Technology specialists help advance Cherokee language
Cherokee Nation language technology specialist Jeff Edwards, left, shows Cherokee Language Immersion School student Hondo Kirk how to use the Cherokee syllabary on an iPhone in this 2010 photo. JAMI CUSTER/CHEROKEE PHOENIX
A collage showing the availability of the Cherokee language in today’s technology. ROY BONEY/LANGUAGE TECHNOLOGY SPECIALIST
TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Cherokee Nation citizens and language technology specialists – Roy Boney Jr., Jeff Edwards and Joseph Erb – have been instrumental in expanding the Cherokee language with 21st century technologies.
Advancements include the language’s availability on the iPhone, iPad and iPod, as well as on Google and in Google email. The journey to get the language where it is today has been interesting, Boney said, because each man has different skills and interests, which when combined create ideas that further the language.
“It all comes back to Joseph, Jeff and I. We’re artists. We’re not computer technicians or anything. So this kind of goes back to finding a creative solution to a problem that we may have,” Boney said. “The problem was that the Cherokee language is not supported on computers and other devices, so we decided ‘hey we got to fix this.’ And getting there, we may not have had the technical skills, but we had the ability to come up with a solution.”
He said a big part of the job is creativity, but having an adventurous streak, such as asking Apple to add the Cherokee language on its products, doesn’t hurt.
“You don’t know if they’re going to do it or not, but they did end up helping us, so we’re risk takers and we enjoy our work,” he said. “We have fun and we work together real well. We collaborate a lot and constantly bounce ideas off each other.”
Boney said he, Erb, Edwards, as well as language translator Durbin Feeling, ensure the language is compatible with technology and that the effort began nearly five years ago while he and Erb were creating materials for the Cherokee Language Immersion School.
“The school at the time had been going for a couple years or so and they needed technology in the classroom because they were doing everything by hand. So the goal was so they could use their tools in their language. And that kind of led to working with Apple,” he said. “So we introduced the MacBook’s into the Cherokee classes and that kind of took off. At this time it was right when the iPhone came out. So our assumption was if Apple can put it on the desktop system it should go in the phone.”
Soon after, a partnership was formed with Apple to design a keyboard.
“Now every Apple device, mobile device, the iPhone, the iPod, the iPad, they all support the Cherokee language. You can type in Cherokee. You can text. You can email…you can do all this in the language. And this is right on the device,” he said. “There is no app to download. It’s actually part of it. So this development caused a lot of interest in the Cherokee language around the world and that led to further partnerships.”
Boney said some of the other partnerships are with Facebook and Microsoft, including a Microsoft translation project that is one of the largest in modern history. In late 2012, Cherokee became the first Native American language to be integrated into a Windows system. Sixteen CN language translators and other staff members worked with Microsoft to prepare the integration of Cherokee into Windows 8. Cherokee translators translated more than 180,000 words, the largest Cherokee translation project since the Bible was translated in the 1800s.
“It could not have been done without our translators. Durbin Feeling was the lead translator on that project. And they had to come up with these new terms for this new technology, which did not exist in Cherokee. So that was quite a challenge,” Boney said.
He said when one looks at Cherokee history, the Cherokee people have always adapted well to the times.
“Like when the trading began with the Europeans, we took their materials and we would use it for our own purposes…so there is always an adaptation to technology,” Boney said. “So when Sequoyah invented the writing system, initially it was handwritten. The Cherokee Nation decided ‘hey, we need to go to a printing press,’ so they modified it to fit the printing press, which is the technology of that time. And that led to typewriters, to computers to fonts. So there’s this line of continuation of technology that we’re always adopting.”
Edwards said his job is to work with major technology companies to get the Cherokee language represented on the companies’ products.
“Their devices, operating systems, Internet – just anything dealing with technology – we try to get the Cherokee language supported on it,” he said. “It is pretty crazy work, but we do it so much and we’ve done it for so many years it’s kind of just like every day life. It’s very rewarding in the end.”
Erb said digitizing the Cherokee language and ensuring its accessibility on many types of electronic devices is necessary for the language’s continuation.
“To make sure that from now on our language will be used in the communities at lightning speed…that’s really exciting to see Cherokee in text messaging and email,” he said. “We’re pretty pleased with the last few years in this department and how we’ve been able to kind of come together and make some big things happen.”
Erb said if substantial jumps in the Cherokee language’s use do not continue as technology does, the language could be lost for future Cherokee speakers.
“We’re an endangered language, so we have to make sure that this occurs,” he said. “We’re really proud that we’ve been able to accomplish what we can.”
Boney said “more stuff” is in the works, though it cannot be shared publicly yet, because language technological advances will help sustain the Cherokee language.
ᏓᏂᏆ, ᎣᎦᎵᎰᎹ. – ᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏁᎳ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᏖᎩᎾᎶᏥ ᎠᏂᏏᎾᏍᏗ--- Roy Boney Jr., Jeff Edwards ᎠᎴ Joseph Erb – ᎤᎾᎵᏍᏕᎸᏓ ᎠᏂᏁᏉᏍᎬ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᏔᎵᏍᎪ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᎢᏤ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ ᎬᏔᏅᏙᏗ.
ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ ᏃᏊ ᏓᏅᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᏣᎳᎩᎭ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ iPhone, iPad ᎠᎴ iPod, ᎠᎴᏗᏍᏊ ᎫᎦᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎫᎦᎵ ᎢᎹᎵ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏂᎩᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᏃᏊ ᎪᎯᎢᎦ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏓ, Boney ᎤᏛᏅ, ᏂᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏔᎲ ᏳᎾᏛᏗᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏅᏛᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏂᎦᏓ ᏗᎵᏗᏔᏅ ᏚᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎢᏗᏗᏟᏴ ᏭᏟᎵᎶᎯᏍᏗᎢ.
“ᏏᏊᏃ ᏂᎦᏓ ᎣᎩᎷᏤᎭᎢ Joseph, Jeff ᎠᎴ ᎠᏯ. ᏦᏣᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅᎲᏍᎩ. ᏝᏃ ᎠᎦᏙᎢᎥᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗᏍᎩ ᎣᏥᎦᏔᎨᎢ ᏱᎨᏎ ᎠᎴ ᏱᎩ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎣᏣᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ ᎣᎩᏩᏛᎲ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏃᎩᎲᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏚᎵᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ Boney. “ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏃᎩᎲᎾ ᎨᏒ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ Ꮭ ᎠᎦᏙᎢᎥᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏐᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎦᎬᏙᏗ ᏱᎨᏎ ᎾᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗ Ꮭ ᏣᎳᎩ ᏗᎦᎪᏪᎶᏙᏗ ᏱᎨᏎᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏙᎫᎪᏔᏅ ‘ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏄᏍᏓ ᏂᏛᎦ.’ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿ ᏬᎩᎷᎯᏍᏗ, Ꮭ ᏙᎯᏳ ᏲᏥᎦᏔᎮ ᏲᎦᏛᏗ, ᎠᏎᏃ ᎣᏥᎦᏔᎲ ᎣᏥᏏᎾᏒ ᎾᎿ ᏧᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᏲᎦᏛᏗᎢ.”
ᎤᏛᏅ ᏭᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᎸᏗ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗᎢ, ᎠᏎᏃ ᎠᏁᎳᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎣᏥᎸᏔᎲ, ᏯᏛᎾ ᏙᏣᏛᏛᏅ ᎤᏔᎾ ᎤᎾᏙᏢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ ᏒᎦᏔ ᏧᏙᎩᏓ ᏙᏣᏛᏛᏅ ᎾᎿ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏂᎲ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ, ᏝᏃ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎡᏍᎦ ᏱᎩ ᎣᎨᎵᏒᎢ.
“ᏝᏃ ᏲᎦᏅᏖ ᏱᎾᏛᎾᏛᏁᎵ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᏱᎩ, ᎠᏎᏃ ᏄᎾᏛᏁᎸᎢ ᎪᎩᏍᏕᎸᎲᎢ, ᎣᏣᏁᎶᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏓ ᏙᎦᏓᏅᏙ ᏃᏣᏛᏁᎲ ᏙᎩᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎲ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. “ ᎤᏬᎸᏗ ᎨᏐ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏓ ᎣᏍᏓ ᏙᎩᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎰ. ᏂᎦᏓ ᏌᏊ ᏙᎩᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎰ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎣᏣᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ ᏙᏣᏓᏍᏕᎵᏍᎪ.”
Boney ᎠᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏌ, Erb, Edwards, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᏊ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏁᎶᏗᏍᎩ Durbin Feeling, ᎣᎩᏃᎯᏎᎰ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏗᏙᎵᎩ ᏱᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏖᎩᎾᎶᏥ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ ᎤᎾᎴᏅᎲ ᎯᏍᎩ ᎾᏕᏘᏯ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏩᏌ ᎠᎴ Erb ᏓᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎬᏩᏟ ᎾᎿ ᏣᎳᎩᎭ ᎠᏂᏬᏂᏍᎩ ᏧᏅᏙᏗ ᏓᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᎬᎢ.
“ ᏧᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᎾᎯᏳ ᏥᎨᏒ ᏔᎵᎭ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎤᏂᎩᏓ ᎨᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏂᏂᎬᎬ ᏖᎩᎾᎶᎩ ᎾᎿ ᏓᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᎬ ᎾᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᏓ ᏓᏃᏪᎵᏍᎩ ᏧᏃᏰᏂ ᎬᏗ ᏓᏃᏪᎶᏗᏍᎬᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏚᏅᎪᏔᏅ ᎤᏅᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎬᏩᏟ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏓᏕᏓᎴᏅᎲ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏙᎩᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎸ ᏒᎦᏔ,” ᎤᏛᏅᎢ. “ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏂᏙᏨᏁᎸ Macbook’s ᎾᎿ ᏣᎳᎩ ᏓᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏚᏂᎸᏉᏔᏅᎢ. ᎾᎯᏳ ᎢᎸᏢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ iPhone ᏚᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ. ᏃᏊᏃ ᏃᎨᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏒᎦᏔ ᎬᏩᏃᏪᎶᏗ ᏱᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏍᎩᎶᎩ ᎦᏚ ᎡᎵᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏧᎾᏟᏃᎮᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏱᏂᏓᏅᎦ ᎣᎨᎵᏒᎢ.”
ᎣᎾᏊ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, ᏗᎵᎪᏗ ᎨᏒ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᏒᎦᏔ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏙᏢᏅ ᎢᏗᎬᏗ ᏗᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᏗᏐᏅᏍᏙᏗ.
“ᏃᏊᏃ ᏥᎩ ᏂᎦᎥ ᏒᎦᏔ ᎤᏂᎿᎥ ᏯᏛᎾ, iPhone, iPod, iPad, ᏂᎦᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏂᎫᏍᏛᏅ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ. ᏃᏊ ᏥᎩ ᏱᏕᎭᏐᏅᏍᏓ ᏱᏕᎰᏪᎸᎦ ᏗᏣᎳᎩ. ᏃᎴᏍᏊ ᏣᎳᎩᎭ ᏲᏪᎳᎦ text. ᏃᎴᏍᏊ ᎢᎹᎵ……. ᏂᎦᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏱᎾᏛᎦ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎥᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ.
ᏂᎦᏓᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏃᏪᎳ,” ᎤᏛᏅᎢ. “ ᏝᏃ app ᎾᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᎸᏗ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏂᎦᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏌᏊᎢ. ᎯᎢᏃ ᎤᏙᏢᏅ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏓ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏂᎬᎾᏛᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏂᏓᏳᎵᏍᏙᏔᏅ ᎤᎪᏛ ᏙᎦᎵᎪᏅᎢ.”
Boney ᎠᏗᏍᎬ ᏗᏐᎢ ᏗᎵᎪᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎾᎿ Facebook ᎠᎴ Microsoft, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗ Microsoft ᏗᏁᎶᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏎᎸᎯ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏭᏔᏅ ᎪᎯ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎣᏂᎯᎩᏍᏗ ᏔᎵ ᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᏔᎳᏚ ᎤᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗᏒ, ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏁᎯᏯ ᎠᎹᏱᏟ ᏗᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ ᏚᎾᎵᎪᏔᏅ ᏧᎵᎪᎯ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ Windows ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅᎢ. ᏓᎳᏚ ᎤᏂ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎾᏁᎶᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ ᎠᏁᎳ ᏚᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎸ ᎾᎿ Microsoft ᎠᎾᏛᏅᎢᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏧᎵᎪᎯ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ Windows 8. ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᏗᎾᏁᎶᏗᏍᎩ ᏚᎾᏁᎶᏔᏅ ᎤᎪᏛ ᎾᏃ 180,000 ᎢᏗᎧᏁᏨᎢ, ᏭᏔᏂᏴ ᏣᎳᎩ ᏚᎾᏁᎶᏔᏅ ᏗᎧᏁᎢᏍᏗ ᎣᏂᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏧᏚᎾᏁᎶᏔᏁᎢ ᎾᎿ 1800’s ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗᏎᎢ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏓ.
ᏝᏃ ᏱᏂᎬᏩᎵᏍᏔᏁ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎾᏁᎶᏗᏍᎬ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏱᎩ. Durbin Feeling ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᏗᏁᎶᏗᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏃᏣᏛᏁᎲᎢ. ᎠᎴ ᏗᏤ ᏗᎧᏁᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᏎ ᏗᏩᏛᏗ ᏗᎪᏢᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎿ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏙᎩᎲᎾ ᎨᏒ ᏣᎳᎩᎭᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏍᏓᏯ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎨᏒ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬ Boney.
ᎤᏛᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏌᏊ ᏱᏄᏂᎪᎵᏱ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏂᏧᎵᏍᏔᏅᏍᏛ, ᎠᏂᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᎾᏁᏙ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᏓᏙᎵᎪ Ꮭ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎡᏍᎦ ᏱᏄᏅᏁᎰᎢ.
“ᎾᏍᎩᏯ ᏣᎾᎵᏱᏛᏍᎨ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏲᏁᎬᏍᏛ, ᎣᏍᎩ ᎢᎩᎩᏎ ᎤᏂᎲ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎬᏌ ᎢᎩᏂᎬᎬ ᎢᎬᏔᏁᎢ…….. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᏊ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏓᎾᏓᏂᎸᎬ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏃᏊ ᎨᏒᎢ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬ Boney. “ ᎾᏍᎩᏃ ᏏᏉᏯ ᏚᏬᏢᎾ ᏗᎪᏪᎶᏙᏗ, ᎤᏬᏰᎾ ᎤᏔᏁᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᏭᎪᏔᏂ ᏧᏂᎴᏴᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ,’ ᏚᏂᏁᏟᏴᏎ ᏗᎪᎵᎦ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏖᎩᎾᎶᏥ
ᎨᏎ ᎾᏩᏳᎢ. ᎠᎴ ᎤᏂᎩᏌ ᏃᏊ ᏗᏐᏅᏍᏙᏗ ᏚᎾᏄᎪᏤ, ᏃᏊ ᎠᎦᏙᎥᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗᏍᎩ ᏃᏊᏃ ᏣᎳᎩ ᏗᎪᏪᎶᏙᏗ ᏗᏙᏪᎵᏍᎩ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᎾ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏎᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎢᏗᎩᏍᎪ ᏕᏓᏓᏂᎸᎪᎢ.”
Edwards ᎠᏗᏍᎬ ᏚᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎲ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎪᏛ ᏖᎩᎾᎶᏥ ᏧᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏧᎾᏓᏂᎸᏍᏗ ᎤᏂᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. “ᎡᎵᏃ ᎦᎵᏍᏔᏅᎲᏍᎪ ᏴᏓᎭ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎨᏒᎢ, ᎠᏎᏃ ᎢᎦ ᏃᎩᏤᎲ ᏃᏣᏛᏁᎰ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏕᏘᏯ ᏃᏣᏛᏁᎰ ᎣᎩᎩᏌᎾᏊ ᏧᎩᏨᏅᏓ ᏃᏣᏛᏁᎭ. ᎣᏍᏓ ᎠᏰᎳᏗ ᏳᎵᏍᏆᏓ.”
Erb ᎠᏗᏍᎬ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᏕᎬᏅ ᎾᎿ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎢᏧᏓᎴ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᏗᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᏚᏂᎲ ᎤᏙᏪᎶᏗ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᎩ ᏂᎦᏯᎢᏐ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗᎢ.
“ᎪᎯ ᏳᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎾᎿ ᎢᎩᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏗᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᏯ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏟᏍᏗ……… ᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᎵᎮᎵᏍᏗ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ text ᎠᎴ ᎢᎹᎵ ᏂᏓᏅᏁᎲ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. “ᏙᎯᏳ ᎣᏍᏓ ᎣᎩᏱᎸᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎸᏍᎩ ᎾᏕᏘᏯ ᏃᏊ ᎯᎠ ᏦᏥᏯ ᎾᎿ ᎡᎵᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎦᏲᎦᏛᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏔᎾ ᏫᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎩ.”
Erb ᎤᏛᏅ ᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᎪᏓ ᎤᏌᏄᎵ ᎤᏛᏌ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏟᎵᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏖᎩᎾᎶᎦ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎢ, ᎾᎿ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎡᎵᏊ ᎦᎩᏲᏎᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎣᏂ ᏥᏚᎾᏛᏏᏓ ᎤᏅᏙᏗ.
“ᏙᎯᏳ ᏝᏊ ᏱᏛᏗ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎢᎬᎨᏫᏍᎦᏊ, ᏙᎯᏳᏃ Ꮭ ᎢᎬᎨᏫᏍᏗ ᏱᎩ ᎢᎬᏙᏗ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ,” ᎠᏗᏍᎬᎢ. “ᏙᎯᏳᏃ ᎣᏣᎵᎮᎵᎪ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ ᎢᎦᏲᎦᏛ ᏥᏄᎵᏍᏔᎾ.”
Boney ᎤᏛᏅ “ᎤᎪᏛ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏙᎩᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁ, ᏝᏃ ᏂᎦᏓ ᎦᏲᎩᏃᎮᏗ ᏱᎩ ᎩᎳᏊ ᎨᏒᎢ, ᏅᏗᎦᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᏃᏊ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᏓᎩᏍᏕᎸᎯ ᎢᎩᏲᏎᏗ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ.