎦᎵᎻᎹ. ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᏳᎶᏒᏍᏓᏆᎴ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᏚᏂᏲᎱᏒᎢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᎢᏒᎢ ᎨᏥᏱᎵᏒᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏐᏁᎳᏚ ᏁᎵᏍᎪ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ, ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᎧᎾᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎤᏎᎸ ᎤᎾᏂᎩᏒ ᏔᎵ ᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᏔᎵᏧᏢ ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏓ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏅᏃᎯ ᏚᎾᏠᏱᎸ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎤᏂᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᎾᏂᎩᏒ ᎠᎴᏗᏍᏆ ᎤᏂᎪᎸᏱᏓ.